The nights of Ramadan Salat

In The Name of Allah, The Most Beneficent, The Most Kind

All related Dua’as and Supplications for the nights of Ramadan can be found in the book, “Supplication Prayers and Ziarats, Call on Me and I Answer You”, Sheikh Qummi, Qum, Iran, 1999.

Listed below are the recommended Night Rak’ats required on top of the common Aam’-als insh’allah.

Night

Night

1 2 Rak’ats
In each Rak’at recite Al Fatihah and then Al An-aam. (pg. 416)
16
Birth of
Imam Hassan A
12 Rak’ats
In each Rak’at recite Al Fatihah and then Al Takaathur 12 times. (pg. 440)
2 4 Rak’ats
In each Rak’at recite Al Fatihah and then Al Qadr 20 times. (pg. 428)
17
Blessed Night
2 Rak’ats
In the first Rak’at recite Al Fatihah and then and other Surah, then, recite Al Fatihah and Surah Al Ikhlas 100 times. (pg. 440) After Salaam recite “Laailaaha illallaah” 100 times.
3 10 Rak’ats
In each Rak’at recite Al Fatihah and then Al Ikhlass 50 times (pg. 429)
18 4 Rak’ats
In each Rak’at recite Al Fatihah and then Al Kawthar 25 times. (pg. 442)
4 8 Rak’ats
In each Rak’at recite Al Fatihah and then Al Qadr 20 times (pg. 430)
19
Layl tul Qadr (Night 19, 21, 23)
Common Aa’-mal
2 Rak’ats
In each Rak’at recite Al Fatihah and then Al Ikhlas 7 times. (pg. 443)
After Salaam recite “Astaghfirullah wa toobu ilayhee”. 100 Rak’ats
In each Rak’at recite Al Fatihah and then Al Ikhlas 10 times. 50 Rak’ats In each Rak’at recite Al Fatihah and then Az Zilzaal.
5 2 Rak’ats
In each Rak’at recite Al Fatihah and then Al Ikhlas 50 times (pg. 430)
After the Salaam recite Salawat 100 times.
20 8 Rak’ats
In each Rak’at recite Al Fatihah and then any other Surah. (pg. 448)
6 4 Rak’ats
In each Rak’at recite Al Fatihah and then Al Mulk 13 times. (pg. 431)
21
Layl tul Qadr (pg. 442 – 446)
Common Aa’-mal
8 Rak’ats
In each Rak’at recite Al Fatihah and then any other Surah. (pg.448)
7 4 Rak’ats
In each Rak’at recite Al Fatihah and then Al Qadr 13 times (pg. 432)
22 8 Rak’ats
In each Rak’at recite Al Fatihah and then any other Surah. (pg. 457)
8 2 Rak’ats
In each Rak’at recite Al Fatihah and then Al Ikhlas 10 times (pg. 432)
After the Salaam recite Subh’aanallah” 1000 times.
23
Layl tul Qadr (pg. 442 – 449)
Common Aa’-mal (pg.459)
Recite
1)      An-Ankaboot
2)      Dukhaan
3)      Ar-Room
4)      Al-Qadr
9 2 Rak’ats
In each Rak’at recite Al Fatihah and then Ayatul Kursee 7 times. (pg. 433)
After Salaam recite Salawaat.
24 8 Rak’ats
In each Rak’at recite Al Fatihah and then any other Surah. (pg. 464)
10 20 Rak’ats
In each Rak’at recite Al Fatihah and then Al Ikhlas 30 times. (pg. 434)
25 8 Rak’ats
In each Rak’at recite Al Fatihah and then Al-Ikhlas 10 times. (pg. 466)
11 2 Rak’ats
In each Rak’at recite Al Fatihah and then Al Kawthar 20 times. (pg. 435)
26 8 Rak’ats
In each Rak’at recite Al Fatihah and then Al-Ikhlas 100 times. (pg. 468)
12 8 Rak’ats
In each Rak’at recite Al Fatihah and then Al Qadr 30 times. (pg. 435)
27 4 Rak’ats
In each Rak’at recite Al Fatihah and then Al-Mulk and Al-Ikhlas 25 times. (pg. 470)
13
Ayammul Bayz (Night 13, 14, 15)
4 Rak’ats
In each Rak’at recite Al Fatihah and then Al Ikhlas 25 times (pg. 436)
28 6 Rak’ats
In each Rak’at recite Al Fatihah and then Ayaatul Kursee 100 times, Al-Ikhlas 100 times and Al-Kawthar 100 times.
After Salaam recite Salawaat 100 times. (pg. 473)
14 8 Rak’ats
In each Rak’at recite Al Fatihah and then Az Zilzaal 30 times. (pg. 437)
29 Final night Aa’-mal is prayed tonight in precaution that it may be the final night of Ramadan, that is if Ramadan is 29 days this year, and then tomorrow night, it is performed the same if Ramadan runs for 30 days.
2 Rak’ats
In each Rak’at recite Al Fatihah and then Al-Ikhlas 20 times.
1)      Recite Durood 100 times.
2)      Recite In a’am
3)      Al Kahf
4)      Yaseen (pg.475)
15 Recite Ziarat Imam Hussayn (a.s)
6 Rak’ats
In three sets of 2  Rak’ats, recite Al Fatihah and then Yaseen, Al Mulk and Al Ikhlas. (pg. 438)
4 Rak’ats
In the first and second Rak’at, recite Al Fatihah and then Al Ikhlass 100 times, then,
In the third and the forth Rak’ats, recite Al Fatihah and Al Ikhlas 50 times.
30
Final night of Ramadan
2 Rak’ats
In each Rak’at recite Al Fatihah and then Al-Ikhlas 20 times.
5)      Recite Durood 100 times.
6)      Recite In a’am
7)      Al Kahf
Yaseen (pg.475)

What to avoid list during the month of Ramadan

 Ramadan is the month of excitement for Muslims. Ramadan is the month of revelation of Quran, the month of reading and reciting the whole Quran, the month of Tahajjud and Qiyam al-layl prayers, Sadaqah, Zakah al-Fitr and Zakah al-Mal. Ramadan is also a month of social activities among Muslims.

