An Interview With Shaitan

An Interview With Shaitan
(the cursed one)
Prophet Mohammed (PBUH)
(the Messenger of Allah)
(may the Peace of Allah be upon him and his Progeny)
Kitab Ul-Awael

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he below mentioned text is from the book An Interview With Shaitan Published by : Dabistan E Zehra, Bombay, India.

Once our beloved Prophet Mohammed (may the peace of Allah be upon him and his Progeny) was walking out with his As’haabs (companions) from the back side of the Jan’atul Baqi (Medina). As he was stepping out, he saw a very old man with a colourful hat on his head, colourful belt with diamonds on it was around his waist, with a bell in his left hand, and with a net in his right hand. This old man said ‘As salamu alaikum yah Rasool Allah‘ (O Prophet of Allah may the peace of Allah be upon you) to our beloved Prophet. Prophet didn’t reply to his salaam. This old man knew why our Prophet didn’t reply to his salaam. After all this old man was not like any other old man, he was Shaitan-the cursed one. Then Shaitan said, ‘Salaam ul-llahai Alaykum yah Rasool Allah’ (Allah’s peace be upon you O Prophet of Allah).Then, our Prophet accepted his salaam. Now, the As’haabs (companions) of Prophet understood that this was the cursed one Shaitan. All the As’haabs were surprised to see the cursed one personally. Shaitan (the cursed one) attempted to misguide even the Prophets and Imams. Shaitan-the cursed one used to meet with prophets to answer any questions of the Prophets. In fact, it was obligatory on him (the cursed Shaitan) to answer the questions of the Messengers of Allah.
Our beloved Prophet, though he had all the Knowledge, only for the sake of his companions, asked Shaitan-the cursed one the following questions:

Our beloved Prophet (s.a.w.) :
O Shaitan, people are interested in your hat, tell me what is this hat?
Shaitan-the cursed one :
Shaitan the cursed one replied, o Prophet of Allah, my colourful hat is this materialistic worldly goods, perishable worldly benefits, and temporary worldly enjoyment. Once, any person get caught by this colourful hat of mine, then that person stays in my control and forgets all about the hereafter.

Our beloved Prophet (s.a.w.) :
Shaitan, what is this belt you are wearing with gold and diamonds around your waist?
Shaitan-the cursed one:
O Prophet, this is my second weapon which keeps my back bone strong. O Prophet, those Momneens (believers) who do not get into my trap by my hat, I use this weapon.

Our beloved Prophet (s.a.w.) :
But what is it?
Shaitan the cursed one :
O Prophet this are the worldly behijaabs (un-veiled) woman/girl of this worlds. Through this behijaab (un-veiled) woman/girls I deceive the momineens (believers).

Our beloved Prophet (s.a.w.) :
But what is this bell you are holding in your left hand ?
Shaitan the cursed one :
This is the bell through which I destroy the imaan (faith) of the believers.

Our beloved Prophet (s.a.w.) :
How do you do that ?
Shaitan the cursed one :
Whenever I see believers arguing with each other, getting into minor verbal antagonism or disagreement with each other, then I ring this bell. As I ring this bell, these believers get into major verbal fights and thy start saying things (such as backbiting, false accusations or uses bad language) to each other due to which there own imaan (faith) disappears from hearts.

Our beloved Prophet (s.a.w.) :
But what is this net you are holding?
Shaitan the cursed one :
When I see the believers not getting trap by any form of my weapons then I throw this net at them as my last weapon.

Our beloved Prophet (s.a.w.) :
But what is this net ?
Shaitan-the cursed one:
O Prophet of Allah, this is Riyah Kari (performing good deeds only to show people). Whenever, I see that a believer is performing all the good deeds and that person not getting caught by my weapon, then i throw this net at them. By stepping at this net, their good deeds which they were performing for Allah, becomes invalid. Because the believers gradually get ego in them while performing all their prayers, observing fast, performing Hajj, paying Zakat and Khums, and several other duties towards Allah. They (believers) perform all these and other good deeds, but after they get caught by my net, they show their good deeds to other and as though they have done favour on Allah by performing such good deeds. They tell people when they perform night prayers. they tell people when they fast, they tell people when they go to Hajj. They give money in charity but only to show off or for their personal interest. This is how they eventually feel superior to those people whom they know are not performing these good deeds. All these actions which take place after they step on my net makes their good deed go waste (void).

Our beloved Prophet (s.a.w.) :
Shaitan, tell me one more thing, now that you have spent so much of your time in this life with your bad deeds, do you have any friend, Do you have companion?
Shaitan-the cursed one:
Although, I visit all the houses and all the people in general, but I have 11 (eleven) types of people, that are my best friends and companions. And I have 15 (fifteen) types of people that I hate them the most. O Prophet, keep in mind that a person who is my friend is an enemy of Allah, and a person who is my enemy is a friend of Allah.

Our beloved Prophet (s.a.w.) :
O shaitan tell me who are your friends and who are your enemies?
(Then, Shaitan told our beloved Prophet a list of his friends and a list of his enemies. After he described his enemies our beloved Prophet asked his reasons. We have excluded the question of our beloved Prophet and simply listed the name or description of the enemy followed by his reason in some cases.)
Shaitan-the cursed one:
Shaitan said, O Prophet of Allah, first I have 15 (fifteen) enemies, and these are as follows:


  1. O Prophet of Allah, my first enemy is you and your Ahlul-Bait (progeny) because if it wasn’t for you and your AhlulBait, my mission would be quite successful. There would have been not even a single believer (follower of right path shown by Allah). You bought the religion of Allah (al-Islam) to this world, You made people believers of Allah’s communication.
  2. O Prophet of Allah my second enemy is that just ruler who rules a nation with complete justice.
  3. O Prophet of Allah, my third enemy is that rich person who does not have any ego or feel superior to other poor people around him.
  4. O Prophet of Allah, my fourth enemy is that business man who perform his business with justice.
  5. O Prophet of Allah my fifth enemy is that Aalim (scholar) who fears Allah and practice what he preaches.
  6. O Prophet of Allah, my sixth enemy is that specific Mo’min (believer) who work on showing other the path of truth. Who offer other the knowledge of Wajibats (obligatory) and Haram (forbidden) duties of Allah. This person is undoing all my hard work.
  7. O Prophet of Allah, my seventh enemy is that person who does not listen to what is forbidden, does not see what is forbidden, and does not eat what is forbidden.
    Comment by Maulana Sadiq Hasan Qibla: This person does not look any Na-Mehram women/men (a women with whom a man can marry or a man with whom a woman can marry), does not watches movies or shows. This person prevent himself or herself from listening to Music, Songs, lies, or Geebath (Backbiting). This person does not eat forbidden food (meat which is not cut according to the Islamic ways such as meat cut by non Muslim business men, etc.) and that food which is not purchased with the halal (allowed) earnings (such as earnings from selling alcohol, from gambling, from selling drugs and from many other sources which are forbidden in Islam.)
  8. O Prophet of Allah, my eighth enemy is that believer who keeps himself clean all the time. A person who stays in Wuzu and who wears clean clothes.
  9. O Prophet of Allah, my ninth enemy is that person who has a big heart. Who spents his/her money for the sake of Allah.
    Comment by Maulana Sadiq Hasan: Once Prophet of Allah asked his companion did you know that one Dinar can be more than One Lakh (hundred thousand) Dinar? Prophet’s companions replied no O Prophet of Allah. Then, (our beloved) Prophet of Allah said, “If a person who owns for instance ten lakhs and gives one lakh in charity is less than that poor man who owns two dinnar and gives one dinnar in charity.”
  10. O Prophet of Allah, my tenth enemy is that person who gives Sadqa (charity) only for the name of Allah.
  11. o Prophet of Allah, my eleventh enemy is that person who reads, memorizes, and act according to Quran.
  12. O Prophet of Allah, my twelfth enemy is that person who recites “Namaz-e-Shab” (prayers recited after the midnight and before namaz Fajr). I am always afraid of this person.
  13. O Prophet of Allah, my thirteenth enemy is that person who offers his wajib (obligatory) Khums, wajib Zakat, and other wajib sadaqas.
  14. O Prophet of Allah, my fourteenth enemy is that woman who observes Hijaab (Veil) and safeguards her Hijaab.
  15. O Prophet of Allah, my fifteenth enemy is that who performs his “Ibadat” (such as prayers) without having thoughts except for the thoughts of Allah.

After hearing the list of fifteen enemies of Shaitan, our beloved Prophet of Allah (may the peace of Allah be upon him and his progeny) asked Shaitan to name his eleven friends. Upon which, the cursed Shaitan named the following eleven people:


  1. The first friend of mine is that leader who is a oppressor (Zalim).
  2. My second friend is that business man who does his/ her business by deceiving his / her customers.
  3. My third friend is that “Mo’min” (believer) who drinks alcohol.
  4. My fourth friend is that rich person who is proud of his wealth and who angrily refuses to give money in charity to poor and needy.
  5. My fifth friend is that person who does backbiting (Geebat), who talks to people in such a way that enemity increases between people and who reveals the defects of people.
  6. My sixth friend is that person who kill other human being for any reason other than for Allah.
  7. My seventh friend is that person who snatches away the belongings (such as wealth) of an orphan.
  8. My eighth friend is that person whose livelihood is based on collecting interest.
  9. My ninth friend is that person who gives more important to his worldly life rather than giving important to his life after death. This friend of mine prefers to performs those deeds which he know, will bring benefits in this world but in hereafter such deeds will bring loss.
  10. My tenth friend is that person who keep long hopes and delays in asking for forgiveness from Allah.
    (Here Maulana gave the example of that person who delays in asking forgiveness from Allah. For instance he said, “people refuse to ask forgiveness from Allah because they say we are young and angel of death is not running after us yet. Therefore these people, who delay in asking for repentance, say we are not going to quit listening to music, we are not going to observe Hijab, or we are not going to keep the beard. These people say that they will do all this after ten or more years. These are the tenth friends of Shaitan, because they keep long hopes and delay in asking for forgiveness from Allah.”)
  11. My eleventh friend is that person who helps women to increase their interest in performing “Jaadu” (magic) on people.

