… Verily we are Allah’s and verily unto Him shall we return. (Qur’an 2:156)
One of the most important sources of the names of these heroes and martyrs is a Ziyarat, taught by the Twelfth Imam(a.s.), known as Ziyarat of Nahiya, which has been copied by all the great authorities in their reliable books. The Ziyarat of Nahiya, as it has come down to us, omits certain names of martyrs, although they are well known for their participation in the holy struggle at Kerbala. This omission may be due to some lapse in memory on the part of the reporters or inaccuracy or inadvertence of copyists.
A translation of the Ziyarat is given below, for those who are not acquainted with Arabic. It is the only Ziyarat which mentions the martyrs of Kerbala by name, and in some cases it also gives the names of those who slew them and throws light upon some of the circumstances of their martyrdom.
|Assalaamo a’la. Aadama s’ifwatillahe min khaleeqatehi.||Peace be upon Adam, the senior-most of Allah among His creation.|
|Assalaamo a’la Sheetha waliyillahe wa kheyaratehi.||Peace be upon Shees, the Wali of Allah due to his goodness.|
|Assalaamo a`la Idrees al Qaime lillahe beh’ujjatehi.||Peace be upon Idrees (a.s.) who was established by Allah with proof (Hujjat).|
|Asalaamo a’la Hudin nil mamdoode minallahe be mao’natehi.||Peace be upon Hud (a.s.), who was the recipient of help from Allah by seeking (Allah’s) help.|
|Assalaamo a’la Ibrahim al lad’i h’abahullaho be khullatehi.||Peace be upon Ibrahim (a.s.), whom Allah accepted as His friend.|
|Asalaamo a’la Is-h’aaq al lad’i jaa`lallah-un nubuwwata fi d’urriyatehi.||Peace be upon Ishaq (a.s.), the one in whose progeny Allah has established Prophethood.|
|Assalaamo a’la Yusuf al lad’i najaahullaho minal jubba be a’z’amatehi.||Peace be upon Yusuf (a.s.), the one whom Allah rescued from the well, by His Greatness.|
|Assalaamo a’la Harun al lad’i khas`s’ahullaho be nubuwwatehi.||Peace be upon Haroon(a.s.). the one who was bestowed distinction by Allah due to his prophethood.|
|Assalaamo a’la Dawood al lad’i taaballaho a’laihe min khat’iatehi.||Peace be upon Dawood (a.s.). the one whom Allah forgave after his mistake (of Tark-e-awia).|
|Assalaamo a`la Ayyub al ladi shafahullaho min I`llatehi.||Peace be upon Ayyub (a.s.), the one whom Allah cured after his (prolonged) illness.|
|Assalaamo a’la Uzair||Peace be upon Uzair (a.s.), whom Allah brought to life after his death.|
|Assalaamo a’la Yahya||Peace be upon Yahya (a.s.), whom Allah raised in status after his martyrdom.|
|Peace be upon Mohammed (s.a.w.s.) the beloved of Allah, and His senior-most (Prophet).|
|Assalaamo a’la Fatematz zehra e ibnatehi.||Peace be upon Fatima (s.a.), His (prophets) daughter.|
|Assalaamo a’la-l H’usain il ladi samah’at nafsohu be muhjatehi.||Peace be upon Husain (a.s.), who sacrificed his remaining life for Allah despite his injuries.|
|Assalaamo a’la man Joe’lash shefaa fi turbatehi.||Peace be upon the one whose grave’s soils bestowed with curative powers by Allah.|
|Assalaamo a’la manil ijaabato tah’ta qubbatehi.|
|Asalaamo a’la manil ai’mmato min D’urriyatehi.||Peace be upon the one, in whose progeny is Imamate till the Day of Qiyamat.|
|Assalaamo a.la-bne sayyed-il aws’eya-e’||Peace be upon the son of the Chief of the Successors.|
|Assalaamo a’la-bne Khadijatal-Kubra.||Peace be upon the son of Khatijatul Kubra.|
|Assalaamo a’la-bne jannatil mawaa.||Peace be upon the son of Jannatul Maawa.|
