Which direction will the Twelfth Imam come from?

“Our revolution’s main mission is to pave the way for the reappearance of the 12th Imam, the Mahdi”


 Title:  Al-Mahdi, Saheb-ul-Asr and Al-Hujjat
Kunyat:  Abul Qasim
Born at Samarra, on Friday, the 15th Sha’baan 255 A.H.
Father’s name:  Imam Hassan-al-Askari
Mother’s name:  Nargis Khatoon
He is still living and will appear before the end of the end.
1st Heavenly concealment: 8th Rabi-ul-Awwal 260 A.H.
Final Heavenly concealment:  10th Shawwal, 328 A.H.  (939 A.D.)

 Traditions have been reported mentioning the signs for the time of the appearance of the Imam who will arise (qa’im), peace be on him, and the events which will take place before his appearance, together with the indications and features of it.

Among them are:

  • The Sufyani will come out in revolt;

  • The Hasanid will be killed;

  • The Abbasids will dispute over worldly kingdom;

  • There will be an eclipse of the sun in the middle of the month of Ramadan;

  • There will be an eclipse of the moon at the end of that month in contrast to ordinary happenings;

  • The land will be swallowed up at al-Bayda’; it will be swallowed in the east-it will be

  •  swallowed up in the west;

  • The sun will stay still from the time of its decline to the middle of the time for the afternoon

  •  prayer; it will rise from the west;

  • A pure soul (nafs zakiyya) will be killed in the outskirts of Kufa with seventy righteous men;

  • A Hashimite will be slaughtered between the corner (of the Ka’ba) and the station of Abraham);

  • The wall of the mosque of Kufa will be destroyed;

  • Black standards will advance from Khurasan;

  • Al-Yamani will come out in revolt;

  • Al-Maghribi will appear in Egypt and take possession of it from Syria;

  • The Turk will occupy the region of al-Jazira;

  •  the Byzantines will occupy Ramla;

  • The star will appear in the east giving light just like the moon gives light;

  • Then (the new moon) will bend until its two tips almost meet;

  • A colour will appear in the sky and spread to its horizons;

  • A fire will appear for a long time in the east remaining in the air for three or seven days;

  • The Arabs will throw off the reins and take possession of their land, throwing out the foreign

  • authority;

  • The people of Egypt will kill their ruler and destroy Syria; and three standards will dispute

  • over it (Syria);

  • The standards of Qays and the Arabs will come among the people of Egypt;

  • The standards of Kinda (will go) to Khurasan;

  • Horses will come from the west until they are stabled in al-Hira;

  • The black standards will advance towards them from the east; the Euphrates will flood so that the water comes into the alleys of Kufa;

  • Sixty liars will come forward, all of them claiming prophethood, and twelve will come forward from the family of Abu Talib, all of them claiming the Imamate; a man of important rank of thesupporters of the ‘Abbasids will be burnt between Jalula’ and Khaniqin;

  • The bridge next to Karkh in the city of Baghdad will be established;

  • A black wind will raise it at the beginning of the day and then an earthquake will occur so that much of it will be swallowed up;

  • Fear will cover the people of Iraq and Baghdad; swift death (will occur) there and there will be a loss of property, lives and harvests;

  • Locusts will appear at their usual times and at times not usual so that they attack agricultural land and crops and there will be little harvest for what the people planted;

  • Two kinds of foreigners will dispute and much blood will be shed in their quarrel;

  • Slaves will rebel against obedience to their masters and kill their masters (mawali);

  • A group of heretics (ahl al-bida) will be transformed until they become monkeys and pigs;

  • Slaves will conquer the land of their masters; a cry (will come) from the sky (in such a way) that all the people will hear it in their own languages;

  • A face and a chest will appear in the sky before the people in the center of the sun;

  • The dead will arise from their graves so that they will return to the world and they will recognize one another and visit one another;

  • That will come to an end with twenty-four continuous rainstorms and the land will be revived by them after being dead and it will recognize its blessings;

  • After that every disease will be taken away from those of the Shi’a of the Mahdi, peace be on him, who believe in the truth;

  • At that time they will know of his appearance in Mecca and they will go to him to support him.

(These signs) are as the reports have mentioned. Among the total of these events are some which are bound (to happen) and other which are conditional. God knows best what will take place. We have only mentioned them on the basis of what is recounted in basic sources of tradition (usul) because of their inclusion in traditions which have been handed down. From God we seek help and Him do we ask for success.

