Few words About Imam husain (a.s)

Second son of Fatima (SA) and Ali (AS) Hussain (AS) was born on 3rd Shabaan, 4th year of Hijri (10.1.626 AD) When he was born the Holy Prophet was given the news of the birth of his 2nd grandson. He arrived at the house of his daughter, took the little baby in his arms, said the Azan and Iqamah in his ears. People around the Prophet saw tears in his eyes. Fatimah asked what was the reason for this, he told her that this boy of hers will achieve martyrdom, but consoled her by adding that God will create a nation who will mourn Hussain till the Day of Judgement. Another famous saying of the Prophet at the same time became synonymous with the name of his grandson Hussain. “Hussian-o-Minni wa Ana Minul Hussain”. Hussain is from me and I am from Hussain. One can explain this Hadith that Hussain, being the grand son of the Prophet was from him biologically. How a grandfather was from his grand son needs to be explained. Prophets of God speak spiritually rather than materially. He was talking about Islam the Deen he was assigned by God to propagate God’s religion.. He was for Islam and his whole life was for Islam and its establishment on earth. Any break in this mission would subvert this mission which was the purpose of his creation. The message of the Holy Prophet in this saying was that Hussain will, in some near future save this mission from destruction, hence the very purpose of his being will be saved by the sacrifice of his grandson. He was giving the news of a future occurrence. The story of Kerbala unfolds.

Name : Husain

Title : Sayyid ush-Shuhada (Chief of the Martyrs)

Kuniyat : Abu Abdillah

Father : Imam Ali (A)

Mother : Bibi Fatima Zahra (A)

Birthdate : 3rd Shabaan 4 A.H. in Madina

Imamat : From 50 A.H. to 61 A.H.

Martyrdom : 10th Muharram 61 A.H.

Buried : Karbala, Iraq.

The Holy Imam (A) was the second son of Imam Ali (A) and Bibi Fatima (A). He is the third of our Holy Imams (A). His birth was an occasion of great joy for the Ahlul Bayt (A) and was celebrated on earth and in the heavens. When he received the news, the Holy Prophet (S) came and recited Adhaan and Iqamah in the new born child’s right and left ears respectively. On the seventh day of his birth the ceremony of Aqeeqa was performed and he was named Husain.

The Holy Prophet (S) had kept the names of his grandsons as commanded by Allah. Prophet Musa’s (A) brother Prophet Haroon (A) had also had two sons, Shabbar and Shabbir. The names of the sons of Imam Ali (A) were Arabic equivalents of the Jewish words Shabbar and Shabbir. The significance was to emphasise the relationship of Imam Ali (A) to the Holy Prophet (S), who has said, “O Ali, you are the same to me as Haroon was to Musa, except that there is no Prophet after me.” These words show that Imam Ali (A) had the same position as Prophet Haroon (A), who was the brother and the successor after Prophet Musa (A).

On the day when the Holy Imam (A) was born, Allah ordered the angel Jibraeel (A) to descend and congratulate the Holy Prophet (S) on His behalf.

While descending, Jibraeel (A) passed over an island where the angel Fitrus had been banished due to his delay in executing a command of Allah. He had been deprived of his wings and expelled to the island, where he had remained for several years praying and asking for Allah’s forgiveness.

When Fitrus saw Jibraeel (A), he asked where he was going. Jibraeel told him that he was going to the house of Imam Ali (A) to congratulate him on the birth of the Holy Imam (A). When he heard this, Fitrus said, “Can you carry me also along with you? Perhaps Muhammad (S) will recommend my case to Allah”

When the angels arrived at the house of Imam Ali (A), Jibraeel (A) delivered Allah’s message and then stated the matter of Fitrus. The Holy Prophet (S) said, “Ask the angel to touch the craddle of the newly born child and return to his place in Heaven.”

On doing this, Fitrus instantly got his wings back and ascended to Heaven, promising the Holy Imam (A), “O Husain, from this day onwards, whenever anyone sends their Salaams to you, I will always deliver it to you.”

For the first seven years of his life, the Holy Imam (A) grew up under the guidance of his grandfather who loved him very much. He used to say, “Husain is from me and I am from Husain.” Once he said, “Hasan and Husain are the leaders of the youth of Paradise.” At the time of Mubahila, the Holy Prophet (S) took Imam Hasan (A) and the Holy Imam (A) along with him as his children.

