CHARACTERISTICS OF A HYPOCRITE( MUNAFIQ)

Hypocrisy is a state of the heart, which is expressed by double-faced actions.
1.    They have a discrepancy in what they have in their heart & what is on their lips
2.    Munafiq means “double faced”
3.    They hide the truth
4.    They are untruthful to others (Momins) and to themselves
5.    They create fasaad, by saying one thing to one person and another to another person, neither of them being the truth
6.    When they are questioned about their actions that are causing fasaad they say we are just reforming society/people, we are doing this for the good of society.
7.    When they are asked to believe, have emaan, they say, “Do I look stupid”?
8.    In front of the momin they say they are with them, but when they are with the Shaiyateen (with people like themselves or their leaders), they say we were just joking privately, we are not really with the Momins.
9.    Their words and actions do not match
10.    The are without wisdom and without understanding of reality and truth (Shaoor)
11.    Hypocrites are present in all times
12.    Though hypocrites say verbally that they believe in God, Allah disqualifies their emaan as they are only saying it only with their tongue, and not with their hearts they do this only to fool others.
13.    In their privacy they make fun of the Momin
14.    They prefer to keep their eyes closed rather than see the truth and see the right path.
15.    Allah has given them rope to do what they want and they choose to stray further and further away form the right path.
16.    They are restless and without peace even in this world and try to entertain themselves with worldly things
17.    They live in a world of self deception
18.    Due to their actions they create fasaad in the world and do not have the understanding that their words and actions are the cause of the fasaad.
19.    When they are asked to have emaan they say are we stupid that we become stupid like the momin who loose everything (worldly) because of their emaan.

SUMMARY OF CHARACTERISTICS OF A MUNAFIQ
1.    DOUBLE FACED
2.    IN TWO BOATS
3.    THEIR ACTIONS DO NOT CONFIRM WHAT THEY SAY
4.    THEY FOOL PEOPLE
5.    THEY PRACTICE SELF DECEEPTION
6.    THEY LIE
7.    LACK UNDERSTANDING OF THE TRUTH
8.    CREATE FASSAAD BEHIND REFORM
9.    THEY DO NOT HAVE A CONSCIENCE
10.    THEY ARE STUPID
11.    THEY ARE IGNORANT
12.    DOUBLE STANDARD
13.    IBNAL WAQT
14.    CHANGE WITH WHOEVER THEY ARE WITH
15.    TRY TO PLEASE EVERYONE
16.    THEY MAKE FUN OF MOMINS (PRIVATELY)
17.    BAY ASOOL (WITHOUT STANDARDS OF HONESTY & MORALS)
18.    THEY DO NOT RECOGNIZE THE TIME ALLAH SWT HAS GIVEN THEM AND ARE MISUSING IT
19.    BEY BASEERAT/THEY WANT TO LIVE IN IGNORANCE
20.    THEY CHOOSE GUMRAHI(BEING LOST) INSTEAD OF GUIDANCE
21.    THEY DELIBERATELY REMAIN AWAY FROM GUIDANCE

Wiladat of Lady Fatima Zahra (A)

Birth

20 Jamadi ul Thani
5 yrs before or after declaration of Prophethood

Titles

Zahra (radiant), Zakiyya (pure, chaste), Radhiyya (satisfied, content), Mardhiyyah (commendable, pleasing), Siddiqa (honest), Tahera (pure, chaste), Batul, Muhaddisa, Umme Abeeha (mother of her father), Ummul Aimma (mother of the 11 Imams)

Death 14 Jamadi ul Awwal 11 AH (according to most traditions)

 

Ibn ˋAbbas narrates from the Prophet (S) that he stated:

“My daughter Fatima is the foremost of all the women of the world, past and future. She is a portion of me, the light of my eyes, the fruit of my heart and a spirit that resides in my body… Be witness that that I have granted her followers amnesty from the fire of hell.” 1

Her Birth

According to Shaykh al-Kulayni, Fatima Zahra was born 5 years after the appointment of the Prophet to his mission (bi’that)2. Shaykh al-Mufid places her birth at 2 years after the bi’that3, and Shaykh al-Tusi4 has mentioned both dates. Accordingly, she lived for 8 or 11 years in Makka before she migrated to Madina, and according to Ya’qubi, two months after the hijra5, and according to Mas‟udi, in the second year of hijra, the Prophet married her to Ali b. Abu Talib.6