Imam Jafar, al Sadiq (a.s.) said:  “The one who will rise will not come forth in an odd year:   one, three, five, seven, or nine.”  Imam Jafar, al Sadiq said:  “All voice will summon the one who wall rise on the night of the twenty-third of the month and he will rise onto day of Ashura, the day on which al Hussein ibn Ali (a.s.) was killed.  It is as if I could see him on Saturday, 10th of the month of al Muharram, standing between the corner of the Ka’ba and the station of Ibrahim and Gabriel (a.s.) on his right will call for the pledge of allegiance to God.  His Shia will come to him from the ends of the earth, rolling up in great numbers to pledge allegiance to him.  Then God will fill the earth with justice as it was filled with injustice.”

His Temporary absence and His Appearance Are only known to Allah.

Which direction will the Twelfth Imam come from?

Imam al Baqir said, “It is as if I could see the one who will rise on the Day of Judgment (a.s.), on the sand dunes of Kufa.  He came there from Mecca with five thousand angels.  Gabriel was on his right and Michael on his left.  The believers were standing in front of him and he was scattering the soldiers into the land.”

 Imam al Baqir mentioned the Mahdi and said, “He will enter Kufa and there will be three standards which will have become confused.  They will be clear to him.  He will go in until he comes to the pulpit.  Then he will preach but the people will not know what he says because of  the crying.  On the second Friday, the people will ask him to pray the Friday prayer with them.  He will order that a place of prostration be marked for him with a red dye and he will pray there with them.  Then he will order that a river should be dug from the back of the shrine of al Hussein (a.s.), which would flow to the Ghariyyan so that the water would descend into al, Najaf.  At its entrance, bridges and mills would be working.  It is as if I could see an old woman, on her head a basket, in which wheat is brought to those mills, and they grind it without charging.”

How long will Judgment Day be?  Judgment Day will be for seven years, but each day will lengthen so that one of his years will be the same lengthen ten of our years.  So the years of Dominion will be for 70 years.  On his coming, it will rain on the people during the month of Jumada al Akhira and for ten days during the month of Rajab with rain, the like of which creatures have never seen.  By it God will bring forth the flesh and bodies of the believers in the graves. It is as if I could see them advancing from Juhayna shaking off the soil from their hair.

In our great heavenly book, the Qur’an, there are multiple verses which give the glad tidings of a great manifestation.  One selected verse is:   “God has promised, to those among you who believe and work righteous deeds, that He will, of a surety, grant them in the land, inheritance (of power) as He granted it to those before them that He will establish in authority their religion – the one which He has chosen for them; and that He will change (their state), after the fear in which they (lived), to one of security and peace.  They will worship Me (alone) and not associate ought with me.  If they do reject faith after this, they are rebellious and wicked.” (24:55)
This verse well shows that finally the rule on the earth will be free of tyranny and oppressors and the righteous believers will rule over the universe.  Imam Ali ibn Hussein (a.s.), in commenting upon this verse, said, This group, I swear by God, is those very followers of our school’’.

The Holy Prophet of Islam said:  ‘If only one day remains from the life of the earth, which is filled with tyranny and oppressors, with justice and equity’’.

In traditions of Imam al Sadiq, we read, “When the time of the arising of the rule of the Redeemer comes, he will establish it upon justice.  Tyranny and oppression, during his rule, will be eliminated; roads and passage ways, during his rule, will be safe and the earth will be blessed.  Every right will be given to its rightful owner and he, among the people, will judge like David and Muhammad.  At this time, the earth will reveal its treasures and it will reveal its blessings.  No needy person will be found because all believers will be without need.”  

But whilst there will be such terror and tyranny here will also be another army of hope, mercy and salvation.  It is said that a Seyyid descendant of Imam Hassan A.S. known as Seyyide Hasani, will star a revolution immediately join him in great numbers and his slogan will be Amr bil Maaruf wa Nahy anil Munkar.  We have already seen how in those days Amr bil Maaruf wa Nahy anil Munkar will be impossible.  How many of us see our friends doing wrong done publicly and are not able to redress them?.

  But in those days the situation will be beyond control and yet this Seyyide Hasani will embark on such a mission.  Propagating his mission he will move right down to Kerman and up to Multan.  He will then decide to get into Iraq and see how he can confront Sufiani and how he can put right the wrongs of the day.  He will decide to travel by sea and so he will get into the Gulf and eventually land in Basra.  He will influence the  region around Basra.  News will reach him that the Imam A.S has appeared in Mecca.  At this stage he will concentrate how to meet the ImamA.S. 

