Importance of Rajab & Lesson on ‘UJB


Indeed the number of months with Allah is twelve months in Allah’s Book, the day when He created the heavens and the earth; of these, four are sacred”. (9:36)

The four sacred months in Islam are: Dhul-Qa’dah; Dhul-Hijjah; Muharram &

Rajab.  Allah has commanded us to give special attention to the sanctity of these four months.

O you who have faith! Do not violate the sanctity of the symbols of Allah nor of the sacred month…” (5:2)

This means that we must honour and respect these months; we should not violate the laws of Allah (SWT); and we must avoid committing sins therein.

EVENTS OF RAJAB:

There are numerous events that have occurred in the history during this month. Some of them are as follows:

Births of:

–          Imam Ali (as) – Year 30 of ‘Aamul-Feel

–          Imam al-Baqir (as) – 57 AH

–          Imam al-Jawad (as) – 195 AH

–          & Sayyida Sakinah bint al-Husayn (as)

Martyrdom of:

–          Imam al-Hadi (as) – 254 AH

–          Sayyida Zaynab (as) – 62 AH

Be’thah (Proclamation of Prophethood) – 13 BH

Me’raj (The ascention of the Holy Prophet (saww) to the heavens)

In addition to all these:

–          The Quibla was changed from Quds to Makkah – 2 AH

–          Fat-h of the fort of Khaybar by Imam Ali (as) – 7 AH

–          Ja’ffar bin Abi Talib (as) returned from Ethiopia

–          The battle of Tabook was fought in the year 9 AH

A’MAAL OF RAJAB:

The Holy Prophet (saww) has said,

Rajab is the month of Allah; Sha’ban is my month and the Holy month of Ramadhan is the month of my nation”.

There are numerous A’maal that are highly recommended to be performed during the month of Rajab:

One of them is Fasting.

It is reported from Imam Musa ibn Ja’ffar al-Kadhim (as) that:

Rajab is the name of a river in heaven, which is whiter than milk and sweeter than honey. Whoever fasts in Rajab shall be able to drink from that river”.

It is also mentioned in a Hadith that whoever fasts in this month: Earns the pleasure of Allah (SWT); Safeguards from the wrath of Allah (SWT) and a door from the doors of Jahannam is shut for him.

The other thing is Istighfar.

The Holy Prophet (saww) has said,

Rajab is the month for seeking forgiveness, so seek forgiveness from Allah (SWT)”.

It is highly recommended that one should recite the Tasbeeh of ASTAGHFIRULLAHA WA AS-ALUHUT-TAWBAH (I seek forgiveness from Allah and ask Him to grant me forgiveness) – as many times as possible.

The third thing is Sadaqah.

Giving ‘Sadaqah’ (charity/alms) is also highly recommended particularly for those who are unable to fast for whatever reason.

A’maal of the first Thursday.

I must remind the Mumineen that there is a very important A’maal to be performed on the first Thursday night of this month. This is known as the A’maal of Laylatur-Raghaib. The methods of performing this A’maal have already been posted to you and make a point to do it. The Holy Prophet (saww) has recommended this prayer to us and the advantages are: Forgiveness of great many sins; Safety from troubles of the grave on the first night of burial and shelter on the day of resurrection. And there are numerous other A’maal, which one can refer to in Mafatih al-Jinaan and Almanac.

UJB IN THE HADITH OF IMAM AL-BAQIR (A.S.)

Being the 1st of Rajab, today, we are celebrating the birth of our 5th Imam, Imam Muhammad ibn Ali al-Baqir (as). On such occasions, we benefit from the guidance of our Aimma (as).

It is related from Imam Muhammad al-Baqir (as) that:

Two persons entered the mosque, one was pious and the other was a transgressor. When they emerged from the mosque after the prayer, the transgressor was pious and the pious turned a transgressor. The reason was that: The pious person came out of the mosque with pride at his piety and the transgressor was remorseful at his past misdeeds”.