After naming his eleven friends Shaitan-the cursed one said, “these are my eleven friends who are the worst enemies of Allah”.
Now the interview of shaitan (the cursed one) was continued by Prophet Mohammed (may the peace of Allah be upon him and his progeny) as follows:

Our beloved Prophet (s.a.w.) :
Shaitan, tell us why you stop my followers from offering their prayers? What benefits you get out of it?
Shaitan-the cursed one:
Whenever your follower recites prayers, my body gets feverish and it starts to shiver, and with a sick body I can’t deceive your followers from obeying Allah.

Our beloved Prophet (s.a.w.) :
Why do you stop my followers from observing fast (roza) during the month of Ramadhan?
Shaitan-the cursed one:
When they fast they put me in prison, and I can’t deceive them during the time they fast because I end up in prison and I can’t misguide them.

Our beloved Prophet (s.a.w.) :
When my flowers prepare to fight in Allah’s way, why do you stop them?
Shaitan-the cursed one:
When they go to fight for Allah’s sake, my hands get tight to my neck, and I can’t deceive them by having my hands tight to my neck.

Our beloved Prophet (s.a.w.) :
Why do you prevent my followers from performing Hajj?
Shaitan-the cursed one:
When they go for Hajj, their movements of going towards Hajj ties my legs. And with legs tied, I cannot misguide your followers from obeying Allahs commands.

Our beloved Prophet (s.a.w.) :
why do you prevent my followers from reciting Holy Quran?
Shaitan-the cursed one:
When they recite the Holy Quran, my existence turns into nonexistence. And, without having my existence, how can I deceive your followers from living according to the will of Allah.

Our beloved Prophet (s.a.w.) :
Why do you prevent my followers from offering “Doa” (praying to Allah)?
Shaitan-the cursed one:
When they recite Doa (such as Doa-e-Komail) I get deaf and dum. How can I deceive your followers without having the ability to speak and ability to listen.o prophet of Allah (s.a.w.) from living the life according to the will of Allah.

Our beloved Prophet (s.a.w.) :
Shaitan, tell me why you prevent my followers from paying Sadaqha?
Shaitan-the cursed one:
O Prophet of Allah (s.a.w.), when your follower pay Sadaqha (giving money in charity), it is as that they cut me with a saw in two pieces and throw one pieces of mine in east and other piece in the west.

Our beloved Prophet (s.a.w.) :
Why do you get such a strong blow when my followers pay Sadaqha? Why do you get cut into two pieces?
Shaitan-the cursed one:
Whenever a person gives his / her money in charity, that person receives three benefits from Allah. The first benefit such person receive is that Allah becomes his / her borrowers. The second benefit such person gets is that Allah makes Heaven in his / her inheritance (such that he / she will be called as an owner of heaven). And, the third benefit he / she receives is that such person gets 700 times increase in his / her wealth from Allah, which in turn this person uses his / her increased wealth for charity.

Our beloved Prophet (s.a.w.) :
Shaitan, now tell me when does a person (who is my follower) gets under your total control?
Shaitan-the cursed one:
O Prophet of Allah, your followers gets under my total (absolute) control when they perform three things The first thing is that when your followers becomes stingy (“kanjoos”) he gets under my total control. Stingy is the root of all the sins which takes a person towards performing all types of other sins. The second thing is that when a person gradually start forgiving his / her sins. A person who perform such deeds which are against the will of Allah and then after performing such deeds that person does remember it and does not ask for any forgiveness, then that person gets under my absolute control. O Prophet of Allah, any person who performs these three deeds then that person gets under my absolute control.

Our beloved Prophet (s.a.w.) :
Shaitan, you know that Allah gave my followers a strong weapon of forgiveness. Whenever, my followers, ask for true forgiveness with an intention of not repeating that sin, Allah forgives them. How do you deal with this problem?
Shaitan-the cursed one:
I know O Prophet of Allah, Allah has given them this strong weapon, but I have prepared myself to confront your followers with their strong weapon.

Our beloved Prophet (s.a.w.) :
What method do you have through which you prevent my followers from asking for forgiveness?
Shaitan-the cursed one:
O Prophet of Allah, to deal with this problem I have created four different units. Each unit deals with a different age groups of your followers. In each unit group I make your followers perform such deeds which make the repentance of your followers invalid (void).

Our beloved Prophet (s.a.w.) :
What are these units?
Shaitan-the cursed one:
The first unit is that I involve your old men indulging in four sins. I make them lie, I make them accuse someone of something which they have not done, I make them testify falsely, and I make them perfrom without having the complete knowledge of the laws of performing prayers. O Prophet of Allah (s.a.w.) your old men will be offering doas, offering prayers, and reciting obligatory prayers, but if you talk to them you will hear them talking bad about other people, testing the bad deeds of other people without being their witness, and reciting obligatory prayers without knowing all the laws of the prayers. Your old men will not try to learn the laws of prayers because of their ego. Whenever some young men from your Ummat, try to explain the right way of performing Wuzu, your old men will say that you have just entered Islam and now you are trying to teach as how to perform Wuzu.
O Prophet of Allah, my second unit is that which takes care of your young man from your Ummath. I do not prevent your young man from reciting prayers, performing Hajj, or doing anything else except that I get them involved in two things. First thing I make them do is that they look at things which are forbidden for them, and they will listen to those things which are forbidden for them. (Here, by things these young men will look at which are forbidden are girls, and things that these young men will listen to is music/songs.)
O Prophet of Allah, my third unit is that which deceives your old ladies. I make your old ladies perform Geebath (backbiting), falsely accuse other people, destroy the character of other men and women, and get interested in doing magic on other men and women.
O Prophet of Allah, my fourth unit is not active, because it is suppose to take care of young girls of Ummath. Since all of your girls are already my soldiers and I have a strong hold over them, I do not get any hard time deceiving them. However, one in one thousand, I find such girl which I see her may be following your way of life, and I will not be able to do anything to deceive her.

Our beloved Prophet (s.a.w.) :
Shaitan, tell me do you get upset when you see any of your soldier get out of your hand and follow Allah’s commands?
Shaitan-the cursed one:
No, O Prophet of Allah, I don’t get upset. I wait till that person performs any good deed, and then I go to that person again and deceive him / her so that he / she feels that he did a favour to Allah by performing such a good deed.

Our beloved Prophet (s.a.w.) :
You make that person feel that he did favour to Allah?
Shaitan-the cursed one:
Yes, O Prophet of Allah, that person goes around after performing a good deed and tells people what he did, such as that I recited namaz, I observed fast, I paid so much money to that person, or I helped that person in his bad times.

Our beloved Prophet (s.a.w.) :
Shaitan, how do you deceive those followers of mine who try their best not to get deceived by you?
Shaitan-the cursed one:
Allah made one deed which if your followers performed it with right intention and at right time they can never get deceived by me. And that deed is Namaz (Salat/obligatory prayers). But, to solve this problem, what I did is that with every one of your followers I have assigned one of my soldier whose name is “Mutawaqee”. And, his job is to make your follower lazy and involved in such activities due to which your follower recites namaz at the last time. When your follower recites namaz (salat) in last minute, he / she recites it in such a way that his namaz is not acceptable to Allah.

Our beloved Prophet (s.a.w.) :
Shaitan, since you know so much about Islam and its followers, why don’t you ask Allah for forgiveness?
Comment by maulana Sadiq Hasan: Here Shaitan the cursed one gave a true Satanic answer. He recited five Ayath from our Holy Quran and gave answer. Since we are not so much interested in why Shaitan is not asking for his forgiveness, and we are interested in why we don’t ask for forgiveness, I will skip the details of his answer.
Shaitan-the cursed one:
O Prophet of Allah, Allah does not want me to ask forgiveness. What can I do? (Here Shaitan used the illogical proof from Holy Quran. However, you will find some Muslims using such proves in defending themselves. Such as they argue that Allah does not call me to perform Hajj or to offer prayers.)

Our beloved Prophet (s.a.w.) :
Shaitan, I heard that sometimes you feel that as somebody threw a heavy stone on your head which breaks your head in several pieces?
Shaitan-the cursed one:
O Prophet of Allah, yes it is true, Whenever your followers truly ask Allah for true repentance, I feel like that.

Our beloved Prophet (s.a.w.) :
I heard that sometimes you feel like someone is slapping you?
Shaitan – the cursed one :
Yes, when your follower recite Quran with right pronounciation.

Our beloved Prophet (s.a.w.) :
When do you get to the bottom part of Hell?
Shaitan-the cursed one:
When your follower performs a good deed towards their parents or towards their family members.

Our beloved Prophet (s.a.w.) :
I heard that sometimes your whole body gets pain?
Shaitan-the cursed one:
Yes, when your follower pay in charity without showing off.

Our beloved Prophet (s.a.w.) :
I heard that sometimes you feel that someone is whipping you?
Shaitan – the cursed one :
That person who does not business with deceiving people.

Our beloved Prophet (s.a.w.) :
When do you get hurt the most?
Shaitan – the cursed one :
When your followers remember Allah during their hours of day and night.

Our beloved Prophet (s.a.w.) :
With whom do you fear the most?
Shaitan – the cursed one :
I fear those one who recite salat (prayers) in the first row of jamat.

Our beloved Prophet (s.a.w.) :
Which people among my followers you have choosen them to be your permanent soldiers?
Shaitan – the cursed one :
Any of your follower who used any type of intoxicating beaverages.

Our beloved Prophet (s.a.w.) :
Which person makes you laugh?
Shaitan – the cursed one :
That person who encourages other to commit sins. (Example : A person who invites
people to a party in which namehram men and women mixes without observing proper Hijaab.)

