Dispute in forbiden in islam

It is true that debate and discussion is the key to the solution of difficulties. However, this is so only if discussion is pursued on the basis of search for truth and reality and discovery of facts. And in case one or both of the two parties commence dispute and contention to assert superiority over the other and to support their personal points of view the result will be nothing except darkness of heart, concealment of truth and establishment of discord and enmity.

Islam condemns dispute and controversy in material matters as well as in scientific discussions and considers it to be the cause of discord and enmity.

The Commander of the Faithful Imam Ali (AS) says:
“Refrain from dispute and controversy because it offends two brethren in-faith and gives birth to mutual enmity.”

Imam al Sadiq (AS) says:
“Refrain from dispute and controversy in your discourse, because dispute gives birth to anger and divulge’s one’s secrets.”

One who disputes with others loses manliness”

And Imam Ali (AS) says:
“Whoever loves self respect abandons dispute.”

And again Imam al Sadiq (AS) says:
“Refrain from dispute and controversy, because dispute occupies one’s intellect with itself and places discord and enmity in its place and gives birth to jealousy and hatred.”

Islam not only prohibits unjustified dispute and controversy but also forbids a truthful person from indulging in such an act.

Imam Ali (AS) says:
“A person cannot attain perfection of the reality of his faith except when he abandons dispute, even though he may be a truthful person.”

And the holy Prophet (AS) says:
“I enjoy authority over a house above Paradise, another house within Paradise and still another house in the garden of Paradise. They are for one who abandons dispute and controversy even though he may be right.”

For this very reason Islam declares that same actions like Aitikaf (seclusion) and Hajj are invalidated by dispute. Imam al Sadiq (AS) interprets it in this way that you might be saying “by Allah, yes” and “by Allah, No”, which are the lowest stages of strife and controvers

Good opinion about others

It is evident that before everything else society needs ‘mutual trust and confidence’ of its members, because unless the people trust one another and look upon one another with confidence and respect they cannot continue their collective life, solve their problems by mutual help and maintain proper relations. The dangers of lack of mutual trust are so obvious that they need not be discussed in detail.

In order to expand and strengthen mutual trust among its followers Islam prohibits them from suspecting one another and considers it to be a sin.

The holy Qur’an says:
“Believers, avoid immoderate suspicion, for in some cases suspicion is a crime.” Sura al-Hujurat

Imam Ali (as) says:
“Bad opinion about a good person is one of the greatest crimes and worst kind of injustice.”

“It is unjust that one should decide about a reliable person according to his own supposition.”

Islam orders that the words of a brother-in-faith should be taken in good part.

Imam Ali (as) says:
“Till such time that a sentence carries a good possibility do not attach a bad meaning to it.”

Islam has declared mutual good opinion to be the right of Muslims over one another.

Imam al Sadiq (as) says:
“One of the rights of a believer over his brother is this that he should confirm what he says and should not contradict it.”

And Islam considers bad supposition to be peculiar to those who are themselves ill-bred and malicious.

Imam Ali (as) says:
“A malicious person does not hold a good opinion about his brother (and is always suspicious about him), because a human being judges everyone according to his own mentality.”

However, it should also be kept in mind that it is the duty of Muslims not to place themselves in a situation which may invite calumny viz. they should not do anything which may make others suspect them. And if such a situation does arise they should make the true position clear.

It was on this account that while the holy Prophet of Islam was once sitting with one of his wives named, Safia and a man from among the Ansar chanced to pass by, the holy Prophet made it known to him that the woman was his wife.

The man said, “O Prophet of Allah! Is it possible that I should entertain any suspicion about you? The holy Prophet then said, “O man! Satan penetrates into human body like blood. I, therefore, feared lest it may also make you entertain a bad opinion.”

Islam has strictly prohibited all such things as may possibly cause mutual suspicion among the Muslim e.b back-biting, hearing a person slandering others, prying into the secrets of others. etc.

Good Behaviour and Morality

Many people think that prosperity and adversity are the result of factors like riches, personality, statue and authority. However, according to Islam, prosperity springs from matters which increase the spiritual and moral value of man and fundamentals thereof have been explained in the sayings of the leaders of the religion-one of them being cheerfulness and good humor.

Imam al Sadiq (AS) says:
“Good behaviour is one of the factors of human prosperity.”

And that being so it is not surprising that the Almighty Allah should praise His Prophet for this quality and says:
“Yours is a sublime nature.” Sura al Qalam, verse 4

And that He also bases the rapid advancement of Islam on this factor and says:
“Had you been cruel or hard-hearted, they would have surely deserted you.” Sura ale’Imran, verse 159

Islam accords a special position to good nature and proper behaviour

Imam Ali (AS) says:
“The faith of one who possesses good morals is more complete.”

Imam al Sadiq (AS) says:
“Whoever is more well-behaved is wiser than others.”

“The Lord has given you the Islamic faith. You, too, should guard it well by being forgiving and well-behaved.”

At times Islam invites people to think about the good spiritual effects of proper behaviour and good morals.

For example the holy Prophet (SAw) says:
“The spiritual reward of one who possesses good morals is like that of one who fasts and prays continuously.”

“The things which will mostly carry my followers to Paradise are fear of Allah and good morals.”

Imam al Sadiq (AS) says:
“The spiritual reward given by Allah for good behaviour and good morals is equal to that of fighting in His path.”

“Good morals melt the sins into water (and make them disappear) just as the sun melts snow on the face of the earth.”

“And (on the other side) misconduct vitiates the good deeds of man just as vinegar spoils honey.”

And the holy Prophet (SAW) says:
“An immoral person can never repent for his sins, for whenever he forsakes one sin he will become involved in a still greater sin.”

And at times (Islam mentions the collective and individual losses which man has to face on account of bad morals and also narrates the advantages which accure from good morals.

Imam al Sadiq (AS) says:
“Doing good to the people and behaving properly with them makes the cities populous and increases the age (of the citizens).”

“An immoral person remains involved in torture and anguish.”

The holy Prophet of Islam (SAW) tells his kinsmen:
“O sons of Abu al Muttalib! You cannot please all the people with money, but you should meet them with cheerful faces and good behaviour (so that you may be liked by them, for wealth is limited in any case but the capital of good morals and cheerfulness is inexhaustible.)”

What is good behaviour?]
Imam al Sadiq (AS) when questioned about good behaviour, replied:
“Good behaviour is this that you should be kind to the people and speak with them in a nice manner and meet them with a cheerful face.”



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