No one can go anywhere without preparation, and no one invites a guest without preparing to welcome him / her. Similarly, to welcome Ramadan, the month of fasting, one has to prepare. The following are some tips to help the reader prepare accordingly:

  1. Start reading Quran daily after Salat al-Fajr.
  2. Spend some time listening to recitations from the Quran.
  3. Train yourself to go bed early so that you can wake up far Salat al-Fajr.
  4. Keep yourself in a state of Wudu (Ablution) most of the time.
  5. Evaluate yourself daily before going bed.
  6. Thank Allah for good deeds, and repent to Him for your mistakes and sins.
  7. Start giving Sadaqah daily, no matter how little. Make it a habit like eating and drinking.
  8. Find time to pray extras, such as Tahajjud prayers.
  9. Spend more time reading Islamic books, especially the Quran, Sirah, Hadith, and Fiqh.
  10. Find time to help others with your wisdom, knowledge and other talents.
  11. Try to write articles on Islam for Muslims as well as for non-Muslims.
  12. Associate with Muslim scholars / ulama and other pious people so that you may learn from them.
  13. Train yourself to do good, render free service to others to seek the pleasure of Allah.

What to avoid list during the month of Ramadan

  1. Reduce watching TV, instead spend more time reading the Quran and other Islamic literature.
  2. Avoid looking at unlawful pictures, whether magazines, department store catalogs or otherwise.
  3. Avoid going to theaters; instead go to Masajid, Islamic organizations and make that a daily habit.
  4. Avoid eating too much. Eat only when you are hungry and try not to fill your stomach completely.
  5. If you drink Coffee, Tea or Soda, be sure to reduce consumption.
  6. If you smoke, try to reduce daily usage; otherwise Ramadan will be very difficult for you to observe.
  7. If you like to listen to music, whether the style of western societies or even those from Muslim countries, reduce, even eliminate the time you spent on them; replace them with reciting and listening to recitation from the Quran.
  8. If you enjoy playing cards and board games try your best to avoid them as much as possible and fill your time with something useful.
  9. If you enjoy going with friends to picnics and other social gatherings, try to reduce it before Ramadan; otherwise fasting the month of Ramadan will be more difficult.
  10. If you have friends who do not practice the teaching of Islam, try to avoid socializing with them.
  11. If you travel a lot on business, try to do more local business, so you can be more closer to your family and community.
  12. If you are used to staying up till midnight, try to go to bed earlier, so that you will be able to wake up early for Salat al-Fajr and Tahajjud prayers as well.

To prepare ourselves before the month of Ramadan arrives is far better than waiting till it comes. To prepare ourselves for anything in life is a sign of wisdom and maturity. No one is assured of living one day more; tomorrow may not come. So hurry and benefit from blessings and rewards from Allah.

Remember: “Time is not money or gold; it is life itself and is limited. You must begin to appreciate every moment of your life and always strive to make the best use of it.” – Khurram Murad

A Quick Checklist for the month of Ramadan
  1. Make a resolve to win the maximum favor of Allah by performing extra Voluntary prayers (Nawaafil), making frequent Dua and increased remembrance (Dhikr).
  2. Try to recite some Holy Quran after every Prayer. In fact if you read 3-4 pages after every Prayer you can easily finish the entire Quran in Ramadan!
  3. Study the Tafseer (commentary) every morning.
  4. Invite a person you are not very close with or your relatives to your home for Iftaar, at least once a week (Weekend). You will notice the blessings in your relationships!
  5. Bring life to your family! Everyday, try to conclude the fast with your family and spend some quality time together to understand each other better.
  6. Give gifts on Eid to at least 5 people: 2 to your family members, 2 to your good friends, and 1 to a person whom you love purely for the sake of Allah.
  7. Make commitment to join Islamic study circles to learn more about Islam and improve your own life.
  8. Donate generously to the Masajid, Islamic organizations, and any where people are in need or oppressed. “Because Ramadan, is a month of sharing!”
  9. Share month of Ramadan and its teachings of peace and patience with your neighbours.
  10. Sleep little, eat little! Make sure you do not defeat the purpose of fasting by over-indulging in food and being lazy.
  11. Seek the rare and oft-neglected rewards of the night better than 1000 months (Laylatul-Qadr / Shab-e-Qadr).
  12. Weep in private for the forgiveness of your sins: Ramadan is the month of forgiveness and Allah’s Mercy! It’s never too late.
  13. Learn to control your tongue and lower your gaze. Remember the Prophet’s (pbuh) warning that lying, backbiting, and a lustful gaze all violate the Ramadan fast!
  14. Encourage others to enjoin and love goodness, and to abandon everything that Allah dislikes. Play the role of a Da’ee (one who invites to Allah) with zeal, passion, and sympathy.
  15. Experience the joy of Tahajjud prayers late at night and devote yourself purely and fully to Allah in the Itikaf retreat during the last 10 days of Ramadan.

Dua e Sahar And IFtaar

The Dua mentioned in “Misbah” and “Iqbal”, for the time of Saher (Dawn).

