Life of Imam Hassan bin Ali (A.S)


Life of Imam Hassan bin Ali (A.S)

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Graves of Imam Hasan bin Ali (AS), Imam Ali bin Hussain (AS), Imam Muhammad Baqir (AS), Imam Jafir Sadiq (AS) and Hazrat Abbas bin Muttalib in Janat`ul Baqi, Madina

 

Provided by Zahid Abbas Jaffery (www.shianews.com)

 

On the 15th day of the holy month of Ramazan, 3rd A.H, the first son of Imam Ali(A.S) and Hazrat Zahra (A.S) and grandson of prophet Muhammad (saww) was born.

The Kunyat of Imam Hasan (A.S) was Abu Mohammad.

His laqab (title) has been narrated as Sayyed, Sebt, Hujjat,Taqi, Zaki, Mujtaba, Zahed, Amir and Wali.


The growth and development of Imam Hasan (A.S) was in the company of the Holy – Prophet of Islam (S.A) for seven years. And for thisty years, he was in the company of his holy father, Hazrat Amiral Momeneen Ali (A.S).

After the Shahadat ( martyrdom) of Imam Ali (A.S) in the year 40 A.H, Imam Hasan (A.S) undertook the responsibility of the reins of the government as per the request of the Muslims.

He sent his personnel’s to different cities as the Bani Ummayya harboured deep enmity and vendetta against Bani Hashim. They conspired and hatched several plots to snatch the Khilafat from Imam Hassan (A.S) and to take over the control of the Muslim affairs for themselves. Thus, Muawiya sent several spies and secret agents to several cities so as to lay the ground for weakening the government of Imam Hasan (A.S)

He prepared an army to assault Iraq. After being informed of the happenings, Imam Hasan (A.S) sent many warnings to Muawiya. Then he called the Muslims to prepare themselves in the combat against Muawiya. With a mighty army, he prepared himself for the battle.

Before facing the army of Imam Hasan (A.S), Muawiya decided to resort to trick and deceit.

On one hand, he falsely implicated Imam Hasan (A.S) and spread the rumour amongst the people about the peace treaty with him. Muawiya resorted to this trick so as to weaken the morality of the army of Imam (A.S).

On the other hand, he resorted to bribery, debauchery and promising big government post, he seduced the top army officers of Imam Hassan (A.S) in to submission.

In this way, they joined the ranks of the army of Moawiya one after the other.

Disloyalty and treason had penetrated in the army and companions of Imam Hassan (A.S). They devoured his tents, unfastened his button, pulled the carpet from beneath him and slit his thigh leg with a dagger.

Seeing his army resorting to such dubious methods and his companions being in disturbed and agitated mood, Imam Hassan (A.S) thought it advisable that for stopping the disunion and the killing of the Shias, he accept the proposal of the peace treaty with Muawiya but with special conditions.

As per the writings of Ibne Khalka, the peace treaty was concluded on 25 Rabiul Awwal 41 A.H.


The most important conditions of the peace treaty were:

  • Muawiya would not call himself as Amir – ul – Momeneen ( leader of the Believers)

  • From then onwards, Imam Ali (A,S) would not be cursed or abused in bad language.

  • The life, wealth and chastity of the female members of shias would be secured and protected.

  • All the rights and privileges of the Shiahs would be granted to them.

  • Moawiya would not appoint anybody as his successor.

As can be seen from the conditions of the peace treaty, Imam Hassan (A.S) while showing Muawiya as a usurper and tyrant allayed the flames of disunity; saved the Islamic society from total annihilation and safeguarded the rights of the Shias.

It can be rightly said that the biggest achievement of the peace treaty was the discernment of the truth from falsehood. Neither truth could be introduced as lowliness and abject nor falsehood could be pretended to be right.

The holy Imam, through his behaviour and action made the people realise that Muawiya is the pillar of falsehood, deceit and treachery while the right of khilafat belonged to the true Awsiya of the Holy Prophet of Islam (saww). They do not want to rule over the people by resorting to force, bribery and deceit. The same matter was pursued during the events of Kerbala.

After the signing of the peace treaty, some of the people found fault with this important and wise work of Imam Hassan (A.S). They slandered him and used abusive language against his holy personality. It was as if they had ignored his divine gifted position and unmistakable personality.

