|Titles||Kazim, Sadiq, Saber, Amin, Zareb|
|Konyate||Abo al-Hassan, Abo Ibrahim|
|His Father’s Name||Imam Sadiq (Pbuh)|
|His Mother’s Name||Hamideh Khatoon|
|Birth date||Sunday, on the 7st of Safar 128 A.H.|
|Birth Place||Holy Medina|
|His Imamate period||35 years|
|Date of Matyrdom||Friday, on the 25th of Rajab|
|His sons||Ali, Ibrahim, Abbas, Mohammad, Ghasem, Ismaeil, Ja’far,
Harun, Hassan, Ahmad, Mohammad, Hamzeh, Abdollah,
Obeydollah, Zeyd, Hossain, Fazl, Soleyman
|His daughters||Fatemeh Kobra, Fatemeh Soghra, Roghyeh, Hakimeh,
Omme Abiha, Roghayeh Soghra, Kolsoom, Omme Ja’far,
Zeynab, Khadijeh, Allayhe, Ammeneh, Hasaneh Barbarieh,
Abbaseh, Ommeh Salameh, Meymoon, Omme Kolsoom.
THE SAD STORY OF IMAM KAZIM (Pbuh)’S MARTYRDOM
The Motivation of Imam Kazim (Pbuh)’s Arrest
The persons of distinction among the companions of
Imam Kazim (Pbuh) state the reason of his arrest (which
was a command from Haroon Al-Rashid, the fifth Abasid
Caliph) as following:
“ Haroon let his son (Mohammad Amin) be with
Ja’far –Ibn-Mohammad Ibn- Ash’ath (one of Shias and
believers of Imam Kazim (Pbuh)’s Imamate) to be his
student and Ja’far train and educate him.”
Yahy Ibn- Khalid Barmaky could not stop his jealousy
toward Ja’far and said to himself “ if Haroon’s son
inherits the caliphate, the administration of my children
and mine (in another words the administration of
Barmakids in Haroon’s court) will be overthrown.
Yahya planned a plot against Ja’far (through so -called
friendship so that he makes him get trapped in Haroon’s
trap). He established a friendship with Ja’far and got close
to him .He often went to Ja’far’s home, watched his
deeds carefully and reported them secretly to Haroon ,
adding some more things to it in order to
provoke Haroon against Ja’far. This was the case till
one day Yahya asked some of his reliable companions
if they knew anyone from Abutalib’s progeny who was
poor so that he could help him doing some researches
and searches they introduced Ali Ibn-e Ismael Ibn-e
Ja’far Sadiq(Imam Sadiq’s grand son and Imam Kazim
(Pbuh)’s nephew ) to him.
Ali Ibn-e Isamail was in Medina . Yahya sent him a considerable
amount of money and encouraged him to go to Haroon.
Moreover he promised him another privilege and in this
way he was prepared to leave for Baqdad.
Imam Kazim (Pbuh) was informed about it, and summoned
Ali.” Where are you going? My nephew.” asked he.
“I am going to Baqdad”, answered he. “ Why are you
doing so?” asked Imam. “I owe to so many people and I
am so poor. I am going there to earn some money “, said he.
“ I shall pay for all of your debts and I shall be good to
you.” Ali did not pay any attention to his uncle’s words
and decided to go to Baqdad. Imam Kazim (Pbuh)
summoned him for the second time and asked him
if he wished to go then. “Yes “ replied he.
“ My dear nephew! Please pay attention to what I say, be
afraid of God and do not orphan my children”, said Imam
Kazim (Pbuh). Then Imam commanded to give him three
hundred Dinars and four thousand Drachmas. Ali left Imam.
” I bring God as my witness that his effort leads to my bloodshed
and orphaning my children.” Addressed Imam his companions.
“ Our lives would be sacrificed for you! You know this however
you help him and are good to him?” asked Imam’s companions.
Imam Kazim (Pbuh) answered: “ Yes. According to my fathers’
words, the holy prophet stated : when the bounds of relativity
has been torn and then it has been repaired and for the second
time it has been torn , God will cut it.” I want to repair it after it
has been torn so that in the case of another tearing situation God
would cut it.”