|Assalaamo a’la-l marammale biddemaae.||Peace be upon the one who was smeared in blood.|
|Assalaamo ala khaamese ash’aabe ahlil kisaae.||Peace be upon the fifth one of the people of Kisa (cloak).|
|Assalaamo a’la shaheed ish shuhdaae.||Peace be upon the one who has suffered the maximum pain among all the martyrs.|
|Assalaamo a’la saakene karbalaae.||Peace be upon the one who camped at Karbala.|
|Assalaamo a’la man d’urriyatohul azkeyaao.||Peace be upon the one who has purified Imams in his progeny.|
|Assalaamo a’1a manaazelil baraheen.||Peace be upon the destinations of Proofs (of Allah).|
|Assalaamo a’la-1juyub il muz”arraajaate.||Peace be upon the blood-smeared necks.|
|Assalaamo a’la-n nufoosil mus’t’alemaate.||Peace be upon those (martyrs) who were cut into pieces.|
|Assalaamo ala-l ajsaad il a’areyaate.||Peace be upon the uncovered dead bodies.|
|Assalaamo a’la-d demaae-s saaelaat||Peace be upon the deluge of the (martyrs’) blood.|
|Assalaamo ala-r rau’s il mushaallaate.||Peace be upon the heads that were raised on the lances.|
|Assalaamo a’la h’ujjate rabbil a’alameen.||Peace be upon the Proof of the Lord of the worlds.|
|Assalaamo a’layka wa a’la abnaaekal mustashhadeen.||Peace be upon you and upon your martyred offspring.|
|Assalaamo a’layka wa a’la-1 malaaekat il muz”aajei’n.||Peace be upon you and upon the angels that accompanied you.|
|Assalaamo a’la akheehil masmoome.||Peace be upon your brother (Imam Hasan a.s.) who was poisoned (to death).|
|Assalaamo a’la-r raz”ee is.-s’agheer.|
|Assalaamo a’1a-l itratil qareebate.||Peace be upon the nearest of the Prophet’s progeny.|
|Assalaarno a’1a-n naazeh’eena a’nil awfaane.||Peace be upon the travelers who were driven out from their homes.|
|Assalaamo a’la-r rou’sil mufarraqate a’nil abdaane.||Peace be upon the (pure) heads which were severed from the bodies.|
|Assalaamo a’la-1 maz’oome bela naas’ereen.||Peace be upon those oppressed ones who had no helper.|
|Assalaamo a’la s’aaheb il qubbatis saameyate.||Peace be upon the master of the lofty dome.|
|Assalaamo a’la manif takharabehi Jabraeelo.||Peace be upon the one who was prided upon by Jibraeel.|
|Assalaamo a’la man nokethat d’immatohu.||Peace be upon the one regarding whom oaths were broken.|
|Assalaamo a’la man ureeqa biz’z’ulme damohu.||Peace be upon the one whose blood was shed unjustly.|
|Assalaamo a’la-l mujaddae’ be ka-saatir remaah’e.||Peace be upon the one who was attacked with spears from all sides.|
|Assalaamo a’la-l manh’oore fil waraa.||Peace be upon the one whom the killers surrounded.|
|Assalaamo a’la-l maqt’ue’l wateene.||Peace be upon the one whose jugular vein was severed with cruelty.|
|Assalaamo a’la sh shaybil khaz”eebe.||Peace be upon the one whose hair was dyed red in blood.|
|Assalaamo a’la-l khaddit-tareebe.||Peace be upon the blood-smeared cheeks.|
|Assalaamo a’la-l badanis saleebe.||Peace be upon the dust-smeared body.|
|Assalaamo a’la-r raas il marfue’.||Peace be upon the glorified head which was raised (on the lance.)|
|Assalaamo a’layka ya maulaya
wa a’lal malaaekat il marfufeena
h’aula qubbatekal h’aaffeena
waaredeena le ziyarateka.
|Peace be upon you, my master
and peace be also upon those Angels
who collect around your blessed tomb
and circumnutated your holy courtyard
and remain present for your ziarat.
|Assalaamo a’layka salaam al a’refe be h’urmateka-l mukhles’e fi welaayateka-l mutaqarrebe illallahe be mah’abbatekal bareiye min aa’daaeka salaama man qalbohu bemus’aabeka maqruhunw
wa damo’hu I’nda d’ikreka masfooh’un.
