Who is the Savior according to Shiite beliefs?

Mahdi (PBUH) in Shia

he name of our twelfth Imam is Mahdi, epithet Abdul-Qasim and his well-known titles are ‘Alqaim’, and ‘Al-Hujjat’, ‘Al-Muntazer’, Al-Mahdi’, and ‘Sahbe-uz-Zaman’.

Imam Mahdi (AS) said:   “Rest assured that no one has a special relationship with Allah.

     Whoever denies me is not from my (community). The appearance of the

     Relief (al- Faraj) depends solely upon Allah. Therefore those who

     propose a certain time for it are liars. As to the benefit of my

     existence in occultation, it is like the benefit of the sun behind the

     clouds where the eyes do not see it. Indeed, my existence is an

     amnesty for inhabitants of the earth. Pray much to Allah to hasten the

     Relief, for therein also lies the release from your sufferings.”

When Janab-e-Nargis was brought before Al-Mutamad and inquiries made about the birth of the twelfth Holy Imam, she, in order to safeguard her own life as well as to protect her son, replied that she had never the symptoms of maternity and labor pain; so, for the moment, he did not harass her, but did put her under the most strict surveillance of Qazi Abu Sorab, entrusting him with the task of killing any child born to her.  Soon after this incident, the Abbaside kingdom passed through a revolutionary phase which greatly bewildered Al-Mutamad.  He was forced to face the invasion of Sahib-al-Zanj, who raided Hejaz and Yemen and let loose the hounds of loot and arson throughout the Abbaside kingdom, subjecting the administration of Baghdad, the capitol, to utter chaos.  Al-Mutamad was, therefore, naturally too occupied by warfare to pay any attention towards Janab-e-Nargis, who was consequently released after six months and questioned no further about the birth of the twelfth Holy Imam. 


He was born on the 15th Sha’baan 255 A.H. in the city of Samarra. The moment on us and singular aspects of his birth greatly resembled those under which the Prophet Musa was born. The birth of Hazart Musa had signaled the downfall and extinction of the empire of Pharaoh, who had ordered the slaying of all the newly born children of Bani-Israel. The Abbaside kings were similarly apprehensive of the continuous traditions of the Holy Prophet about the birth of Imam Mahdi, who was to bring about a curse to their (Abbaside) very empire. They were, therefore, laying in ambush to discover the birth of the Imam and to put an end to his life. But the event of the Imam’s birth was enveloped and shielded by the same Divine protection and miraculous phenomena which had marked the historical birth of Prophet Musa. His birth remained strictly confidential and his nursery shrouded in secrecy except to a few devotees.

The Imam’s birth had coincided with the reign of al-Mutamad, the well-known Abbaside king. He, being aware of the prophecy of the twelfth Imam’s birth occurring in his reign, was extremely worried and anxious to trace him out.

But on the death of Imam Hassan Askari, when he was informed about the Imam’s funeral prayer having been conducted by his four year old son, his perplexity knew no bounds.

It struck his mind that this very boy must be the Imam, but he managed to hide his inner concern at the news of the existence of the young Imam. In order to get confirmation that the young Imam did in fact exist, he ordered the arrest of the Imam’s mother, Janab-e-Nargis Khatoon.


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