In their reply , Imam Hassan (A.S) said;

“Am I not the Hujat of the Almighty, being his remembrance upon his creatures. Did not the Holy Prophet of Islam (S.A) said, “Hassan and Hussain are two Imams, whether they are sitting or standing? If I had not done this work ( signed the peace treaty), nobody from amongst the shias would have remained in this world and every body would have been killed and annihilated.”

After turning over the apparent khilafat to Muawiya. Imam Hassan (A.S) left Kufa for his home land in Medina. He started to propagate the Divine Knowledge and spread it amongst the Muslims. But Muawiya did not stop from resorting to conspiracy and intrigue from the beginning, he started to break the articles of the peace treaty.

To gain certainty that the Khilafat will remain in his house hold, Muawiya hatched a plot to kill Imam Hassan (A.S). To accomplish his devilish plan, Muawiya poisoned the son of Hazrat Zahra (SA) on four occasions.

On the fourth occasion, he made Imam Hassan (A.S) drink poison and was effective in the Shahadat of Imam Hassan (A.S).

Based on this treacherous action, Imam (A.S) suffered heavy bleeding and the colour of his face changed and he said, “On several occasions , poison was given to me, but I had never suffered such hardship as on this occasion.”

Jonada says; “I went to visit Imam (A.S) during his illness which led to his death. I saw a tub in front of him. Due to the poison given by Muawiya (may the Almighty curse him) he was spitting blood in it . I said to Imam (AS), “O my Maula! Why don’t you cure yourself?”

Imam Hasan (AS) replied, “O Abdullah! How can I cure death” I said, “we are from the Almighty and to him is our Return.”

Imam Hasan (AS) attained shahadat due to poison at the age of 47.

After reciting Namaz on him, his holy body was taken towards the Haram/Roza (shrine)of the Holy Prophet of Islam (saww) to bury him there.

Tholat Ibn Malek says, “There was such a tremendous surge of heavy crowd accompanying his dead body towards his grave that if the needle would be thrown on the ground, it would hit the men (instead of striking the ground).

When the Bani Umayyad heard about the events and the huge crowd accompanying the holy body of the son of Hazrat Syeda Fatima Zahra (SA), they prevented from getting him buried near the grave of his holy grand father.

Ibn shahr Ashoob writes; they showered arrows at his dead body. Seventy sticks of arrows were removed from the holy body of Imam Hasan (AS).

As per the will of Imam Hassan (A.S) . Imam Hussain (A.S) refrained from fighting with them. He took the holy body of his brother towards Baqi and buried him there.

There is a difference of opinion about the day of the Shahadat of Imam Hasan (AS).

Shaikh Mufid and Kafami believe that he attained martyrdom on the of Safar. Shaikh Abbas Qummi accepts this saying in his book, ” Qurrat – ul – Basera”. Ibn Shahr Ashoob says that Imam Hassan (A.S) achieved Shahadat on 28th Safar . Shaikh Kulaini and Khazaz Qummi say , that the holy imam was martyred on the last day of Safar.

It has been narrated that Imam Hassan (A.S) had thirteen to sixteen children. From amongst his children are Fatema. The mother of Imam Mohammad Baqer (A.S). Qasem, Abdullah and Amir are also his children who achieved Shahadat during the episode of Kerbala behind their holy uncle Imam Hussain (A.S).

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Janat ul Baqi, before the destruction by Ibne Saud’s regime in 1920

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46 Comments

  1. asalam fans” heartly request to scholars , writers n momi nen to post as much as possi articles on noble charater of imam hasssan a.s b,coz there is very scarce resourse material on the net,of life of imam hasssan9a.s) n his character and his contribution to muslim world

  2. You did a good job for the nation.But i want to draw your attention on this that all the Masomeen A.S they never born Or took birth but the word we should use for “ZAHOOR” It is the difference between us and “NOOR” because they are not like us.

    • ashura marked the day when imam hussain (a.s) the grandson of prophet (saw), drawn a line with his blood between right and wrong,truth and falsehood,oppresssor & oppressed,just and unjust, so that till doomsday right/truth stands against wrong/falsehood,no matter what the cost,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,

  3. the important of is the importance of islam.as you people know imam HUSSAIN a.s was martired with his 72 army in order to save the name of islam and quran the religion of islam and the tohid.so the one who secrifiesed his each and everything 4 us isn’t he respectable 4 us ?