Salaam ai maz”jooe’l h’azeenil waalehil mustakeen.
|Salutations be upon you, the salutation of the one who recognizes your honor (able position), one who is sincere in your Wilayat, one who seeks nearness to Allah through your love.
One who is aloof from your enemies.
|Falaain akkharatnid do hooro wa a’aqani a’n nas’rekal maqdoore wa lam aakun’l leman h’aarabaka muhaare ban waleman nasa’ba laka-l a’daawata munaas’eban fala andobannaka s’abaahan
wa masaawn’wala abkeyenna laka badalad domue’daman al h’asratan a’layka
wa ta assofan a’la ma da haaka
wa talahhofan h’atta amuta be lau a’til mus’abe
wa ghus’s’atil ikteyaabe.
|Since I haw been pushed behind by the passage of time and being prevented from helping you by fate and I could not fight those who had fought you.
And (since) I had rot been able to face your enemies I will continue to weep morning and evening and weep for you with tears of blood.
The pain and sorrow of your caIan1iies and the painful sighs will never recede.
So much so, that I will depart from this world with the same grief and sorrow of the tribula1ions suffered by you.
|wa kunta lillahe t’aaea’n
wa le jaddeka Moh’ammaddin s’allallaho a’layhe wa aalehi taabea’n
wale qaule abeeka saameaw’
wa ila was’iyate akhika musaareaw’
wa le I’maadiddeene rafean’wa lit’ t’ughyaane qaame aw’wa lit’ tughaate muqaareaw’wa lil ummate naase’h’an
|And you proved to be perfectly obedient to Allah.
And you followed (perfectly) your grandfather, Mohammad – Peace be upon him and his progeny.
And listened to the teachings of your father.
And executed the will of your brother (Hassan a.s.) promptly.
And you raised the pillars of faith and dug up the foundations of corruption.
And trampled the heads of the disobedient,
and (you are) the sincere advisor of the Ummat (of the Prophet).
wa tabsot’ul a’dla
wa takufful a’abetha
wa taakhozo lidda niyye mina shshareefe
wa tusaawi fil h’ukme bayna-l qawwiye waz”z”aei’fe
Kunta rabi a’l aytaame wa i’smatal anaame
wa i’zzal islaame
wa maa’denal ah’kaame
wa h’aleefal ina’ame saalekan t’araaeqa jaddeka
wa abika mushbehan fil was’iyate le akheeka.
|And you were spring-time for the orphans
and a refuge for the creatures
and honor of Islam
and a mine of divine laws
and possessed the capability of fulfilling the needs of the needful.
You walked the path of your grandfather and your father, and like your brother (Hasan) you enjoined good.
|Kunta lir rasoole s’allallaho a’layhe Wd aalehi waladan,
wa lil quraane munqed’an
wa lil aummate az’udan
wa fit’t’aa’te mujtahedan h’aafeez’an lil a’hde
wal meethaqenaakeban an sobolil fussaaqe
wa baaze lan lil majhoode t’aweelar rokue’wassojoode
|You are the son of the Hay Prophet –Peace be upon him and his progeny
and a support for the Holy Quran.
And the arms of the Ummat (Muslims).
And the one strived much in the way of Allah’s obedience.
Protector of the oath and promise.
You remained away from the ways of the transgressors.
A Giver to those in trouble.
One who prolonged the rukoo and sajdah.
|Thummaq taz”aakal ilmo lil inkare
wa la zemaka an tujaahedal fujjara fasirta fi aulaadeka
wa s’ada’ta bil h’aqqe
wa daa’ota illallahe bil h’ikmate
wal maue’z’atil h.asanate
wa amarta be iqaamatil h’odude
wat’taa’te lil ma’boode
wa nahaita a’nil khabaaethe
wa waajahooka biz’z’ulme
|Then through your truth-perceptive knowledge you refused (the allegiance to Yazid)
and made it incumbent upon yourself to fight against the transgressors
and the corrupt.
Then you immediately set out in company of your sons,
You called the people to ward’s Allah with truth
and by clear and open arguments.
And by wisdom
and good advice.
Then you ordered the establishment of lawful limits and the obedience of Allah
and restrained people from evil,
prohibited sinful acts.
