A Bundle of Flowers Traditions of the Prophet & Ahlul-Bayt (a.s.)


A Bundle of Flowers


from the Garden of Traditions of the Prophet & Ahlul-Bayt (a.s.)

Compiled by
Ayatullah Sayyid Kamal Faghih Imani

Translated by
Sayyid Abbas Sadr-‘ameli

“If you do not know, ask the men of wisdom (among Ummah).” Sura Nahl, no 16, verse 43, Sura Anbiya, No. 21, verse 7

In The Name of Allah, The Beneficent, The Merciful

Imam Sajjad, the fourth Imam, [a] said: “All Praise is only Allah’s, and praise is His right: an illimitable praise that suits Him. I seek refuge in Him from my own self of evils: verily, the (human) self is certainly prone to do evil except such as my Lord has had mercy on. I see refuge in Him from the evil of Satan who always increases a sin to my sins. I seek refuge in Him from any immoral opposer, cruel king, and forceful enemy.”

“O’ Lord! assign me as one of Your soldiers, because it is sure that Your troops are totally victorious; and assign me among Your party, for truly, it is Your party that will achieve Felicity; and accept me as one of Your lovers, for, certainly, on the lovers of Allah there is no fear, nor shall they grieve.”

“O’ Lord! improve my religion for me, for surely it is a divine protection on all my affairs; and improve my next world for me, because, no doubt, it is my permanent abode for me to escape from the scornful people, and assign my life for me in increasing any goodness, and my death a means of my freeing from any malady.”

“O’ Lord! bless Muhammad, the final prophet of all the members of Messengers, and his pure progeny, as well as his gentle companions,and bestow me three necessities today: do not hold any sin for me except that You forgive it nor a grieve but You remove it, nor any enemy but You send him away via the appellation of Allah which is the best names, i.e. By the Name of Allah, the Lord of the earth and heaven…”

Bihar-uI-Anwar, vol. 90, p. 187 & Sahifah Sajjadiyyah, p. 572

Knowing Allah, His Greatness and His Grace


The Holy Prophet [s] said: “O’ people! Verily, there is no prophet after me, nor any Ummah after you (Muslims). So, take care to worship your Lord, perform your five ritual prayers, fast in the appointed month (Ramadan), make pilgrimage to the House of your Lord (Mecca), give the alms of your wealth in order to purify your souls thereby, and obey the Holders of Authority, so that you enter the Paradise of your Lord.”

Khisal-I-Saduq, p. 152

Imam Amir-ul-Mu’mineen Ali [a] said: “Having the Greatness of the Creator in your mind would make you realize the insignificance of the creatures in your view.”

Nahjul-Balagha, Statement 129

Imam Amir-ul-Mu’mineen Ali [a] said: ” Blessed is he who sincerely devotes the entirety of his actions, knowledge, love, hatred, receiving, relinquishing, speech, silence, deeds, and statements absolutely to Allah.”

Bihar-ul-Anwar, vol. 77, p. 289

Imam Sadiq [a] said: “The heart is the sanctuary of Allah, therefore, do not settle therein anything but Allah (The sacred place of the heart belongs to and Him alone. Therefore, keep the love of the world out of it.)

Bihar-ul-Anwar, vol. 70, p. 25

Imam Sadiq [a] said: “Our true followers are those who, when they are alone, remember Allah abundantly.” (That is, they avoid committing vices in private where there is no barrier for them to commit sin by the mere remembrance of Allah.)

Bihar-ul-Anwar, vol. 93, p. 162

Imam Baqir [a] said: “By Allah, He, the Exalted, expects of people but two traits: that they confess for Him the blessings in order that He increases His bounties for them; and that they make confessions about their evil actions and then He forgives those sins for them.”

Al-Kafi, vol. 2, p. 426

Imam Husayn ibn Ali [a] said: “Verily, Allah, the Exalted, has not created human beings except for recognizing Him and worshipping Him as (the consequence of) knowing Him; and when they worship Him they would lack the need of adoring any human being (or things) other than Him because of that worship.”

Safinat-ul-Bihar, vol. 2, p. 180

The fourth Imam, Ali ibn Husayn [a] said: “There is no destruction (Hell) for a believer having three qualities:

Confessing that there is no god besides Allah, the One Who has no partner; the intercession of the Messenger of Allah and the vastness of the Grace of Allah.

Safinat-ul-Bihar, p. 517

Prayer and Its Effects


The Holy Prophet [s] said: “The one who takes prayer light is not of me. No, by Allah such a person will not reach the Haud, Pond of abundant.”

Man La Yahduruhul Faqih, vol. 1, p. 206

Imam Sadiq [a] said: “If there be a stream at the house of one of you in which the one washes himself five times a day, will there remain anything from the dirt over his body? Verily, the likeness of prayers is the same as the stream. The person who establishes ritual prayers clears out his sins thereby, except for the sin that takes him out from Faith he believes in.”

Bihar-ul-Anwar, vol. 82, p. 236

The Holy Prophet [s] said: An obligatory prayer, with Allah, is equivalent to one thousand Hajj pilgrimages and one thousand Umrah performances (voluntary pilgrimages to Ka’ba) which are right and accepted.”

Bihar-ul-Anwar, vol. 99, p. 14

The Holy Prophet [s] said: “Do not waste your prayers, because, surely, the person who wastes them will be raised with Croesus (Qarun) and Haman so that it is rightfully certain for Allah to put the one in Hell with hypocrites.”

Bihar-ul-Anwar, vol. 83, p. 14

The Holy Prophet [s] said: “Say each of your prayer as if it were your last prayer.”

Bihar-ul-Anwar, vol. 69, p. 408

Imam Amir ul Mu’mineen Ali [a] said: “If a praying person knew to what extent he was surrounded by His Mercy, he would never raise his head from (the state of) prostration.

Tasnif-I-Ghurar-ul-Hikam, p. 175

Imam Baqir [a] said: “On the Reckoning Day, the first thing that a servant will be reckoned for is the prayer; therefore, if it is accepted, the rest (good actions) will be accepted, too, (otherwise, his other good deeds will not avail him).”

Bihar-ul-Anwar, vol. 7, p. 267

At the last moments of his life, Imam Sadiq [a] called his relations and companions and told them: “Verily, our intercession never reaches the one who takes prayers lightly.”

Bihar-ul-Anwar, vol. 82, p. 236

Imam Baqir, the fifth Imam, [a] said: “There are ten things that when a person meets Allah the Almighty and Glorious, with them, he will enter Heaven:

  1. Confessing that there is no god besides Allah
  2. And that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah
  3. Acknowledging what has come down to the Prophet [s] from Allah (the Qur’an).
  4. Establishing regular prayers.
  5. Giving alms.
  6. Fasting in Ramadan.
  7. Performing the Pilgrimage (Hajj) to the Sacred House.
  8. Kindness to the lovers of Allah
  9. Detachment from the enemies of Allah
  10. And, avoiding any alcoholic beverage.”

Khisal by Saduq, p.432

Imam Amir ul Mu’mineen Ali [a] said: “For the God-fearing, prayer is a means of seeking nearness to Allah and for the weak, the Hajj (pilgrimage to Mecca) is as good as Jihad (fighting in the way of Allah). For every thing there is a levy, and the levy of the body is fasting. The Jihad of a woman is to afford pleasant company to her husband.”

Nahjul Balagha, saying 136

The Holy Prophet [s] said: There comes no night but that the angel of death calls to the dead in the graves and inquires what they regret for today when they have vividly seen (and known) this (the next life). Then the dead will say: “Verily, we regret and envy the believers who are in their mosques and they are praying while we are not; they give alms and we do not; they fast during Ramadan but we do not; they donate in charity what they have more than the need of their family members while we do not; …”

Irshad-ul-Qulub, p.53

The Holy Prophet [s] said: “At the (appointed) time of every prayer (salat), I hear a caller who calls and says: “O children of Adam! Keep up prayers in order to extinguish the fire you have lit against yourselves (by committing sins).”

Mustadrak-ul-Wasa’il, vol. 3, p. 102

The Holy Prophet [s] said: “Be careful of the prayers, for, on the Day of Resurrection, when Allah the Exalted, will bring the servant (for reckoning), the first thing that He will ask him about will be the prayer. If one brings it completely, he will be of the people of salvation, otherwise, he will be thrown into Fire.”