Our beloved Prophet (s.a.w.) :
With whom do you speak the most?
Shaitan – the cursed one :
A person who lies the most.

Our beloved Prophet (s.a.w.) :
Who is the most pleasing to you?
Shaitan – the cursed one :
Any man who gives divorce to an innocent women.

Our beloved Prophet (s.a.w.) :
Do you have any more hands?
Shaitan – the cursed one :
Yes, that person who delays in offering his obligatory prayers.

Our beloved Prophet (s.a.w.) :
Shaitan where do you stay the most?
Shaitan – the cursed one :
A place where Na-Mehram men and women get together without any separation or observing Hijaab, that is my place to stay.

Our beloved Prophet (s.a.w.) :
Where do you meet people?
Shaitan – the cursed one :
Bazaars (shopping mails). I try to make buyers deceive sellers and sellers deceive buyers. I try to make men do their business with women and women to do business with men. I try to make people do all types of sins in Bazaars (shopping mails).

Our beloved Prophet (s.a.w.) :
What do you read?
Shaitan – the cursed one :
I read songs.

Our beloved Prophet (s.a.w.) :
What is your way of calling people towards committing sins?
Shaitan – the cursed one :
Music and songs. Whenever your follower listens to music he / she comes towards me.

Our beloved Prophet (s.a.w.) :
What is your book?
Shaitan – the cursed one :
My books are playing cards.

Our beloved Prophet (s.a.w.) :
Who is your helper?
Shaitan – the cursed one :
Any person who gives losses to Muslims.

Our beloved Prophet (s.a.w.) :
What do you eat?
Shaitan – the cursed one :
I eat everything which is earned by forbidden ways of earnings or by not paying the Khums.

Our beloved Prophet (s.a.w.) :
What do you drink?
Shaitan – the cursed one :
I drink Alcohol.

Our beloved Prophet (s.a.w.) :
What is your dessert (any sweet thing eaten after food)?
Shaitan – the cursed one :
Gheebat (back-biting).

Our beloved Prophet (s.a.w.) :
Do you have any desires?
Shaitan – the cursed one :
Every false commitment is my desire.

Our beloved Prophet (s.a.w.) :
Are you thankful for anything?
Shaitan – the cursed one :
Yes, I am thankful to those men and women who indulge in sins after asking Allah for forgiveness.

Our beloved Prophet (s.a.w.) :
Do you relax?
Shaitan – the cursed one :
Yes, when your followers misses Fajr (morning) prayers.

Our beloved Prophet (s.a.w.) :
Do you get any rewards from my followers?
Shaitan – the cursed one :
Yes, whenever, your followers break their relationships with their relatives or neighbours.

Our beloved Prophet (s.a.w.) :
Do you have any companions?
Shaitan – the cursed one :
Yes, that person who have sex with his wife without saying “Bismillahir Rahmanir Raheem” ( Here sex reffers to Allowed Intercourse, ZINAA – Un Allowed Sex is Haraam Anyway) and that person whose earnings are though unislamic ways.

Our beloved Prophet (s.a.w.) :
What deed of my follower makes you angry?
Shaitan – the cursed one :
Any mother when she tries to make her son (or daughter) fast or offer prayers.

Our beloved Prophet (s.a.w.) :
Are there any men among my followers whom you can not possibly misguide?
Shaitan – the cursed one :
Yes, any man who does not look at Na-mehram girl / woman intentionally.

Our beloved Prophet (s.a.w.) :
Are there any women among my followers whom you can not possibly misguide?
Shaitan – the cursed one :
Yes, that women who observes Hijaab and that women who listens to her husband.

Our beloved Prophet (s.a.w.) :
Shaitan, out of the men and women you have described, do you have any special men or women that you love the most?
Shaitan – the cursed one :
Yes! among women I love that women who do not observe Hijaab and among men who is proud and that men who is a sinful Aalim (religious scholar).

Our beloved Prophet (s.a.w.) :
Who is your most hateful men?
Shaitan – the cursed one :
Four men : a) Humble rich men. b) Aalim who practices what he preaches. c) Young men who ask for forgiveness. d) Old men who fear Allah.

Our beloved Prophet (s.a.w.) :
Are you alone or do have any companions?
Shaitan – the cursed one :
Yes. I have some companions who are sitting at mosque to deceive its visitors. My companions make the visitors of Allah’s mosque talk about such thing which make these visitors get bad deeds instead of good deeds. Other companions of mine’s job is to make the wise followers of your’s think of their bad deeds as few and good deeds as many. Some companions of mine when they see someone giving money in charity or helping someone for Allah’s sake, make that person tell other people what he is giving in charity or what he is doing for others.
Then Shaitan – the cursed one said : O Prophet of Allah I have talked to you in much detail. I would like to tell you that you are working towards taking people to heaven and I am working towards taking people to Hell. Then after this Shaitan – the cursed one did his salaam to our beloved Prophet (s.a.w.) and he disappeared.

Some Other Books worth for Reading.

u-020.gif (914 bytes)Then I was Guided
u-020.gif (914 bytes)Ask Those who Know
u-020.gif (914 bytes)Peshawar Nights
u-020.gif (914 bytes)The Real Ahla Sunnah


Reason is the Guide to Every Believer

Br. Syed Faaqer Ali
California (USA)
When Almighty Allah created reason, He tested it.   He ordered it to come forward and it came forward.  Then he ordered it to go back and it went back.  On this Allah said:  I swear on my Power and Majesty that no creation of Mine is dearer to Me than you are, and I have only made you perfect in those whom I love.   

Jibrael came to Adam.  And informed him, “ O Adam, I have been ordered to let you choose one out of three things.  Therefore choose one and leave the other two.”    Adam asked, “ What are the three things?  He replied, Reason, modesty and religion (din).   Then Adam said, “ I choose reason.” So Jibrael ordered modesty and religion to withdraw and leave reason but they said,  “O Jibrael, we both have been instructed by Allah to remain with reason wherever it may be.” 

Almighty Allah has endowed upon mankind nothing better than reason.

 “Reason is that by which Allah is worshipped and a place in Paradise earned.”(Imam Sadiq A.S.)

“All the worshippers taken together cannot reach that height of excellence in their devotion to Allah as the man of reason does.”

“The slumber of the man of reason is better than the waking hours of the ignorant.”(Holy Prophet S.A.)

“He gives the wisdom to whomsoever He will, and whoso is given the wisdom, has been given much good; yet none remembers but men possessed of minds (reason).”  (Al-Baqarah, 2:269)

“And those firmly rooted in knowledge say: ‘we believe in it; all is from our Lord; yet none remembers, but men possessed of minds.”(Al-Imran. 3:190)

 “What, is he who knows what is sent down to thee from thy Lord is the truth, like him who is blind (ignorant).  Only men possessed of minds will remember.”(Ar-Ra’d, 13:19)

Allah has deputed the prophets and Imams as His messengers to make the people wise and mindful of Allah.  The more they accept and believe in these messengers the greater is their God-consciousness.  The wisest among men is he who knows about Godliness most.  And he who is the most perfect in his reasoning enjoys the highest status among men, in this life and the life hereafter.

Almighty Allah has sent No Prophet Nor Messenger (Imam) without first perfecting his reason.   And his reason stands superior to all the reasons of (the people of) his society and his community.
(Our Apostle the Holy Prophet Muhammad S.A.)

“A book (Qu’ran) We have sent down to thee, blessed, that men possessed of minds may ponder its signs and so remember.”
(Suad, 38:29)

Almighty Allah has said in His Book: “ Surely in that there is a reminder to him who has a heart (heart meaning reason) or he gives ear and is a witness.”(Qaf, 50:37)

The Messenger of Allah, Muhammad the prophet (p.b.u.h.a.h.p.) stated, “Don’t pride on a person performing too many prayers and observing too many fasts until and unless you determine what degree of Reason he possesses.”

Allah the Almighty never guides the inside of the reason, except what comes out of it through deeds and the words.

Hazrat Ali (A.S), Amir al-mu’minin the first Imam (p.b.u.h.)

The chief of the believers, used to say, “ Of all the observance and devotions offered to Allah the best one is of and by (the people of) reason.  Reason of a person does not reach perfection unless it possesses these specific characteristics. 

1.                It gives immunity against disbelief and evil.

2.               Virtue and true guidance is expected to flow from such a man (of reason).

3.               He expends his superfluous wealth in good deeds.

4.               He protects himself from irresponsible gossips.

5.               His share in the worldly life amounts to what in needed for his subsistence.

6.               He is never fed up with knowledge throughout his life.

7.               Humiliation is pursuit of (belief, obedience and favor of) Allah is dearer to him than any honor in pursuit of things other than Allah.

8.               Humility is dearer to him than any dignity.

9.               He regards the little good of others to him as much and the good from him to others as little.

10.             He regards all the people as better than himself and regards himself in the heart for his heart as of little consequence.

This is the climax.”

Hazrat Ali (A.S) the first Imam (p.b.u.h.) also used to say,  “The signs of a man with reason, one is that he has got three characteristics: 

1.                  He replies only when he is questioned.

2.                 Speaks when all others fail.

3.                 Advises what is suitable for the good of a person.

One who has none of these three said qualities is unintelligent or stupid.”

He than said, “ No one should preside over a meeting except when he possesses either all the three or at least one of the above qualities.  If a person without having the three or at least any one of the three said qualities presides over a meeting then he is just stupid.”

Imam Ali ibn al-Husayn (A.S.) the fourth Imam (p.b.u.h.)

Imam Zainulabideen  (p.b.u.h.) has said,  “Being in the company of the virtuous people is a source of good.  And to associate with the learned (being in their presence and inquiring with them) improves our reason and understanding.”

