who present the Fatawa (verdicts) and opinions of Maraje Uzzam with distortion and tempering

 who present the Fatawa (verdicts) and opinions of Maraje Uzzam with distortion and tempering

By Syeda Zahra, Advocate(Courtesy of Tehrik e Nifaz e Fiqah e Jaffria, Pakistan)

Some anti-Islam internal and external forces present the Fatawa (verdicts) and opinions of Maraje Uzzam with distortion and tempering which is a severe deeni, literary and moral breach of trust. The original verdicts being compiled in this article are with the compiler.

Ayatullah Al Uzma Haaj Syed Abul Qasim Moosavi Al Khoie

“performing azadari-e-Imam Hussain (AS) is a part & portion of His (AS) mission because declaring the zulm (oppression) of zalim (oppressor) and mazloomiyat of mazloom (oppressed) is exactly the Deen.”
Ayatullah Al Uzma Roohullah Khominie, Rahber-e-Inqalaab-e-Islami Iran
Ayyatollah Khomeini
“life of nation lies in Azadari. Hazrat Imam Hussain(AS) granted salvation to Islam, and protected its eminence from being trampled by kissing martyrdom. So holding majalis-e-aza to commemorate Hazrat Imam Hussain (AS)’s martyrdom is a source of everlastingness and immortality of Islam. Those who oppose these majalis, oppose Islam. They are totally unaware of Islam’s reality. It is Azadari-e-Syed-ush- Shuhada (AS), which has given protection to Islam till today. Seena zani (beating chest), nohay, lamentation and cries are the very secrets of our success.”

Ustad-Ul-Fuqaha Wal Mujtahiddeen Ayatullah Al Uzma Muhammad Hussain Al Gharvi An Na’eni, former chancellor Hoza-e-Ilmiya, Najaf-e-Ashraf, Iraq.People of Basra asked Ustaad ul Fuqaha Ayatullah Al Uzma Muhammad Hussain Na’ini many questions about Sha’a’ir-e-Azadari. The most important question of those was concerning zanjeer zani and quma zani. Ayatullah Na’ini first explained the greatness and importance of Azadari in these words:

“The coming out of Azadari processions on roads and paths in Ashra-e-Aashoor (ten days) and on other similar occasions is from among those amoor, in the legality of which there is no doubt. Rather this is the most evident source and most prominent inclination from among the mazahir of Azadari-e-Mazloom. It is the easiest way for the promotion of Imam Hussain’s mission and Deen’s completion.” Afterwards he answered the query about Quma zani and zanjeer zani, which is as under: “(To commemorate Hazrat Imam Hussain A.S.) There is no ambiguity in slapping the face and beating the chest to this extent that they (face and chest) become red or black but also to perform zanjeer zani on the shoulders and back is legal. But if the blood appears or comes out due to slapping and beating, it’s also lawful and right. As far as taking the blood out from forehead with swords etc is concerned, its legality is aqwa with the condition of being saved from harm and just to take the blood out from forehead with out causing harm to bone that is not harmful habitually. Because those who know how to use these (zanjeer, quma and sword) use it in such a manner which doesn’t cause harm to the bone. If at the time of taking the blood out he is sure of being safe from harm and by chance gets harm then it will be like that person who performs ablution or takes bath instead of performing dry ablution (tayammam) for he thinks that water will not harmful for him or a person who keeps fast considering himself healthy and that keeping fast will not harm him, but afterwards water or fast appears to be harmful for him, this will not be Haraam. As a precautionary measure, only those perform it who could. And those, who being subdued with the love and grief of Ghareeb-e-Karbala could not know that where the zanjeer and sword is hitting, should avoid. [bMay Allah give them firmness with qoal issaabit in this world and the hereafter.”
Ayatullah Abdullah Majeed Faqeehi Barojurdi”All marasim-e-aza are from among the sha’a’ir Allah (signs of Allah). And to respect sha’a’ir Allah is piety.”
Ayatullah Syed Muhammad Ali Kazmaini Barojurdi”Marasim-e-Aza (azadari rites) are not only mustahab (desirable) rather they are obligatory.”
