Surah Ya Sin reveals a strange point,
“And set out to them an example of the people of the town, when the messengers came to it” (Ya Sin: 13).
Here God has given the example of a village. The Qur’an called this place a village; however, when the possessors of knowledge entered that village, then God did not refer to it as a village.
“And from the remote part of the city there came a man running” (Ya Seen: 20).
Hence, in the view of God, the greatness of a place is not linked to its buildings, but rather with those possessors (owner) of knowledge who live there. If the people of knowledge, or just one superior scholar, live in a small village, then that village in the view of the Qur’an is a city. On the contrary, if in some big city there is not a single scholar, then that city is equal to a village in the view of the Qur’an.
Great Scholar Imam Ali (as) says that this ignorant man passes his time in two extremes, one he may do too much and the other is that he may do too little. In order to become perfect, he will have to eliminate both extremes, in both extreme cases, he involves himself or others in hardship. If man does not follow a scholar, he commits oppression or he passes life under the effects of oppression. An ignorant man acts in order to achieve reward, but ends up committing sin. For example, an ignorant person saw a mosquito sitting on his friend’s face, sucking blood. In order to remove it, he threw a stone at it. Instead of doing a good deed, he performed a bad action. This is the example of an ignorant person.
Sheikh Sadooq narrates that it was asked in an assembly of jurisprudents (mujtahidin) what is the best act in the Night of Great Blessing (Lailatul Qadr), in the latter part of the night? Everyone replied acquiring knowledge (ta’lim). Knowledge is a good way to control the self. If the likeness of a flood is created in the evil self (Nafs-e-Ammara), then even a learned man takes on the likeness of an ass, i.e. knowledge becomes only a weight for him, as stated in the Qur’an,
“The likeness of those who were charged with the Taurat, then they did not observe it, is as the likeness of the ass bearing books” (Al-Jummah: 5).
Imam ‘Ali (A) said:
“Trusting the self provides the most dependable opportunities for devil’s entrance” -Gharar al-Hukm,