The righteous fourth Imam also said, “The man of reason does not speak in the presence of a person who he fears will falsify his statement.  Never does he asks for anything from a person who he fears will refuse it.  Never does a man of reason make a promise which he things he cannot fulfill.  Never does he entertain any hope for a thing, which he fears he will be reprimanded for and never does he take any initiative in a task in which, he fears, he will fail because of his disability.”

Imam Sadiq (A.S) Abu Abdillah the sixth Imam (p.b.u.h.)

Abu Abdillah once observed, “Recognize Reason and its paraphernalia, and also recognize Ignorance and its paraphernalia, if you do so, you will receive guidance.”

Imam Sadiq then went on to explain how reason was created by Allah and How He commanded it to go back and forth and Allah said afterwards, “ I have created you in all your glory and bestowed upon you the honor and preferences over all of My creatures.” Afterwards Almighty Allah created Ignorance out of the dark and saltiest ocean and ordered it to go back (to life in this world).  Ignorance did accordingly. Then God ordered it to come to Him (life hereafter).  Ignorance did not obey the command. Therefore, God addressed it thus: “ You are conceited,” and then God cursed it.

Afterwards Allah bestowed seventy-five armies on Reason. When Ignorance observed how God has honored Reason and how God bestowed upon it, the armies, feeling of hostility sprang in them, and Ignorance addressed Allah, O my Lord! “Reason is a creation as I am, you have created it, honored it, and also strengthened it with the armies of capabilities, and I am exactly the opposite of it.  I have not been strengthened (to compete with it).  Hence bestow upon me the armies (capabilities) as you have done on Reason.”  The Almighty God accepted its request and said, “Should you defy My orders again I shall dismiss you and your allies from My clemency.”  Ignorance said,  “I accept (the condition).”  The Almighty God bestowed upon it seventy-five forces.

Good as the wazir (aide) of Reason is the opposite of Evil, which in its turn, is the wazir of Ignorance.

Faith and belief opposite of Disbelief;

Conformation opposite of denial; Hope,

opposite of Frustration;

Justice opposite of Oppression;

Divine Pleasure opposite of displeasure;

Gratefulness opposite of Ungratefulness;

Optimism (in respect of all good in this life and the life hereafter) opposite of Pessimism;

Complete Reliance on Allah opposite of is Lust greed (which is the result of distrust in God);

Kind heartedness opposite of Hard heartedness; Mercifulness opposite of Indignation;

Knowledge opposite of Ignorance;

Wisdom opposite of Stupidity;

Chastity opposite of Shamelessness;

Renunciation (from what God has declared of which is Shamelessness;

Renunciation (from what God has declared to be unlawful) opposite of Temptation;

Friendliness and Sociability, opposite of Reserve and Hostility (which doesn’t enable a man to adjust himself to the society);

Divine Fear opposite of Audacity; Humility, opposite of Arrogance;  

Carefulness opposite of Hastiness; 

Forbearance, opposite of Insolence and shallowness of mind;

Silence opposite of Loquacious; 

Resignation to God opposite  of Conceit and Defiance; 

Acceptance opposite of Skepticism; 

Patience opposite of Impatience and Restlessness;

Forgiveness opposite of Vengeance; .

Contentment opposite of Discontent;  Remembrance (of God and the life hereafter) opposite of Forgetfulness and Indifference; Awareness (in mind) opposite of Oblivion;  Sympathy (with others), opposite of Estrangement and Alienation; Contentment opposite of Greed; Consolation,  opposite of Forbiddance; Amity, opposite of Enmity; Fidelity, opposite of Treachery; Obedience (to God and His prophets), opposite of Defiance and Disobedience; Submission, opposite of Domination; Safety and Security, opposite of Calamity and Peril; Love, opposite of Hatred and detestation; Truthfulness, opposite of Falsehood; Right, opposite of Wrong; Discharge of Trust, opposite of Defalcation; Sincerity (purity of motives) , opposite of Hypocrisy (mixed motives); Courage, opposite of Cowardice;  Understanding , opposite of Stupidity; Knowledge (of God and His Religion), opposite of denial. 

Affability and Toleration (which leads to the keeping of secrets of others), opposite of which is Exposure and Betrayal; Soundness and, good faith for others behind their back, opposite of which is Cunning and Double-talk.  Covering the secrets (of others), the opposite of which is the neglect of prayers; Observance of Fast, the opposite of which is Gluttony; Struggle (in propagating truth), the opposite of which is withdrawal from it.  Performance of Pilgrimage at Mecca, which means the observance of God before creation (i.e. not to worship any one except Allah), the opposite of which is Violation of that Pledge; Concealing the tales of others, the opposite of which is tale-bearing; Doing good to Parents, the opposite of which is disobeying and disregarding their rights; Reality as against display; Good as against being bad; Self-concealment and Self-restraint (in respect of one’s capabilities) as against self-adornment and self-aggrandizement; Guarding the secret of religion from the enemies to save life as a measure of strategy as against its senseless disclosure involving loss of prestige and life; Doing justice as against partiality; Organization in human society (i.e. cordiality of social relations) as against iniquity and injustice; Purity and refinement as against impurity and coarseness; Modesty as against immodesty; Moderation as against extravagance; Cheerfulness and freshness of heart as against fatigue and depression; Facility as against adversity; Blessing and enrichment as against wretchedness and eradication; Safety and Good Health as against calamity and affliction; Steadfastness as against garrulity; Wisdom as against worldly possessions; Prestige and reverence as against lowness and lightness; Happiness and felicity as against unhappiness and miser; Repentance (i.e. asking God for forgiveness) as against deception and guile over one’s sins; Preservation (of one’s capabilities possessions) as against negligence and carelessness; Prayerfulness to God as against turning away from Him; Liveliness with briskness as against dullness wit sloth; Delightfulness as against sadness; Friendship, intimacy and union against separation and disunion; Generosity as against miserliness. 

mam Sadiq (A.S.) as saying, “The reasoning capacity is the chief pillar of human existence.  It is the fountain spring of wisdom, comprehension, memory and knowledge.  Man is perfected through Reason and it is this, a significant guide, a discriminator and a key to every success.  When Reason secures the approval of Divine Light it earns (perfection in) knowledge, memory, wisdom, level headiness and God mindedness.  It is through Reason one understands how, why and where.  It is through Reason one knows who guides him and who misguides him.  Having known all this he comes to realize what source of life he should adopt, whom he should meet and whom he should not.  He becomes pure and sincere in his concept of Unit of God and also in his acceptance, and belief, and untimely in His obedience and submission to Him.  When he has reached this stage, he has redressed every loss.  He has acquired every gain he can secure.  He quickly comprehends where he stands, and what is what, which, and why he has been sent here in this worldly life, where he is brought from and where he has to return.  All this can be secured with the assistance of Reason.”


Imam Ali ar-Raza  (A.S) the eighth Imam (p.b.u.h.)

Imam Raza (A.S.) said. “ Reason and Intellect is a free gift of Allah, but education and culture are a difficult acquisition.  One who takes pains in their acquisition acquires them.  And one takes pains in acquiring intellect promotes nothing but his own ignorance.”

At the time when Imam al-Mahdi (A.S.) the twelfth Imam will make an appearance to the world, Almighty Allah will put His blessed Hand over the heads of the people and they will be completely restored and their comprehension will be brought to perfection.

“No wealth is so prolific as that of Reason.  No destitution is worse than stupidity.  In nothing does success surpass so much as in obtaining councils, from the people of REASON AND KNOWLEDGE.”


“Each prophet personifies the proof and divine demonstration for mankind (taken collectively), while Reason is the proof and demonstration between God and mankind (taken individually).”
“ Reason is the guide to every believer”

(Imam Sadiq A.S.)


Peace And The Mercy Of God Be Upon Muhammad And His Descendants.



*Part of sermon from Nahjul Balagha 

Qur’an Mir S.V. Ahmed Ali & M. Shakir & Al Kafi * 



“Islam did not rise except through Ali’s sword and Khadija’s wealth,”

Khadija al-Kubra

Ameerat-Quraysh, Princess of Quraysh, and al-Tahira, the Pure

Wife of Prophet Muhammad
( Peace be upon him and his pure and cleansed progeny )

If you wish to research the life of this great lady, and if you do not have al-Majlisi’s voluminous [110 Vol.] encyclopedia titled Bihar al-Anwar, the best references are: al-Sayyuti’s Tarikh al Khulafa, Abul-Faraj al-Isfahani’s Aghani, Ibn Hisham’s Seera, Muhammad ibn Ishaq’s Seerat Rasool-Allah, and Tarikh al-rusul wal muluk by Abu Ja`far Muhammad ibn Jarir al-Tabari (839-923 A.D.). Of all these books, only al-Tabari’s Tarikh is being translated (by more than one translator and in several volumes) into English. One publisher of Tabari’s Tarikh is the press of the State University of New York (SUNY). This article has utilized a number of Arabic and English references, and it is written especially for those who appreciate history, our great teacher, be they Muslims or non-Muslims, and who aspire to learn from it.


