Category Archives: Holy propeht mohamad (s.a.w)

The Year of Sorrow A.D. 619,

Syed Muhammad Razvi of Al-Iman School, Grade 11

In this article written by the leader of the Islamic Drama Club and former member of the Model UN, the compassion for Prophet Muhammad (saww) is highlighted. Indeed, an understanding of the Holy Prophet Muhammad’s (saww) trials and tribulations present themselves in a piece written from a member of the Journalism Club who is very active in Islam. Teacher Sayyed.

The deaths of the two friends, Khadija and Abu Talib, shocked the Holy Prophet (saww). He called that year, A.D. 619, “The Year of Sorrow”. These two personalities were great benefactors of Islam and Mohammad (PBUH&HF). While Sayyidah Khadijah was the only true friend, companion and comforter in his life, Abu Talib had raised Mohammad (saww) himself and was his only guardian and protector.

The deaths of these two occurred after the end of the three year boycott of Mohammad (saww) and his clan. In this boycott the Meccans had openly revealed their hatred against the Prophet (saww) and his supporters, forcing them to retreat to a ravine in the outskirts of Mecca. During this boycott the conditions were such that continuous attempts were made at the life of the Prophet and food was so scarce that at times they were forced to survive by eating leaves.

During those three enduring years, all of the wealth of Sayyidah Khadija, the queen of Arabia, had been drained in secretly trying to feed the members of the clan and buying them essentials such as water and clothing. When she died, there was not enough money in the house to buy a shroud. She was given burial in a cloak of her husband. The Prophet never married another woman as long as Khadija lived, and after her death, Allah placed her in the rank of four perfect women in the Holy Quran. Khadija died on the 10th of Ramadan of the 10th year of the Proclamation of Islam. After the burial, the Apostle himself smoothed the earth on her grave.

The safety of the Prophet of Islam was also important during the boycott and Abu Talib took charge of that. It is said that at nights Abu Talib used to switch the Prophet’s bed with his own sons’ beds, so as to trick the enemies who were openly revolting against him. Abu Talib was a fervent believer in Islam, a fact which is doubted by some Muslims. His attachment, though, to Islam is pointed out by his consistency, and by the logic of facts. No man can love Muhammad and idolatry at the same time and if there is any one thing beyond any doubt in the history of Islam, it is Abu Talib’s love for Muhammad. Abu Talib and his wife, Fatima bint Asad, loved Muhammad more than they loved their own children. Both husband and wife were ready to sacrifice their sons for Muhammad. Such love could have only one source and that is trust in Muhammad and faith in Islam. Abu Talib’s wife, Fatima bint Asad, the foster-mother of Muhammad, was the second woman to accept Islam, the first being Khadija.

The year 619 turned out to be a year of sorrow for Muhammad Mustafa in more than one sense. The death of one’s loved ones is naturally a cause for sorrow but the Prophet was soon made conscious of the meaning of their death by a series of extraneous events. Khadija and Abu Talib died in the same year, Khadija had been a faithful supporter to the prophet and Islam, and he used to tell her of his troubles. With the death of Abu Talib, he lost strength in his personal life and a defense and protection against his tribe. Abu Talib died some three years before the Prophet migrated to Madina and it was then that the Quraysh began to treat him in an offensive way which they would not have dared to do in his uncle’s lifetime. The Prophet is reported to have said, “Quraysh never treated me thus while Abu Talib was alive”. Reference: A Restatement of the History of Islam and Muslims, By Sayed Ali Asgher Razwy.

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The Prophet SAWW: Greatest Man Ever on Earth

org.jpgBefore begots and all those who see The Prophet SAWW as just a mere “bashar”, they should look at what an independent researcher, a non-Muslim found out when he researched the Greatest 100 Men. He declared unreservedly that Prophet Muhammad SAWW was the top of the list. This is the truth that cannot be denied for Allah SWT has attested to that in The Quran. “Certainly, you possess sublime morality” (68:4).

On Friday, the Seventeenth of Rabi’ul Awwal, in the Year of The elephant when the vassal of the Christian King, Abraha, tried to attack The Ka’ba and perished under a barrage of lethal pebbles in the tiny feet of ababeel birds (105:3), The Prophet SAWW was born in the pure house of Hadhrat Abdullah ibni Abdul Muttalib AS and Hadhrat Amena binti Wahab AS. The Seventeenth of Rabi’ul Awwal is the most authentic date of his birth because its source is authentic. How so? And not Monday, Twelfth Rabi’ul Awwal as is believed by the amma? The reply is simple. When a biographer researches material on the biography a personage would he ask strangers or neighbors for facts and dates or would he turn to the most reliable source the progeny of the biographee. Obviously, the people of the house would know the truth. Thus, we have accepted The Prophet Saw’s progeny’s testimony that The Prophet SAWW’s birthdate is Seventeenth of Rabi’ul Awwal, while others have gotten the Twelfth from stray sources.