  4. haj.muhammed (pbuh)is like earth/circle & 4 khalifas r like 4 direction/arc to complete the circle or haj.muhammed (pbuh) is like noor of allah(st) & 4 khalifas r the shine of noor in 4 directions. who r v 2 judge the campanions of rasool allah & its the work of satan 2 judge them. donot go in the history bcoz allah knows all of hearts. islam means submission to allah(st) by principles of glorious quran & hadith. read glorious quran by meaning & understand hadith by sunnah of rasool pak.
    rasool pak said that i m city of knowledge & ali (ra) is my door. for me as a sufi follower our haj.ali(ra) is the key to reach rasool pak. we should love ahele rasool (blood of rasool pak) & sahabe e rasool (campanions of rasool pak) dont listen to todays fake imams/moulavis or leaders bcoz they want to fulfill their stomach luxury by dividing muslims & satan is with them.
    allah gave glorious quran the master key for all knowledge. allah needs ur submition for jannah but v r dividing ourselves. may allah helps us 2 unite again as v were in the time of prophet muhammed (pbuh). “ek nara haideri – ya ali ya ali”

  5. ALLAH BHI RASUL KA JANNAT BHI RASUL KI
    TO DOZAKH ME KAISE JAYEGI UMMAT RASUL KI..

    MERE NABI NE FARMAYA:KI
    “ME JISKA MAULA USKA ALI MAULA”

    YEH SHAN HAI MERE MAULA ALI KI

    MERE MAULA ALI PANJETAN KE NAAM ME SHAMIL HAI
    WOH UNKE GHARWALO ME BHI SHAMIL HAI
    AUR DAR WALO KE BHI CHAAR YARO ME BHI SHAMIL HAI

  6. SAYED FAZAL MUHAMMAD ASKRI …….

    HAR MASLAY KAA HAAL QURAN PAAK KI ROSHNI MAIN KIEA JATA HAI . KESA BI MASLA HOTA HO.. JESAY..KISI KO APNI MOHABT MAIN KARNA…ULAAD KA MASLA ..SOHAR KAA MASLA YAA DOSRU AURAT SAY RISHTA…BACHOON KAAY RISHTAY KAA MASLA …APP KI AAK PHONE CALL APP KO KHUSHIEAN DAAY SAKHTI HAI …SO PLZ CALL ME AND U RACIVE …HAR KHUSHI..

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  7. I feel pity for those who claim to love Ali (a s ) and admire his enemies too, say razi Allah for them . Abubakr usurped his khilafat , abondoned his son in law’s burial who was also his Prophet, Umar shouted on him and on his death bed and after his passing away burned his daughter’s Fatemah Zehra (saa) house, hurt her badly, killing her son & Her too. Usman was no better, Ayesha called him infidel & wajibul qatl, came out of the House despite warning by her late husband . She fought the Amir al Momeneen, the rightful undisputed
    Calif of the time , it is also said that she
    poisioned Rasool Akram (s) to hasten the Caliphate of her father and all the facts are now well known , are proved beyond doubt , but still they claim to love Ali (a) and his household at the same time how real strange it is that you love someone, & also his rivals, enemies and munafiqs who killed his
    son , his wife and you rever them.Isn’t
    it a strange mix of Love and hate with
    the murderer & Murdered, out side the
    range of simple logic and the common
    sense. Ya Allah bring some sense to
    those who believe that Prophet could
    lose his senses ( ma’az Allah ) .

  8. salam Guys

    its nice to hear that u guys love Ahle Bait. i also love them & i m from Hashmi qureshi family. Hassani Hussani silsala a jo k. & i m in Saudia Arabia. i visited Jannat ul baqi.but its very sad to write this, that all grave were destroyed in 1925 despite Prophet s.a.w.w. it was done bu ibne saud.well thats along story. i want 2 say here dont abuse to Ameer Mawiyar.a.a. he was a sahabi. yazeed was notorious man. n he did bad. ksi k kye ki saza ksi or ko nh daite. yazeed and his all supporters are hellish. plz ksi sahabi ko Gali nh daina. hm ne apne Aaqa Imam e Hussain se Mohabat ka izhar ksi ko gali de k nh krna. plz try to understand.

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