Islam did not rise except through Ali’s sword and Khadija’s wealth,” a saying goes. Khadija al-Kubra daughter of Khuwaylid ibn (son of) Asad ibn Abdul-`Uzza ibn Qusayy belonged to the clan of Banu Hashim of the tribe of Banu Asad. She was a distant cousin of her husband the Messenger of Allah Muhammad ibn Abdullah ibn Abdul-Muttalib ibn Hashim ibn Abd Manaf ibn Qusayy, Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him and his progeny. Qusayy, then, is the ancestor of all clans belonging to Quraysh. According to some historians, Quraysh’s real name was Fahr, and he was son of Malik son of Madar son of Kananah son of Khuzaimah son of Mudrikah son of Ilyas son of Mazar son of Nazar son of Ma`ad son of Adnan son of Isma`eel (Ishmael) son of Ibrahim (Abraham) son of Sam son of Noah, peace and blessings of Allah be upon the prophets from among his ancestors. According to a number of sources, Khadija was born in 565 A.D. and died one year before the Hijra (migration of the Holy Prophet and his followers from Mecca to Medina) in 623 A.D. at the age of 58, but some historians say that she lived to be 65. Khadija’s mother, who died around 575 A.D., was Fatima daughter of Za’ida ibn al-Asam of Banu `Amir ibn Luayy ibn Ghalib, also a distant relative of Prophet Muhammad (pbuh). Khadija’s father, who died around 585 A.D., belonged to the Abd al-`Uzza clan of the tribe of Quraysh and, like many other Qurayshis, was a merchant, a successful businessman whose vast wealth and business talents were inherited by Khadija and whom the latter succeeded in faring with the family’s vast wealth. It is said that when Quraysh’s trade caravans gathered to embark upon their lengthy and arduous journey either to Syria during the summer or to Yemen during the winter, Khadija’s caravan equalled the caravans of all other traders of Quraysh put together.

Although the society in which Khadija was born was a terribly male chauvinistic one, Khadija earned two titles: Ameerat-Quraysh, Princess of Quraysh, and al-Tahira, the Pure One, due to her impeccable personality and virtuous character, not to mention her honorable descent. She used to feed and clothe the poor, assist her relatives financially, and even provide for the marriage of those of her kin who could not otherwise have had means to marry.

By 585 A.D., Khadija was left an orphan. Despite that, and after having married twice- and twice lost her husband to the ravaging wars with which Arabia was afflicted- she had no mind to marry a third time though she was sought for marriage by many honorable and highly respected men of the Arabian peninsula throughout which she was quite famous due to her business dealings. She simply hated the thought of being widowed for a third time.


Who were Khadija’s children by her second husband? This is another controversy that revolves round the other daughters or step-daughters of the Prophet (pbuh) besides Fatima (as). These daughters, chronologically arranged, are: Zainab, Ruqayya, and Ummu Kulthoom. Some historians say that these were Khadija’s daughters by her second husband, whereas others insist they were her daughters by Muhammad (pbuh). The first view is held by Sayyid Safdar Husayn in his book The Early History of Islam wherein he bases his conclusion on the contents of al-Sayyuti’s famous work Tarikh al-khulafa wal muluk (history of the caliphs and kings). We hope some of our Muslim sisters who read this text will be tempted to research this subject. Here is a brief account of Khadija’s daughters:


One particular quality in Khadija was quite interesting, probably more so than any of her other qualities mentioned above: she, unlike her people, never believed in nor worshipped idols.


Since Khadija did not travel with her trade caravans, she had always had to rely on someone else to act as her agent to trade on her behalf and to receive an agreed upon commission in return. In 595 A.D., Khadija needed an agent to trade in her merchandise going to Syria, and it was then that a number of agents whom she knew before and trusted, as well as some of her own relatives, particularly Abu Talib, suggested to her to employ her distant cousin Muhammad ibn Abdullah (pbuh) who, by then, had earned the honoring titles of al-Sadiq, the truthful, and al-Amin, the trustworthy. Muhammad (pbuh) did not have any practical business experience, but he had twice accompanied his uncle Abu Talib on his trade trips and keenly observed how he traded, bartered, bought and sold and conducted business; after all, the people of Quraysh were famous for their involvement in trade more than in any other profession. It was not uncommon to hire an agent who did not have a prior experience; so, Khadija decided to give Muhammad (pbuh) a chance. He was only 25 years old. Khadija sent Muhammad (pbuh) word through Khazimah ibn Hakim, one of her relatives, offering him twice as much commission as she usually offered her agents to trade on her behalf. She also gave him one of her servants, Maysarah, who was young, brilliant, and talented, to assist him and be his bookkeeper. She also trusted Maysarah’s account regarding her new employee’s conduct, an account which was most glaring, indeed one which encouraged her to abandon her insistence never to marry again.

Before embarking upon his first trip as a businessman representing Khadija, Muhammad (pbuh) met with his uncles for last minute briefings and consultations, then he set out on the desert road passing through Wadi al-Qura, Midian, and Diyar Thamud, places with which he was familiar because of having been there at the age of twelve in the company of his uncle Abu Talib. He continued the lengthy journey till he reached Busra (or Bostra) on the highway to the ancient city of Damascus after about a month. It was then the capital of Hawran, one of the southeastern portions of the province of Damascus situated north of the Balqa’. To scholars of classic literature, Hawran is known by its Greek name Auranitis, and it is described in detail by Yaqut al-Hamawi, Abul-Faraj al-Isfahani, and others. Arab trade caravans used to go there quite often and even beyond it to Damascus and Gaza, and few made it all the way to Mediterranean shores to unload their precious cargoes of Chinese paper and silk textiles bound for Europe.

What items did Muhammad (pbuh) carry with him to Busra, and what items did he buy from there? Meccans were not known to be skilled craftsmen, nor did they excel in any profession besides trade, but young Muhammad (pbuh) might have carried with him a cargo of hides, raisins, perfumes, dried dates, light weight woven items, probably silver bars, and most likely some herbs. He bought what he was instructed by his employer to buy: these items may have included manufactured goods, clothes, a few luxury items to sell to wealthy Meccans, and maybe some household goods. Gold and silver currency accepted in Mecca included Roman, Persian, and Indian coins, for Arabs during those times, including those who were much more sophisticated than the ones among whom Muhammad (pbuh) grew up such as the Arabs of the southern part of Arabia (Yemen, Hadramout, etc.), did not have a currency of their own; so, barter was more common than cash. The first Arab Islamic currency, by the way, was struck in Damascus by the Umayyad ruler Abd al-Malik ibn Marwan (697-698 A.D.) in 78 A.H., 36 years after the establishment of the Umayyad dynasty (661-750).

The time Muhammad (pbuh) stayed in Busra was no more than a couple of months during which he met many Christians and Jews and noticed the theological differences among the major Christian sects that led to the disassociation of the Copts, the Syrian (Chaldean) Nestorian, and the Armenian Christians from the main churches of Antioch (Antakiya), Rome, and Egyptian Alexandria. Such dissensions and differences of theological viewpoints provided Muhammad (pbuh) with plenty of food for thought; he contemplated upon them a great deal. He was seen once by Nestor the monk sitting in the shade of a tree as caravans entered the outskirts of Busra, not far from the monk’s small monastery. “Who is the man beneath that tree?” inquired Nestor of Maysarah. “A man of Quraysh,” Maysarah answered, adding, “of the people [the Hashemites] who have guardianship of the Sanctuary.” “None other than a Prophet is sitting beneath that tree,” said Nestor who had observed some of the signs indicative of Prophethood: two angels (or, according to other reports, two small clouds) were shading Muhammad (pbuh) from the oppressive heat of the sun. “Is there a glow, a slight redness, around his eyes that never parts with him?” Nestor asked Maysarah. When the latter answered in the affirmative, Nestor said, “He most surely is the very last Prophet; congratulations to whoever believes in him.”

One of Muhammad’s observations when he was in that Syrian city was the historical fact that a feud was brewing between the Persian and Roman empires, each vying for hegemony over Arabia’s fertile crescent. Indeed, such an observation was quite accurate, for after only a few years, a war broke out between the then mightiest nations on earth that ended with the Romans losing it, as the Holy Qur’an tells us in Chapter 30 (The Romans), which was revealed in 7 A.H./615-16 A.D., only a few months after the fall of Jerusalem to the Persians, just to win in a successive one. Only four years prior to that date, the Persians had scored a sweeping victory over the Christians, spreading their control over Aleppo, Antioch, and even Damascus. Muhammad (pbuh) was concerned about either of these two empires extending its control over the land inhabited by Muhammad’s Pagan fiercely independent Pagan people. The loss of Jerusalem, birthplace of Christ Jesus son of Mary (as), was a heavy blow to the prestige of Christianity. Most Persians were then following Zoroastrianism, a creed introduced in the 6th century before Christ by Zoroaster (628-551 B.C.), also known as Zarathustra, whose adherents are described as worshippers of the “pyre,” the holy fire. “Persia,” hence, meant “the land of the worshippers of the pyre, the sacred fire.” Modern day Iran used to be known as “Aryana,” land of the Aryan nations and tribes. Not only Iranians, but also Kurds, and even Germans, prided in being Aryans, (Caucasian) Nordics or speakers of an Indo-European dialect. Some Persians had converted to Christianity as we know from Salman al-Farisi who was one such adherent till he fell in captivity, sold in Mecca and freed to be one of the most renown and cherished sahabis and narrators of hadith in Islamic history, so much so that the Prophet of Islam (pbuh) said, “Salman is one of us, we Ahl al-Bayt (People of the Household of Prophethood).”

The war referred to above was between the then Byzantine (Eastern Roman) emperor Heraclius (575 – 641 A.D.) and the Persian king Khusrau (Khosrow) Parwiz (Parviz) or Chosroes II (d. 628 A.D.). It was one of many wars in which those mighty nations were embroiled and which continued for many centuries. Yet the hands of Divine Providence were already busy paving the path for Islam: the collision between both empires paved the way for the ultimate destruction of the ancient Persian empire and in Islam setting root in that important part of the world. Moreover, Muhammad’s (and, naturally, Khadija’s) offspring came to marry ladies who were born and raised at Persian as well as Roman palaces. Imam Husain ibn Ali ibn Abu Talib (as), Muhammad’s grandson and our Third Holy Imam, married the daughter of the last Persian emperor Jazdagird (Yazdegerd) III son of Shahryar and grandson of this same Khusrau II. Jazdagerd ruled Persia from 632-651 A.D. and lost the Battle of Qadisiyyah to the Muslim forces in 636, thus ending the rule of the Sassanians. Having been defeated, he fled for Media in northwestern Iran, homeland of Persian Mede tribesmen, and from there to Merv, an ancient Central Asian city near modern day Mary in Turkmenistan (until very recently one of the republics of the Soviet Union), where he was killed by a miller. The slain emperor left two daughters who, during their attempt to escape, following the murder of their father, were caught and sold as slaves. One of them, Shah-Zenan, ended up marrying our Third Holy Imam Husain ibn Ali ibn Abu Talib (as), whereas her sister married the renown scholar and acclaimed muhaddith (traditionist) Muhammad son of the first Muslim caliph Abu Bakr. Shah-Zenan was awarded a royal treatment and was given a new name in her own Persian mother tongue: Shahr Banu, which means “mistress of the ladies of the city.” The marriage between her and Imam Husain (as) produced our Fourth Holy Imam (Zainul-Abidin, or al-Sajjad) Ali ibn al-Husain ibn Ali ibn Abu Talib (as).