(‘Ayn al-Hayaat)

The biggest trap, which Shaytan has set for the believers is that of ‘UJB. ‘UJB means ‘self-conceit’. In other words, to compare ourselves with others and to consider ourselves superior to others in matters of religion and faith – this is ‘UJB and it can lead us to Kufr. For example: If a person says his prayers, or fasts the recommended fasts every time, or recites Quran, Munajaat, Dua’s etc better than others; and he or she gets the feelings of superiority on account of all these over others – this is ‘UJB which renders all his deeds invalid. Therefore, whenever we do good deeds, we should strive to be humble and always continue to feel inferior within ourselves.

Imam Ja’ffar as-Sadiq (as) has said that:

[One day Prophet ‘Issa (as) came to a sea shore with his companions. He (as) recited: BISMILLAHI BI-SIHHATI YAQEENIN MINHU (In the Name of Allah – with the feeling of certainty on Him) and then began walking on the water. When one of his companions, who was short in height saw this, he too recited: BISMILLAHI BI-SIHHATI YAQEENIN MINHU (In the Name of Allah – with the feeling of certainty on Him) and began walking on the water till he met up with Prophet ‘Issa (as). There, self-conceit entered his heart and he began to drown. He called out for help from Prophet ‘Issa (as) and the Prophet (as) rescued him.] (Al-Kaafi)

Imam ‘Ali (as) has said, “There is nothing that harms good actions more than self-conceit”. (Ghurar al-Hikam)

INCIDENT OF PROPHET MUSA (AS)

[Prophet Musa (as) was once passing through a barren hill when he (as) came across a cave where a pious man was engaged in prayers. Prophet Musa (as) came and greeted him. The man asked, “Who are you?” and the Prophet (as) said, “I am Musa”. The man asked, “Are you Prophet Musa?” He (as) said, “Yes!”

Thereupon the man asked Prophet Musa (as) for a favour. He said, “O Musa! For past 100 years I am sitting here praying to Allah and I have done nothing else. Just ask Him what will He (SWT) give me for my efforts?”

Prophet Musa (as) conveyed the message to Allah (SWT) and Allah (SWT) told him, “O Musa! Tell him We shall inform him about his reward tomorrow”.

The pious man agreed and said, “Tomorrow is not far so I will wait”. Now, the pious man had the habit of going every morning to a nearby canal to bath and fetch water. The following morning, as he was going to the canal, he lost his way and reached somewhere else. Since it was extremely hot, he became extremely thirsty and tired. With water nowhere to be seen, he realized that he would die of thirst. Suddenly he saw a man coming towards him. He called the man towards him and asked him for some water. The man said, “There is no water in this wilderness. Whatever little water is there is for me”.

The pious man began to cry and plead for help. Eventually, the stranger agreed to give him a tumbler of water with a condition that he should give him something in return. The man said that he possessed nothing as he had spent 100 years in worship. The man said, “If you agree to transfer the reward of your 100 years worship, I will give you a tumbler of water”.

The pious man thought that if he lived, he would be able to pray for a further period so he accepted the offer. That evening, Prophet Musa (as) came to him. The pious man said to him, “I have sold my 100 years of prayers for a tumbler of water”. Prophet Musa (as) told him, “I am aware of this and Allah (SWT) has asked me to convey this to you that: If the value of 100 years prayers is one tumbler of water then you must settle the value of the water you have been drinking for over a last 100 years.

When the pious man heard this, he cried out loudly and said,

O Musa! Tell Allah (SWT) to forgive my sins. Allah is beneficent and merciful”.

Immediately a revelation came:

O Musa! Tell this man that his remorsefulness has pleased us more than his 100 years of prayers and We have given him the rewards for a thousand years of prayers”.]

CONCLUSION:

We should not be boasting about our good actions neither should we consider others as inferior to us in religion and faith, rather we should continue to seek Istighfar lest our good deeds perish on account of our self-conceit.

Imam Muhammad al-Baqir (as) has said, “Whoever gets ‘UJB – perishes”. (Meezan al-Hikmah)

Mulla Mujahidali Sheriff

mulla@almahdi.org.uk

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