Bihar-ul-Anwar, vol. 82, p. 202

Abubasir said that he visited Umm Hamidah (Musa-ibn Ja’far’s [a] mother) in order to console her for the death of Ja’far-ibn-Muhammad [a]. Then she wept and he wept because of her weeping. After that, she said: “O’ Aba Muhammad! If you had seen Ja’far-ibn-Muhammad when he was on his death-bed, you would have observed a wonderful thing: he opened his eyes and said to gather all of his relatives.” Then, she continued saying that they gathered them all with no exception. Then he [a] looked at them and said: “Verily, our intercession does not reach the one who takes prayers lightly”.

Wasa’il-ush-Shi’ah vol. 4, p. 26

The Holy Prophet [s] said: “The worship done by the one who earns his living on unlawful money is similar to a building constructed upon sand.”

Bihar-ul-Anwar, vol. 84, p. 258

Midnight Prayers


The Holy Prophet [s] said: “The honour of a believer lies in his vigilance at night and his esteem lies in his autonomy from people.”

Bihar-ul-Anwar, vol. 77, p. 20

Imam Amir ul Mu’mineen Ali [a] said: “He who sleeps too much at night, will lose something of his deeds (i.e., night prayers) which he cannot gain during the day-time.”

Ghurar-ul-Hikam, p.289

Imam Sadiq [a] said that Allah (s.w.t.) in a revelation told Moses, the son of ‘Imran [a]: “O’ you son of ‘Imran! Those who only claim that they love Me, tell a lie, for when the night falls they neglect Me.”

Bihar-uI-Anwar, vol. 13, p. 329

Imam Sadiq [a] said: “Never miss midnight prayers, because, in fact, the real loser is he who misses (the advantage of) the midnight prayer.”

Bihar-ul-Anwar, vol. 83, p. 127

Imam Sadiq [a] said: “The Messenger of Allah [s] told Gabriel to preach to him, and he said: ‘Live howsoever you like but you will surely die; love whatsoever you like but you will surely depart from it; do whatsoever you like but you will certainly meet it (and receive its reward). The honour of a (Muslim) believer is his midnight prayers, and his nobility is his refraining from (ruining) people’s reputation”

Khisal by Saduq, p. 7

Imam Sadiq [a] said: “There are three things which are the honour of a believer and his ornament both in this world and the next. They are: prayers in the last part of night (night prayers), not coveting what people possess in their hands, and the love (and leadership) of an Imam from the progeny of Muhammad [s].”

Bihar-ul-Anwar, vol. 75, p. 107

Imam Muhammad-ibn-Ali, Jawad-ul-‘A’immah, [a] said: “He who has confidence in Allah, sees joy; and he who trusts on Him, He will suffice his affairs.”

Bihar-ul-Anwar, vol. 78, p. 79

Faith in Allah and Attaining his Pleasure


Imam Sadiq [a] said: “My father said to me about his father [a] that a man from Kufah wrote to his father viz. to al-Husayn-ibn-Ali [a] asking him [a] to imform him of the good of this world and that of the next. Then, he [a] wrote (in his reply): ‘In the Name Allah the Beneficent, the Merciful’. After that: ‘Verily, he who seeks the pleasure of Allah even while displeasing people, He suffices him in his affairs with people. But, he who seeks the pleasure of people while Allah is displeased, he leaves him to people (and he will be far from His Grace), Wassalam’.”

Bihar-ul-Anwar, vol. 71, p. 208

Imam Ali ibn Husayn [a] said: “He who acts according to what Allah has enjoined for him, is of the best people.”

AI-Kafi, vol. 2, p. 81

Imam Sadiq [a] said: “The one who loves for Allah, hates for Allah, and donates (things) for Allah, thus he is one of those whose Faith is complete.”

Al-Kafi, vol. 2, p. 124

Imam Hassan ‘Askari, the eleventh Imam, [a] said: “There are no qualities above these two: Faith in Allah and being beneficial to Muslims.”

Bihar-uI-Anwar, vol. 17, p.218

Piety and Its Necessity in a Muslim


The Holy Prophet [s] said: “The most (important ) things that cause people to reach Heaven are divine piety and a good temper.”

Bihar-ul-Anwar, vol. 71, p. 373

The Holy Prophet [s] advised: “When making a decision to do something, think about its outcome. If it is good for your advancement and development, follow it, but if it is misleading, leave it out….”

Bihar-ul-Anwar, vol. 77, p. 130

Imam Sadiq [a] was asked about the meaning of ‘piety’ when he replied: “Piety is that Allah does not miss you in the place where He has commanded you to be, and does not see (find) you where He has forbidden you from.”

Safinat-ul-Bihar, vol. 2, p. 678

The Holy Prophet [s] said: “Show veneration for Allah similar to the way that you would mind your manners in front of a righteous person among your kinsmen.”

Mustadrak Al-Wasa’il-ush Shi’ah, vol. 8, p. 466, No.10027

Imam Amir-ul-Mu’mineen Ali [a] said: “Lowering one’s eyes will serve well as a barrier against one’s passions.”

Ghurar-ul-Hikam, p. 321

Imam Amir ul Mu’mineen Ali [a] said to Imam al-Hassan and Imam al-Husayn (peace be upon them) when ‘Abd-ur-Rahman ibn Muljam (the curse of Allah be upon him) had struck him (fatally with a sword):

“I advise you (both) to fear Allah and that you should not hanker after the (pleasures of this) world even though it may run after you. Do not be sorry for anything of this world that you have been denied. Speak the truth and act (in expectation) for reward. Be an enemy of the oppressor and helper of the oppressed.”

Nahj-ul-Balagha, letter 47

Imam Amir ul Mu’mineen Ali [a] said: “I advise you to fear Allah, ‘O my child, to abide by His commands, to fill your heart with remembrance of Him and to cling to hope in Him. No connection is more reliable than the connection between you and Allah provided you take hold of it.”

Nahj-ul-Balagha, letter 31

Abi-Osamah said that he had heard that Imam Sadiq [a] said: “Be aware of (the punishment of) Allah, piety, godly endeavor, saying the truth, honesty in deposition, good character, and good neighbourliness. Invite (others) to yourselves (by performing good actions), not with mere utterance. Live to be ornaments, and not to be a disgrace to us. (I advise you) to prolong the length of bowing and prostration. So, verily, when one of you prolongs bowing and prostration, Satan cries from behind one and says: Woe! He obeyed and I disobeyed; he did prostration and I refused.”

Al-Kafi, vol. 2, p. 77

Imam Ali ibn Husayn [a] said: “Behold! Verily, on the friends of Allah there will be no fear nor shall they grieve if they keep up the obligatories of Allah, follow the traditions of the Messenger Allah [s], avoid the things forbidden by Allah, be pious in worldly wealth and rank and eager for what there is with Allah, strive to earn His sustenance of what is pure, and decide not to boast or compile wealth but donate and give the obligatory alms they have been enjoined to. Hence, these are those (friends of Allah!) whose earnings are divinely blessed and will be rewarded for what they have sent forth unto their next world.”

Bihar-ul-Anwar, vol. 69, p. 277

The Holy Prophet [s] said: “Surely, human beings from the time of Adam up to now are the same as the teeth of a comb are, and there is no superiority for the Arab over non-Arab or for the red race over the black race except for piety.”

Mustadrak-ul-Wasa’il

Imam Sadiq [a] said: “Surely, a little action (of worshipping) with piety is better than many deeds with no virtue.”

Al-Kafi, vol. 2, p. 76

Invocation


Imam Sadiq [a] said: “Every invocation sought from Allah, Almighty and Glorious, is barred by the sky unless it is coupled with ‘Salawat’, benediction upon the Prophet and his progeny.” (The expression of ‘Salawat’ means: O God bless Muhammad and his descendants).

Usul-i-Kafi, vol. 2, p. 493

Imam Sadiq [a] said: “The Muslim believer whose calls were not answered by Allah in this world will wish that none of them would have been accepted when, in the Hereafter, he sees the abundance of rewards (given him for their not being answered and suffering the troubles in the world).”

Usul-i-Kafi, vol. 2, p. 491

Imam Amir ul Mu’mineen Ali [a] said: “The most beloved deed on the earth with Allah, Almighty and Glorious is invocation, and the best worship is modesty and piety.”

Bihar-ul-Anwar, vol. 93, p. 295

Imam Amir ul Mu’mineen Ali [a], when teaching (some of) his followers, said: “The doors of heaven are opened at five times: When it is raining; at the time of Holy War; at the time of Call to prayer; at the time of recitation of the Qur’an with the setting of the sun, and at the break of dawn.”

Al-Khisal, by Saduq, p. 302

Again, Imam Amir-ul-Mu’mineen Ali [a] said: “Avail yourselves of the invocation in five situations: At the time of recitation of the Qur’an, at the time of prayer call, when it is raining, when attending the Holy War ready for martyrdom, when an oppressed person supplicates, because, certainly, there is no barrier for it beneath the Throne.”