The Holy Prophet (S) has also said, “Hasan and Husain are Imams whether they are sitting or standing.” This statement meant that his grandsons were always to be obeyed, whether they sat in peace or came out to war.

The Holy Imam (A) inherited his excellent qualities from his parents. He was a generous and gentle person but would not tolerate anyone violating the principles of Islam.

His generosity was well known. He would always prefer to fulfil the needs of those who came to ask him for money from behind a curtain. This was because he did not want the man to feel embarrassed by facing the person who was giving him charity.

The Holy Imam (A) looked after many widows and orphans personally. At nights he would carry baskets of food on his shoulders and distribute them amongst the needy. The marks of these burdens were seen across his shoulders after his death.

The Holy Imam (A) enjoyed the presence and guidance of his father till he was 36 years old and for the next 10 years he served his brother Imam Hasan (A) faithfully. At the time of his death, Imam Hasan (A) appointed the Holy Imam (A) as his trustee and transferred the duty of Imamat to him.

In 50 A.H., when his brother Imam Hasan (A) passed away, the Holy Imam (A) took over the responsibility of Imamat. The last wishes of Imam Hasan (A) had been to bury him in Jannatul Baqee after taking his body to the grave of the Holy Prophet (S) for a last farewell. When the Holy Imam (A) tried to carry out this last wish, his way was blocked by the Bani Umayyah. One of them, Marwan, who had been the secretary of Uthman, said, “How can Uthman be buried outside Madina while Hasan is buried next to the Prophet of Allah.” Ayesha, a widow of the Holy Prophet (S), came out on a mule to insist that the body of Imam Hasan (A) be turned away. Abdullah bin Abbas said to her, “What mischief you bring about, one day on a mule and one day on a camel!” The Holy Imam (A) said to the Bani Umayyah, “By Allah! If my brother had not told me to avoid bloodshed, you would have known how our swords would have taken their toll from you.” He then took the body of Imam Hasan (A) to Jannatul Baqee.

The Holy Imam (A) began his Imamat at a very difficult time for the Muslims, especially the Shia. Muawiya was busy stirring up trouble in every way he could. The Shia of Iraq approached the Holy Imam (A) and wanted to pledge their allegiance to him, but he reminded them that they were bound by the agreement between Imam Hasan (A) and Muawiya, and the whole matter should be reviewed after Muawiya’s death. From his side, Muawiya had violated every condition of the agreement and the only thing he had left to do was to nominate his son Yazid as his successor. The problem was that Yazid was totally unsuitable to assume power and Muawiya and his supporters knew this very well. Thus Muawiya devoted the rest of his life to securing the Caliphate for his unworthy son. Slowly, by bribing, threatening and killing any opposition, he began to achieve his objective. Meanwhile, the Holy Imam (A) continued his life on the path of peace and devoted himself to guiding the people in matters of religion.

The Holy Imam (A) was well known for his generosity. Once a Bedouin Arab came to him saying that he had heard the Holy Prophet (S) say that, when in need, one should ask help from a noble and generous man. He had come to the Holy Imam (A) for help because he found these qualities in him. The Holy Imam (A) told him that he would ask him three questions, and for each correct answer, he would give the man one-third of the money he had in his purse. The conversation was as follows:

Holy Imam (A): What is the best thing to do?

Bedouin: To believe in Allah.

Holy Imam (A): What is the best means for man to be safe from destruction (in the hereafter)?

Bedouin: To trust in Allah.

Holy Imam (A): What is the best quality a man can have?

Bedouin: Knowledge associated with intelligence.

Holy Imam (A): If this is not available, what then?

Bedouin: Wealth accompanied by generosity.

Holy Imam (A): What if this is out of reach?

Bedouin: Poverty allied with patience.

Holy Imam (A): What if this too is not practicable?

Bedouin: Then let lightning consume the man to ashes.

The Holy Imam (A) smilingly gave his whole purse to the Bedouin.

A man once came to the Holy Imam (A) for advice, saying that he could not stop himself from committing sins. The Holy Imam (A) asked him to do any of the following five things and then he could sin as he wished:

  1. Do not eat from the sustenance (Rizk) of Allah and then sin as you like.
  2. Go out of the kingdom of Allah and then sin as you like.
  3. Find a place where Allah does not see you and then sin as you like.
  4. When the Angel of Death approaches you to remove your soul, stop him from doing so.
  5. When you are dragged into the hell-fire at the command of Allah, refuse to enter.