The Prophet SAWW lost his father before his birth. So, his grandfather, Hadhrat Abdul Muttalib AS, the saintly Sheikhul Batha, following the True Path of Hadhrat Ibrahim Khalilullah AS named him MUHAMMAD. This name though not unknown was rarely kept by the Arabs. So, curiosity was aroused and Hadhrat Abdul MuttalibAS was asked why he had chosen this name. Only a divinely inspired person would reply that he wished for this newborn to be praised in the heavens, as he would be on earth. The renowned poet of the time, Hassaan bin Thabit then composed a verse saying: “The Creator derived the name of His Prophet from His Own Name. Just as Allah SWT is MAHMOOD (THE ADORABLE), His Prophet is MUHAMMAD (The Praiseworthy). Both these names are derived from the same root and bear the same meaning.”

Indeed, the name had to be a rare one for there should be no mistake in identifying the personage who was foretold in the Scriptures with spiritual and corporeal signs that the signs and the name had to be fully evident in order to ensure there was no mistake in identifying the True Prophet against false ones. Thus, the fewer the bearers of this unique name, the lesser the chances of impostors. The Quran mentions two names MUHAMMAD (Ala Imran: 138, Muhammad: 2, Al-Fath: 29 and Al-Ahzab: 40) and AHMAD in Suratul Saff. The name AHMAD, also a derivation of the same root was given to him by his mother Hadhrat Amena AS. Thus, it is evident that Hadhrat Abdul Muttalib AS and his family including Hadhrat Abu Talib AS and Hadhrat Amena AS were close to Allah SWT, unlike the Abu Jahls, Abu Sufyans, and Abu Lahabs. Halima Sa’diyyah RA suckled The Prophet SAWW. When Hadhrat Abdul MuttalibAS learnt her name and her tribal affinity he said: “Very good! Very good! Two good traits and two decent qualities. One of them is happiness and prosperity and the other is humility and forbearance.”

A person’s greatness comes from the permanency of his life work. The Prophet SAWW was born in a hostile, ignorant, arrogant and cruel milieu. This worked to the advantage of opportunist, but for the Arabs themselves it was a bane. The Prophet SAWW came to succor the people and those whose economic interest was threatened did not favorably accept his reforms of corrupt society. The Prophet SAWW had a mission and he fulfilled it, despite all that he had to go through. Thus, his legacy lives on and so does the enmity against him by those who lost power, prestige and prosperity of opportunism. The Prophet SAWW was a descendant of Hadhrat Ibrahim Khalilullah AS and Hadhrat Ismail Dhabihullah. Hadhrat IbrahimAS had prayed to Allah SWT to keep him and his descendants (dhuriyyah) away from idol-worship. Thus The Prophet SAWW was descended from a line of pure, self-sacrificing, generous personages. The qualities bravery, compassion, generosity and cheerfulness were enough. On top of it he was The Divinely appointed Prophet SAWW. He had no need to be taught by anyone and His character and behavior was unblemished.

He left behind Allah SWT’s Book and his pure progeny. Each of his descendants was great in his/her own right. Her father who stood up and gave his seat to Fatimatu Zzahraa AS every time she came in his presence revered his only daughter. He gave her the epithet of Umm Abiha. His cousin and son-in-law Imam Ali ibni Abi TalibAS was second to none but The Prophet SAWW. His grandsons were The Masters of the Youths of Paradise and his last descendant the prayer leader of prophet of Allah Hadhrat Isa AS. The Prophet SAWW taught his rightful successor Imam Ali AS a thousand kinds of knowledge each of which opened a thousand more gates for the Imam AS.

What did he give to his society? A society that created its own gods and ate them during famine, a society steeped in internecine warfare, infanticide and barbarism. To turn round such savage people into noble believers of One True God and think good of others and share wealth, compassion and civilization was the feat that only a person of The Prophet SAWW’s caliber could ever achieve. When he conquered Makkah bloodlessly, he asked his enemies what treatment they expected from him. In unison, they said what would be expected of a magnanimous son of magnanimous ancestry. The Prophet SAWW declared an amnesty for the bloodthirsty foe that included the human raw liver-chewing wife of Abu Sufyan, the inveterate enemy of The Prophet SAWW. Abu Sufyan had colluded and conspired with the opportunists to harass and plot against The Prophet SAWW. Yet, vengeance was not The Prophet SAWW’s way.

Yet today those who claim to be the followers of The Prophet SAWW object to his remembrance and call Miladu Nnabi ‘shirk’. The leaders of such schools of faith spread malice against The Prophet SAWW and his Purified Progeny and shed innocent blood. Ibn Taymiyya never saluted The Prophet SAWW for thirty years when he went to The Prophet SAWW’s Mosque and he becomes a Mufti of the Muslims! Such ingratitude and bigotry would be expected of his avowed enemies, not from the so-called leaders of Muslims. They have forgotten the favor The Prophet SAWW did to them to convert their ancestors from paganism, idol worshipping and barbarism into a civilized people.