Bihar-ul-Anwar, vol. 93, p. 343

Imam Husayn [a] said: “O Lord! You are the nearest one Whom can be requested from; You are the soonest responder, and You are the most gracious in bestowing; Whose gift is the vastest and You hearken the best to what you are asked for. I call to You, O’ the Beneficent in this world and the next, and the Merciful in both of them!”

‘Arafah Invocation

Imam Amir ul Mu’mineen Ali [a] said: “He who is bestowed four things is not deprived of four things: he who is allowed to pray is not deprived of the response to it; he who is allowed to offer repentance is not deprived of its acceptance; he who is allowed to seek forgiveness is not deprived of forgiveness; and he who is allowed to be grateful is not deprived of furtherance of favours.”

Nahjul Balagha, Saying 135

Note:

The compiler of Nahjul Balagha, as-Sayyid ar-Radi says: This is confirmed by the Book of Allah. About praying, Allah says: ” Call You to Me, I will answer you’ (the Qur’an, 4:60). About forgiveness Allah says: ‘And whoever does evil, or wrongs his own self and thereafter seeks the pardon of Allah shall find Allah Oft-Forgiving, Merciful’ (the Qur’an, 4:110). About gratefulness He says: ‘If you be grateful, I will increase (My favours) to you’ (the Qur’an, 14:7). About repentance He says: ‘Verily, repentance (acceptable) with Allah is only for those who do evil ignorantly and then turn (to Allah) soon (after); these (are those whom) Allah will turn (mercifully) to; and Allah is All-Knowing, All-Wise (the Qur’an, 4:17).

Imam Sadiq [a] said: “On the Reckoning Day, Allah will count the invocations of believers as some good actions for them and thereby He will promote their position in Heaven.”

Bihar-ul-Anwar, vol. 78, p. 216

Imam Sadiq [a] said: “Treat your ailments with charity and repel varieties of affliction by invocation.”

At-Tahthib, vol. 4, p.112

Imam Sadiq [a] said: “Ask (Allah) for your requisite and insist on demanding because Allah likes the persistence of the insisting believers of His servants.”

Wasa’il-ush-Shi’ah,voI. 7, p. 60

Imam Sadiq [a] said: “I recommend you to invocation, because you can not get nigh to Allah by any means like it.”

Al-Kafi, vol. 2, p. 467

Imam Amir ul Mu’mineen Ali [a] said: “It may happen that you ask (Allah) for something and He does not give it to you in order to endow you with (something) of better quality (later).”

Ghurar-ul-Hikam, p.185

Ahlul Bayt


The Holy Prophet [s] said: “The likeness of my Ahlul-Bayt (progeny) amongst my Ummah (followers) is similar to Noah’s Ark. Those who embarked on it were rescued and those who rejected it perished….”

Bihar-ul-Anwar, vol. 27, p. 113

Imam Baqir, the fifth Imam, [a] said: “Our traditions (Ahlul-Bayt) survive in the hearts.”

Bihar-ul-Anwar, vol. 2, p. 144

The Holy Prophet [s] said: “Make your gatherings lively with the remembrance of Ali-ibn-Abi-Talib.” (Talk about the excellencies of Ali [a]).

Bihar-ul-Anwar, vol. 38, p. 199

In ‘Ikmal-ud-Din’ a tradition, through ‘Jabir-il-Ju’fi’, is narrated from ‘Jabir-ibn-‘Abdillah’ thus: “I said: ‘O Messenger of Allah we have known Allah and His Apostle; then who is ‘Ulul-Amr’, those that Allah has made their obedience the same as your obedience?’ Then, the Prophet (p.h.u.h.) said: ‘O’ Jabir! They are, after me, my successors and the guides of Muslims; the first of them is Ali ibn Abi Talib; then (Imam) Hassan, and (Imam) Husayn; then Ali ibn Husayn; then Mohammad ibn Ali; known in the Turah as Baqir, whom you will see, O’ Jabir! When you visit him, give my regards to him. After him, there is Sadiq, Ja’far ibn Muhammad; and after him Musa ibn Ja’far; then Ali ibn Musa; then Muhammad ibn Ali; then Ali ibn Muhammad, then Hassan ibn Ali; and after him (there comes) Al-Qaim, whose name and epithet is the same as mine. He is Allah’s Authority on the Earth and His Remainder amongst His servants. He is the son of (Imam) Hassan-ibn-Ali (al-‘Askari). This is the very personality by whose hands Allah will open the Easts and Wests of the worlds and this is the very personality who will be absent from his followers and those who love him, in which his mastership cannot be proved by a statement of anyone except for the one whose heart Allah tests for Faith.”

Jabir said: “I asked him: ‘O’ Messenger of Allah will his followers avail of him during his occultation?’ He answered: ‘Yes. By the One Who appointed me to prophethood, they will seek brightness from his light and will avail by devotion in his absence the same as the availing of people from the (glow of) sun when clouds cover it…’

(Ikmal-ud-Din, vol. 1, p. 253, with nearly similar meaning in Yanabir-ul-Mawaddah, p. 117)

Malik-ibn-Anas said about the virtue of Imam Sadiq [a]: “No eye has ever seen, no ear has ever heard, and no heart (soul) has ever been striken that there can (contemporaneously) be anybody higher than (Imam) Ja’far Sadiq [a] from the point of virtue, knowledge, worship, and piety.”

Bihar-ul-Anwar, vol. 47, p. 28

Imam Husayn [a] said: “By my soul, there is no Imam but he issues judgement upon the Book, establishes justice, believes in the religion of Truth, and restrains his self alongside the way of Allah.

Al-Irshad, vol. 204

The Love of Ahlul-Bayt


The Holy Prophet [s] said: “Train your children in three things: the love of your Prophet, the love of his progeny, i.e. Ahlul-Bayt, and recitation of the Qur’an.”

AI-Jami’-ul-Saghir, vol. 1, p. 14

Imam Sadiq [a] said: “He who is not able to do any good unto us (Ahlul-Bayt) then be may do good to our pious adherents; and he who is not able to visit us, he may visit our righteous followers by which the reward of visiting us (pilgrimage) will be recorded for him.”

Bihar-ul-Anwar, vol. 74, p. 354

Imam Baqir [a] said: “The best means by which servants can obtain nearness to Allah, Mighty and Glorious, is the obedience to Allah, the obedience to His Messenger, and the obedience to those charged with (spiritual) authority.”

Then, he [a] added: “The love of us (Ahlul Bayt) is Faith and the hatred of us is infidelity.”

Al-Kafi, vol. 1, p. 187

Imam Sadiq [a] said: “Verily, there are various degrees of serving Allah, but affection (and cordial inclination) for us, Ahlul Bayt, is the highest one.”

Bihar-ul-Anwar, vol. 27, p. 91

The Acceptable Characteristics


The Holy Prophet [s] said: “Shall I not introduce ‘a believer’ to you? A believer is the one whom other believers trust with their souls and wealth. Shall I not introduce ‘a Muslim’ to you? A Muslim is the one from whose hand and tongue other Muslims are safe…. It is unlawful (Haram) for a believer to do wrong against another believer, or leave him/her in a lurch, or backbite against him/her, or suddenly reject him/her.”

AI-Kafi, vol. 2, p. 235

Imam Sadiq [a] said: “A Muslim believer must not attend a meeting wherein Allah laws are being disobeyed and the one is not in a position to stop it.”

Usul-i-Kafi, vol. 2, p. 374

Imam Sadiq [a] said: “He who habitually tells the truth, his deeds are purified; Allah increases the sustenance of the one whose intention is good; and he who treats his family members well, Allah prolongs the length of his life.”

Khisal by Saduq, vol. 1 p. 88

Imam Amir ul Mu’mineen Ali [a] said: “A man came to the Prophet [s] and asked him to teach him an action so that both Allah, the Exalted, and people would love him, his wealth would increase, his body would be healthy, his life time would last long, and he would be raised with him (the Prophet). Then, he [s] said: ‘These are six traits which need six qualities:

  1. If you want Allah to love you, be afraid of Him and guard yourself against sin.
  2. If you want people to love you, be benevolent to them and decline what they have in their hands.
  3. If you want Allah to increase your wealth, then give its alms tax.
  4. If you want Allah to make your body healthy, pay charity more frequently.
  5. If you want Allah to prolong your lifetime, then have regard for your kinship.
  6. And, if you want Allah to raise you with me, then do prolong your prostrations before Allah, the One, the Dominator.'”