It is said that Ali Ibn-e Ismail traveled to Baqdad and met Yahya
Barmaky. Through the meeting Yahya asked about every aspect
about Imam which he liked the most. He added to what ever he
heard and informed Haroon of them after which he took Ali to
Haroon asked Ali about his Uncle Mosa Ibn-e Ja’far (Pbuh). He
slandered and backbit about Imam and he told a lie: “ The
money and the properties are brought to Mosa Ibn-e Ja’far
(Pbuh) from the east and the west of the world. He has bought
a farm costing thirty thousand Dinars which is called “Yasir”.
When the money was delivered to the owner of the farm he
said that he did not like this kind of money, he preferred another
one. According to Imam ‘s command he was given another
kind of thirty thousand Dinars.
When Haroon heard those lies he ordered to award him two
hundred thousand Drachma so that he could settle in another
area and live comfortably.
Haroon and Imam Kazim’s arresting
In the same year Haroon al Rashid left for Mecca to perform
Hajj ceremony, first of all he went to Medina and at the same
time he ordered to arrest Imam Kazim (Pbuh).
It is narrated that when Haroon entered Medina, Imam
with the companionship of some of Medina’s persons of
distinction went to welcome him. Then Imam Kazim (Pbuh)
went to mosque as usual. At night Haroon came beside the
holy prophet ‘s grave.” Oh, the messenger of God! I apologize
for, I have decided to put Mosa Ibn-e Ja’far in the jail. Because
he wants to separate your people and make
them disintegrated and shed their blood.”, he
said hypocritically. Then, he ordered to arrest Imam (Pbuh) and
take him to his place of settlement. They put him in chain. They
arranged two camel-litters, make him sit on one of the two
camel-litters, which was placed upon the camel, placing the other
one on another camel. With the camel-litters Haroon sent some
horsemen who were divided into two groups outside Medina .One
group left for Baqdad and the other one left for Basra. Imam was
in the second group and this was Haroon’s wish for, he did not
want people to know anything about Imam’s destination
(Whether he goes to Baqdad or Basra) and no one could realize
his accompanying horsemen. He ordered the horsemen to deliver
Imam to Isa Ibn-e Ja’far Ibn-e Mansoor at the time of their arrival in
Medina. Issa ibn-e Ja’far was the head of the prisons who lived in
Imam Kazim (Pbuh) in various prisons
- In Isa Ibn-e Ja’far’s prison
The horsemen took Imam Kazim (Pbuh) to Medina and delivered
him to Isabn-e Ja’far. . Imam spent one year in Basra in his prison.
Haroon wrote a letter to Isa Ibn-e Ja’far to kill Imam. Having received
Haroon’s letter, Ja’far summoned some of his close friends and reliable
ones, read the letter to them and sought for their advice. “Do not kill
Imam and ask Haroon to exempt you from this duty”, said they to him.
Isa wrote a letter to Haroon mentioning that “ It has been such a long
time since Imam has been in my prison during which I have tested him
and my spies were watching his every movements, but I could not find
anything about him except this fact that he was always praying. Even
I arranged so that one of my secret guards could listen to his praying.
According to my secret guard Imam was not cursing you and me, and
was not calling out our names badly and also was asking for nothing
but God’s forgiveness and blessing. Now send someone to here so that
I can deliver Imam to him or I will set him free for I suffer a lot keeping
him in prison.”
It is said that one of the spies reported about the praying which
he had heard from Imam (Pbuh) during his imprisonment .The praying was
“ Oh God! You know that I have always wished that you put me in
an easy place where I can say your prayers and You have embodied my wish ,
I shall appreciate You and I am grateful to You.”
2-In Fazlibn-e Rabi’s Prison
When Haroon received Isa’s letter, He sent someone to Basra, to receive
Imam (Pbuh) and sent him to Baqdad and to deliver him to Fazlibn-e Rabi’
(One of the ministers). Imam was in Baqdad for a long time in Rabi’s prison.
Haroon asked Rabi’ to kill Imam Kazim (Pbuh) but he did not accept to do it .
Haroon through a letter ordered Fazl to deliver him to Fazlibn-e Yahya.
3-In Fazlib-e Yahya Barmaky’s prison
Fazlibn-e Yahya , received Imam and let him be in one of the rooms
of his house having hired the watchmen controlling him . They reported
that Imam was always praying and he connected day with night through
praying and reciting Quarn, busy with praying and he was fasting so
many days and he was not turning his face away from the direction of
By observing Imam’s behavior, Fazl respected him a lot. Haroon had
received news about all these. At that time he was in “Reqah “
(A nearby city in Baqdad). He wrote a letter to Fazl demanding that
he had to kill Imam not respect him. Fazl did not obey Haroon and he
did not kill Imam. Haroon received the news regarding the issue. He
became very angry and summoned Masroor Khadim (One of his cruelest
men) immediately to go to Baqdad to
Moosabn-e Ja’far . “If you find him comfortable. You will give this letter
to Abbas Ibn-e Mohammad and order him to do as the letter dictates
to him”,said he.