Muawiya died in 60 A.H., having secured Yazid as the next Caliph. He had committed the worst possible crimes to make this possible and had killed many pious people, notably Hujr bin Adi. Before his death, Muawiya had left strict instructions to his son not to interfere with the Holy Imam (A), because he was the only man who could affect their power. However, Yazid was too arrogant to listen to such advice and one of the first things he did was to write to his governor in Madina demanding the oath of allegiance from the Holy Imam (A).

The Holy Imam (A) flatly refused this demand but he had to leave Madina, because his presence would mean danger for the Muslims of that city. Thus began the series of events that ended in the tragedy of Karbala. The Holy Imam (A) told his brother Muhammad al-Hanafiyyah, that he was leaving Madina only to reform the religion of his grandfather, the Holy Prophet (S).

The Holy Imam (A) left with his family for Makka and then for Kufa, whose citizens had sent numerous letters for him to come to their city to serve their needs. On his way he was diverted to Karbala by a unit of Yazid’s army led by Hur.

After three days hunger and thirst the Holy Imam (A) and his small group of faithful companions were martyred in Karbala. He left this world on the 10th of Muharram, 61 A.H. when he was 57 years old.

Story of the Holy Ka’aba

Muharram commemorations
Muharram commemorations

Muharram means many things to many people. A frequent phrase you hear is, “Every place is Karbala, every day is Ashura”.

Here are a selection of thoughts of Muslims about what they think about Muharram.

On Ashura, we asked London Shi’a Muslims what this month of mourning means to them, watch a selection here (Dur: 3:48). Requires free Real Player