But the atrocious people oppressed you with injustice and tyranny.
|Falamma ra awka thaabetal jaashe ghaira khaaefin
wa laa khaashin nas’abu laka ghawaaela makrehim
wa qaataluka be kaidehim
wa sharrehimwa amaral la eino jonudahu famanou’kal maaa
wa naajazukal qetala
wa a’jalookan nezaala
wa rashaquka bissehaame
wabasat’u ilayka akuffa-l is’t’elame
|So when the enemies saw you to be resolute
and fearless they began to plot
and lay traps for you
and began to fight with you with the cunning and mischief.
And the accursed Umar ibne Saad ordered his cunning army to cut off the water supply.
And all of them unleashed their atrocities towards you.
|Fa ah’daqubeka min kullil jehaate athkhanuka bil jeraah’e
wa baynar rawah’e
walam yabqa laka naas’erun
wa anta muhtasebun s’aaberun tad’ubbo a’n niswateka
|Then the enemies surrounded you from all the sides
and began to give you one injury after another
and made you fatigued.
No helper remained between you and your women and children.
You were still deflecting the crowd of attackers with persistence
and patience away from your women and children.
|Qad rashah’a lil maute jabeenoka
wakhtalafat bil inqebaz”e
wal imbesaat’e shemaaloka
wa yameenoka todeero farfan khafeeyan ila rah’leka
wa baiteka wa qad shoghilta benafseka a’n
wa asraa’ farasuka shaaredan ila kheyaameka qaasedan Muh’amh’eman baakeyan.
|The perspiration of death appeared on your forehead
and your hands and feet folded
and unfolded to the right and the left.
You were beholding your wounds and your children too,
when in such a situation you might not have thought of your children
and family due to the severe pain.
At that time your horse galloped towards your camp,
weeping and neighing.
|Washshimro jaalisun a’la s’adreka
wa muleghun saifahu a’la nah’reka
qaabez”un a’la shaibateka beyadehi d’aabeh’un laka be muhannadehi qad sakanat h’awaassuka
wa khafeyat anfaasoka
wa rofea’a’la-l qanaate raasoka
wa sobeya ahloka kal a’beede
wa s’ufedu fil h’adeede
|That at that time the accursed Shimr was astride your chest
and was moving his sword upon your neck as he held your hair with his hand.
And was slaughtering you in this way will his sword.
You had become motionless and your breathing was about to stop.
Till the time you were beheaded and your head was raised up on the sword.
And your women were arrested like slaves
and tied up with heavy iron chains
and made to sit on the camels.
|Falwailo lilu’saa’tjl fussaaqe laqad qatalu be qatlekal Islaama
wa hadamu qawaae’dal imaane
wa h’arrequ aayaatil quraan
wa hajamu fil baghye wal u’dwaane.
|Woe be unto those disobedient transgressors who murdered Islam by killing you.
And invalidated the prayers and fasts.
And broke up the (Prophetic) practice and the (Islamic) laws.
And demolished the regulations of faith.
And burnt up the verses of the Quran
and they rushed into transgression and rebellion.
|Wa foqeda be faqdekattakbeero
wa z’ahara ba’dakat taghyeeyro
|And because you were not anymore,
the calls of Allah-o-Akbar and La-ilaha-illallah lost their essence.
No criteria remained for the distinguishing of the prohibited
and the permitted acts.
Neither the Ouran,
and it’s exegesis remained.
And after you was the advent of open distortion in Shariat
and the spread of false beliefs,
and the ineffectiveness of Islamic Law.
There was a surge in the selfish desires
and there was an advent of corruption,
|Fa anza a’jar rasoolo wa baka qalbohu-l mahoolo
wa azzaaho bekal malaaekato
wal ambiyaaowa fojea’t beka ummokaz zahraao
wakhtolefat jonoodul malaaekatil muqarrabeena toa’zzi abaaka amiral momineena
wa uqeyemat laka-l maatemo fi aa’la I’lliyyeena
wa lot’mat a’laika-1 h’oorulee’no
wal masha’rul h’araamo
|Hence the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.s.) became very aggrieved
and his soft heart began to weep.
The angels and the prophets offered condolences to him
with regard to you.
Your respected mother, Zahra (s.a.) was in agony because of your massacre.
Armies after armies of angels arrived to offer their condolences to your respected father Amirul Momineen (a.s.).
and the Maatam started for you in the skies.
Hoories of Paradise slapped their own faces in your grief.