Sunni scholars usually mention that she was born 5 years before the bi‟that, in the year that the Quraysh rebuilt the Ka‟ba. Some of them, like Hakim Nishaburi, have also mentioned that she was born a year after the bi‟that, when the Prophet was 41 years old.7

Her Names

As reported by Abu Jaˋfar Qummi, her names include: Fatima, Batul, Hassaan, Hurrah, Sayyidah, ˋAdhra, Zahra, Hawra’, Mubarakah, Tahirah, Zakiyyah, Radhiyah, Mardhiyyah, Muhaddithah, Maryam al-Kubra, Siddiqah-ye Kubra8; and in the heavens she is called Nuriyyah and Haniyyah.9 It should be noted however, that by her names, we generally mean her titles and qualities. She was not necessarily called by all these names; some of them were her titles, while others reveal her qualities, and this is why they are more or fewer found in different traditions.

Her Characteristics 

Fatima (A) was a radiant lady who resembled her father, the messenger of God, in her features, gait and manner. The mother of Anas bin Malik narrates that, “Her features were as radiant as the full moon or like the sun that parts the clouds and shines forth.”

It is narrated from the mother of the believers, Umm Salma, that: Fatima, the daughter of the Prophet (S), resembled him most closely in features and manner.10

Jabir bin ˋAbdallah Ansari used to say: Whenever we saw Fatima’s manner of walking, we were reminded of the manner of walking of the Prophet (S).11

It has also been reported from Ayisha: Whenever she came into his presence, the Prophet (S) would kiss her and make her sit in his own place.12

And she also said: I have not seen anyone resemble the Prophet (S) in his speech and conversation more than Fatima.13

Her Virtues 

Ibn ˋAbbas narrates from Umm Salma that: “The Messenger of God married me and entrusted me with the upbringing and training of his daughter. But, I swear by God that I found her more courteous than me and more knowledgeable in every affair.”14

It is narrated from Zubayr that: “Whenever Fatima daughter of the Prophet (S) was mentioned in the presence of ˋAyisha, she would say, “I never met anyone more truthful than her except her father.”15

It has also been narrated by Fatima that: “When the verse 24/63 was revealed, I was embarrassed to call the Prophet (S), “father”, so I used to address him as, “O Messenger of God”, until he said to me, “O daughter, this verse has not been revealed for you and your family. You and I are as one. This verse was revealed for the faithless and haughty. Call me “father”, for I prefer it and God is more pleased with that.”16

Anas bin Malik narrates: “The Messenger of God (S) asked us, “What is most preferable for women?” We did not know what to reply, so ˋAli went to Fatima and asked her this question.

Fatima (A) said, “Why did you not answer that the it is most preferable for them that they do not see men and men do not see them.” ˋAli returned and related this reply to the Prophet (S). The Prophet (S) asked, “Who has taught you this?” He said, “Fatima.” The Prophet (S) stated, “She is a portion of me.”17

It has also been narrated that: “A blind man came to Fatima (A), daughter of the Messenger of God (S), and Fatima veiled herself from him. The Prophet (S) asked he why she had veiled herself from him, when he cannot see you. She replied, “O Messenger of God, he does not see me, but I can see him and (furthermore) he can smell fragrances.” The Prophet (S) stated, “I bear witness that you are a portion of me.”18

And finally, the Commander of the faithful (A), states about his married life, albeit brief, with Fatima (A): “I swear by God, until the day she departed this world, Fatima (A) never angered me, nor disobeyed me. Whenever I gazed at her, all sorrow and grief would leave my heart.”19

Her Position on the Day of Judgement

“The Prophet (S) stated, “On the day of judgement, a caller from the depths of the throne (ˋarsh) will call out, “O assembly of men, bow your heads and lower your eyes, until Fatima (A) daughter of the Prophet (S) passes across the path (sirat).” Then, accompanied by 70,000 heavenly maidens (huri), she will pass across the sirat as rapidly as lightning.”20

It has also been reported in many narrations that Fatima Zahra (A) will provide intercession for the friends of the progeny of Muhammad (S). Shaykh al-Saduq narrates from Ibn al-ˋAbbas who quoted the Prophet (S) as saying:

“It is as if I see that the day of judgement has come, and I can see my daughter F¡§ima seated on a radiant mount. She is surrounded on all four sides by 70,000 angels, while she leads the believing women of my community (ummah) into paradise. Every woman who would pray five times a day, fast in the month of Ramadhan, go for pilgrimage to the house of God, pay alms out of her wealth, and obey her husband will enter paradise by the intercession of my daughter, Fatima.

