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what we expect from scholarily figures of sunnietes? tahrif in quran….

what we expect from scholarily figures of sunnietes?

By Syed Mohammad Masoom

The Holy Quran The word of Allah or the divine Book sent down upon his last apostles, namely,mohammad is a miraculois scripture in proof (burhan) of his prophethood.
 
All the great scholars of the two major islamic sects, viz., the sunnites and the shiites are  unanimously to hold that so far as the alteration is concerned the Quran is perfectly safe from such a satanic design and exibitions, ie is intact uptil now since it was collected at the hand of prophet under the divine guidence. So, there  is nothing forged and fabricated or missing from the Holy Quran left by Holy Preacher of Islam.
 
There are some kind of Tahrif we see : Tahrif in Qiraat, Tahrif in reading, Marks inserted for the division of verses and also the uinsertion of Marks(vowelpionts0 called “i”rab” in Arabic.
 
The muslim scholars have held unanimously that the Holy quran left by the Prophet(s.a.w), collected by him and copied by Ali (a.s) and by other companions of the prophet(s.a.w) had no Vowel pionts, no marks of Divisions of surah (chapters) into verses, No division of Holy Quran into parts(ajazah) so far as the interpretation of the Quran is concern perversions and alteration have definately taken place.
 
I am giving one  example of change of places of Quranic  verses in Holy quran, just to clarify my words ” great Muslim scholars of Quranic science e..g. Suyuti Fakhral razi have written that according the statements of companions of Propeht(s.a.w) so many verse of Meccan chapters were put in the medinite ones and vice vera. after the death of Holy Prophet(s.a.w) wanton alterations took place in respect to the arrangement of the Quranic verses also.
Ref: Tafsir al kabir of fakhruddin razi, pib from egypt vol 4 pg 159 and 540 vol 6 pg 26
 Second Hadith:
 While I was with Aisha, the mother of the Believers, a person from  Iraq came and asked, “What type of shroud is the best?” ‘Aisha said,    “May Allah be merciful to you! What does it matter?” He said, “O   mother of the Believers! Show me (the copy of) your Quran,” She said,  “Why?” He said, “In order to compile and arrange the Quran according    to it, for people recite it with its Surahs not in proper order.”    ‘Aisha said, “What does it matter which part of it you read first? (Be  informed) that the first thing that was revealed thereof was a Sura    from al-Mufassal, and in it was mentioned Paradise and the Fire. REf: Sahih al-Bukhari Hadith: 6.515

As a matter of fact, the Quran that we use which was compiled by the companions is not in the sequence that has been revealed. In fact, the Sunni scholars confirm that the first Chapter of Quran which was sent down to the Prophet (PBUH&HF) was Chapter al-Iqra’ (al-Alaq, Ch. 96).Sunni References: – al-Burhan, by al-Zarkashi, v1, p259,- al-Itqan, by al-Suyuti, v1, p202.- Fathul Bari, by Ibn Hajar al-Asqalani, v10, p417,- Irshad al-sari, by al-Qastalani, v7, p454

The completeness of Quran is so indisputable among Shia that the greatest scholar of Shia in Hadith, Abu Jafar Muhammad Ibn Ali Ibn al-Husain Ibn Babwayh, known as “Shaykh Saduq” (309/919-381/991), wrote:
“Our belief is that the Quran which Allah revealed to His Prophet  Muhammad is (the same as) the one between the two covers (daffatayn).  And it is the one which is in the hands of the people, and is not  greater in extent than that. The number of surahs as generally  accepted is one hundred and fourteen …And he who asserts that we say   that it is greater in extent than that, is a liar.”
Shi’i reference: Shi’ite Creed (al-I’tiqadat al-Imamiyyah), by Shaykh  Saduq, English version, p77.
Our belief is that the Quran which Allah revealed to His Prophet  Muhammad is (the same as) the one between the two covers (daffatayn) ;neigther it was more than what it is at present nor short of what the Prophet of Islam left behind. The numbers of its chapeter according to others are 114 , but we hold that “Wal duha” and alam Nashrah” ie chapter 93 and 94 are one chapetr , similarily ‘Alam tara Kaifa’ and ; Lilaf-i-Quraishin” is also one chapter ie Total number is 112 . Those who charge us to believe that the Quran was more than what it is now, are liers”..Ref: Shaykh  Saduq Risalatu Itiqadat bup: from iran pg 28
In tafseer Ala;ur Rahmain by Allama al jawad al balighi of al najaf said: The shia sects believes that Nothing is missing from Quran…
 