 Imam Jafar-e-Sadiq a.s reports quite categorically that when this news will reach Seyyide Hasani he will be convinced that the claim is of the true Imam Mahdi A.S. and not of an impostor.  However, to satisfy his army he will make investigations.  He will receive a word that the Imam has already left Mecca and is on his way to Medina form where he will be proceeding to Kufa.  So Seyyide Hasani with his entire army will divert his journey form Basra to Kufa, where he will have audience with the Imam A.S.  However Shaitan will still be alive on that day.  He will cause chaos.  A number of people in the army of Seyyide Hasani will challenge the authenticity of the Imam A.S., so Seyyide Hasani will ask for proof. 

He will, it is said in traditions, ask for the Ammamma (turban) of the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.W.), the Imam a.s. will produce it. 

 But he will seek further proof and the Imam a.s. will prove it by hitting it on the ground and immediately a tree will grow and in split seconds will sprout branches and leaves and blossom into fruits.  The speed at which this will happen will be unnatural and unheard of.  Even that will not satisfy the Seyyid’s army.  They will ask for further proof. 

The Imam A.S. will then embark upon providing proof of his own.  He will produce the Standard, The Alam which will have been unfolded.  It is said that the Standard has been used only twice.  In the war at Badr and in the war of Jamal.  They will ask the Imam for proof that this is the same Standard.  The Imam will instruct the Standard:  “disclose your identity”.  It is said that the flag will become vocal and will say, “I am now being held by the rightful descendant of the Prophet, the true Mahdi of the day.” 

The Imam will then produce Thulfiqar, (the sword) which will become vocal and will say “I am in the hands of the rightful owner of mine, the true descendant of the Prophet and the true Mahdi of this day.”  Even that will not satisfy them. 

The Imam will then produce the A’saayah of Nabi Musa.  They will ask for proof that it is the walking stick of Nabi Musa.  So the Imam A.S. will repeat the miracle Nabi Musa performed when facing Pharaoh.  He will hit it one the stone and twelve streams of water will immediately flow out of it. 

 The Imam will then ask if the army is not yet satisfied with his proofs.  He will produce the ring of Nabi Suleiman.  When Nabi Suleiman wore the ring, immediately all the birds would come in and gather near him and speak to him and he would speak to them in their language.  That episode will be repeated.  Birds will gather round the Imam A.S.; and will later disperse. 

After that Seyyide Hasani himself will ask the Imam, “I know that the Holy Prophet(pbuh.) had an armor which can only fit his true descendant and nobody else.”  Hazrat Hujjat A.S. will produce that armor and will first give it to Seyyide Hasani.  And the Imam will then say “Wear it on you”.  Seyyide Hasani will then start trembling.  He will say “I did not ask for proof.  I only asked for this to convince my army.  My body is not capable of taking this from your hands.”  The Imam will then insist.  The Armor will not fit Seyyide Hasani.  The Imam will then challenge anybody else to try it on.  The Imam will eventually put in on himself.  It will be a perfect fit.  With all these signs the Imam will say,” I have now given you sufficient proof that I am the Mahdi of the time.” 

At that time the majority of the army of Seyyide Hasani will declare allegiance to the Imam A.S., but 4,000 Yemenis who will be followers of Zaid who was the son of the Fourth Imam A.S..  Although he never proclaimed to be an Imam, some people regarded him so.  They will refuse to swear allegiance.  For three days they will be persuaded but on their refusal to swear allegiance to the Imam A.S. will be killed.

Two signs are absolutely inevitable. 

1.        It is only after the, arrogance of Seyyide-e-Hasani and Sufiani that the Imam’s arrival can be expected.  But the Hadith are clear also that all these three events, the emergence of Sufiani in Palestine, the emergence of Seyyide-e-Hasani from Iran and the emergence of the Imam A.S. in Mecca will take place during the same period of twelve months.  That will be the crucial time.

2.    Thus the position at that stage will be one chaos caused by Sufiani on the one hand and the attempt by Seyyide-e-Hasani to bring people back to religion on the other.  In between these two, the Imam A.S. will reappear and will kill all the enemies so as to bring about justice and equity in the world.

 The last eight months before Thuhr will have very clear signs, in fact we can even start with about 11 months before Thuhr. 

 Imam Jafar al Sadiq (a.s.) has said to Jabir-Jaafi that in the month of Safar preceding the emergence of the Imam A.S. there will appear a comet, known as Al Qarb Zushifa.  The Imam A.S. says that this comet had been seen when the Abassid Khalifa visited Khorasan.  It had become visible just before the destruction of the followers of Nabi Nuh.  It emerged when Ibrahim was being thrown into the fire by Namrud.  It was visible before destruction of the Pharaoh in the time of Musa and it rose when Yahya ibne Zakaria, was murdered in Damascus.  So the appearance of this comet has always been accompanied by dire events:   when Ibrahim was to be killed, when a complete Ummah of Nuh was to be wiped out, when Nafs-e-Zakia, or Yahya ibn Zakaria was to be killed.  This comet will again appear in the month of Safar before the Thuhr. 