In addition to this, it has been reported in many narrations that before she enters heaven, Fatima (A) will claim justice from the killers of Husain (A). Shaykh al-Saduq reports from Amir al-Mu’mineen (A) that:

“The Prophet (S) said, “My daughter Fatima will come with a group of women. Then she will be told, “Enter the heaven.” She will say, “I will not enter until I know what was done to my son after me.” Then it will be said, “Look into the middle of the ranks of people.” When she will look, she will see Husain (A) standing, with no head on his body. She will give out a cry, which will be echoed by us, and all the angels. Then God’s wrath will be aroused and he will command a fire by the name of Hayhab, (which has been kindled for 100 years till it has turned black, and in which no joy is found and no sorrow is alleviated) to engulf the killers of Husain.21

Footnotes

  1. Bihar al-anwar, vol. 43, p. 172.
  2. Shaykh al-Kulayni; ‘Usul al-Kafi, 2/355.
  3. Iqbal al-A’mal, p. 623.
  4. Misbah al-Mutahajjid, p. 554.
  5. Shaykh ‘Azizallah Atardi; Musnad Fatima Zahra, hereafter called Musnad, quoting from al-Tarikh of Ya’qubi.
  6. Musnad, p. 219 quoting from Muruj al-Dhahab.
  7. Musnad, p. 14, quoting from Mustadrak al-Sahihain.
  8. Hassaan means devout and chaste; Hurrah means a free woman; Sayyidah means a leader of other women; ˋAdhra means pure; Radhiyah means a women who has reached the state of contentment; Mardhiyyah means a women who God is pleased with; Haniyah means a women who is abundantly kind-hearted and forgiving.
  9. Musnad; p 28, quoting from Manaqib of ibn Shahr al-Ashub.
  10. Musnad; p 30, tradition 31, quoting from Kashf al-Ghamma of Arbali.
  11. Musnad; p 30, tradition 29, quoting from Kashf al-Ghamma of Arbali.
  12. Musnad; p 32, tradition 34, quoting from Sunan Tirmidhi.
  13. Musnad; p 33, tradition 35, quoting from Mustadrak al-Sahihayn of Hakim Nishaburi.
  14. Musnad; p 14, tradition 1, quoting from Dalail al-Imama of Abu Jafar Tabarr.
  15. Musnad; p 34, tradition 37, quoting from Mustadrak al-Sahihain.
  16. Musnad; p 529, tradition 4, quoting from al-Manaqib of Ibn Maghazali.
  17. Musnad; p 336, tradition 9, narrated by Hafiz abu Naim in Hilyatu’l awliya’.
  18. Musnad; p 336, tradition 10, quoting from al-Manaqib of Ibn Maghazali.
  19. Bihar al-anwar, vol. 43, p. 134.
  20. Musnad; p 310, tradition 9, quoting from Dalil al-Imamah of Tabari
  21. Musnad; p 147, tradition 7, quoting from Iqab al-Amaal.

Article contribution by Sheikh Abbas Jaffer

CHOOSING A MUSLIM WIFE / HUSBAND

BeautySeeing that his mother was in a good mood, Ahmad sat near her and said, ‘Mother, I have an idea which should bring you much joy.” His mother answered eagerly, “My son, all that you give me makes me happy. What is on your mind?”

“You know,” he told her, “I have finished my studies and can afford to begin a family. I have decided to marry.”

His mother’s face brightened with a smile. “This is very good news! I have long awaited such a day,” she told him. “How often I have wished you would marry one of your cousins. Praise be to Allah that you have made this decision before it is too late!.” Ahmad exclaimed, “Before it’s too late? What do you mean?”  “Your cousin Maryam is now old enough to marry. Every day there is someone visiting her home, seeking her hand.”

Ahmad sat silently for a moment and said, “Then why should we bother her suitors?”

“What do you mean, Ahmad?,” asked his mother, dismayed.