The profits Khadija reaped from that trip were twice as much as she had anticipated. Maysarah was more fascinated by Muhammad (pbuh) than by anything related to the trip. Muhammad (pbuh), on the other hand, brought back his impressions about what he had seen and heard, impressions which he related to his mistress. You see, those trade caravans were the only links contemporary Arabs had with their outside world: they brought them the news of what was going on beyond their drought-ridden and famine-stricken desert and sand dunes.

Waraqah ibn Nawfal, like Bahirah, the monk who had seen and spoken to Muhammad (pbuh) when Muhammad (pbuh) was a lad, adhered to the Nestorian Christian sect. He heard the accounts about the personality and conduct of young Muhammad (pbuh) from both his cousin Khadija and her servant Maysarah, an account which caused him to meditate for a good while and think about what he had heard. Raising his head, he said to Khadija, “Such manners are fit only for the messengers of God. Who knows? Maybe this young man is destined to be one of them.” This statement was confirmed a few years later, and Waraqah was the very first man who identified Muhammad (pbuh) as the Messenger of Allah immediately after Muhammad (pbuh) received the first revelation at Hira cave.

The trip’s measure of success encouraged Khadija to employ Muhammad (pbuh) again on the winter trip to southern Arabia, i.e. Yemen, the land that introduced the coffee beans to the rest of the world, the land where the renown Ma’rib irrigation dam was engineered, the land of Saba’ and the renown Balqees, the Arabian Queen of Sheba (Saba’) of Himyar, who married King Solomon (Sulayman the wise, peace be upon him), in 975 B.C. (after the completion of the construction of the famous Solomon’s Temple.he land of natives skilled in gold, silver and other metal handicrafts, not to mention their ingenuity in the textile industry and domestic furniture…, and it may even be the land that gave Arabic its first written script which, as some believe, was modelled after written Amheric, then the official language in Ethiopia and its colonies. Yemen, at that time, was being ruled by an Ethiopian regent. This time Khadija offered Muhammad (pbuh) three times the usual commission. Unfortunately, historians do not tell us much about this second trip except that it was equally profitable to both employer and employee. Some historians do not mention this trip at all.


By the time he was gone, Khadija sought the advice of a friend of hers named Nufaysa daughter of Umayyah. The latter offered to approach him on her behalf and, if possible, arrange a marriage between them. Nufaysa came to Muhammad (pbuh) and asked him why he had not married yet. “I have no means to marry,” he answered. “But if you were given the means,” she said, “and if you were bidden to an alliance where there is beauty and wealth and nobility and abundance, would you not then consent?” “Who is she?!” he excitedly inquired. “Khadija,” said Nufaysa. “And how could such a marriage be mine?!” he asked. “Leave that to me!” was her answer. “For my part,” he said, “I am willing.” Nufaysa returned with these glad tidings to Khadija who then sent word to Muhammad (pbuh) asking him to come to her. When he came, she said to him: 

O son of my uncle! I love you for your kinship with me, and for that you are ever in the center, not being a partisan among the people for this or for that. And I love you for your trustworthiness, and for the beauty of your character and the truth of your speech.

Then she offered herself in marriage to him, and they agreed that he should speak to his uncles and she would speak to her uncle `Amr son of Asad, since her father had died. It was Hamzah, despite being relatively young, whom the Hashemites delegated to represent them on this marriage occasion, since he was most closely related to them through the clan of Asad; his sister Safiyya had just married Khadija’s brother `Awwam. It was Abu Talib, Muhammad’s uncle, who delivered the marriage sermon saying,

All praise is due to Allah Who has made us the progeny of Ibrahim (Abraham), the seed of Isma`eel (Ishmael), the descendants of Ma`ad, the substance of Mudar, and Who made us the custodians of His House and the servants of its sacred precincts, making for us a House sought for pilgrimage and a shrine of security, and He also gave us authority over the people. This nephew of mine Muhammad (pbuh) cannot be compared with any other man: if you compare his wealth with that of others, you will not find him a man of wealth, for wealth is a vanishing shadow and a fickle thing. Muhammad (pbuh) is a man whose lineage you all know, and he has sought Khadija daughter of Khuwaylid for marriage, offering her such-and-such of the dower of my own wealth.

Nawfal then stood and said,

All praise is due to Allah Who has made us just as you have mentioned and preferred us over those whom you have indicated, for we, indeed, are the masters of Arabs and their leaders, and you all are worthy of this (bond of marriage). The tribe (Quraysh) does not deny any of your merits, nor does anyone else dispute your lofty status and prestige. And we, furthermore, wish to be joined to your rope; so, bear witness to my words, O people of Quraysh! I have given Khadija daughter of Khuwaylid in marriage to Muhammad ibn Abdullah for the dower of four hundred dinars.

Then Nawfal paused, whereupon Abu Talib said to him, “I wished her uncle had joined you (in making this statement).” Hearing that, Khadija’s uncle stood and said, “Bear witness, O men of Quraysh, that I have given Khadija daughter of Khuwaylid in marriage to Muhammad ibn Abdullah.”


These details and more are recorded in Ibn Hisham’s Seera. After his marriage, Muhammad (pbuh) moved from his uncle’s house to live with his wife in her house which stood at the smiths’ market, an alley branching out of metropolitan Mecca’s long main bazaar, behind the mas`a, the place where the pilgrims perform the seven circles during the hajj or `umra. In that house Fatima (as) was born and the revelation descended upon the Messenger of Allah (pbuh) many times. This house, as well as the one in which the Prophet of Islam (pbuh) was born (which stood approximately 50 meters northwards), were both demolished by the ignorant and fanatical Wahhabi rulers of Saudi Arabia last year (1413 A.H./1993 A.D.) and turned into public bathrooms. The grave sites of many family members and companions of the Holy Prophet (pbuh) were all demolished by the same Wahhabis in 1343 A.H./1924 A.D. against the wish and despite the denunciation of the adherents of all other Muslim sects and schools of thought world-wide.


The marriage was a very happy one, and it produced a lady who was one of the four perfect women in all the history of mankind: Fatima daughter of Muhammad (pbuh). Before her, Qasim and Abdullah were born, but they both died at infancy.

Khadija’s period of happiness lasted no more than 15 years after which her husband, now the Messenger of Allah (pbuh), started his mission to invite people to the Oneness of God, to equality between men and women, and to an end to the evils of the day. Muhammad (pbuh) was forty years old when the first verses of the Holy Qur’an were revealed to him. They were the first verses of Surat al-Alaq (chapter 96), and they were revealed during the month of Ramadan 13 years before the Hijra, at the cave of Hira in Jabal al-Noor (the mountain of light), his favorite place for isolation and meditation, a place which is now visited by many pilgrims. Muhammad (pbuh) went back home heavy-hearted, profoundly perplexed, deeply impressed by the sight of arch-angel Gabriel and by the depth of meaning implied in those beautiful words:

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful
Proclaim (or read)! In the Name of your Lord and Cherisher who created (everything). (He) created man of a (mere) clot of congealed blood. Proclaim! And your Lord is the Most Bountiful Who taught (the use of) the pen, Who taught man that which he knew not… (Qur’an, 96:1-5)

He felt feverish, so he asked to be wrapped and, once he felt better, he narrated what he had seen and heard to his faithful and supportive wife. “By Allah,” Khadija said, “Allah shall never subject you to any indignity…, for you always maintain your ties with those of your kin, and you are always generous in giving; you are diligent, and you seek what others regard as unattainable; you cool the eyes of your guest, and you lend your support to those who seek justice and redress. Stay firm, O cousin, for by Allah I know that He will not deal with you except most beautifully, and I testify that you are the awaited Prophet in this nation, and your time, if Allah wills, has come.” After a short while, Khadija told her husband about the prediction of the Syrian monk Buhayra regarding Muhammad’s Prophethood, and about her dialogue with both her servant Maysarah, who had informed her of what Bahirah (or Buhayrah) had said, and with her cousin Waraqah ibn Nawfal. She then accompanied her husband to Waraqah’s house to narrate the whole incident. “Let me hear it in your own words,” Nawfal said to Muhammad (pbuh), adding, “O noble master!” Having heard the Prophet’s words, Nawfal took his time to select his words very carefully; he said, “By Allah, this is the prediction which had been conveyed to Moses (as) and with which the Children of Israel are familiar! [Moses] had said: `O how I wish I could be present when Muhammad (pbuh) is delegated with Prophethood to support his mission and to assist him!'”


t was only natural for Khadija to receive her share of the harassment meted to him by none other than those who, not long ago, used to call him al-Sadiq, al-Amin. Khadija did not hesitate to embrace Islam at all, knowing that her husband could not have put forth any false claim.