Safinat-uI-Bihar, vol. 1, p. 599

Imam Rida, the eighth Imam, [a] said: A Muslim believer is not a true believer unless there are three virtues in him: the manner of his lord, the manner of his Prophet, and the manner of his Imam. Then, the manner of his Lord is: concealing his secrets; hence Allah, to Whom belong Might and Majesty, said: ‘The Knower of the Unseen! So He does not reveal His secrets to any, except to him whom He chooses as an apostle,…’ [1]

Then, the manner of his Prophet is compliance with people, when surely, Allah, Almighty and Glorious, commissioned His prophet to favour people and He has said: ‘Practice forgiveness and enjoin good and turn away from the ignorant.’[2]

Then the manner of his Imam is (to be firm and) being patient on good days and bad days, when, verily, Allah to whom belong Might and Majesty, says: ‘And (they) are patient in distress and affliction’.” [3]

‘Uyun-ul-Akhbar-ur-Rida, vol.1, p.256

Imam Muhammad ibn Ali, the nineth Imam [a] said:

“A Muslim believer should obtain these three virtues:

Success granted by Allah, be an admonisher of his self, and find approval from the one who advises him.”

Muntah-al-‘Amal, p.229

Ali ibn Husayn [a] the fourth Imam, was once asked how he, the son of the Messenger of Allah began each morning, and he [a] replied: “I begin each morning while I am demanded of eight virtues:

Allah, the Exalted, demands of me the obligatory; the Prophet [s] demands of me his tradition (Sunnah); family dependents demand of me food (material); the self looks for desires; Satan demands me (to commit) sin; the two protective angels demand of me virtuousness, the angel of death demands of me the spirit and, the grave demands of me my body.

Therefore, I am, surrounded by these traits, demanded.”

Bihar-ul-Anwar, vol. 76, p. 15

Imam Sadiq [a] said: “Verily everything is intimidated by a believer because the religion of Allah causes him to be powerful, and he is not intimidated by anything, which (epithet) is the characteristic of any believer.”

Bihar-ul-Anwar, vol. 67, p. 305

Notes:[1] Sura Al-Jinn, No.72, verses 26 & 27

[2] Space

[3] Sura Al-Baqarah, No.2, verse 177

The Real Followers of Ahlul-Bayt and Their Qualities


Imam Muhammad Baqir [a] told Jabir: “Is it enough for a person to (merely) embellish (oneself) as a Shi’ah (follower) by professing love of us, Ahlul-Bayt? Nay! By Allah, a person is not our follower except the one who fears Allah and obeys Him. O’ Jabir! Our followers are not recognized save by humility; submission; honesty; praising Allah abundantly; fasting and prayers; filial devotion; attending to the poor, needy, debtors, and orphans who live near him; saying the truth; reciting the Qur’an; withholding the tongue from people except for benediction; and being trustworthy for relatives in any affairs…”

Al-Kafi, vol. 2, p. 74

Sulayman-ibn-Mahran said that he visited Imam Sadiq [a] while some of the followers (Shi’ah) were attending him [a] and he heard that the Imam [a], addressing them, said: “(Behave) to be as ornaments for us and not to be against us as shame. Tell people of goodness, and protect your tongues and hold it from excessive talk and offensive speech.”

Al-Amali, by Saduq, p. 142

Imam Sadiq [a] said: “Verily, we love those who are wise, perceptive (intelligent), learned, forbearing, patient, reliable, and faithful. Surely, Allah, Almighty and Glorious, favoured Prophets [a] with high morality. Then, he who possesses them may praise Allah for them, but he who does not have them may weep unto Allah, the Almighty and Glorious, and ask Him for them.” Jabir humbly asked what they were, and the Imam [a] replied:

“They are: piety, contentment, patient endurance, gratefulness, forbearance, modesty, graciousness, courage, enthusiasm, benevolence, truthfulness, and honesty in deposits.”

Al-Kafi, vol. 2, p. 56

Imam Baqir [a] said: “… He who obeys Allah is a lover of us, and the one who disobeys Him then he is an enemy for us (AhIul-Bayt)…”

Al-Kafi, vol. 2, p. 75

Sin and Its Effects


The Holy Prophet [s] said: “Do not look at the minuteness of the sin, but see Whom you have sinned against.”

Bihar-ul-Anwar, vol. 77, p. 79 & Mustadrak AI-Wasa’il, vol. 11, p. 330

Imam Amir ul Mu’mineen Ali [a] said: “If one of you desires to know his standing with Allah he may evaluate his situation in relation to his sins against Allah, such is his worthiness to Allah, the Blessed and Exalted.”

Bihar-ul-Anwar, vol. 70, p. 18

Imam Sadiq [a] addressed a group of people and inquired why they annoyed the Messenger of Allah. Someone asked Imam [a] how they did so, and he [a] said: “Do you not know that your deeds are reported to him [s]? When he [s] observes a sin against Allah among them, he becomes displeased. Therefore do not hurt the Messenger of Allah but do please him.”

Usul-I-Kafi, vol. 1, p. 219

Imam Amir ul Mu’mineen Ali [a] said: “Lacking forgiveness is the worst of deficiencies and hastening in vengeance is (among) the greatest (of all) sins.”

Ghurar-ul-Hikam, p. 235

Asbaq-ibn-Nubatah has narrated from the first Imam, Amir ul Mu’mineen Ali [a], who said the Prophet [s] said: “When Allah Almighty and Glorious sends His wrath on a nation and does not punish (them) by it, then; their prices will go up (expensive), their lifetimes will shorten, their merchants will not gain profits, their fruits will not be abundant, their streams will not become brimful, their rain will be withheld from them, and their vicious ones will dominate over them.”

Khisal by Saduq, vol. 2, p.360

Note:

The summary of this tradition is that if the destructive penalty does not destroy such a nation, they will be inflicted with seven afflictions because of their committing sins.

Imam Baqir [a], the fifth Imam, said that he found in the book of Amir ul Mu’mineen Ali [a] that he has said that the Holy Prophet [s] said: “When adultery appears (abundantly in a society) the (number of) sudden deaths increases; and when there is fraud, Allah takes them in expensiveness and loss. When people stop giving alms tax, the earth holds back its blessings from plants (crops), fruits, mines, and all such things. When they act unjustly according to (divine) ordinances, they have helped injustice and aggression. When they breach (their) promises, the Lord will set their enemies as absolute masters over them. When they break off connections with their kindred, possession of properties will be put in the hands of the wicked. And, when they do not perform enjoining right and forbidding wrong and, also, do not follow the chosen ones of my Ahlul-Bayt, Allah will set their vicious ones over them and, in this condition, their good doers utter invocations but they are not responded to.”

Safinat-uI-Bihar, vol. 2, p. 630

Imam Amir ul Mu’mineen Ali [a] said: “The tears do not dry up save for the hearts being hard, and hearts do not harden but because of the abundance of sins.”

Bihar-ul-Anwar, vol. 70, p. 55

Allah, the Exalted, told Prophet David [a]: “O’ David! Give good news to the sinners of My absolute Mercy, which envelops everything (in the world of existence), so as not to grow hopeless of My Mercy; and warn the good doers of the authority of My wrath in order not to be proud of their obedience, for pride causes arrogance which itself is the greatest of all sins.”

Al-Ithna ‘Ashariyyah, p. 59

Knowledge and Its Value


The Holy Prophet [s] said: “Teachers and students both share in rewards but other people are deprived of them.”

Bihar-ul-Anwar, vol. 2, p. 25

The Holy Prophet [s] said: “He who propagates religious affairs without having required competency does a disservice to the religion rather than serving it.”

Bihar-ul-Anwar, vol. 2, p.121

Imam Amir ul Mu’mineen Ali [a] said: “The worth of every man is in his attainments.”

Nahjul-Balagha, saying No. 482

Note:

The real value of a person is his knowledge (and the perfection of his attainments). His worth and position would be in accordance with the status of knowledge and attainment he holds. Eyes that are conscious of real values do not look at the face, features, tallness of stature, size or worldly pomp and position but look at the attainments of a person and assess his worth according to these attainments. The conclusion is that a man should strive to acquire distinction and knowledge.

The worth of every person is according to the extent of his knowledge.

Ghurar-ul-Hikam, p. 341

The Holy Prophet [s] said: ” Knowledge is Allah’s deposit on the earth and scholars are His trustees of it. Therefore, he who acts according to his knowledge, has really delivered His deposit….”

Bihar-ul-Anwar, vol. 2, p. 36

Imam Baqir [a] said: “Try to learn knowledge because learning it is a good action and study is itself a worship.”