Yet, to The Day of Judgment, wherever there are the true followers of The Prophet SAWW, the followers of The Ahlul Bayt AS, the name of The Prophet SAWW shall resound in the Salawaat, Salaam, Na’at, Qasida and in remembrance of his life and that of his progeny. Enemies join hands with hypocrites to belittle the name of The Prophet SAWW who is a mukaffir that is someone who is never thanked for the favors he has done. Yet, Allah SWT defeats these ploys. More and more people are seeing the Light and embracing Islam and each new Muslim adds to the resonating voice of “I testify that there is no god save Allah and Muhammad is His Prophet.”

Safarul Mudhaffar: Suffering Continues for Prophet SAWW

info.jpgProphet Muhammad SAWW declared “No Prophet has been harassed more than me”. Indeed, these words ring true to this day. Not only do the bigoted Televangelists spew out their venom against The Prophet SAWW, but also the terrorist outfits that kill, maim and cause mayhem on the pretext of defending The Prophet SAWW. The Prophet SAWW, according to Philip Hitti, never killed anyone even in battle, let alone to convert somebody to Islam. As the victor, he could easily have put Abu Sufyan and his cohorts to sword. Yet, he offered amnesty to those who did not want to accept the message of Islam. So, at the height of power and might, “The Mercy unto Mankind” spares lives of inveterate enemies of Islam and is of course compassionate and merciful, how then can his so-called devotees justify the carnage, murder and terror they wreak upon Muslims? How can there be a fatwa of lawful killing of Shi’a who are the real Muslimsand who have steadfastly adhered to The Prophet SAWW’s teachings?

Did The Prophet SAWW not seek “Mawaddata fil Qurba”? Did Allammah Zamakhshari not reiterate the hadith that one who dies in the cause of the Ahlul Bayt dies a martyr and one who shows enmity to Ahlul Bayt will never get the Mercy of Allah SWT? Who do the muftis who pronounce Shi’a as Kafir and “wajibul qatl”follow? Certainly not The Prophet SAWW . Did The Prophet SAWW not say that one who testifies to the shahadah is a Muslim and that a Muslim is one from whose hands and mouth another Muslim is safe? If The Prophet SAWW follows the Qur’anic norm of “saving one life is akin to saving a whole humanity and killing one life is akin to killing the whole humanity”, then whoever issues fatawi of bomb, kill, gun down, disrupt religious processions and worship services cannot claim to be a Muslim who follows The Prophet SAWW.

The carnage perpetrated on innocent pilgrims to the shrine of Imam Husein AS in Karbala and of Kadhmayn, Imam Musa Al-Kadhim AS and Imam Muhammad Taqi Al-Jawad AS in the outskirts of Baghdad as well as the wanton killing of Shi’a mourners in Quetta, Pakistan and in Afghanistan on Ashura Day have revealed their true colors as the enemies of The Prophet SAWW. American Muslim Organizations such as CAIR, MPAC and Islamic Center of Long Island, New York put out statements condemning the killings. In Iraq, Shi’a and Sunni ulamaa stood together to foil the nefarious plot of dividing the Muslims of Iraq and creating civil strife so that Satanic influenced can be snuck into the body politic of Iraq. Yet more needs to be done.

Imam Husain AS who, according to Josh Malihabadi, is not the champion of Muslims only but of the whole slumbering humanity, made sure the atrocities of Yazid would not be hidden by taking his family with him to Karbala. And it was the captive Imam Zainul Abideen AS, the brave daughters of Imam Ali ibn TalibAS, Hadhrat Zaynab and Hadhrat Umm Kulthum who shook the tryants’ throne. Nay, it was Sakina Bintil Husayn’s martyrdom in the dungeon of Damascus that proclaimed the doom of Yezid who used his might to attempt not only to destroy Imamah by killing Imam Husain AS but Nubuwwah by ransacking Madinah and Tauheed by sacking The Ka’aba. Yet, to this date Imam Husain AS’ memory is alive and fresh, Madinatu Rrasul is the focus of millions of Pilgrims and The Baytullah the Qibla of Muslims the world over. Where is Yazid? Where is his army? “Darbare Aam Kuja?” “Majlise sharab kuja?”

Hadhrat Zainab AS addressing the tyrant told him “O Yazid your days are but numbered”. This was in 61 AH. In 64 AH the tyrant died of pleurisy and his grave became the epitome of Hell. His dastardly deeds earned him eternal fire inside the grave and the French glass factory built on his grave earned him fire from outside too. Similar fate awaits those who perpetrate carnage and mayhem.

