The Answer of the question…From Ayatullah sistani..
Q) What is the ruling of mourning, striking the chest, and lamenting for the martyrdom of Imam Husain(AS)?
The Answer :-Religious Ritual or Practice or ceremony (SHAA-ER) Any form of rituals or ceremonies held for the commemoration of Imam Hussain’s (AS) tragedy is considered SHAA-ER of Allah (swt) i.e. ceremonies or rituals for Allah (swt), and who ever observes those with greatness, has the piety in his heart.
22.32] That (shall be so); and whoever observes the rituals of Allah with greatness, then surely is (the outcome) of the piety of hearts.
In the Quraan there are two examples of SHAAER: The walk of Safa and Marwa The slaughter of the Camel in Haj.
He responded with the mentioned verse saying:
That (shall be so); and whoever observes the rituals of Allah with greatness, then surely is (the outcome) of the piety of hearts.
Q) What is the base behind such rituals?
1) He responded from the narrations of Ahlul Bayt (AS): The Prophet (S) said:“Verily Husain (AS) is the light of guidance and the ark of success.”
From this quote it can be clearly understood that all forms of rituals established to express the tragedy of Imam Husain (AS) educational tools of guidance towards Islamic knowledge, lessons of sacrifice, and Love of Ahlul Bayt (AS) whom Allah has commanded us to express.
Expressing the love and loyalty
To be happy in their happiness and to grieve strongly (JAZA’) in their afflictions,
and here are some examples of narrations on expressing the grieve on Imam Husain (AS): The Prophets (AS), angels, and the Jinns grieved on him (AS).
2-Narrations from both schools:
The prophet (S) strongly grieved on Imam Hussain (AS), and incidence with Um Salama ( r) who shouted, and started to cry when she heard about it, and the Prophet gave her the clay of Karbala.
3- Very serious tragedy: Imam Ali (AS): The earth and the sky will weep on him.
The 12th Imam (AJ) grieves on him strongly, in his Zirat Nahiya : I will weep on you blood instead of tears
4- He mentions several narrations which show the extreme type of actions of grieve from the Hashimite ladies in front of Imam Zainul abdeen (AS), such as shouting, screaming and hitting or striking their faces.
5- Imam Zainul Abdeen (AS) used to cook food of MATAM for the Hashimities, so that they can do the rituals of sadness on Imam Hussain (AS) without any distractions.
6- Imam Zainul Abdeen (AS) saw Rabaab mother of Sakina, Ali Asgar, in a very desperate and extremely distressed situation, and he did not stop her until she died.
Ayatullah Sistani and Tabreezi:
These rituals are not just permitted, but any one who performs them and establishes them will indeed be rewarded based on the narrations.
Sistani: If no One does in a Community, Then it becomes Obligation on Every one to Establish some Forms of it.
Sistani/Tabreezi: Imam Redha (AS) said: Verily the day of Hussain (AS) wounded our hearts and made our tears flow. It is required from the believers and especially their youth to make the tragedy of Karbala live in this season, by active participation
No problem in mentioning the tragedy with changes as a story or something which might happened in the same context such as peotries:
Does not contradict the flow of the tragedy Does not contradict any concepts or principles of Ahlul Bayt (AS) Does not contradict any religious common sense. The plenty (Tawator) narrations indicate that the followings are religious acts and not cultures:
Shedding the tears on Imam Hussain (AS)- Sunnat of the Prophet (S), who ever denies it is not from him. Expressing the words of tragedy in a form ( جزع) or ) (ندبةi.e. extreme sorrow like a mother who loses her precious child. Getting together to express the JAZ’ on Imam Hussain(AS)
Striking on the chest
Before the men used to strike on their head and the women on their faces. Later the practice became on the chest, it is cultural, but it becomes religious if done to express the tragedy of Imam Hussain (AS)..
The chains and blood, it not permitted if it is harmful in general or to an individual.
ALAM represents the flag of Abbas (AS) it is cultural, but becomes religious if it represents the tragedy of Imam Hussain(AS).
Any cultural thing, if it is not forbidden, if serves the purpose of propagating the tragedy of Imam Hussain (AS), and does not harm his cause, becomes religious if done for the sake of achieving the nearness of Allah (SWT)
View and download in PPT form the same answers…
Current Issues Of our Community and Statements and replies of Our Scholars and Mujtahids.
I am giving two fatwas of ayatullah seestani to give you clear picture of zanjeer, qama and chest matam.
Grand Ayatullah as-Seyyid as-Seestani answer one
(The current leader of the Hawzah of the holy city of Najaf)
Question: What is the ruling regarding the lashing with chains, chest beating, and walking on fire on the occasion of mourning the martyrdom of Imam Hussain peace be upon him?
Answer: If (these are) not associated with extreme harm or loss of limb, there is no objection.
Answer two” The principal objective of mourning and lamentation during ‘Ashura, is to respect the signs and symbols of Religion and remember the suffering of Imam Hussain (a), his companions, and his uprising to defend Islam and prevent the destruction of the religion by Bani Umayyad dynasty. These rites must be done in such a way that in addition to serving that purpose, it draws the attention of others to these loft goals. Also, its ritual aspect should be preserved.
Your Brother in Islam and Humanity.
Syed Mohammad Masoom Abidi (shirazi)