  • Aatif, 23
    Muharram redefines for me the struggle between good and evil. It helps me appreciate standing by one’s principles and never giving up. I feel humbled and inspired by those who laid down their lives for us and want to chage my own life when I reflect on their struggle. I would really like to change myself for the better for this Muharram.
  • Mehdi, 19, London
    This is the understanding of what took place, learning about the principles that such a great man and authority stood for, his forbearance to the oppression, his courage, bravery, modesty, his character.
  • Jamilla, 19, London
    A time to contemplate about the suffering that my ancestors went through to spread the true word of Allah. It helps me to realise how small any problem I have is compared to what they went through, to appreciate their efforts and to help me think about the way that I conduct my life and the improvements I can make to become a better person.
  • Farah, 33, London
    A reinforcement of standing up for Justice at any cost. A time to reflect and identify whether I, myself am a Mulsim who compromises knowing what Allah (SWT) has ordered. Like those of Yazid’s army…A time of great sadness at the loss of the beloved of the Prophet.
  • Abbas, 23, London
    Muharram means standing up against oppression and commemorate it means keeping the spirit of Imam Husayn (AS) still alive in his protest against a corrupted society.
  • Zahra, 21, Enfield
    It is the time of year when I remember and grieve for the loss of Imam Husayn (AS) and in remembering the events of Karbala and His (AS) martrydom I realise the importance of the power of Islam and true faith. It also makes me realise I have to stand up for what’s right and never take oppression.
  • Nadia, 27, London
    Everyone needs to empty their hearts and minds from time to time…for us Muslimswe gather in mosques and celebrate the birth or grieve for the death of Imams. This lets us keep going in life.
  • Senar, 25, Wempley
    The greatest sacrifice in human history, an example that is set to be followed but never to be surpassed.
  • Munir Jagani
    Asalam alaikum, it’s our pledging to continue standing,striving and fighting for what Imam Husayn stood, strived and fought for.
    Standing for what is right,
    Striving to stop wrong
    Fighting to the end if need be.May God Grant us martyrdom.
  • Ali Al-Mumen
    “The victory of blood over the sword!” That’s what Imam Husayn (AS) wanted to reflect through his revolution over 1000 years ago. He wanted to show humanity that people should sacrifice their blood and souls for what is right and to overcome evil and stand in evil’s face. Muharram is a month where Husayn’s (AS) followers try to understand the principles that he set and try to follow them and exercise them, whether in speaking or in action. Some people wonder why his followers still mourne him today although he died more than a 1000 years ago; here’s the answer: Husayn (AS) is still alive in our hearts and will always be, for he will never die in our hearts.
  • Ali, 20, Birmingham
    Imam Husayn (may peace and blessings be upon him) epitomises all that is pure in a man. In a society filled with immorality and corruption, we are all in need of a guide. Imam Husayn is the most perfect rolemodel for all of mankind, whom we can strive to emulate. His light radiates in all four corners of the world all year round. As we say, “Every day is Ashura, and every land is Karbala.” He who is in search of love should search for Imam Husayn.
  • Rupert Walker
    Muharram is a month of pure sadness. Karbala will forever be known as the holy land. Imam Husayn died for us. He wanted his shia’s never to forget prayer. The least we can do for him is never miss our prayers. We beat ourselves in grief for Imam Husyn.
  • Muslim Rajani, Leicester
    The Love of Imam Hussein (As) is always there but as soon as 1st Night of Muharram comes it is always dark and black in and around the Shia Community around the world. Muharram starts a lot of good doing again. Imam Hussein (as) is sacrifice for humanity.
  • Sayyed Mudhafar Ridha, 34, Leeds
    It is simply the renewal of our allegiance to our faith and our religion, this is an on going regeneration of faithful that will lasts forever, it is like the four seasons “from death springs life”. whoever, what we practice of rituals during these days are of personal grieves on Imam Hussein and his Household and companions, yet some of these practices are done by minority and are yet to be proved by our religious authority, wither they are in conjunctions with the correct practicing of Islam or not.
  • Turab Jaffri
    To me Muharram is a month in which justice has raised against the injustice and it has proved that as far as the history is concerned, Justice has always been the conqueror. Ashura is the national mourning day of the oppressed nation and a day of bravery and the new birth of Islam and the Muslims. It is the sacrifice of the Lord of the martyrs which has kept Islam alive (for us). With the initiation of the month of Muharram, [in fact], the month of bravery and sacrifice started. The month during which the blood conquered the sword. Imam Hussain (A.S.) sacrificed himself along with his children and relatives. After his martyrdom Islam was enforced.
  • Fatimak & Zahra, 19 and 16 year old sisters, London
    Muharram is like a reminder of why I exist, and to appreciate things like water more, remember the tragedy, how muslims should behave,and greive for Imam Hussain and his suffering to give justice for all people, and most of all too keep islam running partly why it is still here today.
  • Fatimak
    Muharram is like a reminder of why I exist, and to appreciate things like water more, remember the tragedy, how muslims should behave…and greive for Imam hussain and his suffering.
  • Zaynab Corleone, 16, London