 Audio of this Dua

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YAA MAFZA-E’E I’NDA KURBATEE WA YAA GHAWTHEE I’NDA SHIDDATEE ILAYKA FAZIA TU WA BIKASTAGHATH-TU WA BIKA LUD’TU LAA ALOOD’U BI-SIWAAKA WA LAA AT’LUBUL FARAJA ILLAA MINKA FA-AGHITHNEE WA FARRIJ A’NNEE YAA MAN YAQBALULYASEER WA YAA-FOO A’NIL KATHEER IQBAL MINNIL YASEERA WAA’-FU A’NNIL KATHEER INNAKA ANTAL GHAFOORUR RAH’EEM ALLAAHUMMA INNEE AS-ALUKA EEMAANAN TUBAASHIRU BIHEE QALBEE WA YAQEENAN H’ATTAA AA’-LAMA ANNAHU LAN YUS’EEBANEE ILLAA MAA KATABTA LEE WA RAZ’Z’INEE MINAL A’YSHI BIMAA QASAMTA LEE YAA ARH’AMAR RAAH’IMEEN YAA U’DDATEE FEE KURBATEE WA YAA S’AAH’IBEE FEE SHIDDATEE WA YAA WALIYYEE FEE NIA’-MATEE WA YAA GHAAYATEE FEE RAGHBATEE ANTAS SAATIRU A’WRATEE WAL AAMINU ROO-A’TEE WAL MUQEELU A’THRATEE FAGHFIRLEE KHAT’EEE-ATEE YAA ARH’AMAR RAAH’IMEEN

O my Ultimate Sanctuary when troubles surround me! O my Last Hope when difficulties trouble me! Unto Thee I turn to, before Thee I stand to get help, with Thee I take refuge, except Thee there is no refuge; I do not seek joy after sorrow from anyone save Thee, so come to my help and free me from cares O He who accept even the smallest (efforts) but excuses from restrictions, accept whatever little there is and release from hardships frequently, Verily Thou art Oft-forgiving, Merciful. O Allah I ask for the faith which gives joy, satisfaction and confidence to my heart till I am positively aware that I will not have my fill unless it has been approved for me, and happiness will agree with me only whereby justly and fairly distributed, O the Most Merciful. O my “means” in my troubles! O my Companion in my difficulties! O my Guardian in my happiness! O the ultimate of my inclinations! Thou covers up my shortcomings, affords security in the event of crisis end fearful disasters, therefore, overlook my transgressions, O the Most Merciful.

The Niyat (Intent) for keeping fast.

The fasts of the month of Ramadan are obligatory. When the Crescent is sighted we should declare to ourselves that, we will keep all fasts during this month wajib qurbatan ilallah i.e., to attain nearness to Allah. Just like Salat/Namaz (prayers) the Niyat of fasting is mental, and is the case with Niyat of every action. To declare it in words cannot only be defined as Niyat.

The image “http://alqaem.org/images/dates.jpg” cannot be displayed, because it contains errors. The following Dua may be recited at the time of breaking one’s fast:

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ALLAAHUMMA LAKA S’UMTU WA A’LAA RIZQIKA AFT’ARTU WA A’LAYKA TAWAWKKALTU

O my Allah, for Thee, I fast, and with the food Thou gives me I break the fast, and I rely on Thee

Ameer ul-Moomineen Ali Ibne Abi Taalib (A.S.) used to recite the following du’a before Iftaar:

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BISMILLAAH ALLAAHUMMA LAKA S’UMNAA WA A’LAA RIZQIKA AFT’ARNAA FA-TAQABBAL MINNAA INNAKA ANTAS SAMEE-U’L A’LEEM

In the name of Allah, O Allah, we fast, and with the food Thou gives us we break the fast, an obligation we fulfill, and Thou art Hearer, Knower

While taking the first mouthful recite:

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BISMILLAAHIR RAH’MAANIR RAH’EEM YAA WAASI-A’L MAGHFIRATI IGHFIR LEE

In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful, O He whose indulgence is boundless, forgive me

Recite Soorah Al-Qadr.
Give alms in the name of Allah.
Recite Dua-e-Iftitaah.

Download Dua-e-Iftitaah.

Dua after every Wajib prayer during Ramzan

Ya Ali-o Ya Azeem-o Ya Ghafoor-o Ya Raheem
Anta rabbul azeemul lazi
laisa kamislehi shaeun
wa huas-sami ul baseer
Wa haza shahrun az-zamtahu wa kar-ramtahu
wa shar-raftahu wa faz-zaltahu alash-shahoor
r
wa huash-shahrul-lazi farazta sayamahu alaiyya
wa hua shahru ramazan al-lazi anzalta feehil quran
huddal-lin-naase wa bayyanatim-min al huda wal furqan
wa ja-alta feehe lailatal-qadre
wa ja-altaha khairum-mil alfis-shahr

fayazal man-ne wa la yuman-nu alaika munna
alaiy-ya befikaake raqebati minan-naar
feeman tamun-nu alaihe wa adkhilnil jannah
be rahmateka ya arhamar-rahimeen

O High, O Mighty, O Forgiver, O Merciful,
You are the Mighty Lord,
who has none like Him,
and He is the All Hearing, the All Seeing.
This is a month which You have made; exalted, honored, ennobled and excelled over the other months.
It is the month in which You have made fasting obligatory on me, and it is the month of Ramadhan, in which You sent down the Qur’an, a guidance for mankind, having clear signs of guidance and distinction. You have placed in it the night of power, and made it better than a thousand months. O One who favours, and none favours You, favour me by saving me from the fire, amongst the ones You favour, and make me enter Heaven, by Your mercy,
O the most Merciful

Another dua after every Wajib prayer during Ramzan

Prophet Mohammad(pbuh&hf) has said that whoever recites this dua after every wajib prayer during Ramzan, his/her previous sins would be forgiven by Allah(swt). Here is the dua:

