It is present in the nature of all human beings, so that after bad deeds and after oppression, they regret it. This regret is due to the blame and rebuke of the self-accusing soul. For example, the pilot who dropped the atom bomb on Hiroshima could not sleep for several nights. The voice of a power was coming from within him that you are the one who has murdered thousands of human beings. America treated him with great honour and respect, bestowing immense (great) wealth upon him. Nevertheless, he was restless for several nights until he finally went crazy. This restlessness is due to the blame and rebuke of the self-accusing soul. Many other similar incidents prove that the self-accusing soul is a superior blessing of God which desires to keep us on the Right Path, on condition that we safeguard this blessing. In ordinary circumstances, the self-accusing soul can stop man; however, in stormy condition, it cannot be effective. For instance, the scientist who made the atom bomb did not agree that the instructions (on how to make the atom bomb) should be released to the world, but he was tempted by such an evil greed for wealth and fame. The desires for wealth and fame overcame him like a storm, muting (silencing) the voice of the self-accusing soul. Thus, heartfelt faith is the only thing by which man can control himself from sin, even in the stormy condition. Yet, how will we create heartfelt faith? The Qur’an declares,
“And serve your Lord until there comes to you that which is certain” (Al-Hijr: 99).
“Whoever does good whether male or female and he is a believer” (An-Nahl: 97).
If man desires that his heart be the Throne of God, then he should establish a strong connection by means of worship of God. In order to achieve faith, acquiring three things is essential:
1. Acting upon the evident (zahiri)
2. Saving oneself from sins
3. Performing recommended deeds
Ayatollah Muhammad Tabatabai writes in Tafseer-e- al-Mizan that Great Scholar Yusuf had twenty-two agents (amil) by which he could have sinned. Burhan means the Lord of heartfelt faith. The Qur’an says,
“And certainly she made for him, and he would have made for her, were it not that he had seen the manifest evidence of his Lord; thus (it was) that We might turn away from him evil and indecency, surely he was one of Our sincere servants” (Yusuf:24).
Perfecting the intellect is a means by which the evil self can be controlled.