Safarul Mudhaffar is a month of suffering for the real devotees of The Prophet SAWW. The Prophet SAWW’s progeny that survived the massacre of Karbala was imprisoned in the dark, dilapidated dungeon of Damascus for a year. Imam Husain AS’ beloved four-year-old Sakina Bintil Husayn (also known as Ruqayyah) died and was buried therein. Safar is also the month in which the Fortieth day of Imam Husain AS’ martyrdom falls and this Day brings back profound memories of Ashura Day to the fore.

Safarul Mudhaffar is also the month in which The Prophet SAWW passed on to the Heavenly abode, leaving Muslims bereft of his fatherly love and guidance. This is also the month in which Imam Hassan Al-Mujtaba AS, the elder grandson of The Prophet SAWW was poisoned by his wife at the instigation of Mu’awiya ibn Abi Sufyan, the son of “eater of human liver”. When she had done his bidding, he reneged on his promise to marry her to his son, Yazid. And such a man is revered as Khalifatul Muslimeen?Safarul Mudhaffar is also the month of the shahadah of Imam Ali Al-Ridha AS whom the Abbasid caliph Ma’mun had appointed heir apparent and then administered poison concealed in grapes that he offered the Imam AS to eat. Such a person is also regarded as the caliph of Muslims? No wonder, we have murderers, bombers and criminal elements posing as champions of Islam today.

The suffering of the Ahlul Bayt AS and their followers began when The Prophet SAWW closed his eyes to the world and has been continuing for fourteen hundred years. Yet, despite all these atrocities, the name and mourning for Imam Husain AS will never cease for it is Allah SWT’s Will that keeps it alive. The butcher Saddam bombarded the shrine of Imam Husain AS in 1991 and declared ”La Shi’a baadal Yawm”. Today, the shrine stands, the Shi’a live and profess their faith. But where is Saddam? Where is the rat that cowered in a rat-hole and pleaded for his life when he was being captured? The man who looted his people to build lavish palaces ended up in a pathetic hole, whereas Imam Husain AS’ shrine is the convergence point of millions of pilgrims. Everyone utters Saddam’s crimes with curses, Imam Husain AS is saluted from near and afar with “Assalamu Alayka Ya Aba Abdillah”.

Herein is the lesson for the tyrants, potentates, arrogant rulers and bloodthirsty leaders: Do your worst, but you will never succeed to obliterate the Truth that is represented by the Shi’a of Imam Ali ibni Abi Talib AS because The Prophet SAWW proclaimed : “Al-Haqqu ma’a Aliyyun wa Aliyyun ma’al Haqq” and The Qur’anhas guaranteed that Truth shall always triumph. The torchbearer of Truth, Imam Mehdi AFS lives and when he reappears from his occultation falsehood will disappear and Truth prevail. Imam Mehdi AFS is the Twelfth True Imam to succeed The Prophet SAWW, as The Qur’an and many ahadith have proven beyond an iota of doubt.

www.alqaem.org

The Year of Sorrow

The deaths of the two friends, Khadija and Abu Talib, shocked the Holy Prophet (saww). He called that year, A.D. 619, “The Year of Sorrow”. These two personalities were great benefactors of Islam and Mohammad (PBUH&HF). While Sayyidah Khadijah was the only true friend, companion and comforter in his life, Abu Talib had raised Mohammad (saww) himself and was his only guardian and protector.

The deaths of these two occurred after the end of the three year boycott of Mohammad (saww) and his clan. In this boycott the Meccans had openly revealed their hatred against the Prophet (saww) and his supporters, forcing them to retreat to a ravine in the outskirts of Mecca. During this boycott the conditions were such that continuous attempts were made at the life of the Prophet and food was so scarce that at times they were forced to survive by eating leaves.

During those three enduring years, all of the wealth of Sayyidah Khadija, the queen of Arabia, had been drained in secretly trying to feed the members of the clan and buying them essentials such as water and clothing. When she died, there was not enough money in the house to buy a shroud. She was given burial in a cloak of her husband. The Prophet never married another woman as long as Khadija lived, and after her death, Allah placed her in the rank of four perfect women in the Holy Quran. Khadija died on the 10th of Ramadan of the 10th year of the Proclamation of Islam. After the burial, the Apostle himself smoothed the earth on her grave.

The safety of the Prophet of Islam was also important during the boycott and Abu Talib took charge of that. It is said that at nights Abu Talib used to switch the Prophet’s bed with his own sons’ beds, so as to trick the enemies who were openly revolting against him. Abu Talib was a fervent believer in Islam, a fact which is doubted by some Muslims. His attachment, though, to Islam is pointed out by his consistency, and by the logic of facts. No man can love Muhammad and idolatry at the same time and if there is any one thing beyond any doubt in the history of Islam, it is Abu Talib’s love for Muhammad. Abu Talib and his wife, Fatima bint Asad, loved Muhammad more than they loved their own children. Both husband and wife were ready to sacrifice their sons for Muhammad. Such love could have only one source and that is trust in Muhammad and faith in Islam. Abu Talib’s wife, Fatima bint Asad, the foster-mother of Muhammad, was the second woman to accept Islam, the first being Khadija.