“My cousin Maryam is not fit for me.” 

“Why not? No, my son, you’re mistaken. I shall go and see about your engagement tomorrow,” his mother told him.

Ahmad frowned and said, “No, mother. Please do not do such a thing. I will not agree to this.” “When she becomes your fiancé, you will feel love for her. Put aside your fears. Maryam is beautiful, and she has a respectable job.”

Ahmad disagreed, “No. This matter only concerns me.”

Ahmad’s mother thought for a moment and said, “If you dislike Maryam, then there’s my brother’s daughter. She is as beautiful as Maryam, and she has inherited a large sum of money from my brother.

“Mother, please think about this matter from my point of view. I need someone to share my life, not a business partner.”

His mother became angry and sharply asked, “What’s wrong with my niece? Why isn’t she good enough to be your wife?”

Ahmad replied, “She is not a practicing Muslim. I want a Muslim wife.”

Ahmad’s mother laughed sarcastically and said, “You speak as if you were an angel who could only marry another angel. Why don’t you stop saying such nonsense, my son? You are an educated young man, you should give up your impossible ideals.”

“I am neither an angel, nor do I seek a saint for a wife. I am a Muslim believer looking for a girl who also believes in Islam.” replied Ahmad.

Ahmad’s mother told him, “I don’t know any girls who share your ideals.”

He said, “I know someone who measures up to my expectations.”

Startled by this admission, Ahmad’s mother asked, “You know someone? Who is she? Since when do you begin friendship with girls?”

Ahmad answered quickly, “I didn’t mean that I know a girl personally, but I know of her.”  “I see,” she said. “You have already chosen your wife. Who is this lucky girl?” “Mother, please be more understanding. I hope you will take my side and persuade father to agree with my choice.”

This appeal to Ahmad’s mother softened her, and she said, “I swear that I think only of your welfare. I’ll help you. Tell me, what are this girl’s qualifications?”

Ahmad told her, “Nothing matters except the religious aspect. She is Muslim, and wears complete hijab.” “Oh, then she is uneducated!” “No, she has a high school education and her religious knowledge is extensive.”

Then his mother asked, “What family is she from? Do I know them?”

“She is from a good family known for their piety”, Ahmad told her. “Of what use is a well-known family if a girl has no Islamic morals?” He silently beseeched Allah to give him the patience to overcome his mother’s resistance. “A happy marriage doesn’t depend on fame or wealth. Happiness stems from spiritual nearness and mutual understanding.” Then, in a different tone of voice his mother asked,

“What does her father do for a living?” “He is a grocer,” Ahmad replied.

“A grocer?!”, she exclaimed. “Yes. He is a grocer and a very righteous man. He is the head of a happy and virtuous family.”

Ahmad’s mother interrupted him, “You are the son of a wealthy man; with your college degree you wish to marry a grocer’s daughter? What a shame! Yet you ask me to assist you!  If I had chosen the daughter of a jeweler, how would you feel?”

His mother replied, “There is a big difference between a jeweler and a grocer.”

“The only difference is with regard to the substance. The former sells rings and the latter sells sugar. Both work in order to earn money,” Ahmad answered.

His mother lamented, “Imagine your father’s reaction to this news! “

Ahmad said firmly, ” This is my desire, either you help me or I’ll do it myself.”

He spoke so seriously that his mother laughed mockingly, saying, “Does the matter require a great effort? The least move you make, they will give their daughter to you gladly.”

Ahmad shook his head in doubt and said, “Wait and see!”

“What an odd situation this is! Am I to present my son to a grocer’s daughter? What special beauty does this girl possess to make you blind to every other consideration?’

“I have not yet seen her,” Ahmad said.

“Then how do you know she’s not ugly?” asked his mother.

“I know she is not. As far as good conduct is concerned, physical beauty is of little importance.”

“Oh Ahmad, my amazement never ceases.”

The next morning, Ahmad told his father of his intentions. His father became angry, but Ahmad remained determined to marry the woman of his choice. Finally his father agreed and Ahmad asked his mother to visit the girl’s home to make the proposal and overcome any obstacles.