Bihar-ul-Anwar, vol. 78, p. 189

Imam Amir ul Mu’mineen Ali [a] said: “The one who seeks for knowledge is like a warrior in the cause of religion for the way of Allah.”

Bihar-ul-Anwar, vol. 1, p. 179

Imam Sadiq [a] said: ” Be careful of your knowledge and see from whom you get it.”

Bihar-ul-Anwar, vol. 2, p. 92

Imam Sadiq [a] said: “Try to obtain knowledge and ornament it with patience and dignity; and be humble for the one who learns knowledge from you.”

Al-Kafi, vol.1, p. 36

Imam Sadiq (as.) said: “The one who learns knowledge and acts accordingly, and teaches it for Allah, will be called magnificently in heavens.”

Al-Kafi, vol.1, p.35

The Holy Prophet [s] said: “The good of this world and the world to come is with knowledge.”

Bihar-ul-Anwar, vol.1, p. 204

Knowledge and the Virtue of Learning It


The Holy Prophet [s] said: “He who searches for knowledge is similar to a person who fasts during the day and keeps vigil at night and is busy worshipping. If a person acquires a branch of knowledge, it is better for him than possessing as much gold as the height of Abu Qubais Mount which he would distribute in the way of Allah.”

Bihar-ul-Anwar, vol.1, p.184

Imam Zayn-ul-‘Abideen [a] said: “Were people aware of what lies in the obtainment of knowledge, they would pursue it even though they had to make voyages and endanger their lives to obtain it.”

Usul-I-Kafi, vol. 1, p. 35

Imam Amir ul Mu’mineen Ali [a] said: “Acquiring knowledge is not possible while the body (person) is tranquil.”

Ghurar-ul-Hikam, p. 348

Imam Sadiq [a] said: “Safeguard your writings and books because soon the occasion will arise that you will be in need of them.”

Bihar-ul-Anwar, vol. 2, p.152

Imam Amir ul Mu’mineen Ali [a] said: “Surely, the completion of religion is due to the obtaining of knowledge and acting on it (accordingly), and beware that the obtaining of knowledge is more obligatory for you than earning wealth.”

Usul-ul-Kafi, vol.1, p. 23

Imam Hassan [a] said: “Teach your knowledge to others and (try to) learn yourself the knowledge of others.”

Bihar-ul-Anwar, vol. 78, p. 111

The Holy Prophet [s] said: “The virtue of knowledge is more beloved with Allah than the virtue of worship.”

Bihar-ul-Anwar, vol. 1, p. 167

Knowledge and the Virtue of Teaching It


The Holy Prophet [s] said: “Someone who possesses knowledge on a subject but conceals it when he is asked will be bridled with reins of fire.” (Therefore, if a person possesses information that would help a bewildered person and improve his situation but he remains silent, he has surely committed a great sin.)

Al -‘Ithna-‘Ashariyyah, p. 11

The Holy Prophet [s] said: “The Quran is Allah’s university; so, learn as much as you can in this university.”

Bihar-ul-Anwar, vol. 92, p.19

The Holy Prophet [s] said: “Verily, what will continue to reach a believer, after his death, from amongst his actions and good deeds are: the knowledge which he taught and spread, the righteous child whom he left behind, and the Holy script which he delivered as heritage (transcribed, and made available).”

Sunan-i-Ibn-Majeh, vol. 1, p. 88

Abul-Hassan-ir-Rida (as.), the eighth Imam, said: “May the Mercy of Allah be upon the servant who keeps alive our commandment.” Then the person attending the Imam asked him [a] how their commandment could be kept alive and he [a] replied: “He (can) learn our sciences and teach them to people. In fact, if people knew (the merits and) the goodness of our statements, surely they would follow us.”

Ma’ani-ul-Akhbar, p.180 & ‘Uyun-il-Akhbar-ir-Rida, vol.1, p. 207

The Excellence and Importance of Scholars


The Holy Prophet [s] said: “There are two groups of my Ummah that when they are pious, my Ummah will be upright and when they are immoral my Ummah will be corrupt.” The Messenger of Allah [s] was asked who they were, and he answered: “The religious scholars and rulers.”

Bihar-ul-Anwar, vol. 2, p. 49

Imam Baqir [a] said: “When confronting a sage, try to be more inquisitive than talkative, and learn how to listen well as much as you learn how to speak well, and do not interrupt the statement of anyone.”

Bihar-ul-Anwar, vol. 1, p. 222

The Holy Prophet [s] said: “O’ Ali! Gabriel wished to become a human being for seven reasons, which are:

  1. Congregational prayer.
  2. Companionship with scholars.
  3. Establishing peace between two persons.
  4. Honouring the orphans.
  5. Visiting the sick.
  6. Attending a funeral procession.
  7. Giving of water to Pilgrims.

Then, be desirous of these things.”

Al -‘Ithna ‘Ashariyyah, p. 245

Imam Amir ul Mu’mineen Ali [a] said: “When the utterance of the wise is to the point, it serves as a remedy, but if it is wrong it proves like an illness.”

NahjuI-Balagha, saying No. 265

Imam Hassan ‘Askari, the eleventh Imam, [a] said:

“The scholars of our followers (Shi’ah) are the guards of the bounds of Islam. Then, anyone of our followers who undertakes this (duty) is superior to the one who fights in the battle against the Romans, (because this one defends the theological bounds of our followers).”

AI-Ihtijaj, vol. 2, p. 155

Imam Rida, the eighth Imam, [a] said: “Beware that surely a (true religious) jurist is he who pours forth his benediction unto people, saves them from their enemies, multiplies the blessings of Heaven for them, and earns the Pleasure of Allah the Exalted, for them (through guidance).”

Bihar-ul-Anwar, vol. 2, p. 5

Imam Amir ul Mu’mineen Ali [a] said: ” …The reward of a religious scholar is greater than the reward of a person who is fasting on days and establishes prayers during the night and fights in the Holy War for the sake of Allah. And, when a religious scholar dies, there will appear a gap in Islam which cannot be compensated except by a replacement of that (kind).”

Bihar-ul-Anwar, vol. 2, p. 43

Imam Amir ul Mu’mineen Ali [a] told Kumayl: O’ Kumayl! Those who compile wealth are dead even though they may be living, while the sages (who are endowed with knowledge) will remain as long as the world remains. Their bodies perish but their depictions will exist in the hearts.”

Nahjul-Balagha, saying No.147

Imam Husayn [a] said: “…Verily, the paths to Muslims’ affairs and the religious ordinances are in the hands of the godly scholars who are the trusties of Allah in His lawful and unlawful things. …”

Tuhaful-‘Uqul, p.172

Being Attentive to the Hereafter


The Holy Prophet [s] said that the disciples of Jesus [a] asked him with whom they should make friends, and he [a] replied: “With one whose presence reminds you of God, his speech increases your knowledge and his deed inspires you (to work righteously for) the next world.”

Bihar-ul-Anwar, vol. 1, p. 203

Amir ul Mu’mineen Ali [a] said: “No business should hinder you from being busy doing good for the coming world, hence, surely, the length of opportunity is a very short time.”

Ghurar-ul-Hikam, p. 335

Amir ul Mu’mineen Ali [a] said: “He who sells his next life for his present life in this world, loses both of them.”

Ghurar-ul-Hikam, p. 274

Imam Hadi, the tenth Imam, [a] said: “Remember when you are on your deathbed and your body is lying before your family members, then there is no physician to prevent you (from death) nor a friend to avail you.”

Bihar-ul-Anwar, vol. 78, p. 370

Repentance


The Holy Prophet [s] said: “The sigh of the people of Hell is mostly because of the postponement of repenting.”

Al-Mahajjat-ul-Bayda

Imam Baqir [a] said: “He who repents of his sins is as the one who has not any (burden of) sin.

Wasa’il-ush-Shi’ah vol. 16, p. 74

Imam Amir ul Mu’mineen Ali [a] said: “How numerous procrastinators there are who postpone (repenting and doing good deeds) until when death overtakes them!

Ghurar-ul-Hikam, p. 240

The Holy Prophet [s] told Ali-ibn-Abi-Talib [a]: “O’ Ali! Blessed is he who Allah looks upon while he is weeping for the sin that none is aware of except Allah.

(Various traditions emphasize that one must not let others know of his sins. One must make confessions about his sins only to Allah and, then, repent.)

Bihar-ul-Anwar, vol. 77, p. 63

The Holy Prophet [s] said: “During the third part of every night and on the night before Friday from the beginning (until the break of dawn) Allah sends an angel unto the sky of the earth in order to call: ‘Is there any needy who asks that I may bestow upon him his need? Is there any repentant one that I may return to him? Is there any seeker of forgiveness that I may forgive him?'”

