HIS RECITATION OF THE HOLY QURAN
Shaykh Sadooq (a.r.) has reported that:
[Whenever Imam Hasan al-Mujtaba (as) recited the Holy Quran and came across the verse, which begins with “O you who have faith!” Imam (as) would pause and say, “O Lord! Here I am responding to your call”.]
(Aamaali of Shaykh Sadooq)
It is also reported that Imam Hasan (as) had the habit of reciting Surah al-Kahf (Chapter 18) from the Holy Quran every night before sleeping.
(Tareekh Ibn Katheer)
Why is there a particular mention of this Surah? Ayatullah Shaykh Ali Karimi states that: This Surah talks about hope of waking up after sleep just as was the case of ‘As-haabe Kahf’ (the people of the cave), which has been described therein. Perhaps it also directs us to the fact that whether one sleeps for a short or long time, to wake him up is in the power of Allah (SWT) alone. Therefore, one should never be negligent about the Manager of all affairs (Allah) especially because if He (SWT) wills, He (SWT) can make one sleep for very long and if He (SWT) wills, He (SWT) can take away one’s soul during sleep such that there is no return into this world after that. (Quran-o-‘Itrat)
GUIDANCE ON ISTIGHFAR FROM QURAN
Ibn Rabee’ bin Sabeeh has reported that:
[A person came to Imam Hasan al-Mujtaba (as) and began to complain about the absence of rain. Imam (as) told him, “Seek forgiveness from Allah”. Then a man came and said, “Pray to Allah that he should grant me a son”. Imam (as) told him, “Seek forgiveness from Allah”. Then, yet another man came and complained to Imam (as) about poverty. Imam (as) told him, “Seek forgiveness from Allah”.
The narrator asked, “People have come to you with different kinds of problems and you have offered one solution to all and that is to seek forgiveness?”
Imam (as), “I have said nothing from myself rather I have based my answer on the verse (of Quran) in which Allah (SWT) says: “I told them: Plead to your Lord for forgiveness, indeed He is all-forgiver. He will send for you abundant rains from the sky, and aid you with wealth and sons, and provide you with gardens and provide you with streams”. (71:10-12)”.] (Quran-o-‘Itrat)
It is also narrated that:
[When Imam Hasan (as) was going towards Mu’awiya, one of his followers joined him briefly in his walk and said, “I am a wealthy man but I have not been blessed with children. Could you please teach me something so that Allah (SWT) grants me with a child?” Imam (as) said to him, “Do Istighfar (seeking forgiveness from Allah)”.
The man returned and followed the advice of Imam (as) so much as that many a time he would seek forgiveness seven hundred times a day. Eventually, he was blessed with ten sons.
When Mu’awiya was informed about this incident, he said, “Have you not asked him the reason for it?” He then sent a man to Imam (as) to inquire about it. Imam (as) said,
“Haven’t you heard the statement of Hud: “O my people! Plead with your Lord for forgiveness, then turn to Him penitently: He will send copious rains for you from the sky, and add power to your (present) power. So do not turn your backs (on Him) as guilty ones”. (11:52)
And the statement of Nuh: “I told them: Plead to your Lord for forgiveness, indeed He is all-forgiver. He will send for you abundant rains from the sky, and aid you with wealth and sons, and provide you with gardens and provide you with streams”. (71:10-12)”.]
HIS ACTIONS ON QURANIC TEACHINGS
Anas bin Malik has reported that:
[One day we were with Hasan bin Ali (as) when his female slave came by and greeted him saying: “Salaamun Alaykum (Peace be on you)”. Thereafter she also presented a vase of flowers to him. After responding to her greeting, Imam (as) said, “Go! I have freed you for the sake of Allah (SWT)”.
I asked, “(O Maula!) She greeted you and presented you with a vase of flowers, which is valueless and in return, why did you set her free?”
Imam (as) responded, “Allah (SWT) has taught me that when someone greets you, then in reply, greet the person in a better manner. ‘When you are greeted with a salute, greet with a better one than it, or return it; indeed Allah takes account of all deeds’ (4:86) My best form of returning her greeting was to set her free”.] (Manaqib Aali Abi Talib)
Once someone accused Imam Hasan (as) of enjoying haughtiness. Imam (as) said, “No! I enjoy honour. Allah says: ‘Honour belongs to Allah, His messenger and to the believers’. (63:8).” (Tuhaf al-‘Uqool)
HIS KNOWLEDGE OF QURAN
A Man came to Ibn Abbas and Ibn ‘Umar, and asked the interpretations of SHAAHID (Witness) and MASH-HOOD (One who is witnessed) in the Holy Quran.