Ayatullah Al Musleh Al Sheikh Muhammad Hussain Aal Kashif Ul Ghita”By God, azadari is the gate of ample blessings of Allah, and the boat of salvation (kashti-e-najat) which protects from every destruction and trouble. Who is he and what sort of power is that, which could shut this open gate of Divine blessings and intercept this great mean & source, which leads towards Allah”
Ayatullah Al Uzma Syed Mohsin Tabatabae Hakeem”performing azadari is a source of connection with the Guides of deen, of verdure and fertility of emaan, elevation and magnificence of deen and expression of Sha’a’ir-e-Deen (signs of religion). If these amoor-e-azadari (majalis-e-aza, mourning, azadari processions, matam, zanjeer zani and quma zani etc) are not to be performed, irreligiousness would get popularization”.
Ayatullah Al Uzma Gulpaigani”Due to the blessings of Azadari, people get awareness of their rights. It is a source, by dint of which mission of Hazrat Imam Hussain (AS) and the aim of Risaalat (prophet hood) is being revived. In fact Azadari is Deen (religion). The pure and sinless Aaimmah (AS) had said: “perform Azadari-e-Imam Hussain(AS) to stand against tyranny and despotism”. This is Azadari which gave birth to the biggest revolutions, shaked the basis of palaces of tyranny of Umayyad rule, redressed the grievance of oppressed and rooted out the oppressor.”
Ayatullah Al Uzma Mamqani”These are the rites of Azadari, by virtue of which thousands of misled have become righteous.”
Ayatullah Al Uzma Haaj Syed Mohammad Haadi Meelani” Azadari and its rites only are the most important means of promotion and thrive ness of deen. Which one is that pen which could duly and properly write down the supremacy, praise, virtues and the effects of His (AS) qayaam? Khandaan-e-Ismat-o- Taharat is a divine sign from among the divine signs and Imam Hussain (AS) is the mazloom son of that mazloom father that no one is there to take their qisas but Allah.”
Ayatullah Al Uzma Syed Abdullah Sherazi” Rites of Azadari of Ahle-Bayt-e-Ismat- o-Taharat (AS) are from among the most important sha’air-e-deeniya (signs of deen) and are the excellent and most prominent deeds which will provide ground for more and more reward in Akhira (the hereafter). These lead the whole Muslim nation in general and shia nation in particular towards the achievement of great success and creation of revolutions.”
Ayatullah Al Haaj Syed Abdul Aala Sabzwari” The respect, promotion and eternity of sha’air-e-Hussainiyat (Hussaini signs) is from among the most powerful and important means of liberation because Rites of Azadari are from sha’air Allah (signs of Allah)”
Ayatullah Syed Mirza Al Khurasaani Al Ha’eri”Performing Azadari-e-Imam Hussain (AS)—-all of this is from the desired sources of nearness to Allah, a great success and eternal reward in this world and the hereafter, and whatever has been said or written against it, it is nothing but venom spitting of Ummayad and enmity of marvanis. Revival of sha’air’s (signs) respect is the promotion of Islam, presevation of Islamic signs and manifestation of Islamic lights.”
Ayatullah Syed Muhammad Jawad Tabatabai Tabrezi”Azadari Rites of Hazrat Imam Hussain Ibn-e-Ali (AS) in whatever manner they are, all are the more effective means for Islam’s greatness, magnificence and protection. For that very reason enemies of Islam are making ambush but they are not able to snatch this great dawat (invitation) from the people.”
Ayatullah Al Uzma Muhammad Bin Al Mehdi Hussaini Sherazi”Azadari of Imam Hussain (AS) is the very base of our religion and we want to protect Islam through it. Azadari rites are the sources of salvation for weak and helpless people from tyrant rulers. In whatever manner, sha’air-e-Hussaini are, they are superior and source of sawaab (reward)”
Ayatullah Ali Al Hussain Al Asfahani Al Faani”We consider matam and sha’air-e- Hussainia the nearest means for nearness to Allah Almighty and reaching towards Rasool (peace of Allah be upon him and his progeny) and Aaimmah Huda (AS) because through it mission of these sinless guides get revived. Thrive ness of divine message and promotion of Ahkaam-e-sharia is the fruit of performing Sha’air-e-Hussaini. It creates unity and harmony in the ranks. I consider these sha’air a reply to istaghasa-e-Imam-e- Mazloom (AS)”
Ayatullah Al-Uzma Aqae Al Haaj Syed Muhammad Sadiq Roohaani”Azadari is an effective weapon against oppression. Azadari processions are a source from among the Hussaini sources and a gate from among the gates of Heaven (Jannat). Qayaam of Syed-ush-shuhada (AS) and His sacred sacrifices happened to be the source of religion’s revival after its destruction .if it was not being done then their would be nothing remained of Islam but its name and of Quran but just a written thing.”