Note:

Islamic traditions teach that sleeping on the night before Friday is called ‘the regret sleep’; for, on the Reckoning Day, people will regret very much that they had been asleep on the nights before Fridays.

Bihar-ul-Anwar, vol. 3, p. 314

Imam Sadiq, the sixth Imam, [a] said: “Shut the doors of sins through seeking refuge to God, and open the doors of obedience by (reciting) ‘Bismillah’.”[4]

Bihar-ul-Anwar, vol. 92, p. 216

[4] Bismillah, here is a short form of /bismillah-ir-rahman-ir-rahim/

Protecting the Honour of Believers


Imam Baqir [a] said: “It is compulsory for every Muslim to conceal even seventy great faults of his fellow Muslims (in order to save his prestige).” (His faults should be dealt with personally but not be spread among the members of society).

Bihar-ul-Anwar, vol. 74, p. 301

Imam Amir ul Mu’mineen Ali [a] said: “Accept the apology of your Muslim brother and if he has not any, invent one for him yourself.”

Bihar-ul-Anwar, vol. 74, p. 165

Imam Amir ul Mu’mineen [a] said: “The worst form of betrayal is the disclosure of confidential information.”

Mustadrak Al-Wasa’il-ush Shi’ah, vol. 12, p. 305, No.14155

Imam Amir ul Mu’mineen Ali [a] said: “Your admonition (to the wrong-doer) in the presence of people is to humiliate him.” (You must talk to him in private).

Ghurar-ul-Hikam, p. 322

Imam Sadiq [a] said: “From the most beloved deeds with Allah, Almighty and Glorious, is bringing happiness to a Muslim believer such as: satiating his hunger, removing his grief, or paying his debt.”

Al-Kafi, vol. 2, p. 192

Righteous Deeds


The Holy Prophet [s] said: “To make peace between two individuals (in comparison) is worthier than one’s entire prayers and fastings.”

Bihar-ul-Anwar, vol. 76, p. 43

Imam Amir ul Mu’mineen [a] said: “If a person thinks well of you, make his idea hold true.”

Nahjul-Balaghah, p. 511, saying No. 248

The Holy Prophet [s] said: “He who leads (others) to piety (will be rewarded) the same as the doer of that good action.”

Bihar-ul-Anwar, vol. 96, p. 119

Imam Sadiq [a] said: “There are six things that a Muslim believer can be profited by after his death:

  1. A righteous child who seeks forgiveness for him.
  2. The Holy scripture which will be recited from.
  3. A well which he had dug (for the benefit of people).
  4. The tree which he had planted.
  5. The charity of water that he had caused to flow.
  6. A good tradition which will be followed (by people) after him.”

Khisal by Saduq, p.323

The Holy Prophet [s] said: “If it were not hard upon my Ummah, I would enjoin them to brush (their teeth) with every prayer.”

Bihar-ul-Anwar, vol. 76, p. 126

Injustice and Transgression


The Holy Prophet [s] said: “On the Day of the Resurrection a caller will announce: “Where are the oppressors and their assistants and those who prepared an inkwell for them or fastened a bag for them or supplied the ink of a pen (for them)? Then, gather these (people) with them!'”

Thawabab-ul-‘A’mal, p. 309

Imam Amir ul Mu’mineen Ali [a] said: “By Allah, even if I am given all the domains of the seven countries with all that exists under the skies in order that I may disobey Allah to the extent of snatching one grain of barley from an ant, I would not do it.”

Nahjul-Balagha, p. 347

Imam Baqir, the fifth Imam, [a] said: “There are three types of transgressions: the one which Allah, the Exalted, forgives, the one He does not forgive, and that one which He does not ignore. Thus, the transgression that He does not forgive is infidelity unto Allah, the Almighty, and Glorious. And, the transgression which Allah forgives is the one that a person commits (against) himself between him and Allah, to Whom belong Might and Majesty. But the transgression which He does not ignore is the one committed against rights of men.”

Explanation

The third transgression is referring to when a person infringes upon the rights of others. The way to forgiveness is first by satisfying (contenting) the person whose rights were infringed upon. If that person forgives him, then the transgression becomes as one that the person has commited against himself. He may then seek forgiveness from Allah.

AI-Kafi, vol. 2, p. 330

Imam Amir ul Mu’mineen Ali [a] said: “Transgression causes the foot to go astray, takes the blessings, and kills the nations.”

Sharh Ghurar-ul-Hikam, vol. 2, p. 36

Imam Amir ul Mu’mineen Ali [a] said: “… Nothing is more inducive of the reversal of Allah’s bounty or for hastening of His retribution than continuance in oppression, because Allah hears the prayer of the oppressed and is on the look-out for the oppressors.”

Nahjul-Balagha, Letter 53

The Rights of Fellow Muslims


The Holy Prophet [s] said: “He who grieves a true Muslim cannot then compensate for it by offering him the entire world because it is not sufficient compensation (unless he repents and appeases the said person).”

Bihar-ul-Anwar, vol. 75, p. 150

Imam Kadhim [a] said: “Among your most compulsory duties towards your Muslim brother is that you conceal nothing from him which profits him either in this life or in the Hereafter.”

Bihar-ul-Anwar, vol. 2, p. 75

Imam Hassan, the second Imam [a], said: “Treat others similar to the way you would like for them to treat you.”

Bihar-ul-Anwar, vol. 78, p. 116

Imam Amir ul Mu’mineen Ali [a] said: “May Allah have mercy upon the person who services a right and removes a wrong, or refutes an injustice and establishes justice.”

Ghurar-ul-Hikam, p. 181

Imam Sadiq [a] said: “These four characteristics are from the manners of Prophets [a]: righteousness, graciousness, patience and perseverance in tolerating misfortunes, and rising for the right of a believer.”

Tuhaf-ul-Uqul, p. 277

Imam Amir-ul-Mu’mineen Ali [a] said: “Surely, it is the common people of the community who are the pillars of the religion, the power of the Muslims and the defence against the enemies. Your leaning should therefore be towards them and your inclination with them.”

Nahjul Balagha, Letter 53

Imam Sadiq [a] said: “In no way is Allah worshipped better than by fulfilling the right of a believer.”

Al-Kafi, Vol.2, p. 170

The Holy Prophet [s] said: “He who hurts a Muslim believer, surely he has hurt me.”

Bihar-ul-Anwar, vol. 67, p. 72

The Holy Prophet [s] said: “He who unlawfully and usurpingly deprives a believer of wealth, Allah will continue to be displeased with him and does not accept his good actions that he fulfills; and none of them will be recorded among his good deeds until he repents and returns the wealth which he had taken to its owner.”

Mustadrak-ul-Wasa’il, vol. 17, p. 89

Greetings


The Holy Prophet [s] said: “When you meet each other then initiate greeting (salam) and embrace; and when you separate from each other, then depart with seeking forgiveness.”

Bihar-ul-Anwar, vol. 76, p. 4

Imam Husayn-ibn-Ali [a] said: “Seventy rewards is the share of the one who initiates a ‘greeting’ and only one reward belongs to the one who returns the ‘greeting’.” (When two people see each other, the initiator of the exchange of greetings receives a greater reward.)

Bihar-ul-Anwar, vol. 78, p. 120

Imam Sadiq [a] said that the Messenger of Allah [s] gathered the children of ‘Abd-il-Muttallib and said: “O’ children of ‘Abd-il-Muttallib! Initiate greetings, have regard for kinship, perform the night prayers while people are asleep, feed (others) food, and deliver good speech and thereby you will enter paradise in peace.”

Bihar-ul-Anwar, vol. 69, p. 393

Imam Sadiq [a] said: “He who initiates a greeting is more beloved with Allah and His Messenger.”

Wasa’il-ush-Shiah vol.12, p. 55

Enjoining Right and Forbidding Wrong


And from among you there should be a party who invite to good and enjoin what is right and forbid the wrong, and these it is that shall be successful.

‘Al-i-‘lmran, No. 3, verse 104

The Holy Prophet [s] said: “The time when my Ummah (Muslim followers) merely count on others to enjoin right and forbid wrong, in fact, they have declared a fight against Allah, the Exalted.”

Bihar-ul-Anwar, vol. 100, p. 92

Imam Amir ul Mu’mineen Ali [a] said: “He who abandons forbidding what is wrong theoretically and practically (and is indifferent while seeing vices committed) is a moving corpse amongst the living.”