It was only natural for Khadija to receive her share of the harassment meted to him by none other than those who, not long ago, used to call him al-Sadiq, al-Amin. Khadija did not hesitate to embrace Islam at all, knowing that her husband could not have put forth any false claim. Yahya ibn `Afeef is quoted saying that he once came, during the period of jahiliyya (before the advent of Islam), to Mecca to be hosted by al-Abbas ibn Abdul-Muttalib, one of the Prophet’s uncles mentioned above. “When the sun started rising,” says he, “I saw a man who came out of a place not far from us, faced the Ka`ba and started performing his prayers. He hardly started before being joined by a young boy who stood on his right side, then by a woman who stood behind them. When he bowed down, the young boy and the woman bowed, and when he stood up straight, they, too, did likewise. When he prostrated, they, too, prostrated.” Then he expressed his amazement at that, saying to al-Abbas: “This is quite strange, O Abbas!” “Is it, really?” retorted al-Abbas. “Do you know who he is?” al-Abbas asked his guest who answered in the negative. “He is Muhammad ibn Abdullah, my nephew. Do you know who the young boy is?” asked he again. “No, indeed,” answered the guest. “He is Ali son of Abu Talib. Do you know who the woman is?” The answer came again in the negative, to which al-Abbas said, “She is Khadija daughter of Khuwaylid, my nephew’s wife.” This incident is included in the books of both Imam Ahmad and al-Tirmithi, each detailing it in his own Sahih. And she bore patiently in the face of persecution to which her revered husband and his small band of believers were exposed at the hands of the polytheists and aristocrats of Quraysh, sacrificing her vast wealth to promote Islam, seeking Allah’s Pleasure.


Among Khadija’s merits was her being one of the four most perfect of all women of mankind, the other three being: Fatima daughter of Muhammad (pbuh), Maryam bint `Umran (Mary daughter of Amram), mother of Christ (as) and niece of prophet Zakariyya and Ishba (Elizabeth), and `Asiya daughter of Muzahim, wife of Pharaoh. Prophet Zakariyya, as the reader knows, was the father of Yahya (John the Baptist), the latter being only a few months older than prophet Jesus (as). The Prophet of Islam (pbuh) used to talk about Khadija quite often after her demise, so much so that his youngest wife, `Ayesha daughter of Abu Bakr, felt extremely jealous and said to him, “… But she was only an old woman with red eyes, and Allah has compensated you with a better and younger wife (meaning herself).” This caused him (pbuh) to be very indignant, and he said, “No, indeed; He has not compensated me with someone better than her. She believed in me when all others disbelieved; she held me truthful when others called me a liar; she sheltered me when others abandoned me; she comforted me when others shunned me; and Allah granted me children by her while depriving me of children by other women.” Imam Ahmad ibn Hanbal, Abu Hatim, al-Dulabi, al-Tabari, and many others, all quote `Ayesha saying: “One day, the Messenger of Allah (pbuh) mentioned Khadija affectionately, so I was carried away by jealousy and said about her what I should not have said. It was then that his face changed color in a way I never saw it change except when he (pbuh) was receiving revelation, so I realized what I had done and felt overwhelmed by regret to the extent that I could not help uttering these words: `O Lord! If You remove the anger of Your Messenger right now, I pledge not to ever speak ill of her as long as I live.’ Having seen that, he forgave me and narrated to me some of her merits.” Both Muslim and Bukhari indicate in their respective Sahih books that among Khadija’s merits was the fact that the Lord of Dignity ordered Jibraeel (Gabriel), peace be upon him, to convey His regards to her. Gabriel said to Muhammad (pbuh): “O Muhammad! Khadija is bringing you a bowl of food; when she comes to you, tell her that her Lord greets her, and convey my greeting, too, to her.” When he (pbuh) did so, she said: “Allah is the Peace, and He is the source of all peace, and upon Gabriel be peace.” Khadija died of an attack of fever on the tenth or eleventh day of the month of Ramadan, ten years after the start of the Prophetic mission (in the year 619 A.D.), 24 years after her marriage with Muhammad (pbuh), and she was buried at Hajun in the outskirts of Mecca. The Messenger of Allah (pbuh) dug her grave and buried her… Funeral prayers (salat al janaza) had not yet been mandated in Islam. It is reported that by the time she died, her entire wealth had already been spent to promote Islam; she left not a single gold dinar nor a single silver dirham, nor anything more or less…

O soul that are at rest! Return to your Lord,
well-pleased (with Him),well-pleasing (Him),
so enter among My servants, and enter into My garden.
(Qur’an, 89:27-30)

Holy Prophet in his Youth

Holy Prophet in his Youth

From this discussion we can hopefully know and follow the Prophet of Islam (S.A.W.) better than before.

1- Prophet (S.A.W.) in his childhood

Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W.) was breastfed by his mother Amena (A.S.) in the first three (or seven according to some historians) days after his birth. Afterwards, as a famous Arabian tradition, a nurse was chosen to breastfeed and take care of him outside the city in desert of Arabia. There were a number of reasons for this tradition: First, children would grow stronger and healthier in desert. Second, since those who lived in deserts had far less communication with foreign people, children could learn the Arabic language purely and without foreign accents. Third, children would be protected from deadly diseases that prevailed within the cities.

Historians believe that the Prophet (S.A.W.) had two nurses:

1. Thuwaybah Aslamiah: To the end of her life, she gained very high respect from the Prophet (S.A.W.) and his wife Khadijah (A.S.)because of nursing and breastfeeding the Prophet (S.A.W.). The Prophet (S.A.W.) was greatly grieved by her demise.

2. Halimah Sa’diah: The daughter of Dhu’ayyab, along with one of her three daughters took care and nursed the Prophet (S.A.W.). The story that she was selected as the nurse of the Prophet (S.A.W.) is briefly mentioned as follows.

Four months after the birth of the Prophet (S.A.W.), all the nurses of Bani Asad tribe came to Mecca to breastfeed the Prophet (S.A.W.). The Prophet (S.A.W.) drank the milk of none but Halimah; thus she became the Prophet’s (S.A.W.) nurse.

Halimah explains that with the entrance of Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W.), blessings showered her life such that their property and herd increased daily. Although drought had spread throughout the deserts and cities, Halimah’s sheep were healthy and full of milk. Their shriveled trees prospered and grew back green leaves. The camels regained their milk. Furthermore, a number of ill people who came to their house were cured because of the presence of Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W.).

Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W.) stayed with the Bani Asad tribe for five or six years till he grew up. During this period, Halimah took him to visit his mother, Amena (A.S.), three times and the last time she did not take him back.

It has been narrated that when the Prophet (S.A.W.) and Khadijah (A.S.)got married, Halimah came to the Prophet (S.A.W.) and complained about the drought. The Prophet (S.A.W.) gave her some sheep and camels and she returned to her family. After the appointment of the Prophet (S.A.W.), Halimah and her husband came to the Prophet (S.A.W.) and converted to Islam.

2- The adolescence period

When Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W.) reached the age of six, his mother took him to Yathrib (present day “Medina”) so he could visit his relatives and his father’s grave. They stayed there for one month.

Upon their return to Mecca, Lady Amena (A.S.)passed away. After her demise Abd al-Muttalib (PBUH), the Prophet’s (S.A.W.) grandfather and the master of Quraish who had the glory of the kings and the majesty of the prophets, took the responsibility of Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W.). It has been said that there was always a carpet placed near the Kaaba for Abd al-Muttalib (PBUH). No one else dared to sit on the carpet in respect of Abd al-Muttalib (PBUH), however when the little Muhammad (S.A.W.) joined their gatherings, Abd al-Muttalib (A.S.)would place him on the carpet next to himself and would say: “I swear by Allah that he has a high rank. I seem to view a day where he will become your master.”
When the Prophet (S.A.W.) became eight years old, Abd al-Muttalib (A.S.)passed away as well. This incident made the Prophet (S.A.W.) very sad.

After that Abu Talib (PBUH), the Prophet’s (S.A.W.) great uncle and the master of Quraish, accepted to look after him. He, like his father, Abd al-Muttalib (PBUH), looked after Muhammad (S.A.W.) carefully. Although Abu Talib (A.S.)was not rich, he and his honorable wife Fatimah bint Asad (the mother of Imam Ali (PBUH)), tried their best in looking after Muhammad (S.A.W.).

His presence in his uncle’s house was not ordinary. Signs of his greatness could be seen everywhere. His entrance to their house brought bountiful blessings to the house of Abu Talib (PBUH). Lady Fatimah the daughter of Asad has said, “From the moment that Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W.) entered our home, the tree, which had dried up for years, prospered and offered fruits.”

Abu Talib narrates that they would hear Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W.) praying at nights. Though it was against the custom of Arabs to remember Allah (SWT) while eating, the little Muhammad (S.A.W.) would not start eating or drinking unless reciting the name of Allah (SWT). He would also end his meal by thanking Allah (SWT), the exalted.

2.1 The travel to Shaam

Quraish’s businessmen used to go to Shaam and Yemen every year. Abu Talib used to go with them from time to time. Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W.) attended one of these trips to Shaam with his uncle when he was 12 years old.

Abu Talib was the Prophet’s (S.A.W.) guardian after the demise of Abd al-Muttalib (PBUH). In the trip, their caravan rested in the city of “Basri”.

A great Christian monk named Bohayra had been living in Basri for many years. Unlike every year, Bohayra came out of his monastery and invited the passing caravan for a meal. While the others were having their meal, Bohayra seemed to be seeking something. Finally, he found what he was looking for in the young Muhammad (S.A.W.). Bohayra was carefully watching his actions and behaviors. After everyone finished their food, Bohayra came to the Prophet (S.A.W.) and asked him couple of questions from his past and other issues. Then he looked upon the Prophet’s (S.A.W.) shoulder and found a speckle like he had expected (which later became known as the seal of Prophethood). Bohayra told Abu Talib that this young man would become a great person. He also made a suggestion to Abu Talib (A.S.)to return Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W.) back to his hometown in order to be safe from the Jews.

3- The adulthood period

3.1 The youth agreement

Another important aspect of Prophet Muhammad’s (S.A.W.) life before his appointment to prophecy was his enrollment in “the youth agreement.”