4-In Sandi Ibn-e Shahak’s perison
Haroon gave another letter to Masroor Khadim demanding that the letter
must be handed to Sandi Ibn-e Shahak (a cruel Jewish jailer). It was
included in the letter that Sandi Ibn-e Shahak must obey Abbas Ibn-e
Mohammad in anyway.
Masroor Khadim went to Baqdad and entered Fazl Ibn-e Yahya’s house .
No one knew the reason of Masroor’s presence there. He directly went to
Imam and as he was told, Imam was convenient. So, he went to Abbas
Ibn-e Mohammad and Sandi Ibn-e Shahak and handed them Haroon’s
Shortly after that, Abbas’s delegate came hurriedly to Fazl’s house.
Fazl got nervous and accompanied Abbas’s delegate to his house.
Abbas asked for several whips and board -like objects. . Then he
ordered to bare Yahya and Sand Ibn-e Shahak whipped him for one
hundred times during which Abbas was personally witnessing the
event. After that, Fazl left Abbas’s house. Masroor Khadim wrote a
letter to Haroon through which he explained all the event regarding
the issue. Having recognized Sandi Ibn-e Shahak as a suitable person
for killing and torturing Imam Kazim (Pbuh), Haroon ordered Khadim
to deliver Imam to Shahak. So was it.
Imam Kazim (Pbuh)’s Martyrdom
At this time Haroon held a ceremony in his palace in which
so many men holding civil and military posts took part. Here
come his words at the time of addressing his guests:
“ Oh! The people Fazl Ibn-e Yahya is disobeying me and
I want to curse him, you do the same thing.”
“Damn on Fazle Ibn-e Yahya”; shouted the audience. Their
crying caused the doors and walls of Haroon’s palace to
shiver. Fazl ‘s father (Yahya) received the news. He went
hurriedly to Haroon’s palace and he entered through the
special gate (for special persons) so that Haroon could not
notice his presence there. And then he told Haroon “Is it
possible that His Majesty pay attention to my words?”
Haroon listened to him angrily.”Fazl is an inexperienced
young man .I make it up and do the unfinished job,” he continued.
Haroon got very happy and addressed people “Fazl disobeyed me
in one case and I cursed him now he repents and comes back to
me so love him!”, ” We cherish everyone who cherishes you and
we hate everyone who hates you. So; right now we cherish Fazl ”
, reacted the audience.
Hereafter, Yahya Ibn-e Khalid went hurriedly to Baqdad. People
were shocked because of his unexpected arrival and this was
the top story of the day. However Yahya pretended in such a
way that he was there to control the affairs of the city and
agents’ and governors’ tasks. In doing so and trying to sound
truthful, he was dealing with the related matters.
Then, he summoned Shahak (the cruel executioner) and ordered
him to murder Imam Kazem (Pbuh).
He obeyed Yahya’s command which was determined to kill Imam. The
plot is as follows: Adding poisons to Imam’s food and let it be
beside him. Some said that he inserted the poison into some
dates. Shortly after eating the food, Imam felt the symptoms due
to consuming poison in him. He suffered for three days and on
the third day he returned to God and was martyred.
The story of burying Imam Kazim’s body
The Imam’s body was buried in QUREISH’s cemetery in “Babbottin”
section. This cemetery exclusively belonged to Banihashem tribe
and the persons of distinction.
It is said that Imam at the time of his martyrdom, said to
Shahak that he had a friend who lived in Baqdad near Abbas Ibn-e
Mohammad’s house who was originally from Medina and asked
him to tell him to come and be responsible for my ceremonial bath
“I asked Imam to let me cover him with shroud,” said Shahak.
Imam did not let him do so:” We are a family whose wives’
marriage- portion, the expense of the first Hajj ceremony
and shrouds of our dead are supplied with our purest properties”.
“I have shroud of my own, I just want my friend to care for
my ceremonial bath and burying”, he Continued.
His friend was summoned and he did so.
Ya Musa e Kazim (with english translation)