KINDS OF PROHIBITIONS
Written by: Ayatollah al-Odhmaa Shirazi
Translated by: J. Feridoonie
What are Islamic prohibitions?
Islamic prohibitions are many, some of which are as follows:
1-Assisting cruelty and oppression.
2-Turning away from and distancing oneself from the invocation of God.
4-Adorning themselves with gold and wearing silk for men.
6-Causing annoyance to people.
7-Using gold or silver utensils.
8-Divulging the secrets of others.
9-Disobedience of parents by children, and unsubmissiveness of wife to husband (in those instances where submission is obligatory).
10-Expansion of corruptions and helping the propagation and expansion of sin.
13-Charm, magic etc.
14-Slander and malicious accusations.
15- Prophesysing by means of stars to an extent.
16-Counterfeiting and pretension (like showing a commodity in such a way that it appears to be one thing while in fact it is something else).
17-Altering or showing partial views about a dead person’s will.
19-Murdering, or wounding or severing a limb or limbs of others.
20-Not paying what is due to God or to man.
21-Undeservedly imprisoning someone.
23-Wasting people’s rights.
24-Drinking liquor or any other intoxicating liquid.
25-Eating the meat of an animal not slaughtered according to Islamic law or pork or other forbidden meats, eating or drinking defiled things and eating other forbidden things e.g. soil etc.
26-Breaking trust and using trickery.
28-Being an intermediary for a forbidden purpose e.g. between a man and a woman who is his intimate1 or between two men.
30-Cursing God or Prophets or Imams or religion or Quran or creed or people.
31-Dissension and doublefacedness with all its kinds, one of which is talking in such a manner as to praise a person in his presence but in secret to backbite him.
35-Shaving of beard and tearing or cutting of some of his bodily parts by man or destroying a power from among his powers e.g. blinding himself etc.
36-Free mixing and intermingling of boys and girls in a forbidden manner.
37-Being satisfied with and approving of sins.
38-Adultery, sodomy, lesbianism (homosexuality of women), looking at or touching one who is not an intimate.
39-Imputing adultery, sodomy or other sins of people.
40-Telling tales, backbiting and exciting disturbances. Going deep into useless and futile matters.
41-Attempting to demolish mosques or desecrating them.
42-To show someone in a bad light in front of ruthless people.
43-Making tools of debauchery or gambling or making a cross.
44-Unveiledness of women and their unchastity.
45-Not doing something which, because of having taken an oath or having made a vow or promise, has become obligatory.
46-Giving false testimony and concealing the truth.
47-Playing of chess, backgammon and other such gambling games.
48-Not looking after the family members who are his dependants, on the part of a man.
49-Oppressing people and violating their rights.
50-Being prejudiced in useless matters.
53-Breaking off ties of relationship, being disrespectful to parents, and not looking after one’s children.
54-Using short weights and tampering with the scales.
55-Singing love songs about a specific man or woman.
56-Revealing the private parts of a person in front of another.
57-Quarelling about something that is unjustified.
58-Peeping into the houses of neighbours.
59-Using anything which causes excessive harm to the body and similarly harming others.
and other prohibitions…
THE PHILOSOPHY OF PROHIBITION
You, dear reader, can see at a glance that the reason for these prohibitions is clear and obvious, and does not require reflection or hesitation. For example can anyone deny the shamefulness of killing and injuring people, looting their properties, patrolling their homes and harming them?
Yes; some of the matters require thinking about the reason for their prohibition e.g. gambling, wine and unveiledness. The reason for these also becomes apparent with a little thought. Gambling leads to affliction, worry and poverty, wine causes the incidence of several diseases, unveiledness causes immorality and unchastity and breaks apart families.
Similarly other prohibitions, each of which has a particular reason.
As a principle there is no religion or law which has forbidden and prohibited certain things for its followers. The only thing that remains is that these prohibitions limit independance and imprison man.
The answer is that anything which causes corruption and affliction should be restrained, and the principle of law is prevention of the causes and reasons of corruption and affliction.