 It is also recorded that a two-tailed star will appear in the sky before the advent of Imam Mahdi A.S. and it will be so bright that it will shine like a full moon.  That will also be in the month of Safar. 

 Then we do not know much of what is to follow for a few months but when we come to the eighth month before Thuhr, the month of Jamadi-us-thani, it is said that from the 16th of Jamadi-us-thani to the 10th of Rajab there will be incessant and torrential rain which will cause great damage.  In a way it will be welcome because for three years preceding that period there will be have been famine and drought.  There will not have been a drop of rain in the whole world for three years before that; this is why people will be prepared to give away their daughters in living for a loaf of bread.  The rains will last up to the 10th of Rajab when Sufiani will emerge.  One calamity will be followed by another. 

Rajab will see another sign, there will be a vision of a hand in the sun and a human face will be seen in the moon and will startle the people.  In that month numerous other miracles will begin to appear. 

 In the succeeding month, the holy month of Ramadan, there will be a lunar eclipse at the end of the month and a solar eclipse in the middle of the month.  The ordinary position will be reversed.  It will shock the people.  It is said that this will be a positive sign and that it will be the last holy month before the emergence of the Imam A.S.  But something even more remarkable will happen in that holy month.  The Holy Prophet (pbuh) has said that soon after the middle of that month which Imam Jafar al Sadiq (a.s.) had elucidated as 23rd of the month of Ramadan, Momineen should spend the whole of that night in prayer.  It will not only be a lailatul Juma (Friday eve) but also Lailatul Qadr and the next morning they should lock themselves in their houses.  In fact, every effort should be made to keep away from glass.  Doors should be so bolted that nothing should penetrate through them, because the Holy Prophet (pbuh) and the Imam A.S. have warned that at about mid-day, a shriek will be heard from the sky and it will be so powerful that it will be heard all over the world and so strong that it will cause untold horrors and destruction.  The Holy Prophet (pbuh) has taught us, “When that period comes, prostrate and recite, SUBHANAL QUDDUS, RABBUNAL QUDDUS” and he said that those who would continue with this recitation would be spared any harm from that shriek. 

 Hadith states that at least three loud voices will be heard in that month.  What will follow in Shawwal will be great upheavals.  The month of Zilqaad will see rifts everywhere and in Zilhajj, caravans of Hujjaj will be looted, and the road to pilgrimage will be blocked.  What will happen during Zilhajj will be horrible, but the horrors that will occur in Muharram are absolutely beyond description and it is said that it is in that month of Muharram that there will be the final emergence of the Imam A.S.  These briefly will be the signs that will portray with certainty the arrival of the Imam A.S.  The exact date is not known, even by the Imam A.S. himself – only Allah knows.

But at far as it was possible for Aimma Alaihimusalam to guide us, this is the pattern that has been unfolded.  As was apparent from our discussion the happenings of early days are more speculative in regard to the emergence of the Imam.  But as we progress nearer to the time of Thuhr we are able to tell with exactitude from the signs of the emergence of the Imam A.S.

Hazrat Ali (a.s.) has said that nine definite signs will precede the emergence of Hazrat Mahdi A.S. 

First, he says, Dajaal will emerge. 

Secondly, a loud voice will be heard from the sky. 

Thirdly, Sufiani will appear and wage a fierce war. 

Fourthly, the army of Sufiani will be swallowed by a sudden opening of the land between Mecca and Medina in the desert of Baida. 

Fifthly, a revered wise saint will be murdered in Mecca.  Traditions have it that this will happen on the 23rd of Zilhajj and that this Nafse Zakia will be a Hashemite descent. 

Sixth, a Seyyid descendant of Imam Hasan (a.s.) will emerge with his army, the army of Seyyid-e-Hasani and

Seventh an image of a man will appear in the sky opposite the sun.  We have seen how this will happen in the month of Sha’baan. 

There will be two eclipses in the holy month of Ramadan contrary to the normal order and calculation and the eclipse of the moon.

The last is that on three occasions a loud voice from the sky will be heard in the holy month of Ramadan.  According to Hazrat Ali A.S., these signs are absolute pre-requisite to the re-emergence of the Imam.A.S.

Finally, Imam Jafar al Sadiq (a.s.) was asked, “When such will be the chaos and the insufferable calamities of the time, how do we spare ourselves from going astray?”

 Indeed a hadith says that at that time living the life of a Momeein will be like treading on the edge of a sharp knife.  Imam A.S. was asked how one could come through the turmoil patiently and bear the sufferings until the emergence of the Imam A.S. 





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