Historians differ on date of wafat of Bibi Fatima Zahra. Narrations state that the date is either 75 days or 90 days after the wafat of holy prophet which occurred on 28th Safar 11 A.H. According to Sheikh Abbas Qummi the date would either fall on 13th /14th /15thJamadi al Ula or 3rdJamadi al Thani 11A.H.
Ulama have encouraged the observance of the period of 20 days between these two dates dedicated as Ayyame Fatimiya to observing the days of this exalted lady. These days are to recall her virtues, moral and ethical examples as well as her suffering and rededicate to lead our lives guided by her as a role model.
Group Question: Where has Bibi Fatima Zahra mentioned or referred to in the holy Qur’an?
Sura Al Kawthar / Aya al Mubahala / Aya al Mawaddah / Sura Ad Dahr / Ayat at Tathir
Bibi Fatima Zahra and LaylatulQadr:
“…..a person who has truly grasped a deep understanding of Fatima (and who she is) has actually witnessed and experienced LaylatulQadr….” Imam J’afar As Sadiq a.s.
What a very close relationship there is between the existence of this exalted lady and the Laylatul Qadr. Some of them are:
1) Qadr is the Divine decree. On the night of Laylatul Qadr we all strive to seek the Divine ridha- pleasure-and safeguard from the Divine ghadhab- displeasure.
“Fatima is a part of me. Whosoever angers her has angered me. Whatever hurts her hurts me and whatever angers her has angered me.”
“Surely Allah is angered with Fatima’s anger and is pleased with her pleasure.” Holy prophet
2) Actual date of laylatul qadr is hidden. Ahlul Bayt have given clues such as it being in the last ten nights of holy Ramadhan. Why?
The exact location of the grave of this exalted lady is unknown. What happened that the grave of the only daughter of holy prophet is unknown whereas the graves of other holy personalities, including the martyrs of the massacre at Karbala, is known?
3) The night of Qadr is better than 1000 months which is equivalent to 80 years. The virtue of observing the rites of this night is greater than a long life span of 80 years.
The status and virtues of this lady is greater than thousands of virtuous persons as she has been Divinely chosen over the ladies of the worlds.
Imam Ja’far As Sadiq mentions that angels came and addressed Bibi Fatima, as they had addressed Maryam, saying : O Fatima! Indeed Allah has chosen you to be above all women of the world.
4) The holy Qur’an was descended upon the holy prophet on the night of Qadr. This was the written Qur’an.
Bibi Fatima Zahra, the daughter of the prophet, is the one from whom Eleven Qur’an Natiq – speaking Qur’an- descended. These are the 11 Imams after Amiral Muminin Ali bin Abi Talib a.s.
“And what will makes you know what Laylatul Qadr is?” Suratul Qadr 97:3
Likewise the muslim community is addressed “…..a person who has truly grasped a deep understanding of Fatima (and who she is) has actually witnessed and experienced Laylatul Qadr….” Imam J’afar As Sadiq a.s.
Failing to appreciate and comprehend the exalted status of Bibi Fatima led to the unfolding of the tragic events upon her after the demise of her beloved father.
“Surely those who annoy Allah and His Messenger, Allah has cursed them in this world and the hereafter and He has prepared for them a humiliating punishment.” (Sura Al Ahzab 33:57)
Wa ma tawfiqi illa billah
With salaams and duas
Fazle Abbas Datoo