Ayatullah Sheikh Muhammad Raza Tibsi Nahfi”All rites of azadari are religious signs (sha’a’ir), and to respect sha’a’ir Allah is a sign of piety of hearts.”
Ayatullah Syed Muhammad Waheedi Tabrezi”It should not be hidden that in praising Hazrat Imam Hussain (AS), describing the factors of His Qayaam (coming out), lamenting over His (AS) sufferings, and in holding majalis such a great reward lies that the tongue and pen are unable to describe it. To respect the Azadari rites is a religious want and a source of reward. Weak and helpless of the world could be get freed by virtue of these azadari rites.”
Ayatullah Al Uzma Sheikh Muhammad Hussain Gharvi Asfahani”Why these Azadari rites would not be the source of reward, hence just Azadari-e- Mazloom-e-Karbala (AS) and its rites have been the only and only source of unity of the nation, propagation of religion and promotion of Kalma-e-Haq in the past, present and will be in future.”
Ayatullah Hasan Qummi Tabatabae”Majalis-e-Azadari are the only source which gathers the people on a platform and make them aware of religious teachings.”
Ayatullah Al Uzma Syed Asad Ullah Moosavi Dazfoli”Azadari rites cause honour, dignity and respect. They are national sign and from among those important Sha’a’ir, Aaimmah (AS) had again and again advised for. Mission-e-Masumeen (AS) is alive due to these azadari rites, and lesson of qayaam-e- haq against Baatil lies in it. In fact maraasim-e-aza (azadari rites) is Maktab-e- hle Bayt (AS).”
Ayatullah Aaqae Raza Madni Kashani”The topmost objective of Hazrat Imam Hussain (AS) was the protection and prosperity of Islam. So performing Azadari is from among the most important wajibaat.”
Ayatullah Hashim Aamli”Azadari rites and description of sufferings of Hazrat Imam Hussain (AS) has an effective role and contribution in the existence of Islam in general, and of Mazhab-e-Haqqa Isna Ashari, in particular.”
Ayatullah Sheikh Murtaza Mutahheri”Azadari rites (majalis-e-aza, mourning, azadari processions, matam, zanjeer zani quma zani etc) are a basic movement and a collective Elaan-e-Jehad. A single tear being flown in commemoration of Hazrat Imam Hussain (AS)’s martyrdom, is also a Jehad (holy war).”
Ayatullah Al Uzma Al Sheikh Muhammad Ali Iraqi”The most important result which is being obtained from Azadari is that: the listener feels that the blood which was caused to shed wrongfully, was the most sacred blood, and Ahle Bayte Ismat-o- Taharat (AS) were those holiest persons who were chained.”
Ayatullah Syed Karamat Ullah Hussaini”Enemies of Islam also are aware of the advantage of azadari rites and majalis-e-aza. For the development of an Elevated Goal, the elimination of Imperialism, the eradication of satanic powers and the establishment of Universal Islamic Rule, the protection of Azadari is very much necessary.”
Ayatullah Al Uzma Aaqae Syed Shahab Ud Din Mar’ashi”Qayaam of Hazrat Imam Hussain (AS) is the Divine Qayaam. Ummat had crossed the limits of oppression and cruelties over Him (AS). So amoor-e-azadari (holding majalis, description of sufferings of Hazrat Imam Hussain (AS), beating chest, zanjeer zani, quma zani etc) should be performed as in the past. Rather to perform these amoor in the present day world is from among the zarooriyaat-e-deeniya and a source of enhancement in reward.”
Ayatullah Syed Murtaza Pasandeeda Khomenie”To observe the azadari days of Aaimmah-e-Ahle Bayt (AS) is compulsory and obligatory, and to leave them out is against the masaleh of ummah.”
Ayatullah Syed Kazim Mar’ashi”Arrangements of azadari rites, which is a source of success and blessings in this world and the hereafter is obligatory.”
Ayatullah Sheikh Ali Ghazi Shahroodi”Azadari-e-Ghareeb-e-Karbala (AS) is a worship from among the divine worships. Munkar of azadari and its rites is in fact a munkar of zaroorat-e-mazhabi (religious necessity).”
