celebrating the birthday ..in islam by Reply Sunni mufti

Wa`alykum as-salaamu wa rahmatul Allahi wa barakaatuh.

Dear Brother Eram I am giving answer with support of One muslim mufti fSheikh `Atiyyah Saqr answers:………………

In the Name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful.

All praise and thanks are due to Allah , and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger.

Sheikh `Atiyyah Saqr answers:

According to historians, the Fatimides were the first to celebrate the Prophet’s birthday. Qalqashandi, in his book Subh Al-A`sha, says that the Fatimides used to make a huge celebration in Egypt and distribute large amounts of sweets for the occasion. Actually, the Fatimides used to celebrate the birthdays of other members of the Prophet’s family and they also celebrated Christ’s birthday.

However, all of these celebrations were stopped in 488 upon an order from Caliph Al-Musta`li billah appointed as prime minister Al-Afdal Shahindah, son of Commander-in-chief Badr Al-Jamaali, a powerful man who conformed to the Sunnah as stated by Ibn Al-Atheer in his book Al-Kamel, volume 8, page 302.

People stopped celebrating such occasions till Al-Ma’moon Al-Bataa’ihi came to power and issued an official decree in 517 enjoining the distribution of alms in 12th Rabee` Al-Awwal. Sanaa’ Al-Malik was in charge of distributing them.

When the Ayoubides came to power, they stopped all Fatimide practices, but families used to celebrate the Prophet’s birthday in their houses. Then it returned to be officially celebrated at the beginning of the seventh century in the city of Irbil upon a decree from its prince, Muzafar Al-Deen Abi Sa`d Kawakbri Ibn Zein Ed-Deen `Ali- Ibn Tabakatikin, who was a Sunni.

Muzafar gave great care and attention to such celebrations and ordered marquis to be erected starting from the beginning of Safar. Such tents, which were wonderfully decorated and extended from Al-Qal`a gate till the Khandaq gate. Muzafar used to go everyday after `Asr prayer to watch the festivities in these tents.

The celebration was sometimes held on the 8th of Rabee` Al-Awwal (and sometimes on the 12th) which used to be an official holiday so that the people could enjoy the festival. Two days before the actual celebration, Muzafar used to order the sheep, cows and camels to be slaughtered in the main avenue amidst cheerful festivities, then the meat would be cooked and distributed among the people.

Ibn Al-Haajj Abu `Abdullah Al-`Abdari says that such festivals were widespread in Egypt during his rein and condemned the innovations that used to take place during such festivals. (Al-Madkhal, volume 2, p 11, 12)

Many books were written on the Prophet’s birthday in the seventh century such as the stories of Ibn Dahya, who died in Egypt in 633 AH, Muhy Ed-Deen Ibn Al-`Arabi, who died in Damascus in 683 AH, Ibn Taghrabik, who died in Egypt in 670 AH; and Ahmad Al-`Azli and his son Muhammad, who died in Sabata in 670 AH.

Due to the spread of innovation during such celebrations, scholars have denounced them and stated that they were groundless. Among those scholars is the Maliki jurist Taaj Ad-Deen `Umar Ibn Al-Lakhmi Al-Sakandari known as Al-Fakahaani, who died in 731 AH, wrote his thesis Al-Mawrid fil Kalaam `Ala-Mawlid on this issue and As-Syooti quotes it in his book Husn Al-Maqsid.

Sheikh Muhammad Fadl `Ashoor says that in the ninth century, scholars were divided over the issue. Some said it was permissible, others said it was not and it was recommended by As-Siyooti, Ibn Hajar Al-`Asqalaani and Ibn Hajar Al-Haythmi, yet they condemned the innovations that took place during such festivities. Their opinion was derived from the verse: “And remind them of the days of Allah” (Ibraheem: 5).

Explaining the previous verse, An-Nasaa`i and `Abdullaah Ibn Ahmad report in Zawayd Al-Musnad and Al-Bayhaqi in Shu’ab Al-Iman reports on the authority of Ibn Ka`b that he said that the Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, said: “The days of Allah” are Allah’s Blessings and Signs, and the Prophet’s birth is a great bliss. (Al-Aloosi’s Rooh Al-Ma`aani)

Muslim reports on the authority of Qatadah Al-Ansaari that the Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, was asked about fasting on Monday and he replied: “It is the day on which I was born and on which I received the Divine Revelation”. It is also reported on the authority of Ibn `Abbas and Ibn Jabir that the Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, was born in the “year of the elephant” on the 12th of Rabee` Al-Awwal. He also received the Divine Revelation, ascended to the Heavens, migrated to Madinah and died on the 12th of Rabee` Al-Awwal.

The Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, says that the day he was born was a special day. Since it is well known from Shari`ah that Muslims should seize the opportunity in blessed days and do good deeds, Muslims should celebrate the Prophet’s birthday so as to thank Allah for guiding them to Islam through Prophet Muhammad, peace and blessings be upon him.

Therefore, celebrating the Prophet’s birthday is permissible provided that it does not include committing any of the prohibited things. As for throwing banquets, this comes under the verse saying: “O ye who believe! Eat of the good things wherewith We have provided you, and render thanks to Allah if it is (indeed) He whom ye worship.þ” (Al-Baqarah: 172)

My opinion is that celebrating such a religious occasion is recommended especially nowadays for youth have become forgetful of these religious occasions and their significance because they have indulged in other celebrations.

Celebrating such a great event should be done through reading more about the Prophet’s Sunnah and life, building mosques, religious institutes and doing other forms of charity work that remind people of the Prophet’s life and his struggle.

Therefore, it is permissible to celebrate the Prophet’s birthday as an expression of our love to him and our endeavor to follow him as an example provided that these celebrations do not involve any of the prohibited things. Some prohibited things are improper intermingling between men and women, behaving improperly at mosques and partaking in innovations such as worshiping at tombs and other things that violate the teachings of Islam. If such previously mentioned violations surpass the religious benefit realized from these celebrations, then they should be stopped in order to prevent harm and wrongdoing as indicated in the Shari`ah.

Sheikh Yusuf Al-Qaradawi adds:

We all know that the Companions of the Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, did not celebrate the Prophet’s birthday, Hijrah or the Battle of Badr, because they witnessed such events during the lifetime of the Prophet who always remained in their hearts and minds.

Sa`d Ibn Abi Waqqaas said that they were keen on telling their children the stories of the Prophet’s battles just as they were keen on teaching them the Qur’an. Therefore, they used to remind their children of what happened during the Prophet’s lifetime so they did not need to hold such celebrations. However, the following generations began to forget such a glorious history and its significance. So such celebrations were held as a means of reviving great events and the values that we can learn from them.

Unfortunately, such celebrations include some innovations when they should actually be made to remind people of the Prophet’s life and his call. Actually, celebrating the Prophet’s birthday means celebrating the birth of Islam. Such an occasion is meant to remind people of how the Prophet lived.

Allah Almighty says: “Verily in the Messenger of Allah ye have a good example for him who looketh unto Allah and the last Day, and remembereth Allah much.” (Al-Ahzab: 21)þ

By celebrating the Prophet’s Hijrah, we should teach them values such as sacrifice, the sacrifice of the Companions, the sacrifice of `Ali who slept in the Prophet’s place on the night of the Hijrah, the sacrifice of Asmaa’ as she ascended the Mountain of Thawr. We should teach them to plan the way the Prophet planned for his Hijrah, and how to trust in Allah as the Prophet did when Abu Bakr told him: “We could be seen so easily, the Prophet replied saying: “O Abu Bakr! What do you think of two when Allah is their third?” “Have no fear, for Allah is with us.” (At-Tawbah: 40)

As for the second part of the question, the exact date of the Prophet’s birth is disputed , but it is most likely to be on Monday, 9th Rabee` Al-Awwal (20th or 22nd of April, 571 AC), the same year in which the invasion of the Elephants took place against the Ka`bah. And he, peace and blessings be upon him, passed away on Monday 12, Rabee` Al-Awwal in the eleventh year of Hijrah (8 June 632 AC.)
Allah Almighty knows best.

So It is ALLOWED….
Syed Mohamad masoom Abidi


4 thoughts on “celebrating the birthday ..in islam by Reply Sunni mufti”

  1. Bahot mufeed silsila shuru kiya hai aapne. Bas yeh khayal rakhiyega ke
    memberaan bahot ziyada jazbaati na ho jaaeiN, hosh se kaam leiN, josh se nahin.