    Is it any wonder that the mourning of Imam Husayn was banned in Sadamn’s tyrannical reign? Is it any wonder that the forces of oppression have attacked again in Karbala in a pathetic attempt to annihilate the spirit of Imam Husayn? Is it any wonder that the followers of tyranny and oppression go to extensive measures to try and eradicate the forces which stood up for humanity and all that is right? No, it is not any wonder, the message of Imam Husayn poses a threat to these oppressors as it symbolises the eternal battle between good versus evil, and is the strength and power behind so many movements, this was not an attack on Shi’a, this was an attack on Imam Husayn, 1360 years after the original attack, conducted by the followers of those who plotted the original attack, yet they do not know, that as long as the Sun shall rise, the spirit of Imam Husayn shall echo loudly in our hearts.
  • Duaa Majeed, 23, London
    Imam Husayn not only sacrificed himself but also his beloved house hold in order to set an example to the whole of humanity, that oppression and persecution should never be tolerated. Imam Husayn, the grandson of the prophet Mohammed (pbuh) was denied the basic rights, freedom of speech, democracy and justice that many people lack today. Believing in human rights for all, Imam Husayn did not merely talk about justice but honourably and knowingly paid with his life in order to achieve it. His martyrdom, was not only a sacrifice for Islam and for peace to prevail, but also gives us the inspiration that the strength and willpower of Imam Husayn is within each and everyone of us and it is our duty, not only as Muslim but as human beings to answer the calls of the oppressed and persecuted. This is what Muharram and the day of Ashura, in particular, helps to remind me. If Imam Husayn paid for this by sacrificing his life and the lives of his beloved household, then we should at the very least commemorate his profound, courage, strength and most of all his determination to stand up for what is right and just. .
  • Fatima, 19, London
    Muharram is our sacred month, the name of Imam Husayn (a.s) is enough to bring tears into our eyes. If you are oppressed then fighting for your right is a God given right to every human being, Husayn showed us how to live forever by sacrificing all he had. He showed us how not to be oppressed, by becoming an example that shines for all Muslims and non-Muslims alike. Even when he was being slaughtered, he was praying to God, “O’Allah forgive these people”, he was praying for his killers, he showed us what being a human being is all about. Allahu Akbar (God is Great), is the message from Karbala.
  • Samir Al-Haidari
    Imam Hussain (pbuh) taught us the meaning of unconditional submission for Islam. His famous words will always be remembered when he said “Death with dignity is preferable to life in dishonour”; such that even Ghandi a Non-Muslim said, “I learnt from Hussain how to fight oppression to be victorious.” The day Imam Hussain (pbuh) was martyred on the plains of Karbala was the day he was reborn, for the revolution he incited sets loose the everlasting cry for righteousness and justice which has been instilled in the hearts of the Muslims for 1400 years.
  • Zahra, 19, London
    After the events of Ashura in Karbala this year, Muharram shows us that the principles fought for 1400 years ago are the principles every generation must hold with utmost importance, and every generation will suffer for those principles. A stance against oppression, for freedom of expression will always be attacked by those who don’t believe in these principles, but these principles will never be destroyed even though they try to destroy the followers, and the mosques and the supporters. The spirit of Imam Hussein lives on, and will always live on with his followers. We will never forget you, Imam Hussein, and we will never cease to be grateful for what you have done. Peace be on You.
  • Hammad, originally Iranian, 18, London
    (Muharram) represents a lot of values that a lot of Iranians and Shi’a think are important such as bravery and faith. It’s an emotional day, an emotional month, we look at the sacrifice the Imam Husayn (made) its important to every one us, it’s a connection that everyone individually has with him, its very important emotionally.
  • Hussein, originally from Iraq, 24
    The basic idea of Imam Husayn is that even if you’re small you have a right to express a point of view and right to express it. Ashura is remembering the right always win in the end. Ghandi said he learnt from Imam Husayn how to win against an oppressor when I’m weak. I feel sad (about Ashura) but at the same time after 1400 years we still remember it so he did actually win at the end, so even though he was brutally killed at Karbala his principles actually won out.
  • Marshall Ali, 12, London
    We hit ourselves because of Husayn because he died and he was a good man as well
  • Roy, 12, London
    Today I felt sad because (the grandson of the) Prophet died, we have to beat our chests because he died.
  • Navid Nayeri, 14, London
    Today (Ashura) meant commemorating the matrydom of an importrant Imam to Shi’a Muslims because he risked his life for freedom and he was against evil. It is sad for many but in a sense it should be a happy day as he overcame evil. We all chanted Imam Husayn’s name.
  • Ali, 17, Canada
    In very simple terms, Muharram and the example of Imam Husayn (Peace Be Upon Him) is the only pathway for every oppressed individual in this world to achieve freedom. Thank you for allowing the world to hear and understand our voices.
  • Asif Rahemtulla, 32, Peterborough
    Centuries on, the martyrdom on the day of Ashura is very much alive in my heart today. To re-live the history during Muharram is an integral part of my life as the messages from the tragedy can be applied to our daily lives – whether you are a Muslim or not.
  • Ali Ridha Jaffar