Ayatullah Murtaza Askari”To perform marasim-e-aza is a source of sawab (reward) and all rites of azadari are the promotion of sha’a’ir-e-deeniya (religious signs).”
Ayatullah Syed Taqi Tabatabai Qummi”By virtue of performing azadari, reward and Allah’s pleasure is being achieved. Azadari rites are sha’a’ir-e-deeniya and Maktab-e-Syed-Ul-Mursaleen (peace of Allah be upon Him and His Aal).”
Ayatullah Syed Mehdi Mar’ashi”Azadari of Syed-e-Konain (lord of two worlds) is a kind of angelic lights. It has been, and will remain a source of integrity of shia school of thought, development of deen-e-mubeen, promotion of commands of Khatim ul Anbia(peace of Allah be upon him and his progeny), propagation of mazhab-e-jafariya in the Islamic world, establishment of justice and equity, opposition of tyranny and oppression, and annihilation of oppressor.”
Ayatullah Nasir Makaram Sherazi”Azadari of pashwa’e Hurriyyat (guide of freedom), Salaar-e-Qafla (leader of the caravan), Talib-e-Shahadat (desirous of martyrdom) Hazrat Imam Hussain (AS) and his companions who sacrificed each and every thing in the battle of Haq and Baatil in Karbala and preferred the red death of martyrdom than the black and dark life of disgrace, is a duty from among the duties of muslim ummah.”
Ayatullah Al Uzma Syed Muhammad Raza Barojurdi”Azadari with all its kinds, is a source of development of sacred deen, Islam .The people who do not give importance to Azadari-e-Imam Hussain (AS) and Ahle- Bayt(AS) ,their Emaan (faith/belief) is declining.”
Ayatullah Syed Muhammad Mehdi Moosavi Khalkhali”Performing the rites of Azadari is the respect of sha’air Allah and revival of Aaimmah Ahle Bayt (AS)’s sacred mission. To commemorate Aaimmah Ahle Bayt (AS) whether it is under the title of Azadari or lamentation, is the life of religion and hatred to oppression .The effects of majalis-e-aza in the existence of Islam are evident till today.”
Ayatullah Aaqa’e Haaj Sheikh Jawad Tabrezi”Azadari of Aal-e-Muhammad (progeny of Hazrat Muhammad PBUH&His Aal) is from among the mustahab aamal (desireable deeds). These are the best means to promote Islam and to give public, awareness with the facts and realities of Islamic history.”
Ayatullah Syed Hassan Moosavi Khadmi Asfahani, Principal Hoza-e-Ilmiya, Asfahaan “Azadari of Hazrat Imam Hussain (AS) is the most important of sha’a’ir-e-deeniya. Wonderful reward has been promised for azadari because shahadat-e-Imam mazloom (AS) is a maktab-e-fikr and a lesson.”
Hujjatul Islam Wal Muslemeen Syed Murtaza Feroze Abadi”Whoever raise a question or argue about istehbaab of azadari-e-Imam Hussain (AS) in the present day world, do it understand that there’s something wrong with his deen, lineage and nobility or he has lost his head and gone mad.”
Ayatullah Muhammad Fazil, Hoza-e- Ilmiya, Qumm “All azadari rites are the protectors of sacred qayaam of Imam-e-Mazloom (AS). The first and last objective of Imam Hussain (AS)’s qayaam (coming out) was only the revival of Islam .as just as the foundation of Islamic revolution of Iran is under obligation to azadari rites, in the same manner the development and promotion of this revolution will be achieved through azadari and rites of azadari.”
Ayatullah Jafer Subhani Tabrezi, Qumm Al Muqaddisa “Azadari-e-Imam Hussain (AS) is one of those Islamic mustahabbat, which have been emphasized by our guides and leaders of religion. Rites of azadari are the protector of the goal of Imam-e-mazloom (AS), the goal which is the creator of revolutions.”
Ayatullah Muhammad Karmi”Marasim-e-Azadari, being performed in connection with the great sacrifices of Hazrat Imam Hussain (AS), are sha’a’ir Allah and obligatory in every period and at every place. Publicizing the mazloomiyat-e- Imam (AS) to this extent that Arsh-e- Iqtadaar (throne) of disobedient and headstrong be shaken and trembled, is extremely necessary.”