Ayatullah Khui Also Rejected the theory of Naksh” (ie Deletion abrogation of verses from the Quran). according to him each and every verse of the Quran whether it belongs to the category of ” Nasikh” (abrogative)  of to that of Mansukh(abrogated) is still preserved  and extant in the Quran, currently in the circulation. In Favour of His words Ayataullah Khui mentioned the following Quranic verses: “Ot is surely amighty book., falsehood shall not come to it from before or behind it; revelation of from the wise, the praised one. Ref: Holy quran Ha mim Ch 41:42 
 
Imam Muhammad Baqir (a.s), The fifth Imam of shietes as reported by ali bin ibrahim al Qummi said: The falsehood would neither enter from before on the Quran as happened is the case of torah and gospel,nor any other scripture will be sent down in future to invalidate the Quran.  
 
Professor Shaikh Mohammad Al madani who was dean of the faculty of theology is Al Azhar University of cairo –An outstanding elite of the sunniets has judicially remarked in this context : so far as the shiets are concerned God forbid us to hold that because of certain weak reports exisiting in their books, they hold the belief that the Quran suffers from deficiencies in its text. The reports as such exist in the books of Ahl e sunnat also and both these sects flately rejects their authenticity and they set forth strong arguements  to prove such repoprts false and weak. From among the shiah and zaidiah none holds that there is any shortage in the Quran has gone under vehement changes but it was confiscated by egyption government. so whether on the basis of those weak reports one should conclude that that the sunnites have disowned the purity of Quran.? or, because of the weak reports of suggesting addition and deletion of verses from Quran , transmitted, recorded or given place in books ,by such and such figures of the sunniets, they have adopted the belief that the quran is mutilated?
 
NO NEVER—The Reports of the same nature though exist in the books of the shias in the same as in our own books, but on behalf of the shia we must recognise the fact that they also do not believe in Tahrif.(of Quran) Ref: Risalatul Islam Vol 11 no.4 pag 282-283 pub from cairo egypt.
 
This we also expect from other sunni scholarly figures of the sunni as this will be a great service to the Quran and to the cause of Islam and Muslim unity.
 
Note: tahrif Means to replace a word with another one. Ref: Tafsir al wahidi of wahiduzanman of 112,
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A true friend then, is the one who takes us closer to Allah’s compassion and grace.

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A true friend then, is the one who takes us closer to Allah’s compassion and grace.

Making and becoming friends is inherent in man’s nature. This process of companionship commences right from the early stages of man’s life and continues till his death. Islam as explained before, is in complete harmony with man’s nature. Hence, it has dealt with this topic in some detail.

Friends are by no means only a means for ‘time-pass’ or entertainment. Indeed friendship is more profound than that. Friendship and companionship are inseparable aspects of an individual’s life. A friend’s character and personality will rub off on that individual. It is for this reason that it is said, ‘A man is known by the company he keeps.’ Hence Islam, while emphasising the need for companionship, also clearly outlines the qualities of a true friend.

The Holy Imams (a.s.) were at pains to explain the etiquette and decorum of true friendship. Hazrat Ali (a.s.) observes,

He indeed is unfortunate who does not have any friends, but worse is the one who has friends, but loses them.’
(Behaarul Anwaar, vol. 73 p.278)

Imam Ali Reza (a.s.) elucidates,
‘One who takes up a friend to please Allah, has reserved for himself a house in Paradise.’
(Amaalie Tusi vol. 1 p. 82)

‘Acquire more and more friends, because on the Day of Judgement each believer shall exercise his right of intercession (shafa’at).’ (Mizaanul Hikmah vol. 3)

The Messenger of Allah (s.a.w.s.) narrates,
‘After the advent of Islam, the greatest benefit to a Muslim is in the guise of that friend he has selected, only to please Allah.’
(Mizaanul Hikmah). Books of ethics and traditions abound with such traditions.