    The events of Karbala, the day of Ashura in particular, reflect the collision of the good versus the evil, the virtuous versus the wicked. It demonstrates to us all that the virtue of man can eliminate the vice of evil. Karbala is a role model for all, Muslim, or Non-Muslim, Shi’a, or Sunni.
  • M Gulamhusein, London
    Imam Husayn said, “A death in respect is better than a life of humiliation” and also, “If you do not believe in any religion than at least think like a free man”. What Husayn has taught is freedom and fear no one but the Almighty. If you put your trust in the Almighty and do not succumb to tyranny and injustices then you will be successful in life and in your mission. Husayn lost the battle but won the war. Today after 1400 years he is still alive and has a strange magnetism that attracts people and they commemorate the fateful day Ashura as if the event has taken place in their times.
  • Khalil Ashoor, Bahrain
    What happened in Ashura is a lesson for the whole humanity that is how the life become nothing for whom looking for others needs such as freedom, dignity and justice.
  • Farheen, 23, Manchester
    The tears that flow from the eyes of those who remember the events of Kerbala to this day have kept Islam in the hearts of the believers and unites them with such emotion which is too much to quantify and too strong to be dispersed….With every tear that flows the message of Karbala lives on…
  • Abu Hurayrah, 20, London
    When I face troubles in my lifetime, I try to remember the suffering of Imam Husayn and realise that my worries do not even compare to the hardships he endured
  • Medhdi, 20, London
    Muharram symbolises that as long as there are people who are just and truthful, there is hope for all the people on Earth at times of hardship and oppression and subjugation by the global forces of arrogance whomever it may be.
  • Kashif Khalid, 20, London
    Muharram is a month which reminds me of the biggest sacrifice that humanity has ever seen. It is a month that purifies my belief and reminds me that we should live in a respectful manner, doing good things and staying away from bad.
  • Sundus Al-Killidar, 20, London
    Year after year Muharram strengthens my faith by reminding me of how much hardship the descendants of the Prophet went through to deliver Islam…
  • Amer Raza, 26, Manchester
    Muharram means a time of sadness, sacrifice and patience, where we as Muslims should take time to reflect and learn as a lesson, to make us think more about the important things that matter in life.
  • Medhi Ali, 23, Isle of Wight
    An example for every generation…a ray of light to the current age of darkness.
  • Alaa, 21, London
    Muharram is important because it reminds us of our identity (Shi’a) and our obligations to Al-Husayn. The event of Karbala has been denied in one form or another throughout history, the Shi’a will never forget.
  • Rowaida El-Hassans, 19, London
    I am a recent convert to Shi’aism…I was raised a Muslim Sunni..the month of Muharram was of little spiritual importance to me. Before becoming a Shi’a I did not know the story of Karbala…I (now) intend in sharing the story of the progeny of the Prophet with all Muslim sects so that they too can come to understand and respect the Shi’a.
  • Noor Owainati, 16, London
    It is a time when we must try to go one step further in our faith in order to maintain this faith that has been fought so hard to be kept pure.
  • Iyeman Ayed, 21, London
    …Imam Husayn taught us a lot of lessons. One of the most important lessons is to die with dignity, fighting for the poor, for justice and for those who cannot help themselves.
  • Ali H, 19, London
    What happened in Karbala in that month of Muharram represents the pinnacle of “enjoying right and forbidding wrong” which society depends on.
  • Ali Bakir, 21, Surrey
    To remember the concept of sacrifice and how to apply it. To appreciate the value of Islam and whether we would be without the sacrifice of Imam Husayn.
  • Zahra, 21, London
    The most important lessons to be learnt from this sacrifice is: “It is better to die without honour than live in humiliation” (quote from Imam Husayn). The life after death is the more important, eternal life.
  • Anon, 22, London
    I think of the month as a means of strengthening my faith in my religion. Islam itself is more than a religion, it is a way of life. To follow it requires an ardent desire, effort and commitment. Remembering the persecution and atrocities inflicted upon the household of the Prophet of Islam reminds me to uphold the teachings and principles of the religion in my life.
  • Zaynab, 16, London
    This event which occurs once a year means so much to me the effect lasts for the whole year and as it starts to wear out, Muharram is once again upon me and recharges all the emotions and feelings.
  • Anon, 16, London
    It teaches me that Islam did not come to us on a silver plate, a lot of people had to sacrifice their lives. I believe it is a very special time for Muslims to gather, feeling a sense of unity.
  • Hassan Jawad, London
    It is the perpetual episode that excludes termination,
    That has precise influence since the day of scarification.
    In this divine month was the prophet’s grandson assassination,
    This ascended Islam, after its wreck by former administration.
    The tragedy of kabala is identified as god’s determination,
    And is recognized as a message to the entire creation.
    “Firmly pursue the path which summits paradise elation
    And evoke the historic tragedy of Karbala by observation.”
    It illustrates the actual Islam and calls each individualization,
    To penetrate the entry of peaceful religion through invitation.
    The mourning in Muharram and wearing of black is an indication,
    Of our sympathy which will persist in progressing generation.
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