Ayatullah Muslim Malkooti Saraabi “Azadari of Hazrat Imam Hussain (AS) which is one of great sha’a’ir-e-mazhabia, has become a particular sign of Mazhab-e- Haqqa. It would not be improper and wrong to say that the existence of shia maslak without any change and modification up till now, and the protection of Usool and Faru, are under obligation to these Marasim-e-Aza (azadari rites) and Azadari-e-Ghareeb-e- Karbala (AS).”
Ayatullah Hussain Noori, Qumm Al Muqaddisa “Azadari rites are commendable and praiseworthy rather a source of reward. It is necessary for the whole Muslim ummah not only to observe this bloody incident of Aashoor every year but refresh it every moment so that the weak and have nots of this Maktab-e-Fikr be embraced with the freedom of fikr-o-amal (thinking and deed).”
Ayatullah Murtaza Ha’eri Yazdi”Lamentation over Ghareeb-e-Karbala (AS) is from zarooriyaat-e-mazhab (requisites of deen).”
Ayatullah Mustafa Etamaadi”Azadari of Syed-ush-Shuhada (AS) is a true path and divine fountainhead of bounty. Its legality is quite clear, evident and unambiguous in any form and condition. Protection of this heavenly reality is obligatory.”
Ayatullah Muhammad Taqi Jaffery Tabrezi”Azadari and Marasim-e-Azadari is a voice of expression of hearty feelings. Hussaini days have been the jhoomar (beauty) of history’s forehead in the name of defending the honour of Islam.”
Ayatullah Syed Mehdi Lajwardi”Those who taunt Azadari-e-Imam Hussain (AS) are living in the heaven of fools. They are the enemies of deen and shariat and are wearing the tauq of curse of the true guides of Quran and Deen-e-Haq.”
Ayatullah Mustafa Noori Ardbeli”Hazrat Imam Hussain (AS) is a standard bearer of freedom of thought, rather a divine representative and from Ashaab-e-Kisa (peace of Allah be upon them), in respect of whom Aaya-e-Tatheer was revealed. Beams of Hazrat Imam Hussain (AS)’s qayaam are a lesson for whole Islamic world. Whole world should find out its way in the light of these beams and rays.”
Ayatullah Aaqae Sheikh Abu Talib Tajleel”Azadari of Hazrat Imam Hussain (AS) is the very foundation of shia school of thought as well as honour of sha’a’ir Allah. To hold majalis-e-aza and lament over His (AS)’s great sufferings reflects the love with The Holy Prophet (peace of Allah be upon Him& His Aal).”
Ayatullah Aaqae Haaj Syed Hussain Moosavi Karmaani”All effectiveness of karbala is due to the name of Hazrat Imam Hussain (AS) and it is Qayaam-e-Hussaini which gave life to deen. To hold majalis-e-aza and perform marasim- e-aza is the most important amar from among the amoor-e-deen.”
Ayatullah Mohsin Haram Panahi, Qumm Al Muqaddisa”Aza-e- (to mourn) Hazrat Imam Hussain (AS) is the respect of sha’a’ir (signs), the revival of deen and the promotion of shariat.”
Ayatullah Abbas Mahfoozi Gilani”Majalis-e-Aza are the revival of Mission-e-Aal-e-Muhammad (peace of Allah be upon Them). These are the majalis which have been giving us protection since centuries.”
Agha Syed Hamid Ali Shah Moosavi, Chief Of Tehreek Nafaz-e-Fiqh-e-Jafariya Pakistan To commemorate Hazrat Imam Hussain Ibne Abi Talib (AS), who was The Representative of Khasaan-e-Khuda, The Successor of Anbia (AS), and The Protector of deen-o-shariat, is the declaration of success of Mohaz-e-Tauheed, challenge of Jehad to polytheism, infidelity, oppression, tyranny, despotism and barbarity, the revival of dawat-e-Tauheed-o-Risaalat-o-Walayat. His objective was universal and high in character restoring supremacy of religion, respect of the humanity, preaching and protecting the message of Tauheed-o- Risaalat and walayat. Karbala is the central point of all movements in action for achievement of independence all around the world. Karbala is the name of giving priority to honourable death over life in humiliation. Islam is an expression of Hussainiyyat while Hussainiyyat that in fact is the message of death for evil forces, is commensurate with Azadari. Azadari is a universal protest of oppressed against oppression. Azadari is our jugular vein; it is the soul of all Ibadaat (worships) while zanjeer zani and quma zani are the soul of Azadari. Any one, who will collide with the strong rock of Azadari, will become unidentified.”
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