The year 619 turned out to be a year of sorrow for Muhammad Mustafa in more than one sense. The death of one’s loved ones is naturally a cause for sorrow but the Prophet was soon made conscious of the meaning of their death by a series of extraneous events. Khadija and Abu Talib died in the same year, Khadija had been a faithful supporter to the prophet and Islam, and he used to tell her of his troubles. With the death of Abu Talib, he lost strength in his personal life and a defense and protection against his tribe. Abu Talib died some three years before the Prophet migrated to Madina and it was then that the Quraysh began to treat him in an offensive way which they would not have dared to do in his uncle’s lifetime. The Prophet is reported to have said, “Quraysh never treated me thus while Abu Talib was alive”. Reference: A Restatement of the History of Islam and Muslims, By Sayed Ali Asgher Razwy.

QURAN & THE HOLY PROPHET (SAWW)

QURAN WAS REVEALED ON THE HOLY PROPHET (SAWW)

 

The Holy Quran is the Book of Allah (SWT), which was revealed on the Holy Prophet (saww).

 

“Indeed you receive the Quran, from One who is all-wise, all-knowing”.    (27:6)

 

“This is indeed (a Book) sent down by the Lord of the worlds, brought down by the Trustworthy Spirit, upon your heart, so that you may be one of the warners. In a clear Arabic language. It is indeed (foretold) in the scriptures of the ancients”. (26:192-196)

 

QURAN – THE PRIDE OF THE HOLY PROPHET (SAWW)

 

Imam Muhammad al-Baqir (as) has reported from his grandfather Imam Ali bin Abi Talib (as) who said, “Indeed the Holy Prophet (saww) himself said,  ‘I have been given five such things that no prophet before me was given:

 

  • I have been made the Prophet for entire mankind (of all colours)
  • The earth has been made place of worship (Sajdah) and pure for me.
  • Allah made me victorious by inspiring awe (fear in my enemies)
  • War booty has been made lawful for me, which was never made lawful on the previous prophets.
  • I have been given Jawame’ al-Kalim.”

 

When asked, “What is Jawame’ al-Kalim?” He (as) replied, “Quran”.

                                                                                  (Quran-o-‘Itrat)

 

RECITATION OF QURAN

 

The Holy Prophet (saww) used to recite the Holy Quran to the people. This has been stated in the Holy Quran itself.

 

“Allah certainly favoured the faithful when He raised up among them an apostle from among themselves to recite to them His signs and to purify them, and to teach them the Book and wisdom, and earlier they had been in manifest error”. (3:164)

 

The Holy Prophet (saww) once told Ibn Mas’ood, “Recite Quran!” Ibn Mas’ood asked, “O Prophet of Allah! Should I recite when the Quran was revealed upon you?” He (saww) replied, “Indeed I feel good to hear its recitation from others”. Thereafter Ibn Mas’ood would recite Quran and the Messenger of Allah would listen to it while tears rolled down his cheeks.

                                                                              (Al-Mahajjatul-Baydha)

 

It is reported that once the Holy Prophet (saww) told Ibn Mas’ood, “Recite Quran in my presence”. Ibn Mas’ood began reciting Suratun-Nisaa (Chapter 4) and when he reached the verse, which reads: ‘So how shall it be when We bring from every nation a witness and We bring you as a witness to them?’(4:41) Ibn Mas’ood noticed that the Holy Prophet (saww) was weeping profusely and then he (saww) said to him, “Stop! It suffices here for now”.  (Al-Mahajjatul-Baydha)

 

 

The Holy Prophet (saww) once said, “Indeed I have knowledge of one such verse, which if the people took (acted upon) it, it would be sufficient for them. The verse is: ‘And whoever is wary of Allah, He shall make a way out for him and provide for him from whence he does not reckon’. (65:2-3) And then he (saww) kept repeating the verse. (Quran-o-‘Itrat) 

 

CRYING DURING RECITATION OF QURAN

 

The Holy Prophet (saww) was asked, “Who is the best recitor of the Quran?” He (saww) replied, “One who is seen exhibiting awe (a feeling of great respect and admiration combined with fear) at its recitation”.

                                                                                   (Kanzul-‘Ummaal)

 

In the life of the Holy Prophet (saww), we find that he (saww) used to exhibit the highest level of Awe during recitation of the Holy Quran.