Allahumma Salle ala Mohammadin wa aale Mohammad
Allahumma adkhil ala ahlil qabooris-suroor
Allahumma aghne kulle faqeer
Allahumma ashbe kulle jaeyin
Allahummaksu kulla uryanin
Allahummaqze daina kulle madyunin
Allahumma far-rij an kulli makroobin
Allahumma rudda julla ghareebin
Allahumma fukka kulla aseerin
Allahumma asleh kulla fasidim-min umooril muslimeen
Allahummashfe kulla mareez
Allahumma sudda faqrana be ghinaka
Allahumma ghayyer sooaa halina behusne halik

Allahummaqze an-nad-deena wa aghnina minal faqr

Innaka ala kulle shaiyin qadeer

O Allah! bless Muhammad and the family of Muhammad.
O Allah! gladden the people of the graves,
O Allah! enrich every poor person,
O Allah! satisfy every hungry one,
O Allah! clothe every unclothed one,
O Allah! help every debtor pay his debts,
O Allah! relieve every distressed one,
O Allah! return every traveller (to his home),
O Allah! release every prisoner,
O Allah! correct every wrong in the affairs of the Muslims,
O Allah! cure every sick one,
O Allah! ease our poverty by Your wealth,
O Allah! change our evil state to a good one through Your excellent state,
O Allah! relieve us of our debts, and help us against poverty,
Surely You have power over all things.

Duas during last 10 Nights of Ramzan

Night of 21

  ya mulija fin nahare waya mulijan nahare fil laile wamukhrejal hayye minal maiyyete wa mukyuzhebohrijal maiyyete minal haiyye ya raziqa maiyyasha beghare hisabin ya allaho ya rahmano ya allaho ya raheemo ya allaho ya allaho ya allaho lakal asmaaul husna wal amsalul ulya wal kibriyaaowal aalaao asaloka an tusalli ala mohammadin wa aale mohammadin wa an tajalasmi fee hazehil lailate fissoadaae waroohi maash shohadaae wa ehsani fee illiyyina wa isaati maghfooratan wa an tahaba lee yaqeenan tubasahero behee qalbi wa eemanan yuzhebus shaka anni wa turziani bema qasamta lee wa aatina fid dunya hasanataoon waqina azabannaaril hareeqay warzuqni feeha zikraka wa shukraka warraghbata ilaika wal inaabata wat tobata wat taufiqa lema waffaqta lahoo mohammadan wa aale mohammadin alaihe wa alaihimus salaamo

Night of 22

  ya saalikhan nahare minal laile fiza nahno muzlemoona wa mujriash shamse lemustaqarreha betaqdeereka ya azizo ya aleemo wa muqadderal qamare manazila hatta aada kal urjoonil qaddeme ya noora kulle noorin wa muntaha kulle raghbatin wa waliyya kulle nea matin ya allaho ya rahmano ya allaho ya quddooso ya ahado ya wahido ya fardo ya allaho ya allaho ya allaho lakal asmaaul husna wal amsalul ulya wal kibriyaao wal aalaao asaloka an tusalliya ala mohammadin wa ahle baitehi wa an tajalasmi fee haazehil lailate fis suadaae waroohi maash shohadaae wa ehsanifee illiyina waesaati maghfooratan wa an tahaba lee yaqeenan tubhaashiro behee qalbi wa eemanan yuzhibush shakka anni wa turziani bema qasamta lee wa aatina fid dunya hasanataoon wa fil aakhirate hasanataoon waqina azaabannaril hareeqe warzuqni feeha zikreka washukraka war raghbata ilaika wal inabata wat taubata wat taufeeqa lima waffaqta lahoo mohammadan wa aale mohammadin alaihe wa alaihimus salamo

Night of 23

  ya rabba lailatil qadr waja elaha khairam min alfe shahrin warabbal lailay wan nahare wal jibale wal behare waz zulame wal anware wal arze was samaae ya bareeo ya musawwero ya hannano ya mannano ya allaho ya rahmano ya allaho ya qayyoomo ya allaho ya bodio ya allaho ya allaho ya allaho lakal asmaaul husna wal amsalul ulya walkibriyaao wal aalaao asaloka an tusalliya ala mohammadin wa aale mohammadin wa an tajala ismi fee haazehil lailate fis suadaaewaruhi maash shuhadaae wa ehsani fee illeeyeena wa isaati maghfooratan wa an tahaba lee yaqeenan tubashero behee qalbi wa eemanan yuzhebush shakka anni waturziani bemaa qasamta lee wa aatina fid dunya hasanataoon wafil aakherate hasanataoon waqina azabannaril hareeqe warzuqni fiha zikraka washukraka warrughbata ilaika walinabata wat tobata wat taufiqa lema waffaqta lahoo mohammadan wa aale mohaammadin salawatoka alaihay wa alaihim

Night of 24

  ya faliqal asbahe wajaelal laile sakanan wash shamse walqamare husbanan ya azeezo ya aleemo yazalmanne wat taule wal quwwate walhaule walfazle waliname ya zaljalale walikrame ya allaho ya rahmano ya allaho ya fardo ya witro ya allaho ya zahero ya bateno ya hayyo laa ilaha illa anta ya allahoya allaho lakal asmaaul husna wal amsalul ulia walkibriyaao wal aalaao asaloka an tusalli ala mohammadin wa aale mohammadinwa an tajalasmi fee haazehil lailate fissuadaae wa ruhi maash shohadaae wa ehsani fee illeeyyeena wa isaa ati maghfooratanwa an tahaba lee yaqeenan tubashiro behee qalbi wa eemanan yuzhibush shakka anni warizan bima qasamta lee wa aatina fid dunya hasanataoon wafil aakheratan hasanataoon waqina azaaban naaril hareeqe warzuqni feeha zikraka washukraka war raghbata ilaika wal inabata wat taubata wat taufeeqa lima waffaqta lahoo mohammadan wa aale mohammadin alaihe wa alaihimus salamo