Ibn Abbas said, “SHAAHID was the day of Friday whereas MASH-HOOD referred to the day of ‘Arafah”. Ibn ‘Umar said, “SHAAHID was the day of Friday but MASH-HOOD refers to the day of sacrifice in Hajj”.
The man then went to Imam Hasan al-Mujtaba (as) and asked him the same question. Imam (as) said, “SHAAHID is the Holy Prophet (saww) and MASH-HOOD refers to the day of Judgement”. When the man asked the Imam (as) to prove the same from the Holy Quran, Imam (as) recited the following two verses from the Holy Quran:
“O Prophet! Surely We have sent you as a SHAAHID (witness) and as a bearer of good news and as a warner”. (33:45)
“This is the day on which people shall be gathered together and this is the day of MASH-HOOD (that shall be witnessed)”. (11:103)
When the man heard this, he said, “The reply of al-Hasan is better”.
HIS STRONG ATTACHMENT WITH QURAN
The attachment of Imam Husayn (as) with the Holy Quran was very strong. Infact, this is evident from his Ziyaaraat (salutations) that we recite on different occasions.
For instance, in the Ziyaarah of Laylatul-Qadr, we recite:
“I bear witness that you established prayers, and gave Zakat, enjoined the good and forbade evil. You recited the Book (Quran) the way it should be recited…”
Similarly in the Ziyaarah of Imam Husayn (as), which is recited on the day of Eid al-Fitr and Eid al-Ad-haa, we say: “I bear witness that you were the recitor of Quran…Peace be on you O companion of Quran”.
In his Ziyaarah of Imam Husayn (as), our 12th Imam, Imam Muhammad al-Mahdi (AJ) has stated: “You were for the Prophet – a son and for the Quran – a support”. (Bihar al-Anwaar)
GIVING IMPORTANCE TO LEARNING QURAN
Abdul-Rahman Salmi taught one of the sons of Imam Husayn (as) to recite Suratul-Fatiha from the Holy Quran. When the child read the Surah in presence of his father, Imam (as) gave 1000 dinars to the tutor and added many other lavish gifts.
Somebody asked the Imam (as) as to why he (as) had given away so much and the Imam (as) replied, “Whatever I have given cannot be matched with what he (the tutor) has given to my son”. In another narration, it is mentioned that the Imam (as) said, “These gifts are valueless if it were matched with the learning of Quran”. (Tafseer al-Burhaan)
What the Imam (as) implied was that his gifts which he (as) gave to the tutor of his son were nothing in comparison with the gift the tutor had given to the child of teaching him the Holy Quran.
RESPONDING WITH QURANIC VERSES
Imam Husayn (as) used to respond to people with quotations from the Holy Quran.
‘Assam Ibn Mustalaq reports that:
[Once, as I was entering into Madina, my eyes fell upon Husayn bin Ali (as). Seeing him filled my heart with awe and respect for him. However, the hatred of his father, which was hidden in my heart, erupted.
I went to him and asked, “Are you the son of Abu Turab (Ali)?”
“Yes” he (as) replied.
Thereupon, I started abusing him and his father in the most degrading manner. Meanwhile Imam Husayn (as) patiently listened to me and there was no sign of anger or annoyance apparent in him. Eventually, he (as) recited the following verse from the Holy Quran:
“I seek refuge in Allah from the accursed Satan. Adopt (the policy of) excusing (the faults of) people, bid what is right, and turn away from the ignorant. Should a temptation from Satan disturb you, invoke the protection of Allah; indeed He is All-hearing, All-knowing. When those who are Godwary are touched by an insinuation of Satan, they remember (Allah) and, behold, they perceive. But their brethren, they draw them into error, and then they do not spare (any harm)”.
Then the Imam (as) said, “You have been misled and I pray for your forgiveness. If you desire any help then we shall help you; If you desire any support then we shall support you; and if you need any guidance then we shall guide you”.
When I heard these words, I felt ashamed and remorseful about my action. Seeing this, the Imam (as) recited, “He said: There shall be no reproach on you today. Allah will forgive you and He is the most Merciful of the merciful”. (12:92)
Then he (as) asked, “Are you from the people of Shaam (Damascus)?”
I replied, “Yes”. Imam (as) said, “I do not give importance to what you have said to me. May Allah (SWT) protect you and us. Now tell me what can we do for you? Godwilling, whatever we give, you will find it more than you hoped for and your misunderstanding about us shall disappear”.
I did not find any place to hide myself due to the embarrassment and wished the earth would tear apart and swallow me in it. Today, there is no one on the face of this earth whom I hold dearer than Imam Husayn (as) and his beloved father.] (Safeenah al-Bihar)