    Aapka sawaal hai ke birthday ya ‘yaum e wiladat’ aur death anniversari ya ‘barsi’
    manaane ki mazhab e Islam mein ijaazat hai ya nahiN. Iska matlab yeh hai ke aap
    kisi khaas mauqe ko yaad kar rahe haiN, chaahe woh mauqa khushi ka ho ya ghamm ka.
    Ab hamko deikhna yehi hai ke Quran aur sunnah meiN ‘Yaad’ qaem karne ke baarey
    kya milta hai.

    Paighambar’e Khuda (SAW) ke zimmey Allah Ta’ala ne muta’addid fara,ez kiye thEy.

    Tableegh yaani pahoNchaana:

    “PahoNcha deejiye usey jo aapke parwardegaar ki taraf se naazil kiya gaya hai”

    ” Rasool (SAW) ka kaam hi bAs pahoNchaana hota hai”

    Doosra fareeza, khabar deina:

    “Meire bandon ko khabar deejiye ke main bAra bakhshne waala meherbaan hooN”

    Eik aur fareeza ta’aleem hai:

    “woh unheiN kitaab aur hikmat ki ta’aleem deita hai”

    Eik aur fareeza hai yaad dehaani karane ka:

    “tO ab aap unn se muNh pheir leejiye, ab aap muurid’e ilzaam nahiN haiN, aur
    yaad dahaani karaate rahiye ke yeh yaad dahaani ahl’e eimaan ke faaeide ka
    baaes hogi” (51 Adh-Dhariyat / Aayaat 54,55)

    Eik aur jagah irshaad hota hai:

    “Agar Allah se mohabbat karte ho tO Rasool (SAW) ka itteba’a karo”

    Baghair unke itteba’a ke shariyat ka koi amal bhi payaae takmeel ko nahin pahoNch
    sakta. Harr hukm chaahe woh Namaz ho ya roza, Haj ho ya zakaat uski manzil’e
    ijmaal Quran mein hai, lekin uski tafseel amal’e Paighambar (SAW) meiN hi nazar
    aaeigi. Isi liye ‘Yaad dahaani’ ka hukm diya jaa raha hai.

    ‘Namaaz paRho’, ‘Rukoo karne waaloN ke saath rukoo karo’, aur kahin tasbeeh ka zikr
    Quran mein maujood hai to kahiN Sajde ka. Sirf Quran ko deikhkar koi musalmaan namaaz
    bhi nahiN paRh sakta, doosre ahkaam tO bahot duur haiN.

    Eik aur maqaam pAr irshaad hota hai, ‘Kaho ke Allah ke siwa koi Khuda nahiN, tumhara
    hi faaeida hai’ Allah ki yaad se Allah ka nahiN, bAndoN ka hi faaeda hai.

    Zikr’e Rasool (SAW) yaani Yaad’e Rasool (SAW) hUm din mein kitni baar karte hain,
    hAr Adhaan aur eqaamat meiN shahaadat’e Tauheed ke saath shahaadat’e Risaalat adaa
    karna zaroori, hAr doosri aur aakhri rakaat mein tashahud meiN bhi yehi soorat.

    Namaaz aisi aham ibaadat meiN jismeiN khuluus’e neeyat laazim hai, zikr’e Rasool (SAW)
    kaise ho raha hai. Agar yeh zikr mulk’e Arab ke taajdaar ka hota, khaandaan’e Bani
    Haashim ke chashm o charaagh ka hota to yaqeenan yeh ghair Allah ka zikr hota, aur
    kufr o shirk meiN daakhil hota. Yeh zikr jab Khuda ke Rasool (SAW) aur uske bandaey
    khaas ka zikr hai to yeh ain’e zikre Khuda hai.

    Aur phir Quran mein bhi to hai ke ” Humm ne aapke zikr ko baland kiya ” JahaN Allah
    ko zoar e Amal zaahir karna hota hai wahaN ‘HUM’ ka isteimaal hua hai, (matlab yeh hai
    ke ab kaun hai jo ise kumm kar sake.) “Hum ne Quran utaara hai aur hum iski hifaazat
    karne waale hain.” (Yaani isey kaun khatm kar sakta hai.)