Night of 25

  Ya jaailal laili libaasan wan nahaari ma aashan wal arzi mihaadaun waljibaal aw taadan ya Allahu ya qahiru ya Allahu ya jabbaru ya Allahu ya samiu ya Allahu ya qaribu ya Allahu ya mujibu ya Allahu ya Allahu ya Allahu lakal asmaaul husna wal amsalu ulya wal kibriaau wal aalaau asaluka an tusalli alaa muhammadiun wa aali muhammadin wa an taj alasmi fi haazihil lailati fis suadaai waruhi ma aash shuhadaai wa ihsaani fi illiyina wa isaa ati maghfooratan wa an tahaba li yaqinan tubaashiru bihi qalbi wa imaanan yuzhibush shakka anni warizan bima qasamta li wa aatina fid dunya hasanataun wa fil aakhirati hasanataun waqina azaaban naaril hariqi warzuqni feeha zikraka wa shukraka war raghbata ilaika wal inabata wat taubata wat taufiqa lima waf faqta lahu muhammadiun wa aali muhammadin salawaatuka alaihi wa alaihim

Night of 26

  Ya jailal laili wan nahari aayataini ya man maha aayatal laili waja ala aayatan nahari mubsiratal litabtaghu fazlam minhu wa rizwanan ya mufassila kulli shai in tafsilan ya Allahu ya majiduya wah habuya Allahu ya jawadu ya Allahu ya Allahu ya Allahu lakal asmaaul husna wal amsalu ulya wal kibriaau wal aalaau asaluka an tusalli alaa muhammadiun wa aali muhammadin wa an taj alasmi fi haazihil lailati fis suadaai waruhi ma aash shuhadaai wa ihsaani fi illiyina wa isaa ati maghfuratan wa an tahaba li yaqinan tubaashiru bihi qalbi wa imaanan yuzhibush shakka anni warizan bima qasamta li wa aatina fid dunya hasanataun wa fil aakhirati hasanataun waqina azaaban naaril hariqi warzuqni fiha zikraka wa shukraka war raghbata ilaika wal inabata wat taubata wat taufiqa lima waf faqta lahu muhammadiun wa aali muhammadin alaihi wa alaihimus salamu

Night of 27

  Ya maad daz zilli walau shieta laja altohu sakinan waja altash shamsa alaihi dalilan summa qabaztahu ilaika qabzai yasira ya zal hauli wat tauli wal kibriaai wal aalaai laa ilaaha illa anta aalimul ghaibi wash shahadati ar rahmaanur rahimu la ilaha illa anta ya qud dusu ya salamu ya muminu ya muhaiminu ya azizu ya jabbaru ya mutakab biru ya Allahu ya khaliqu ya baariu ya musaw wiru ya Allahu ya Allahu ya Allahu lakal asmaaul husna wal amsalu ulya wal kibriaau wal aalaau asaluka an tusalli alaa muhammadiun wa aali muhammadin wa an taj alasmi fi haazihil lailati fis suadaai waruhi ma aash shuhadaai wa ihsaani fi illiyina wa isaa ati maghfuratan wa an tahaba li yaqinan tubaashiru bihi qalbi wa imaanan yuzhibush shakka anni warizan bima qasamta li wa aatina fid dunya hasanataun wa fil aakhirati hasanataun waqina azaaban naaril hariqi warzuqni fiha zikraka wa shukraka war raghbata ilaika wal inabata wat taubata wat taufiqa lima waf faqta lahu muhammadiun wa aali muhammadin salawaatuka alaihi wa alaihim

Night of 28

  Ya khazinal laili fil hawaai wa ya khazinan noori fis samaai wa manias samaai an taqa a alal arzi illa bi iznihi wahabisahuma an tazula ya alimu ya azimu ya ghafuru ya daaimu ya Allahu ya warisu ya baisu man fil quburi ya Allahu ya Allahu ya Allahu lakal asmaaul husna wal amsalu ulya wal kibriaau wal aalaau asaluka an tusalli alaa muhammadiun wa aali muhammadin wa an taj alasmi fi haazihil lailati fis suadaai waruhi ma aash shuhadaai wa ihsaani fi illiyina wa isaa ati maghfuratan wa an tahaba li yaqinan tubaashiru bihi qalbi wa imaanan yuzhibush shakka anni warizan bima qasamta li wa aatina fid dunya hasanataun wa fil aakhirati hasanataun waqina azaaban naaril hariqi warzuqni fiha zikraka wa shukraka war raghbata ilaika wal inabata wat taubata wat taufiqa lima waf faqta lahu muhammadiun wa aali muhammadin salawaatuka alaihi wa alaihim

Night of 29

  Ya mukawwiral laili alan nahari wa mukawwiran nahari alal laili ya alimu ya hakimu ya rabbal arbabi wa sayyidas saadaati la ilaha illa anta ya man hua aqrabu ilayya min hablil waridi ya Allahu ya Allahu ya Allahu lakal asmaaul husna wal amsalu ulya wal kibriaau wal aalaau asaluka an tusalli alaa muhammadiun wa aali muhammadin wa an taj alasmi fi haazihil lailati fis suadaai waruhi ma aash shuhadaai wa ihsaani fi illiyina wa isaa ati maghfuratan wa an tahaba li yaqinan tubaashiru bihi qalbi wa imaanan yuzhibush shakka anni warizan bima qasamta li wa aatina fid dunya hasanataun wa fil aakhirati hasanataun waqina azaaban naaril hariqi warzuqni fiha zikraka wa shukraka war raghbata ilaika wal inabata wat taubata wat taufiqa lima waf faqta lahu muhammadiun wa aali muhammadin salawaatuka alaihi wa alaihim

