Following (taqlid) Knowledge or Following Ignorance
“Those who listen to the word, then follow the best of it; those are they whom God has guided, and those it is who are the men of understanding” (Az-Zumar:18).
The station of those who do not listen is Hell. Because of jealousy man may refuse to hear the truth; this characteristic is vile and satanic. Whatever action is followed without thinking and without consulting the intellect is an action of the unbelievers.
“Surely we found our fathers on a course, and surely we are followers of their footsteps” (Az-Zukhruf: 23).
Without thinking, following anything, e.g. imitating the West, adhering (sticks, cling) to customs, blind following, imitating fashion, is against the intellect. Therefore, there are two types of Following (taqlid):
1. Following knowledge and the scholar.
2. Following ignorance and the ignorant person.
If an ignorant person follows a knowledgeable person, then this is truly according to the intellect. For example, to build a house, follow an engineer who is knowledgeable in this skill. If you become ill, then follow a doctor in the matter of which medicine to take. Similarly, in the matter of religion, following (taqlid) of a jurisprudent who fulfils all the conditions is totally according to the intellect. Moreover, following all of those customs that are performed during weddings and other occasions is the following of ignorance. The one who acts upon this following is following the tradition of the unbelievers instead of following the tradition (Sunnah) of the Prophets.
Imam Husayn once said: “O Allah, what did he find who lost you, and what did he lose who found you?” If you hear words that hurt you, then bow your head before them and they will miss you. If you hear words that hurt you, then bow your head before them and they will miss you.
I would rather die a death of dignity than live a life of humiliation”.
Imam Husayn said: “People are the slaves of this world, and religion is just on their tongue. They keep it as long as it meets their comfortable life. But when the test comes, religion holders become very few