And the sky begun to weep
and so did it’s inhabitants
and the chain of mountains began to cry.
And the sea
and the fishes wept.
and it’s buildings
and it’s young male servants
and the Maqaam-e-Ibrahim
and “haram” all began to sob.
inni atawassalo i’laika ya asraa’l haasebeena
wa ya akrarnal akrameena
wa ya ah’kama-I h’aakemeena
be Muh’ammadin khatemin nabiyeena
rasooleka ilal a’lameena ajmae’en.
I seek a medium for you audience.
O the one who is a swift reckoner and the most munificent of the munificent ones.
And O king of kings,
through Muhammad, the seal of the prophets,
your messenger towards all the worlds
|Allahummak tubni fil muslemeena
wa alh’iqni bis’s’aaleh’eena
waj a’lli lesaana s’idqe fil aakhareena
wans’urni a’lal baagheena
wakfeni kaidal h’aasedeena.
Was’rif a’nni makral maakereena.
Waqbiz’ a’nni aidiz’z’aalemeena.
wa bainassaadaatil mayaameena fi aa’laa illiyee’na ma’al lad’eena ana’mta a’laihim minan nabiyeena
Be reh’mateka ya arh’amar rah’emin’
|O Allah write my name among those who submit to you
and keep me attached to the righteous.
And I should be remembered by those who come after me with goodness.
And help me to combat the traitors
and save me from the plots of the deceitful ones.
And restrain from me the hands of the oppressors.
And gather me with my righteous guides together
and install me in the best place
and position of the dwellers of Paradise.
With those upon whom is your bounty.
Those who are from the prophets
and the truthful
and the righteous.
By your Mercy, O the Most Merciful of the merciful ones.
|Allahumma jallilni be ne’mateka
wa raz”z”eni be qisaameka
wa tagharnmadni bejoodeka
wabaai’dni min makreka
|O Allah! Heap up for me your bounties
and satisfy me with your destiny (for me),
and hide me in your munificence
and keep me far from your punishment,
from your retribution
and your penalties.
|Allahumma s’alle a’ta Moh’ammedin’ wa aale Muhammedan’w
wa aqbal taubati
wa aqilni i’thrati
wa naffis kurbati
wa as’leh’li fi d’urriyyati.
|O Allah bestow peace upon Mohammed and the Progeny of Muhammad
and accept my repentance
and have mercy upon my weeping
and pardon my sins
and remove my difficulties
and Ignore my mistakes,
and make my children righteous
|Wala amran illa atmamtahu’
wala maalan illa kathartahu,
wala khulqan illa h’assantahu,
wala infaaqan illa akhlaftahu,
wala h’aalan illa a’nmartahu,
wala h’asoodan illa qarnaa’tahu
wala a’duwwan illa ardaytahu
wala sharran illa kafaytahu
wala maraz”an illa shafaytahu
wala baei’dan illa adnaytahu
wala shaa’than illa lamarntahu
wala suaalan illa a’afaytahu.
|And do not leave a single affair incomplete,
and not a bit of wealth without bestowing increase in it.
And not a single moral attitude without perfecting it.
And not a single condition without making it better.
And not a single evil without correcting it.
And not a single jealous person, but that you destroy him.
And not single a enemy without annihilating him.
And not a single evil without saving me from it.
And not a single malady without curing me from it.
And not a single distant one without making it near.
And not a single difficulty but that you remove it.
And not a single wish but that you fulfill it.
|Allahumma aghneni be h’alaaleka a’nil h’araame
wa be faz”leka a’n jameei’l anaam.
|O Allah bestow upon me the “halal” sustenance so that I am not in need of any “haraam”.
And bestow so much of your Grace upon me that I do not wish anything from your creatures.
|Allahummar zuqni shukra ne’mateka a’laiyya
wa zid fi eh’saaneka
wa karameka ilaiyya waja’l qauli finnaase masmua’n
wa a’maJi i’ndaka marfuan
wa athari fil khajraate matbua’n
wa a’duwwi maqmua’n.
|O Allah give me the “Tawfeeq” to thank you for your bounties upon me
and increase you blessings
and mercy for me
and make my advice such that people follow it
and make my actions esteemed in your eyes
and make my good acts such that they deserved to be followed.
And destroy my enemy.