 

Imam Ja’ffar Ibn Muhammad al-Sadiq (as) has narrated that:

“Whenever the Messenger of Allah used to recite this verse: ‘You do not engage in any work, neither do you recite any part of the Quran, nor do you perform any deed without Our being witness over you when you are engaged therein. Not an atom’s weight escapes your Lord in the earth or in the sky, nor (is there) anything smaller than that or bigger, but it is in a manifest Book’. (10:61) The Messenger of Allah would cry extensively”. (Majma’ al-Bayaan)

 

The Holy Quran had such an effect on the mind and soul of the Holy Prophet (saww) that he (saww) aged sooner than his time.

 

Ibn Abbas once told the Prophet (saww), “You have aged very quickly”, to which, the Holy Prophet (saww) replied, “The Chapters on Hud, Waqe’ah, Musalaat and An-Naba’ have made me old”. (Quran-o-‘Itrat)

 

 

POSITIONS BASED ON QURAN MEMORISATION

 

The Holy Prophet (saww) used to give different positions to his companions based upon how much they had memorised of the Holy Quran.

 

The Holy Prophet (saww) had formed a group of recitors of Quran whom he (saww) listened to one after another. One day he (saww) called them and asked each of them as to what of Quran they had remembered (memorised) until such time that he (saww) reached a young man and asked him the same question. The young man replied, “I have memorised such and such (chapters) and Suratul-Baqarah (2nd chapter)”. Thereupon the Holy Prophet (saww) told the people, “Now go away from here and this young man is your leader (from now onwards)”. When the people said, “O Messenger of Allah! He is still young”, he (saww) said, “He knows Suratul-Baqarah”. (Majma’ al-Bayaan)

 

QURAN IN THE LAST MOMENTS OF LIFE

 

The Holy Prophet (saww) was so much attached to the Holy Quran that he (saww) guided others towards it even during death.

 

It is narrated that when the Holy Prophet (saww) was on his deathbed, he lay unconscious with his head placed on the lap of Imam Ali bin Abi Talib (as). Sayyida Fatima al-Zahra (as) who was engrossed in grief, recited a poem (in praise of the Prophet) at that time. The Holy Prophet (saww) regained his consciousness and said, “O Fatima! This poem was composed by Uncle Abu Talib (but) do not recite it, instead recite: ‘Muhammad is but an apostle; (other) apostles have passed before him. If he dies or is slain, will you turn back on your heels?’ (3:144) Thereupon Fatima (as) did as told and continued grieving her father. (Al-Irshaad)

 

AN INTERESTING INCIDENT

 

One day Mu’awiya went on the pulpit and said, “O People! Verily Allah has blessed the Quraysh with three preferences over others: Allah has said to His Prophet (saww): ‘Warn the nearest of your kinsfolk’, (26:214) and we are his nearest kinsfolk. Then He (SWT) said: ‘Indeed it (Quran) is a reminder for you and for your people’, (43:44) and we are his people. Then He (SWT) said: ‘(In gratitude) for solidarity among Quraysh, their solidarity during winter and summer journeys’, (106:1-2).

 

Mu’awiya said this with all pride and arrogance and thought that he had achieved the highest level of unchallengeable position. He assumed that he had proofs to silence his opposition. Thereupon, a person from among the Ansaar stood up and said:

 

“O Mu’awiya! Mind your own business. Allah (SWT) is saying: ‘Your people have denied it, though it is the truth’, (6:66) and you are his people. Allah (SWT) then says: ‘When the son of Mary was cited as an example, behold, your people raise an outcry’, (43:57) and you are his people. The Allah, the Exalted also says: ‘And the apostle will say: O my Lord! Indeed my people consigned this Quran to oblivion’, (25:30). These three things were in reply to the three things that you mentioned. If you say more, then I will counter them too”.

 

Hearing this, Mu’awiya became speechless and withdrew in silence.Quran-o-‘Itrat)

 Mulla Mujahidali Sheriff

         

 

Al-Hijrah (Migration in the cause of Allah)

“And those who migrate in the way of Allah and are then slain or die, Allah will most certainly provide them with a goodly sustenance. And verily Allah is the best of Providers”. (22:58)

TAFSEER:

According to Tafseer-e-Namoona: When Muslims migrated from Makkah to Madinah, some died of natural death and some were slain. Seeing this, a group of Muslims began to claim that people who were slain had acquired martyrdom and distinction in the sight of Allah (SWT) whereas those who died of natural causes, had achieved nothing. This claim caused lot of distress to many Muslims who had left behind in Makkah everything they owned and possessed, and had migrated to Madina with the Holy Prophet (saww) to secure their faith and freely practice Islam. This verse was revealed as a consolation for them and also made them equal in rewards with those killed in the cause of Allah (SWT).

Qurtubi states in his tafseer: The most important thing is to die in the cause of Allah (SWT). It is regardless whether one is killed on the battlefront or dies on his bed. Whoever dies while obeying the commands of Allah is a SHAHEED.