Night of 30

  Alhamdu lillaahi la sharika lahu alhamdu lillaahi yambaghi likarami wajhihi wa izzi jalalihi wakama huwa ahluhu ya quddusu ya nuru ya nural qudusi ya subbuhu ya muntahas tasbihi ya rahmanu ya faailar rahmati ya Allahu ya alimu ya kabiru ya allahu ya latifu ya jalilu ya allahu ya samiiu ya basiru ya Allahu ya Allahu ya Allahu lakal asmaaul husna wal amsalu ulya wal kibriaau wal aalaau asaluka an tusalli alaa muhammadiun wa aali muhammadin wa an taj alasmi fi haazihil lailati fis suadaai waruhi ma aash shuhadaai wa ihsaani fi illiyina wa isaa ati maghfuratan wa an tahaba li yaqinan tubaashiru bihi qalbi wa imaanan yuzhibush shakka anni warizan bima qasamta li wa aatina fid dunya hasanataun wa fil aakhirati hasanataun waqina azaaban naaril hariqi warzuqni fiha zikraka wa shukraka war raghbata ilaika wal inabata wat taubata wat taufiqa lima waf faqta lahu muhammadiun wa aali muhammadin salawaatuka alaihi wa alaihim

Reaping the opportunities in Ramadan

Reaping the opportunities in Ramadan

The Prophet’s (may Allah send His blessing and peace upon him) companions used to say, “Let not the day that you fast and the day that you do not fast be equal.” It is important that one’s behaviour, attitude and outlook should not be the same on the day that one is fasting and when one is not fasting. There should be a change, as one is trying to worship Allah more, so one’s fasting should have an effect. Lesson 1: Gaining taqwa (fear of Allah)

Allah legislated fasting for gaining taqwa, “O you who believe fasting has been prescribed upon you as it has been prescribed upon those before you, so that you may attain taqwa.” (meaning of Sooratul Baqarah (2):138) Tawqa in this case means, to make a shield between oneself and Allah’s anger and hellfire. So we should ask ourselves, when we break our fasts, ‘Has this fasting day made us fear Allah more ? Has it resulted that we want to protect ourselves from the hellfire ?’

Lesson 2: Drawing us closer to Allah

This is achieved by reciting and reflecting on Al-Qur’an during the night and the day, attending the taraweh prayers, remembering Allah, sitting in circles of knowledge and for those who can, making umrah. The Prophet (may Allah send His blessing and peace upon him) said,”An umrah in the month of Ramadan is equal (in reward) to performing a hajj.” (Ahmad & Ibn Majah). Also for those who can, making itikaf (seclusion) in the last ten days of Ramadan, so to leave all worldly pursuits and seclude oneself in a masjid just thinking of Allah, this brings us closer to Allah. When one sins, one feels distant from Allah. That is why one might find it hard to read and reflect on the Qur’an and come to the masjid. However, the obedient worshipper feels closer to Allah and wants to worship Allah more, because Allah forgives and is merciful.

Lesson 3: Acquiring patience and strong will

Allah has mentioned patience more than seventy times in the Qur’an and has commanded patience in more than sixteen ways in His Book. So when one fasts, and gives up one’s food and drink, and one’s marital sexual relations for those hours, one learns restraint and patience. This ummah needs men and women that are strong willed, who can stand upon the Sunnah and the Book of Allah and not waver in front of the enemies of Allah. We do not need emotional people, who raise slogans and shout, but when the time comes to stand upon something firm, they cannot do so, they waver.

Lesson 4: Striving for ihsan (righteousness & sincerity) and staying away from riyaa� (showing off)

Ihsan means to worship Allah as if one sees Him, for if one does not see Him, He sees all. Hasan al-basri said,”By Allah in the last twenty years, I have not said a word or taken something with my hand or refrained to take something with my hand or stepped forward or stepped back, except that I have thought before I have done any action,’Does Allah love this action ? Is Allah pleased with this action ?’ ” So when one is fasting, one should gain this quality of watching oneself and also staying away from riyah (showing off). That is why Allah said in a qudsi hadith, “..Fasting is for Me and I will reward it..” (Bukhari) Allah singles out fasting from all other types of worship saying, “..Fasting is for Me..”, because no one knows whether you are fasting or not, except Allah. For example, when one is praying or giving charity or making tawwaf, one can be seen by the people, so one might do the action seeking the praise of the people. Sufian at-thawri used to spend the nights and the days crying and the people used to ask him, “Why do you cry, is it due to the fear of Allah ?”, he said,’No.’, they said,”Is it due to the fear of the hell-fire ?”, he said, ‘No. It is not the fear of Allah that makes me cry, what makes me cry is that I have been worshipping Allah all these years and doing scholarly teaching, but I am not certain that my intentions are purely for Allah.’

Lesson 5: Refinement of manners, especially those related to truthfulness and discharging trusts.

The Prophet (may Allah send His blessing and peace upon him) said,”Whoever does not abandon falsehood in word and action, then Allah, the Mighty and the Majestic has no need that he should leave his food and drink.” (Bukhari) And the Prophet (may Allah send His blessing and peace upon him) said,”It may be that a fasting person attains nothing but hunger and thirst from his fast.” (Ibn Majah) What we learn from this, is that we must pay attention to the purification of our manners. The Prophet (may Allah send His blessing and peace upon him) said,”I was sent to perfect good manners.” (Muwatta) So we must check ourselves, are we following the behaviour of the Prophet (may Allah send His blessing and peace upon him). For example, Do we give salam to those we don’t know and those we do know? Do we follow the manners of Islam, by telling the truth and only telling the truth? Are we merciful to the creation?