Bihar-ul-Anwar, vol. 100, p. 94

The Holy Prophet [s] said: “To prevent a Muslim from doing an unlawful action is equivalent with Allah to the performance of seventy accepted Hajj.”

Mustadrak Al-Wasa’iI-ush-Shia’h, vol. 11, p. 278

Imam Amir ul Mu’mineen Ali [a] said: “Ask others to do good; you will thus be among the good doers. Desist others from evil with your action as well as your speech, and stay away, to the best of your ability, from he who commits it. Struggle for Allah as is His due; and the reviling of a reviler should not deter you in matters of Allah. Leap into danger for the sake of right wherever it may be.”

Nahjul Balagha, p. 392 letter 31

Imam Baqir [a] said: “Verily, enjoining what is right and forbidding what is wrong is the way of prophets and the method of good doers. It is such a great obligatory deed (wajib) by which other obligatory deeds can survive, other creeds can be saved, bargains are lawful, injustices are warded off, and prosperity can fill the earth…”

Al-Kafi, vol. 5, p. 56

Imam Amir ul Mu’mineen Ali [a] said: “The firmness of the religion is due to enjoining what is good and forbidding what is wrong, and observing the limits of Allah.

Ghurar-ul-Hikam, p. 236

The Holy Prophet [s] said: “The one who sees a wrong action done should prohibit it by his deed, if he is capable, of course; and if he cannot do that, he should prohibit it by his tongue, but if he is not able to do even that, he may forbid it by his heart.”

Wasa’il-ush-Shi’ah, vol. 16, p. 135

The Holy Prophet [s] said: “He who enjoins right and prohibits wrong is the vicegerent of both Allah and His Messenger on the earth.”

Mustadrak-ul-Wasa’il, vol. 12, p. 179

The Holy Prophet [s] said: ” Whensoever my Ummah undertake to enjoin right and prohibit evil and associate in establishing benevolence, they live happily and prosperously; but when they stop doing so, the blessings will be taken off from them.”

At-Tahthib, vol. 6, p. 181

Imam Amir ul Mu’mineen Ali [a] said to Imam al-Hassan and Imam al-Husayn [a] when Ibn Muljam (the curse of Allah be upon him) struck him (fatally with a sword): “… Fear Allah (and again) fear Allah in the matter of Jihad, (struggle for the Holy War), with the help of your property, lives and speech in the way of Allah…”

“Do not give up bidding for good and forbidding from evil lest the mischievous gain positions over you, and then (in that case) when you pray, your invocations will not be granted to you.

Nahjul Balagha, Letter 47, p. 422

Imam Amir ul Mu’mineen Ali [a] said: “Enjoining good is the most excellent deed of people.”

Mustadrak-ul-Wasa’il, vol. 12, p.185

Imam Sadiq [a] said: “All good deeds totally, including even the struggle in the Holy War in the way of Allah, comparing with enjoining right and forbidding wrong, is like a small amount of saliva compared with a deep ocean.

Bihar-ul-Anwar, vol. 100, p. 89

Imam Baqir, the fifth Imam, [a] said: ” Allah, Almighty and Glorious, revealed to Prophet Jethro (Shu’ayb) [a]: ‘I will punish one hundred thousand people of your folk. Forty thousand people are from their vicious ones but sixty thousand of them are from their good-doers. Jethro [a] inquired: ‘These are the vicious (who deserve punishment), but what about the good-doers?’ Then, Allah, Almighty and Glorious, revealed to him: ‘They (the good-doers) associated with the sinners and did not become angry because of My wrath.”

Al-Kafi, vol. 5, p. 56

Imam Amir-uI-Mu’mineen Ali [a] said: “Ask others to do good and forbid evil and do know that ‘enjoining right and forbidding wrong’ never draws death near nor ceases sustenance.”

Wasa’il-ush-Shi’ah, vol. 16, p. 120

Imam Sadiq [a] said: “Woe to the people who do not support the religion of Allah by enjoining good and forbidding evil.”

Mustadrak Al-Wasa’il-ush-Shi’ah, vol. 12, p. 181

The Tongue and Its Evils


The Holy Prophet [s] said: “Affliction caused by the tongue is worse than (that caused by) the strike of the blade of a sword.”

Bihar-ul-Anwar, vol. 71, p. 286

The Holy Prophet [s] said: “Among all things, the tongue deserves to be prisoned longer than anything else.” (Because most of our sins are committed by it, such as backbiting, telling lies, defaming, mocking, insulting, etc.)

Bihar-uI-Anwar vol. 71, p. 277

Imam Amir-ul-Mu’mineen Ali [a] said: “Do contemplate before speaking so that you may guard yourself from (committing) errs.”

Ghurar-uI-Hikam, p. 228

The Holy Prophet [s] said: “The destruction of man lies in three (things): his stomach, his lusts, and his tongue.”

Waqayi’-ul-‘Ayyam, p. 297

Imam Baqir, the fifth Imam, [a] said: “No one is safe from sins unless the one controls his/her tongue.”

Bihar-ul-Anwar, vol. 78, p. 178

Backbiting and Faultfinding


The Holy Prophet [s] said: “Slander acts quicker against the faith of a Muslim believer than leprosy does against his body.”

Usul-I-Kafi, vol. 2, p. 257

Imam Amir-ul-Mu’mineen Mi [a] said: “The listener to backbiting is the same as the backbiter.”

Ghurar-ul-Hikam, p. 307

The Holy Prophet [s] said: “The abandoning of backbiting is more valuable to Allah, Almighty and Glorious, than the performance of ten thousand rak’at of recommended prayers.”

Bihar-ul-Anwar, vol. 75, p. 261

‘Abd-ul-Mu’min-il-Ansari said that once he himself arrived in the presence of Imam Abil-Hassan Musa ibn Ja’far [a] where Abdillah-il-Ja’fari had attended and Abdul-Mu’min smiled at him. Then he [a] inquired whether Abdul-Mu’min liked Abdillah Al-Ja’fari when he replied to the Imam [a] that he did not like him (‘Abdillah) but on his account (the seventh Imam). Then Imam [a] said: “He is your brother, and a Muslim believer is the brother of another Muslim believer though their fathers are not the same. Hence, cursed is he who accuses his (Muslim) brother, cursed is he who deceives his (Muslim) brother, cursed is he who does not advise his (Muslim) brother, and cursed is he who slanders his (Muslim) brother.”

Bihar-ul-Anwar, vol. 75, p. 262

Imam Amir-ul-Mu’mineen Ali [a] said: “The most vicious person is he who looks for other people’s defects while he overlooks his own faults.”

Tara’if-ul-Hikam, p. 176

Imam Kazim [a] said: “Cursed is the one who backbites against one’s brother (fellow Muslim).”

Bihar-ul-Anwar, vol. 74, p. 232

Telling Lies


‘Anas-ibn-Mlaik narrates from the Messenger of Allah [s] who said: “Accept six things from me, then I will accept (and guarantee) the entrance of Heaven for you:

  1. When you speak, tell no lies.
  2. When you promise, do not break it.
  3. When you are trusted (by others), be honest.
  4. Lower your eyes (from committing sin).
  5. Guard your modesty.
  6. Hold your hands and tongues.”

Khisal-i-Saduq, p. 321

Imam Abi-Muhammad-al-‘Askari, the eleventh Imam, [a] said: “Wickedness was put inside a house, and the key (of its door) was rendered to be lies.”

Bihar-ul-Anwar, vol. 72, p. 263

Imam Sajjad [a] said: “Avoid telling lies irrespective of small or great, whether it is in earnest or joking, because when a person tells a lie in small (things), he dares to tell a lie in great things, too.”

Tuhaful-Uqul, p. 201

Once Imam Amir-ul-Mu’mineen Ali [a] was asked about the distance between the truth and untruth and, while he [a] was showing the distance between his eye and ear with his four fingers in order to illustrate this distance as his answer, he said: “What your eyes see is ‘truth’ and what your ears hear is for the most part ‘untruth’.”

Bihar-ul-Anwar, vol. 75, p. 196

Imam Baqir [a] said: “Verily, Allah, the exalted, has put some locks on vices, the key of which He has put in wine, but the vice of lying is worse than wine.”

AI-Kafi, vol. 2, p. 339

Imam Rida [a] said: “Be truthful and avoid telling lies.”

Bihar-ul-Anwar, vol. 78, p. 347

Companions & Friendship


The Holy Prophet [s] said: “Man is influenced by the faith of his friends. Therefore, be careful of whom you associate with.”