REAL HIJRAH:

Al-Hijrah or migration basically means to leave one place and travel to settle in another place for greener pastures, or better prospects and opportunities. However, the Hijrah which has been exclusively praised in the Holy Quran and Hadeeth is known as al-Hijrah fee sabeelillah meaning “to migrate in the cause of Allah (SWT)”.

“Verily those who believed, and those who migrated and strove hard in the way of Allah, these (are they) who rightly hope for the mercy of Allah…” (2:218)

“Those who believed and migrated and strived hard in Allah’s way with their possessions and lives, are much higher in rank with Allah; They are those who are successful”. (9:20)

KINDS OF HIJRAH:

FROM KUFR TO ISLAM: One who was a Kafir, or a Mushrik and later on accepted and entered into the fold of Islam, is said to have migrated from Kufr to Islam.

Imam al-Baqir (a.s) has said, “One who enters into Islam willingly is a Muhajir (one who has migrated to Islam)”. (Bihar al-Anwaar)

FROM SINS TO PIETY: One who leads a sinful way of life and later on wakes up from the deep slumber of heedlessness and corrects himself, this act of correction is also considered as migration to Allah (SWT).

“And all the abominations, then migrate (from them)” (74:5) meaning “keep away from them”.

The Holy Prophet (saww) once told a woman by the name of Umm Anas, “Migrate from sins, for it is the best (form of) migration”. (Kanzul-‘Ummaal)

MIGRATING FOR THE SAKE OF TRUTH WHILST SACRIFICING EVERYTHING INCLUDING ONE’S LIFE: This is regarded as a greatest form of Hijrah and Jihad (Struggle), and only those who are true believers yearn for this in order to attain Martydom.

Harithah bin Malik was a young man in the days of the Holy Prophet (saww). One day after offering fajr prayer in congregation, the eyes of the Holy Prophet (saww) fell upon this youth. He saw that Harithah’s face was pale, his body was thin and weak and his eyes appeared to have sunk into their sockets. So he (saww) asked, “What state are you in?” Harithah said, “I find myself a true believer”. When asked to produce the truth behind his claim, Harithah said, “O Prophet of Allah! I have become disenchanted with the world. I stay awake whole night in worship and see myself enduring thirst by observing fasts during the day. It is as if I see the throne of Allah and the scenario of reckoning. Inmates of paradise are meeting each other and I hear the shrieks of the inmates of hell”. The Holy Prophet (saww) said, “This is a person whose heart Allah has illuminated”. Harithah then asked the prophet to pray to Allah to grant him martyrdom which the prophet did. A few days later, the Holy Prophet (saww) despatched an army for battle and Harithah was included in it. During the battle, Harithah killed nine infidels and eventually got killed thereby attaining Martydom. (al-Kaafi)

 

Mulla Mujaheedali Sheriff

Al-Rifq’ Gentleness in the Life of the Prophet (saww)

Al-Rifq’ Gentleness in the Life of the Prophet (saww)

“It is by Allah’s mercy that you are gentle to them, had you been harsh and hardhearted, surely they would have dispersed from around you. Therefore, excuse them; Plead for forgiveness for them and consult them in the affairs”. (3:159)

In the above verse, Allah (SWT) has pointed out and praised one of the most important characteristics of His messenger (saww), which played a significant role in attracting the people towards Islam; and that is of what has been termed as AL-RIFQ.

AL-RIFQ in Arabic means: Kindness, Gentleness, Mildness & Friendliness.

[History tells us that the battle of ‘Uhud was the toughest battle, which the Muslims fought against the pagans of Quraysh.

In this battle, the Holy Prophet (saww) had instructed the Muslims not to leave their positions until they were told to do so. They did not follow the instruction; They left their positions in greed of getting their hands on the booty, and as a result, they were attacked and surrounded by their enemies; In order to save their lives, some Muslims escaped to the nearby mountains leaving the Holy Prophet (saww) and some of his companions behind to deal with the situation; Many so-called prominent companions were among those who fled.

After the battle of ‘Uhud, these Muslims deserved to be punished. But, the Holy Prophet (saww) did NOT punish them. Instead, he (saww) dealt with them gently and with mildness.] (Tafseer-e-Namoona)

It was in regard to this behaviour that Allah (SWT) praised His Prophet (saww).

GENTLENESS IN ISLAM

One of the many important lessons that Islam teaches us is to shun harshness and exhibit Gentleness and Mildness in our behaviour with others.