Lesson 6: Recognising that one can change for the better

The Prophet (may Allah send His blessing and peace upon him) said,”Every son of Adam sins and the best of the sinners are those who repent.” (Ibn Majah) Allah provides many opportunities to repent to Him and seek His forgiveness. If one was disobedient they can become obedient.

Lesson 7: Being more charitable

Ibn Abbas said,”The Prophet (may Allah send His blessing and peace upon him) was the most charitable amongst the people, and he used to be more so in the month of Ramadan when Gibreel used to meet him on every night of Ramadan till the end of the month. The Prophet (may Allah send His blessing and peace upon him) used to recite the Holy Qur’an to Gibreel.” (Bukhari) The Prophet (may Allah send His blessing and peace upon him) said, “He who gives food for a fasting person to break his fast, he will receive the same reward as him, without nothing being reduced from the fasting person’s reward.” (Tirmidhi )

Lesson 8: Sensing the unity of the Muslims

The Prophet (may Allah send His blessing and peace upon him) said, “…Those of you who will live after me, will see many differences. Then you must cling on to my Sunnah and the Sunnah of the rightly guided khalifah. Hold fast to it and stick to it..” (Abu Dawud) It is possible for Muslims to be a single body, but this will only be achieved when obedience is only to Allah and His Messenger. One senses unity, because the Muslims pray and fast together.

Lesson 9: Learning discipline

The Prophet (may Allah send His blessing and peace upon him) said, “Bilal makes the adhan, while it is still night; therefore, eat and drink until Ibn Umm Maktum makes the adhan.” (Bukhari) The Prophet (may Allah send His blessing and peace upon him) made us adhere to this strictness. Similarly one cannot knowingly break the fast before the sunset, as this will not be accepted by Allah. Muslims should learn to be very strict in their lives, because they are people of an important message, which they mould their lives around.

Lesson 10: Teaching the young to worship Allah

It was the practice of the people of Madinah, that during the fast of Ashura (which is now a recommended fast of one day) to get their children to fast with them. When the children would cry of hunger and thirst, their parents would distract their attention by giving them some sort of toy to play with. The children would break their fast with their parents. (mentioned in Bukhari) So the young should be brought to the masjid and they should pray with their parents, so that they are able to get into the habit of becoming worshippers of Allah. If one does not encourage children to fast when they are young, they will find it very difficult to fast for thirty days at the age of puberty. This is why the Prophet (may Allah send His blessing and peace upon him) said, “Command your children to pray at the age of seven and beat them at the age of ten (if they do not pray)” (Hakim)

Lesson 11: Caring for one’s health

Fasting teaches Muslims to take care of their health and to build strong bodies. The Prophet (may Allah send his blessing and peace upon him) said,”A strong believer is better and is more beloved to Allah than a weak believer, and there is good in everyone.” (Muslim)

The Inner Dimensions Of Fastings

From Inner Dimensions of Islamic Worship by Imam Abu Hamid al-Ghazali

Translated from the Ihya’ by Mukhtar Holland

Three Grades

It should be known that there are three grades of Fasting: ordinary, special and extra-special.

    Ordinary Fasting means abstaining from food, drink and sexual satisfaction.

    Special Fasting means keeping one’s ears, eyes, tongue, hands and feet — and all other organs — free from sin.

    Extra-special Fasting means fasting of the heart from unworthy concerns and worldly thoughts, in total disregard of everything but God, Great and Glorious is He. This kind of Fast is broken by thinking of worldly matters, except for those conducive to religious ends, since these constitute provision for the Hereafter and are not of this lower world. Those versed in the spiritual life of the heart have even said that a sin is recorded against one who concerns himself all day with arrangements for breaking his Fast. Such anxiety stems from lack of trust in the bounty of God, Great and Glorious is He, and from lack of certain faith in His promised sustenance.

    To this third degree belong the Prophets, the true awliya and the intimates of God. It does not lend itself to detailed examination in words, as its true nature is better revealed in action. It consists in utmost dedication to God, Great and Glorious is He, to the neglect of everything other than God, Exalted is He. It is bound up with the significance of His words: ‘Say: “Allah (sent it down)”: then leave them to play in their vain discussions.’ [al-An'am,6:91]

Inward Requirements

As for Special Fasting, this is the kind practiced by the righteous. It means keeping all one’s organs free from sin and six things are required for its accomplishment:

1. SEE NOT WHAT DISPLEASES GOD

A chaste regard, restrained from viewing anything that is blameworthy or reprehensible, or that distracts the heart and diverts it from the remembrance of God, Great and Glorious is He. Said the Prophet, on him be peace: ‘The furtive glance is one of the poisoned arrows of Satan, on him be God’s curse. Whoever forsakes it for fear of God will receive from Him, Great and Glorious is He, a faith the sweetness of which he will find within his heart.’

Jabir relates from Anas that God’s Messenger, on him be peace, said: ‘Five things break a man’s Fast: lying, backbiting, gossiping, perjury and a lustful gaze.’

2. SPEAK NOT…

Guarding one’s tongue from idle chatter, lying, gossiping, obscenity, rudeness, arguing and controversy; making it observe silence and occupying it with remembrance of God, Great and Glorious is He, and with recitation of Quran. This is the fasting of the tongue. Said Sufyan: ‘Backbiting annuls the Fast.’ Layth quotes Mujahid as saying: ‘Two habits annul Fasting: backbiting and telling lies.’