The following afternoon Ahmad’s mother, accompanied by his oldest sister, went to the girl’s house. On the way there, Ahmad’s sister asked her mother what the girl’s name was. Her mother replied, ” I forgot to ask him! “When they knocked on the family’s door, they were surprised to see a beautiful young girl open it. The girl was surprised to see the two unfamiliar women, but she showed them into the living room and went to tell her mother that they had visitors. Her mother welcomed the guests and waited for them to explain the reason for their visit. After exchanging greetings, Ahmad’s mother asked who the young girl was who had opened the door. “It was my daughter, Zaynab,” she replied. “Do you have any other daughter?” asked Ahmad’s mother. “No, she’s my only daughter”, replied her mother. Ahmad’s mother and sister were delighted to learn that the beautiful girl was Zaynab. Just then, Zaynab entered with coffee for their visitors. She sat next to Ahmad’s sister and they soon found much to discuss. Then she collected the empty coffee cups and left the room.

Ahmad’s mother began, “We have come with a blessed aim. We would be happy to have your daughter Zaynab as a wife for my son.” She praised her son for his intelligence, his good looks and his wealth, but she neglected to mention his firm Islamic beliefs, which was very important to Zaynab’s mother. Therefore, Ahmad’s mother was stunned when Zaynab’s mother shook her head slowly and said, “I’m very sorry. It is difficult for me to agree to this proposal; in fact, it’s impossible.” With much surprise, Ahmad’s mother asked, “What is impossible?”

“My daughter is still young. I’m sure your son can find a girl who suits him.” Ahmad’s mother protested, “But Zaynab suits him well! Would you be kind enough to justify your refusal?”

“I only have one daughter, and I should be sure of her future married life.”

“But Ahmad is well-off financially,” said his mother. “He is an engineer!”

Zaynab’s mother replied, “Zaynab would not marry someone because he is wealthy or has a college degree.”

Ahmad’s mother was at a loss for words. “Then what will ensure your daughter’s happiness and consent?”

“When a mother looks for a wife for her son, she should mention her son’s conduct.” said the mother of Zaynab. “My daughter is a committed Muslim. She wants a Muslim husband, and remember, my daughter wears hijab, and your son may want a modern wife, who dresses like his mother and sister.”

Ahmad’s mother laughed with relief and told her, “You’re correct. I haven’t mentioned his conduct. I thought that other aspects of his character were of more importance. My son is a faithful Muslim. He is, in fact, looking for a wife who observes hijab. Be sure that my appearance (un-Islamic clothing) is not to Ahmad’s taste.”

Zaynab’s mother also smiled and said, “You should have told me earlier! Please give us your address so we can visit you and learn more about your son.”

“We hope you can come early next week,” said Ahmad’s mother.

Ahmad was waiting anxiously for his mother’s return. As soon as she and her daughter returned home he asked, “Well, mother? How was your visit?”

“It was very strange,” she replied.

“What was strange?”, he asked. “Has anything bad happened?”

“Oh no, Ahmad. But I never expected such a thing,” she answered. “Then they have refused?” Ahmad’s father said, “How could a grocer’s daughter refuse a wealthy young man?”

Ahmad’s mother turned to her husband and said, ” They did, in fact, refuse…”

“What! they refused?” asked the father. “I spoke about Ahmad’s good qualities, but I didn’t mention his Islamic morals. My appearance also caused her to decline my proposal because her daughter is a very faithful Muslim. When I realized their objections, I told them that you are a true Muslim as well. I have come to respect them very much. They don’t care about status or wealth.”

“Have you seen the girl?”, asked Ahmad’s father.

“Yes, she is lovely and polite. Ahmad is a lucky man to have made such a choice.”

The following week, Zaynab’s family paid a visit to Ahmad’s home and plans were made for the upcoming wedding. They were soon married and there was much rejoicing.

http://al-islam.org/bintalhuda/shortstories

Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) name in various holy books and places.

baqi2022

Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) name in various holy books and places….

Name of Prophet MUHAMMAD (sallallaho Alehe Wasallam)
1. in Qur’an (Muhammad and Ahmed)
2. in Zaboor (Aaqib)
3. in Toraat (Maaz)
4. in Bible (Farqaleet)
5. in Heaven (Abdul Kareem)
6. in Sky (Mujtaba)
7. in Earth (Mo’azzam)
8. Ambiya call him as (Abdul Wahab)
9. Malaika call him as (Abdul Hameed)
&
10. ALLAH azzawajal
calls him as (YASEEN)