The Holy Prophet (saww) has said, “If gentleness could have been a creature perceived by eyes then it would have been the most beautiful of all creations of Allah (SWT)”. (Bihar al-Anwaar)

He (saww) also said, “Wherever gentleness is exhibited, it adorns the place”. (Kanzul-‘Ummaal)

BENEFITS OF GENTLENESS:

There are many advantages of being gentle and mild in our behaviour towards others in this life. Since we are commemorating the martyrdom of the Holy Prophet (saww), let us see what he (saww) has said in this regard and look for practical examples from his noble life.

GENTLENESS RESOLVES DIFFERENCES:

One of the benefits of being gentle with others is that ‘gentleness leads to peaceful solution of problems’. Whenever two people, or two groups of people quarrel with each other, and neither of them shows gentleness, their problem will never be solved. As soon as one of them shows gentleness, the other mellows down and an agreement is reached between them.

“Gentleness leads to peace” (Meezan al-Hikmah)

In olden days, it would just take a small thing to trigger a big war between two tribes. The war would last for years killing many people and destroying families. Islam put a stop to this by introducing the concept of being ‘gentle’ and ‘forgiving’ to each other.

[Once a Bedouin Arab came to Madina and visited the Holy Prophet (saww) to seek his guidance and advice. The Holy Prophet (saww) said to him: “Do not lose your temper” and said nothing more than this.

The man returned to his tribe. When he arrived among his people, he noticed a serious problem had occurred. Few young men of his tribe had stolen some things from the other tribe and they had retaliated. As a result, they had gradually reached a stage of waging war against each other and had come out face to face with their weapons for the confrontation.

He immediately sought for his armour and taking up his weapon joined his tribe to fight against the other tribe. Suddenly, he recollected the words of the Holy Prophet (saww), “Do not lose your temper”. He was soon in deep thoughts asking himself: Why have I become so excited? Why have I taken up my weapon to shed blood? What made me so furious? Thereupon, he left his weapon and came forward to address the other tribe. He said, “What is this war for? If few ignorant men from our tribe have committed transgression against you, I am ready to recompense from my personal wealth. So there is no reason to jeopardize our life and shed blood for nothing”. When the opposite side heard this magnanimous proposition from this man, their generosity and zeal was aroused and they said in reply: “We are in no way inferior to you. Now that it is so, we will forgo our demands”. Consequently, both the parties retreated to their tribes.] (Usool al-Kaafi)

GENTLENESS IS KEY TO ALL SUCCESS:

The other benefit of being gentle is that it is a key to every success.

“Gentleness is key to success”. (Meezan al-Hikmah)

The battle of ‘Uhud was fought in the early days of Islam. People were still adjusting to Islam. If the Holy Prophet (saww) was harsh on those who fled from the battlefield, they would have left Islam and reverted to whatever they were before; and this would be a very big blow for Islam. But because the Holy Prophet (saww) was lenient and gentle, people stuck to him and Islam spread thereafter.

[Once, a nomadic, rough Arab arrived in Madina and made his way towards the Mosque in hope of getting some gold and silver from the Holy Prophet (saww). When he entered the Mosque, the Holy Prophet (saww) was among multitude of his friends and companions. This Arab made his request and demanded the charity. The Holy Prophet (saww) gave him something but the Arab was not satisfied and thought that whatever he got was less. So he yelled at the Prophet (saww) and uttered some very harsh words to him. The companions were very disappointed with the Arab and not tolerating his insults, they got up to beat him but the Holy Prophet (saww) prohibited them to harm him.

Later on, the Holy Prophet (saww) took the Bedouin Arab to his home and favoured him some more. In fact, when the Bedouin saw the simplicity of the Holy Prophet (saww) own life, he felt remorseful at his own behaviour and expressed his thanks to the Holy Prophet (saww) for his additional favour. The Holy Prophet (saww) told him: “You uttered harsh words yesterday, which provoked the anger of my companions and you have made them bitter against you. Now that you have thanked and spoken kind words to me, could you repeat the same in presence of my companions so as to ease their anger against you?” The man readily agreed so the Holy Prophet (saww) brought him to the Mosque and said to his companions: “This man claims that he has been pleased with me, am I right?” The man said, “Yes! You are right”, and then repeated the words he had mentioned to the Holy Prophet (saww) privately. At this, the companions began laughing and were happy. Thereafter, addressing his companions, the Holy Prophet (saww) said, “My example with such a person is like a man whose camel startled and ran away. The people began shouting and running after the camel thinking that they would help the owner. The more they shouted, the more the camel sped. The owner kept calling the people back assuring them that he knew how to keep the camel calm. When the people left the camel alone, the owner picked up some herbs and gently showed it to the camel without shouting and running. The camel came back and the owner easily grasped the bridle of his camel and set off on his way”.

Then the Holy Prophet (saww) added: “Yesterday, if I would have allowed you to handle this man as you please, you would have killed the poor man. But I stood between you and him, and treated him gently and kindly”.] (Dastaane-Raastaan)

 

Mulla Mujahidali Sheriff

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