The Arabic equivalent of ‘Friday’ is ‘Yaumal Jumuah.’ ‘Yaumal Jumuah’ literally means “the day of Congregation”. Friday is considered to be the most superior day of the week.
The Holy Prophet said: “Friday is the best of all days of the week. Good done on Friday earns many rewards, while invocations are accepted.”
Friday in Islam
On every Friday there is a local gathering in the central masjid of every local centre. However, the idea behind the Muslim weekly “day of assembly “ is different from that of the Jewish Sabbath (Saturday or the Christian Sunday).
According to the Jews, God created the world in six days and rested on the seventh day. Hence they are commanded to abstain from work on the day of Sabbath. The same is the case with Christians, though they have Saturday to Sunday. However according to the Qur’an Allah needs no rest, nor does He feel fatigue (Baqarah:255). And regarding this day special stress is laid on the worship of Allah.
The Muslim is ordered to discontinue all activities when the time of Friday Namaz approaches. However after the prayers are over he can continue his work.
The most blessed day
There are numerous traditions which point out the merits of this period of time which commences from the Asr of Thursday and continues upto the sunset of Friday. According to the Holy Prophet Allah, the Almighty, releases six lakhs people from Hell during this period.
In another tradition Imam Jafar as Sadiq (a.s.) says: “One who dies between the afternoon of Thursday and the afternoon of Friday, he will be protected from the squeeze of the grave by Allah.”
In the same way Ali (a.s) is reported to have said : “Allah, the almighty has chosen Friday from amongst the days and designated it as the day of rejoicing (Idd).”
Imam Reza (a.s) quotes the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.s) as saying that : “The day of Friday is the chief of all the days. It is more superior to the other days. On this day, Allah bestows rewards manifold for the good deeds and removes the sins and raises the station and accepts the invocations. Removes the difficulties and misfortunes. Answers the major supplications.”
One who recognises the respect and the rights of this day, and invokes Allah, it becomes obligatory upon Allah to free him from the fire of Hell. If he dies on the evening preceeding Friday or on Friday, he will receive the rewards equivalent to that of a martyr and will rise on the day of judgement without the fear of Allah’s retribution.
And one who belittles the importance of this day and does not fulfill the duty which one owes to it (for example, not offering the Friday Prayer or committing a sin) then it is necessary for Allah to cast him into the hell-fire unless he repents.
REWARD & PUNISHMENT OF DEEDS PERFORMED ON FRIDAY
Friday and the evening preceeding Friday are the best times for the remembrances of Allah.
Imam Jafar as Sadiq (a.s) says : “One who remains alive until Friday, should do nothing except worshipping on this day.
Because it is on this day that Allah exonerates his servants and sends his grace upon them.”
The Holy Prophet (s.a.w.s) said : “The day of Friday has been exalted and conferred many rights. Therefore do not be negligent of your duty. Do not be tardy in your worship this day. Try to attain nearness to Allah by performing pure deeds and refraining from the prohibited things, because this day Allah increases the reward for good deeds and obliterates the sins. Allah raises the position of the believer in the world and the Hereafter.”
The Holy Prophet (s.a.w.s) further said : “When the brothers of Hazrat Yusuf (a.s) begged to Hazrat Yaqoob (a.s) to pray for them, Hazrat Yaqoob (a.s) replied, ”I will pray in the near future. Hazrat Yaqoob (a.s) delayed the invocation till Friday morning, so that it may be accepted.”
Similarly, the performing of bad deeds on Friday carries higher punishment:
Imam Jafar as Sadiq (a.s) says: “Be careful of committing sins on the evening of Friday, because the punishment is greater in the same way as the reward for good deeds is more.”
One who refrains from sins on the evening of Friday, Allah will forgive his past sins. One who commits sin on this evening, Allah will punish him for all his past sins.
Imam Mohammed Baqir (a.s) has said : “At the beginning of the night preceeding Friday Allah orders an angel to descend &call out from the sky and continue to call out till the end of the night.” Is there a believing slave who will invocate to me before the sunrise; regarding this world and the hereafter; so that I can forgive him. Is there any believing slave whose sustenance has become restricted; who prays before sunrise for the increase of it so that I can increase his sustenance.
Is there any believing slave who is sick and prays before the sunrise for the cure of sickness; so that I can cure his sickness.
Is there a sorrowful prisoner who prays before sunrise; so that I can accept his prayer and remove his sorrows and bestow freedom upon him.
Is there any oppressed believer who will pray to me before sunrise, so that I can restore his rights from the oppressor. In this way the angel keeps on calling till the end of the night.
RECITING SALAWAAT-THE BEST AAMAL OF FRIDAY
Reciting 100 times salawat is mustahab (recommended) for everyday.
On Fridays (and the evening preceeding Friday) atleast 1000 times recitation is highly recommended.
The reward for this deed is so great, that, on this day special angels are made to descend to the earth and their duty is to write the rewards of those who recite the salawat.
Some scholars are reported to have been so much engrossed in reciting salawat on Friday that they considered talking about other things useless. They do not speak to anyone and devote their whole time to recite the salawat.
Source : Ja’afari Observer