Hazrat Ali (a.s.) narrates,
‘Any friendship and companionship that is not for Allah’s pleasure, is deviation and to rely on such ties (of friendship) is impossible .’ (Ibid.).

The Holy Quran expounds further,
‘The friends shall on that day (of judgment) be enemies of each other except those who guard against evil.(Zukhruf : 67).

One who seeks friendship for worldly benefits, will find himself deprived (Mizanul Hikmah).

A lot of people establish their bonds of friendship and enmity based on the gain they are likely to accrue on a personal level. That is, if a person has some utility, he qualifies as a friend, else he is an enemy. However, that should never be the benchmark for us. For the sake of Imame Zamana (a.t.f.s.), may Allah grant us the taufeeq to seek friends only for His pleasure and satisfaction.

Imam Baqir (a.s.) narrates from his father who said,
“O my son don’t befriend five types of people:
(a) Don’t befriend a liar. For a liar is like a mirage. He shows the distant as near and the near as distant. He will always deceive you and trouble you.

(b) Don’t befriend a transgressor. For he will forsake you for a paltry sum and make your sins appear very alluring to you. He will make you a victim of Allah’s chastisement through his petty sins and take you farther away from His obedience and satisfaction. He will make Allah’s worship appear as His disobedience, and His disobedience as His worship. He will drag you along with himself in the fire of hell.

(c) Never befriend a miser. For in your time of need and distress, he will withhold his wealth from you, while he is in a position to assist you. (He values his wealth more than anything else. And to that end he is prepared to forsake even his friends)

(d) Do not befriend a fool. For (in his foolishness) he will harm you while he intends to help you. (That is why it is said, ‘A shrewd enemy is better than a foolish friend’)

(e) Don’t befriend the one who breaks relations (with his relatives). For, such a person has been cursed in the Quran in three places. He is engrossed in his own affairs with scant regard for others. (Friendship with such a person will eventually lead the individual towards sins and disobedience of Allah)”

 

Quran discusses the believers in the following manner,

The Holy Quran says,
“The men and women from among the hypocrites are friends of each other, and they invite the people towards sin and transgression, and dissuade them from goodness and virtue. They withhold their wealth from charity, and refrain from spending in the way of Allah. Indeed, they have forgotten Allah and Allah too has forgotten them. Verily these hypocrites are transgressors and immoral.’

”The men and women from among the believers are friends of each other. They call the people towards goodness and piety and abstain from evil and transgression. They uphold the prayer, pay the poor-rate (zakaat) and obey Allah and His Prophet (s.a.w.s.). Indeed, these are the ones for whom Allah shall soon manifest His mercy and grace. Verily Allah is all-powerful, and the most wise.”
(Ale Imran : 71)

Imam Sadiq (a.s.) narrates, ‘Friendship entails certain trusts and duties. Then the one who observes these obligations is a true friend and the one who breaches this trust is unworthy of friendship. These obligations are as follows;

    1. He should be the same outside as he is inside. In other words, he should not have a dual personality. (In this age however, we often come across people who are exceptionally humble and modest on the outside, with little, if any humility, on the inside)

    2. He will consider your virtues as his virtues and your misdeeds as his misdeeds. (In other words your virtues will cheer him and your faults will grieve him. God forbid, he must not feel relieved after observing some vice in you, and take solace from the fact that he himself is above that vice.)

    3. If he acquires a position of power and authority, it must not bring about a drastic change in his attitude. In other words, prosperity must not transform the individual adversely. (There are some people who make the best of friends in adversity. But a positive change in their financial condition, reveals a dark, hitherto unknown side of their personality. On the other hand we see some people who make good friends in prosperity, but misfortune transforms them, disclosing their fickleness.)

    4. He must give his friendship (with you) priority over all his worldly possessions. In other words in times of adversity, he must be willing to give his all to redeem you.

    5. He must never leave you alone in times of misfortune and distress.
    (Behaarul Anwaar vol. 74 p.173)

Imam Sadiq (a.s.) remarks,
‘My best friend is the one who gifts me my weaknesses and shortcomings.’
(Behaarul Anwaar, vol. 74 p. 282)

wassalam
Syed Mohammad Masoom
http://www.alqaem.org
http://www.smma59.wordpress.com
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