All tribes in Mecca were related to each other, thus they created treaties between each other to insure the security from attacks. However, for a stranger this was not the case. There was no one to protect a stranger if he had been oppressed.

A man came to Mecca from another town to do some business. Aas Ibn Wa’el, a citizen of Mecca, purchased the man’s materials and didn’t pay anything in return. The man went to the tribe of Quraish and asked for help, but no one helped him. As a result of this event a group of youth from Quraish gathered and agreed to stop any oppression on strangers. They named the agreement as “Helf al-Fodul”. Being one of the main members of establishing this agreement, Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W.) joined the agreement. Later on he regarded it as an excellent event.

3.2 Lady Khadijah (PBUH)

Before discussing Prophet Muhammad’s (S.A.W.) marriage with Lady Khadijah (PBUH), let us briefly discuss her character.

She is the first woman who accepted the invitation of Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W.) and converted to Islam.

According to most historians, she was 68 when Prophet (S.A.W.) moved from Mecca to Medina. Her father was Khuwaylid Ibn Asad and her mother was Fatimah bint Za’idah. Lady Khadijah (A.S.)was related to the Prophet (S.A.W.) from her mother’s side.

Some of the researchers have said that Fatimah al-Zahra (A.S.)was her only child; however, most scholars say that she had other children as well.

Lady Khadijah (A.S.)was known as a clever person and she had great morality. Moreover, at that time, it was common amongst Arabs to disrespect women and kill their daughters. In such a period however, Lady Khadijah (A.S.)was famous for titles such as “the pious” or “the Lady of the women of Quraish”.

She was one of the richest merchants of Quraish. She used to lend some goods to other merchants who went to other cities such as Yemen and on their return they would share the profit of that business. Although most great merchants of Quraish were willing to marry Lady Khadijah (PBUH), she chose to marry Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W.) who was financially in a lower class. After marriage, she devoted all her wealth in spreading Islam. Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W.) said: “Khadijah’s wealth was the most useful wealth I ever had.” In the 6th year after Prophet’s appointment, when Muslims were surrounded in an area called “She’eb Abu Talib”, Lady Khadijah (A.S.)used her wealth and power among Quraish to help surrounded Muslims. She spent all of her wealth for Muslims to the extent that before her demise, she had nothing left.

She was one of the greatest women of the world and her rank is as high as the great Mary (PBUH), mother of Prophet Jesus (PBUH). Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W.) says about her: “Four greatest women of the world are: Khadijah daughter Khuwaylid, Fatimah bint Muhammad, Mary bint Emran and Asyeh bint Masher, the wife of Pharaoh.”

It has been narrated several times that, Gabriel, the angle of revelation, inspired to the Prophet (S.A.W.) and brought Allah’s (SWT) salute for Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W.) and Lady Khadijah (PBUH). This inspiration indicates the great rank of Lady Khadijah (PBUH), because –according to the Holy Quran– Allah (SWT) salutes to his Prophets (PBUT).

Gabriel said: “O Muhammad! Salute to Khadijah from Allah”. Prophet told Khadijah (PBUH): “This is Gabriel who has brought Allah’s salute and peace for you. Khadijah (A.S.)replied: “Allah is all peace; peace is from Allah and my salute to Gabriel.”

Lady Khadijah (A.S.)had a great value in the eyes of the Prophet (S.A.W.) to the extent that he did not marry a second woman while she was alive. The year that she passed away, was coincident with the demise of Prophet’s uncle Abu Talib (PBUH). As a result that year was called “the year of sadness.” After her demise, the Prophet (S.A.W.) regarded her many times as a great woman.

Aisha, one of the Prophet’s wives, narrates: “The Prophet never left our house unless he reminded well of Khadijah.” Aisha also narrates: “Whenever, Prophet Muhammad slaughtered a lamb he would say: ‘Send this to friends of Khadijah.’ Once I asked for the reason of this action and he replied: ‘I like friends of Khadijah as well.”

Considering her high position, it might be easier to realize why she gained the glory of being the Prophet’s wife and the honor of being mother of Fatimah al-Zahra (PBUH), the Lady of all women of the worlds.

3.3 Prophet’s marriage (S.A.W.) with Lady Khadijah (PBUH)

As mentioned in the previous part, Lady Khadijah (A.S.)was one of the wealthiest merchants of Quraish. She dispatched some men to different cities to trade; afterwards, she would get her share from the profit of their business.

When Lady Khadijah (A.S.)was informed of Prophet Muhammad’s (S.A.W.) truthfulness, moral virtues, and his trustworthiness (as he was well-known for), she offered him to go to Syria for trade. She also gave him a larger share than the rest men.

Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W.) accepted this offer and left for Syria; he was being accompanied with Meysara, Lady Khadijah’s (A.S.)special servant.

When they arrived in Syria, Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W.) came down in the shadow of a tree near a monastery. A monk asked Meysara: “Who is the man under that tree?” Meysara replied:” He is of Quraish tribe and from Mecca.” The monk said: “I swear to Allah that he is no one except a Prophet.”

Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W.) sold what he had brought; he bought some other material and then returned to Mecca. In this journey, all businessmen made profit, especially Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W.) who made more than others. Once they returned, Lady Khadijah (A.S.) asked Meysara about Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W.); he said that whatever he did was orderly, logical and wise. He also narrated the happenings throughout the journey and said: “When one of the traders asked him to swear to Laat and Ozza, the two famous idols in Mecca, he refused to do that and said: ‘To me, nothing is inferior to Lat and Ozza.'”

Once Lady Khadijah (A.S.) became aware of these incidents, she sent a messenger to Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W.) to express her proposal for marriage. She wanted to marry him because of his dignity amongst family, truthfulness, moral virtues, and trustworthiness.

Once Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W.) was informed of this issue, he sent his uncles to house of Lady Khadijah (A.S.) to propose for her hand in marriage. In the proposal session, Abu Talib, the Prophet’s uncle, praised Allah (SWT) and then spoke of the virtues of Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W.). He proposed marriage on behalf of Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W.) to Lady Khadijah (PBUH). Lady Khadijah (A.S.) accepted the proposal and got married to Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W.). At that time, Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W.) was twenty-five years old, and according to some narrators Lady Khadijah (A.S.) was 40. Other narrators, however, record that Lady Khadijah (A.S.) was younger.

3.4 Putting Hajar al-Aswad in its place

Another important event that occurred before the Prophet’s mission was the replacement of Hajar al-Aswad in its place. It has been recorded in history that even before Prophet Muhammad’s (S.A.W.) appointment the house of Allah (SWT) (Kaaba) was greatly revered by the Arabs. The Prophet (S.A.W.) and some of his ancestors used to do rituals around the Kaaba.

One year, there was a flood in Mecca which destroyed the walls of Kaaba. Quraish, who took the control over this house, decided to repair it. Once they built the walls, a serious dispute raised amongst them, which was going to cause a bloody war. Each tribe wanted the honor of putting the sacred stone of Hajar al-Aswad in its place. Finally an old man who was highly respected by the Quraish tribe suggested that the first man, who entered the mosque area, should become the judge between them. Everyone accepted this suggestion. Meanwhile, Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W.) entered the mosque and the great men of Quraish accepted that he should be the judge.

The Prophet (S.A.W.) commanded them to widen a peace of cloth on the ground. Then he put Hajar al-Aswad on it and called the head of every tribe to take one corner of the cloth.

When they picked up the cloth by the wall, the Prophet (S.A.W.) took the stone and put it in its place. With this wise judgment he put an end to the probable bloody war.

This event shows us that although he was only 35 years old by that time, the Prophet (S.A.W.) was greatly honored by the Quraish and they all agreed on the honesty and trustworthiness of him.

4- The moral characteristics of the Prophet (S.A.W.)

By looking at the life of the great men and their spiritual characteristics, we may know them and their distinguishing characteristics better. The study of different stages of Prophet Muhammad’s (S.A.W.) life could give us a chance to know more about his moral characteristics and also may help us to follow his path as an ideal human.

It should be noted that what we say here is a little part of his moral characteristics and we will consider this case more deeply in an article titled as: “Moral Characteristics of the Prophet (S.A.W.)”.

In short, his forty-year life period before the appointment was associated with chastity and honesty, trustworthiness and rightness, doing good with the poor and the lower, hatred towards the immoralities within the society along with its custom of idol worshiping. His high moralities and generosity in his behaviors gained the praise of all, to the extent that Allah (SWT) praised him in the Holy Quran for his high moralities. The Prophet (S.A.W.) was nicknamed as “the trustworthy” from the beginning of his youth, thus people trusted him to watch over their properties.
Mostly everyone was against his mission as the Prophet (S.A.W.), but no one doubted in his trustworthiness and thus he continued to secure their properties. Despite the enmity that existed toward him in the city, no one doubted his honesty. Therefore when he decided to migrate from Mecca to Medina, he appointed Imam Ali (A.S.)to pay the debts and to return the properties to their owners.

The Prophet (S.A.W.) never accompanied the people of Mecca in their wining, dining, and unethical nightly parties. Due to the great suffer he endured in that society, he would head towards the cave of Heraa to worship Allah (SWT) for long periods. (You may refer to the article of “The Appointment of the Prophet (S.A.W.)” for more information).

He always named Allah (SWT) before eating, and never ate meat that was not properly slaughtered. Like other prophets, he spent part of his youth as a shepherd. Being a shepherd had great impact on the prophets. It allowed them to separate themselves from the bad deeds of the society; it taught them to endure the difficulties, and it increased their faith in Allah (SWT) as they saw the power of Allah (SWT) and the order He has arranged for nature.

As noted in the section “The Prophet Muhammad’s (S.A.W.) Marriage”, the Prophet (S.A.W.) spent part of his youth doing trade. It was his high moral characteristics that attracted Lady Khadijah (A.S.)towards himself and eventually led to their marriage.