QURAN WAS REVEALED ON THE HOLY PROPHET (SAWW)
The Holy Quran is the Book of Allah (SWT), which was revealed on the Holy Prophet (saww).
“Indeed you receive the Quran, from One who is all-wise, all-knowing”. (27:6)
“This is indeed (a Book) sent down by the Lord of the worlds, brought down by the Trustworthy Spirit, upon your heart, so that you may be one of the warners. In a clear Arabic language. It is indeed (foretold) in the scriptures of the ancients”. (26:192-196)
QURAN – THE PRIDE OF THE HOLY PROPHET (SAWW)
Imam Muhammad al-Baqir (as) has reported from his grandfather Imam Ali bin Abi Talib (as) who said, “Indeed the Holy Prophet (saww) himself said, ‘I have been given five such things that no prophet before me was given:
- I have been made the Prophet for entire mankind (of all colours)
- The earth has been made place of worship (Sajdah) and pure for me.
- Allah made me victorious by inspiring awe (fear in my enemies)
- War booty has been made lawful for me, which was never made lawful on the previous prophets.
- I have been given Jawame’ al-Kalim.”
When asked, “What is Jawame’ al-Kalim?” He (as) replied, “Quran”.
RECITATION OF QURAN
The Holy Prophet (saww) used to recite the Holy Quran to the people. This has been stated in the Holy Quran itself.
“Allah certainly favoured the faithful when He raised up among them an apostle from among themselves to recite to them His signs and to purify them, and to teach them the Book and wisdom, and earlier they had been in manifest error”. (3:164)
The Holy Prophet (saww) once told Ibn Mas’ood, “Recite Quran!” Ibn Mas’ood asked, “O Prophet of Allah! Should I recite when the Quran was revealed upon you?” He (saww) replied, “Indeed I feel good to hear its recitation from others”. Thereafter Ibn Mas’ood would recite Quran and the Messenger of Allah would listen to it while tears rolled down his cheeks.
It is reported that once the Holy Prophet (saww) told Ibn Mas’ood, “Recite Quran in my presence”. Ibn Mas’ood began reciting Suratun-Nisaa (Chapter 4) and when he reached the verse, which reads: ‘So how shall it be when We bring from every nation a witness and We bring you as a witness to them?’(4:41) Ibn Mas’ood noticed that the Holy Prophet (saww) was weeping profusely and then he (saww) said to him, “Stop! It suffices here for now”. (Al-Mahajjatul-Baydha)
The Holy Prophet (saww) once said, “Indeed I have knowledge of one such verse, which if the people took (acted upon) it, it would be sufficient for them. The verse is: ‘And whoever is wary of Allah, He shall make a way out for him and provide for him from whence he does not reckon’.” (65:2-3) And then he (saww) kept repeating the verse. (Quran-o-‘Itrat)
CRYING DURING RECITATION OF QURAN
The Holy Prophet (saww) was asked, “Who is the best recitor of the Quran?” He (saww) replied, “One who is seen exhibiting awe (a feeling of great respect and admiration combined with fear) at its recitation”.
In the life of the Holy Prophet (saww), we find that he (saww) used to exhibit the highest level of Awe during recitation of the Holy Quran.
Imam Ja’ffar Ibn Muhammad al-Sadiq (as) has narrated that:
“Whenever the Messenger of Allah used to recite this verse: ‘You do not engage in any work, neither do you recite any part of the Quran, nor do you perform any deed without Our being witness over you when you are engaged therein. Not an atom’s weight escapes your Lord in the earth or in the sky, nor (is there) anything smaller than that or bigger, but it is in a manifest Book’. (10:61) The Messenger of Allah would cry extensively”. (Majma’ al-Bayaan)
The Holy Quran had such an effect on the mind and soul of the Holy Prophet (saww) that he (saww) aged sooner than his time.
Ibn Abbas once told the Prophet (saww), “You have aged very quickly”, to which, the Holy Prophet (saww) replied, “The Chapters on Hud, Waqe’ah, Musalaat and An-Naba’ have made me old”. (Quran-o-‘Itrat)
POSITIONS BASED ON QURAN MEMORISATION
The Holy Prophet (saww) used to give different positions to his companions based upon how much they had memorised of the Holy Quran.
The Holy Prophet (saww) had formed a group of recitors of Quran whom he (saww) listened to one after another. One day he (saww) called them and asked each of them as to what of Quran they had remembered (memorised) until such time that he (saww) reached a young man and asked him the same question. The young man replied, “I have memorised such and such (chapters) and Suratul-Baqarah (2nd chapter)”. Thereupon the Holy Prophet (saww) told the people, “Now go away from here and this young man is your leader (from now onwards)”. When the people said, “O Messenger of Allah! He is still young”, he (saww) said, “He knows Suratul-Baqarah”. (Majma’ al-Bayaan)
QURAN IN THE LAST MOMENTS OF LIFE
The Holy Prophet (saww) was so much attached to the Holy Quran that he (saww) guided others towards it even during death.
It is narrated that when the Holy Prophet (saww) was on his deathbed, he lay unconscious with his head placed on the lap of Imam Ali bin Abi Talib (as). Sayyida Fatima al-Zahra (as) who was engrossed in grief, recited a poem (in praise of the Prophet) at that time. The Holy Prophet (saww) regained his consciousness and said, “O Fatima! This poem was composed by Uncle Abu Talib (but) do not recite it, instead recite: ‘Muhammad is but an apostle; (other) apostles have passed before him. If he dies or is slain, will you turn back on your heels?’ (3:144) Thereupon Fatima (as) did as told and continued grieving her father. (Al-Irshaad)
AN INTERESTING INCIDENT
One day Mu’awiya went on the pulpit and said, “O People! Verily Allah has blessed the Quraysh with three preferences over others: Allah has said to His Prophet (saww): ‘Warn the nearest of your kinsfolk’, (26:214) and we are his nearest kinsfolk. Then He (SWT) said: ‘Indeed it (Quran) is a reminder for you and for your people’, (43:44) and we are his people. Then He (SWT) said: ‘(In gratitude) for solidarity among Quraysh, their solidarity during winter and summer journeys’, (106:1-2).
Mu’awiya said this with all pride and arrogance and thought that he had achieved the highest level of unchallengeable position. He assumed that he had proofs to silence his opposition. Thereupon, a person from among the Ansaar stood up and said:
“O Mu’awiya! Mind your own business. Allah (SWT) is saying: ‘Your people have denied it, though it is the truth’, (6:66) and you are his people. Allah (SWT) then says: ‘When the son of Mary was cited as an example, behold, your people raise an outcry’, (43:57) and you are his people. The Allah, the Exalted also says: ‘And the apostle will say: O my Lord! Indeed my people consigned this Quran to oblivion’, (25:30). These three things were in reply to the three things that you mentioned. If you say more, then I will counter them too”.
Hearing this, Mu’awiya became speechless and withdrew in silence.Quran-o-‘Itrat)
Mulla Mujahidali Sheriff