    Irshaad hota hai ” Allah ke dinoN ki yaad taaza karo ” (14-IbrahiM / Aayat 5)
    Allah ke din kaun hain? Woh jin mein koi ma’arka haq o baatil ka hua hai, jis din uski
    raah mein koi kaarnaama hua ho. Iss se saabit hua ke aise kisi din ki yaad qaaem karna
    koi bid’at na hogi. Aur phir jab din yaad dilaaya ja raha hai to phir taareekh ke
    ta’ayyun ke saath yaadgaar qaaem karna qata’n bid’at na hogi.

    Hazrat Ismail (A.S.) ki qurbaani ki yaad din ke ta’ayyun ke saath hi qaaem rakhi gai
    hai, Eid Al Adha ke naam se. Aur sirf roaz’e qurbani hi nahin us’se pahle ke din bhi
    usi tarah ahmiyat ke haamil hain. Agar eik Nabi zaadeh ki qurbaani ki yaad iss tarah
    manaai ja sakti hai to phir fakhrul ANbia ke farzand ki yaad bhi manaai ja sakti hai,
    jisne deen e Islaam ki baqa ki khatir raah e khuda mein apna poora ghar qurbaan kar
    diya. Agar Ismail (A.S.) ki qurbani ki yaad mein iss liye khushi manaai ja sakti hai
    ke Nabi Zaada bach gaya, tO husain (A.S.) ki shahaadat par soAg hi manaana chahiye.
    Yeh baat yaad rakhne ke qaabil hai ke Hazrat Ibrahim (A.S.) aur Ismail (A.S.) ke saath
    hamaara rishta aeteqaadi hai, amali nahin. Jab ke Huzoor (SAW) ke saath musalmaanon
    ka rishta aeteqaadi bhi hai aur amali bhi.

    Yeh baat tO taey hai ke kisi din ki yaad manaana chahe woh Jashn’e wilaadat ho ya
    Yaum’e Shahaadat ya wafaat, Islaami nuqtaey nazar se mamnuu nahin hai. Haan ab yeh
    mahaafil ya majaalis kis andaaz se manaana chahiye yeh eik alag mauzu hai.

    Allah Haafiz,

    Mirza Jamal


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  3. ASSALAMU ALAIKUM to all muslim bros n sisters
    apki tamam batain many perheen laikin aik cheez meri samajh man nahi aati k ap sub wo kam q nahi kerty ho jo sahaba(r.a) ny kia tareekh man kahin saboot nahi milta k sahab ny jashne wiladat manaye ho? ya kisi sahabi ny hussain(r.a)k gum man matam kia ho? afsoos sad afsoos ki badeeni ko deen ka hissa bandia gaya hy.ap hazrat usman e ghani ki shahadat ko nahi daikhty k jis ko 40 days tak zindagi ki tamam saholiat band theen unka gum kisi muslim ny manaya?TAJDAR E AMBIA(S.A.W)KI HADEES hy k jisny kisi ki moot py giraiban chaak kia wo hum man say nahi, to batawo ye kon sy sahab ka amal hy k koi jaker MAZAROON ko sajda gah banaye to koi madad k lia god k siwa ali ko pukare?
    KHUDA k waasty ab bhi time hy hoosh man ajayain our tooba karain k ayinda apna sir kisi gai r ullah k samnu na jhuky our na madad k lia kisi gair ka sahara lain.our in mahafil e jashn e wiladat k dooran sub sy imprtent cheez ye hy k namaz jo subsy zaroori hy chot jati hy fazool kharchi ki inteha kerdejatee hy logon ki neendain haram hojatee han.ap jashn e wiladat manawo is sy koi mana nahi kerta laikin apky manany ki tareeqa galat hy.ager aik hi din apky =gher man kisi ki moot hojaye oyr kisi ki paidayish bhi to ap wiladat ki khushian manawogy ya wafat ka gum? lihaza tamam muslim brthers our sisters sy GUZARISH hy k tamam bidaat ko khatam kerky sahi sunnat wala raasta apnayaain.
    our aany wali nasloon ko barbaad hony sy bachayain.
    our mary lia bhi dua keejiega ager koi baat buri lagee ho to maafi chahta hoon.
    apka bhai M.BURHAN WALI


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