The Prophet, on him be peace, said: ‘Fasting is a shield; so when one of you is Fasting he should not use foul or foolish talk. If someone attacks him or insults him, let him say: “I am Fasting, I am Fasting!”‘

According to Tradition: ‘Two women were Fasting during the time of God’s Messenger, on him be peace. They were so fatigued towards the end of the day, from hunger and thirst, that they were on the verge of collapsing. They therefore sent a message to God’s Messenger, on him be peace, requesting permission to break their Fast. In response, the Prophet, on him be peace, sent them a bowl and said: “Tell them to vomit into it what they have eaten.” One of them vomited and half filled the bowl with fresh blood and tender meat, while the other brought up the same so that they filled it between them. The onlookers were astonished. Then the Prophet, on him be peace, said: “These two women have been Fasting from what God made lawful to them, and have broken their Fast on what God, Exalted is He, made unlawful to them. They sat together and indulged in backbiting, and here is the flesh of the people they maligned!”‘

3. HEAR NOT…

Closing one’s ears to everything reprehensible; for everything unlawful to utter is likewise unlawful to listen to. That is why God, Great and Glorious is He, equated the eavesdropper with the profiteer, in His words, Exalted is He:

‘Listeners to falsehood, consumers of illicit gain.’ [al-Ma'idah, 5:42]

God, Great and Glorious is He, also said:

‘Why do their rabbis and priests not forbid them to utter sin and consume unlawful profit?’ [al-Ma'idah, 5:63]

Silence in the face of backbiting is therefore unlawful. God, Exalted is He, said: ‘You are then just like them.’ [al-Nisa, 4:140] That is why the Prophet, on him be peace, said: ‘The backbiter and his listener are copartners in sin.’

4. DO NOT…

Keeping all other limbs and organs away from sin: the hands and feet from reprehensible deeds, and the stomach from questionable food at the time for breaking Fast. It is meaningless to Fast — to abstain from lawful food – only to break one’s Fast on what is unlawful. A man who Fast like this may be compared to one who builds a castle but demolishes a city. Lawful food injurious in quantity not in quality, so Fasting is to reduce the former. A person might well give up excessive use of medicine, from fear of ill effects, but he would be a fool to switch to taking poison. The unlawful is a poison deadly to religion, while the lawful is a medicine, beneficial in small doses but harmful in excess. The object of Fasting is to induce moderation. Said the Prophet, on him be peace: ‘How many of those who Fast get nothing from it but hunger and thirst!’ This has been taken to mean those who break their Fast on unlawful food. Some say it refers to those who abstain from lawful food, but break their Fast on human flesh through backbiting, which is unlawful. Others consider it an allusion to those who do not guard their organs from sin.

5. AVOID OVEREATING

Not to over-indulge in lawful food at the time of breaking Fast, to the point of stuffing one’s belly. There is no receptacle more odious to God, Great and Glorious is He, than a belly stuffed full with lawful food. Of what use is the Fast as a means of conquering God’s enemy and abating appetite, if at the time of breaking it one not only makes up for all one has missed during the daytime, but perhaps also indulges in a variety of extra foods? It has even become the custom to stock up for Ramadan with all kinds of foodstuffs, so that more is consumed during that time than in the course of several other months put together. It is well known that the object of Fasting is to experience hunger and to check desire, in order to reinforce the soul in piety. If the stomach is starved from early morning till evening, so that its appetite is aroused and its craving intensified, and it is then offered delicacies and allowed to eat its fill, its taste for pleasure is increased and its force exaggerated; passions are activated which would have lain dormant under normal conditions.

The spirit and secret nature of Fasting is to weaken the forces which are Satan’s means of leading us back to evil. It is therefore essential to cut down one’s intake to what one would consume on a normal night, when not Fasting. No benefit is derived from the Fast if one consumes as much as one would usually take during the day and night combined. Moreover, one of the properties consists in taking little sleep during the daytime, so that one feels the hunger and thirst and becomes conscious of the weakening of one’s powers, with the consequent purification of the heart.

One should let a certain degree of weakness carry over into the night, making it easier to perform the night Prayers (tahajjud) and to recite the praises (awrad). It may then be that Satan will not hover around one’s heart, and that one will behold the Kingdom of Heaven. The Night of Destiny represents the night on which something of this Kingdom is revealed. This is what is meant by the words of God, Exalted is He:

‘We surely revealed it on the Night of Power.’ [al-Qadr, 97:1]

Anyone who puts a bag of food between his heart and his breast becomes blind to this revelation. Nor is keeping the stomach empty sufficient to remove the veil, unless one also empties the mind of everything but God, Great and Glorious is He. That is the entire matter, and the starting point of it all is cutting down on food.

6. LOOK TO GOD WITH FEAR AND HOPE

After the Fast has been broken, the heart should swing like a pendulum between fear and hope. For one does not know if one’s Fast will be accepted, so that one will find favor with God, or whether it will be rejected, leaving one among those He abhors. This is how one should be at the end of any act of worship one performs.

It is related of al-Hasan ibn Abil Hasan al-Basri that he once passed by a group of people who were laughing merrily. He said: ‘God, Great and Glorious is He, has made the month of Ramadan a racecourse, on which His creatures compete in His worship. Some have come in first and won, while others have lagged behind and lost. It is absolutely amazing to find anybody laughing and playing about on the day when success attends the victors, and failure the wasters. By God, if the veil were lifted off, the doer of good would surely be preoccupied with his good works and the evildoer with his evil deeds.’ In too full of joy to indulge in idle sport, while for one who has suffered rejection laughter will be precluded by remorse.

Of al-Ahnaf ibn Qays it is reported that he was once told: ‘You are an aged elder; Fasting would enfeeble you.’ But he replied: ‘By this I am making ready for a long journey, Obedience to God, Glorified is He, is easier to endure than His punishment.’

Such are the inwardly significant meanings of Fasting.

Al-Ghazali, Inner Dimensions of Islamic Worship