Bihar-ul-Anwar, vol. 74, p. 192

Imam Sadiq [a] said: “Be the friend of he who may grace you, not of one whom you are better than.” (- viz. make friends with ones who are higher than you so that you progress.)

Bihar-ul-Anwar, vol. 76, p. 267

Imam Sadiq [a] said: “My most beloved brother is he who (makes me aware of) my faults.”

Bihar-ul-Anwar, vol. 74, p. 282

Imam Amir-ul-Mu’mineen Ali [a] said: “Verily, there are three (types of) friends for a Muslim:

  1. The friend who says: ‘I am with you whether you are alive or dead’, and this is his deed.
  2. The friend who says: ‘ I am with you unto the threshold of your grave and then I will leave you’, and this is his child.
  3. The friend who says: ‘I will be with you until when you die’, and this is his wealth which will belong to the inheritors when he dies.”

Note:

From this tradition, and the like, we understand that the only thing which will avail for individuals in the Hereafter is Faith and good deeds. This is also referred to in many Islamic traditions as well as the verses of the Holy Qur’an, for example:

  1. “For those who believe and work righteousness is (every) blessedness and a beautiful place of (final) return.” (13:29)
  2. “As to those who believe and work righteousness, verily We shall not suffer to perish the reward of any who do a (single) righteous deed.” (18:30)
  3. “As to those who believe and work righteous deeds, they have, for their entertainment, the Gardens of Paradise.” (18: 107)
  4. “On those who believe and work deeds of righteousness, will (God) Most Gracious bestow Love.” (19:96)

Al-Khisal by Saduq, vol. 1, p. 88

Imam Sadiq [a] said: “Be careful to have truthful friends and try to obtain them, for they are your support when you are in welfare, and your advocator when you have misfortune.

Bihar-ul-Anwar, vol. 74, p. 187

Imam Sajjad [a] said: “The meeting of the righteous invites you to goodness.”

Bihar-ul-Anwar, vol. 78, p.141

Imam Sajjad [a] said: “Beware of the companionship of the sinful, and helping of the unjust.”

Bihar-ul-Anwar, vol. 78, p.151

Immoral Friends


Imam Sadiq [a] said: “He who seeks the company of those who insult the lovers of Allah has surely disobeyed Him, the Sublime.”

Usul-i-Kafi, vol. 2, p. 379

Imam Sadiq [a] said: “When you are informed of a fellow companion committing an evil action, then go to him and tell him: ‘O so and so! Either refrain from committing this sin or keep away from us’; then, avoid him unless he does so.”

Wasa’il-ush-Shi’ah, vol. 16, p. 146

Imam Sadiq [a] has narrated from his father Imam Muhammad Baqir [a] who said his father Ali ibn Husayn [a] stated: “O’ my son! Beware of five (groups) and do not seek companionship with them, do not speak with them, and do not make friends with them on (the) way.”

Then, Imam Baqir [a] asked his father who they were and might he introduce them to him. He responded:

  1. “Beware of and do not associate with the one who tells lies. He is as a mirage which makes near for you what is far, and makes far to you what is near.”
  2. “Beware of and do not associate with an immoral person, because he will sell you at the price of a morsel or less than that.”
  3. “Beware of and do not associate with a miser because he will deprive you of his wealth when you are seriously in need of it.”
  4. “Beware of and do not associate with a fool, because he wants to be of avail to you but he harms you.”
  5. “Beware of and do not associate with the one who disregards his kinfolks, because I found him (such a person) cursed in the Book Allah, Almighty and Glorious, in three occurrences.”

They are: (Sura AI-Baqarah, No.2, verse 27; Sura Ar-Ra’d, No.13, verse 25; and Sura Muhammad, No.47, verse 22).

Al-Kafi, vol. 2, p. 641

Imam Amir-ul-Mu’mineen Ali [a] said: “O’ Kumayl! Say what is just in any condition. Be friends with the righteous and avoid the evil doers, stay away from the hypocrites and do not accompany the treacherous.”

Mustadrak-ul-Wasa’il, vol. 12, p. 197

Serving People


The Holy Prophet [s] said: “He who decreases a grief out of the grieves of this world for his Muslim brother, Allah will decrease for him a grief out of the grieves of the Hereafter.”

Shahab-ul-Akhbar, p. 194

Imam Husayn [a] said: “Verily, the procession of people’s needs towards you is from among the blessings of Allah upon you. Therefore, grieve ye not because of these blessings.”

Bihar-ul-Anwar, vol. 74, p. 318

Imam Amir ul Mu’mineen Ali [a] said: “Whenever you find that your Muslim brother is in need, try to see to it.” (Do not let him feel compelled to verbalize his need).

Bihar-ul-Anwar, vol. 74, p. 166

Imam Sadiq [a] narrates from his forefathers [a], from the Messenger of Allah [s], who said: “He who feeds a believer to satiate him, Allah will feed him from the fruits of Heaven; he who dresses him to cover his nakedness, Allah will give him clothing of brocade and silk; he who quenches the thirst of a believer, Allah will give him drink of the sealed container; and he who helps him or removes his grief, Allah will settle him under the shade of His Throne on the Day of Reckoning when there is no shade except for His Shade.”

Bihar-ul-Anwar, vol. 74, p. 382

The Holy Prophet [s] said: “People are the dependents of Allah for sustenance, so the most beloved one of people with Him is the one who is helpful to the dependents Allah and makes the family members of a house happy.”

AI-Kafi, vol. 2, p. 164

The holy Prophet [s] said: “He who helps a Muslim believer (in his troubles), Allah, Almighty and Glorious, will remove from him seventy-three agonies, one of which is in this world and seventy-two other agonies at the time of Great Agony, when people are busy with themselves (in Hereafter).”

Al-Kafi, vol. 2, p.199

Giving Loan


The Holy Prophet [s] said: “He whom is referred to by his Muslim brother (to borrow) but he does not give him loan, Allah will forbid him entering Paradise on the Day when the righteous will be recompensed.”

Bihar-ul-Anwar, vol. 76, p. 369

The Holy Prophet [s] said: “The one from whom his brother Muslim needs borrowing but he does not give him loan, Allah prohibits him entering Paradise on the Day when the righteous will be recompensed.”

Bihar-ul-Anwar, vol. 76, p. 367

Helping the Needy


The Holy Prophet [s] said: “Ask (questions from) the learned, speak with the wise, and associate with the poor.”

Tuhaf-ul-‘Uqul, p. 34

Imam Amir-ul-Mu’mineen Ali [a] said: “The cause of the cessation of (one’s) wealth is leaving the needy heedless.”

Ghurar-ul-Hikam, vol. 4, p. 190

Imam Amir-ul-Mu’mineen Ali [a] said: “The Holy Prophet [s] narrated from Allah, the Exalted, on the night of ascent, Who said: ‘O’ Ahmad, My love is the loving of the poor. Bring the poor nearer to yourself and situate them close to yourself in order that I approach you…”

Al-Hayat, vol. 2, p. 51

Imam Sadiq [a] said: “Whoever satiates a hungry believer so that the one is satisfied fully, neither a human being among people nor a near-stationed angel nor a divine Messenger knows how great his reward is in the Hereafter except Allah, the Lord of the Worlds.” Then, he added: “Feeding a hungry Muslim is from among the means of forgiveness.” After that he recited the word of Allah, Almighty and Glorious: “Or the feeding on a day of hunger, of an orphan near of kin, or to the indigent (down) in the dust.” (Sura Balad, No. 90, verses 14 to 16).

Al-Kafi, vol. 2, p. 201

Donation & Pleasing The Believers


The Holy Prophet [s] said: “When charity (alms) is delivered out of the hand of its owner, it (the thing being given) says five things: ‘At first I was perishing and you gave me life; I was insignificant and you made me great; I was an enemy and you turned me into a friend; you used to protect me then but now I will protect you up to the Day of Resurrection’.”

Al-Ithna ‘Ashariyyah, p.223

Imam Kazim, the seventh Imam, [a], said: “He who makes a Muslim believer happy, then, he has initially pleased Allah, secondly the Prophet and thirdly us (Ahlul-Bayt).

Bihar-ul-Anwar, vol. 74, p. 314

Imam Amir-ul-Mu’mineen [a] said: Allah, the Glorified, has fixed the livelihood of the destitute in the wealth of the rich. Consequently, whenever a destitute remains hungry it is because some rich persons have denied him (his share).”

Nahjul Balagha, p. 533, saying No. 328

Imam Sadiq [a] said: “By Allah, he who withholds his wealth from helping a needy believer will never taste the food of Heaven nor drink from the drink sealed there.”

Bihar-ul-Anwar, vol. 75, p. 314

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