Reciting Surah-e-Mulk protects one from the torment of the grave.

If  one recites Surah-e-Mulk or 7 times Surah-e-Qadr by the side of Marhoom’s grave, God-forbid if any punishment is being implemented therein, it is instantly ceased.

It was narrated from Abu Hurayrah that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “A soorah from the Qur’aan containing thirty verses will intercede for a man so that he will be forgiven. It is the soorah Tabaarak Alathi bi yadihi’l-mulk [i.e., Soorat al-Mulk].”

Narrated by al-Tirmidhi, 2891; Abu Dawood, 1400; Ibn Maajah, 3786.

Al-Tirmidhi said, this is a hasan hadeeth. It was classed as saheeh by Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah in Majmoo’ al-Fataawa, 22/277, and by Shaykh al-Albaani in Saheeh Ibn Maajah, 3053.

What is meant is that a person should read it every night, act in accordance with the rulings contained in it, and believe in the information mentioned in it.

It was narrated that ‘Abd-Allaah ibn Mas’ood said: Whoever reads Tabaarak allaahi bi yadihi’l-mulk [i.e., Soorat al-Mulk] every night, Allaah will protect him from the torment of the grave. At the time of the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) we used to call it al-maani’ah (that which protects). In the Book of Allaah it is a soorah which, whoever recites it every night has done very well.

Narrated by al-Nasaa’i, 6/179; classed as hasan by al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Targheeb wa’l-Tarheeb, 1475.

what we expect from scholarily figures of sunnietes? tahrif in quran….

what we expect from scholarily figures of sunnietes?

By Syed Mohammad Masoom

The Holy Quran The word of Allah or the divine Book sent down upon his last apostles, namely,mohammad is a miraculois scripture in proof (burhan) of his prophethood.
All the great scholars of the two major islamic sects, viz., the sunnites and the shiites are  unanimously to hold that so far as the alteration is concerned the Quran is perfectly safe from such a satanic design and exibitions, ie is intact uptil now since it was collected at the hand of prophet under the divine guidence. So, there  is nothing forged and fabricated or missing from the Holy Quran left by Holy Preacher of Islam.
There are some kind of Tahrif we see : Tahrif in Qiraat, Tahrif in reading, Marks inserted for the division of verses and also the uinsertion of Marks(vowelpionts0 called “i”rab” in Arabic.
The muslim scholars have held unanimously that the Holy quran left by the Prophet(s.a.w), collected by him and copied by Ali (a.s) and by other companions of the prophet(s.a.w) had no Vowel pionts, no marks of Divisions of surah (chapters) into verses, No division of Holy Quran into parts(ajazah) so far as the interpretation of the Quran is concern perversions and alteration have definately taken place.
I am giving one  example of change of places of Quranic  verses in Holy quran, just to clarify my words ” great Muslim scholars of Quranic science e..g. Suyuti Fakhral razi have written that according the statements of companions of Propeht(s.a.w) so many verse of Meccan chapters were put in the medinite ones and vice vera. after the death of Holy Prophet(s.a.w) wanton alterations took place in respect to the arrangement of the Quranic verses also.
Ref: Tafsir al kabir of fakhruddin razi, pib from egypt vol 4 pg 159 and 540 vol 6 pg 26
 Second Hadith:
 While I was with Aisha, the mother of the Believers, a person from  Iraq came and asked, “What type of shroud is the best?” ‘Aisha said,    “May Allah be merciful to you! What does it matter?” He said, “O   mother of the Believers! Show me (the copy of) your Quran,” She said,  “Why?” He said, “In order to compile and arrange the Quran according    to it, for people recite it with its Surahs not in proper order.”    ‘Aisha said, “What does it matter which part of it you read first? (Be  informed) that the first thing that was revealed thereof was a Sura    from al-Mufassal, and in it was mentioned Paradise and the Fire. REf: Sahih al-Bukhari Hadith: 6.515

As a matter of fact, the Quran that we use which was compiled by the companions is not in the sequence that has been revealed. In fact, the Sunni scholars confirm that the first Chapter of Quran which was sent down to the Prophet (PBUH&HF) was Chapter al-Iqra’ (al-Alaq, Ch. 96).Sunni References: – al-Burhan, by al-Zarkashi, v1, p259,- al-Itqan, by al-Suyuti, v1, p202.- Fathul Bari, by Ibn Hajar al-Asqalani, v10, p417,- Irshad al-sari, by al-Qastalani, v7, p454

The completeness of Quran is so indisputable among Shia that the greatest scholar of Shia in Hadith, Abu Jafar Muhammad Ibn Ali Ibn al-Husain Ibn Babwayh, known as “Shaykh Saduq” (309/919-381/991), wrote:
“Our belief is that the Quran which Allah revealed to His Prophet  Muhammad is (the same as) the one between the two covers (daffatayn).  And it is the one which is in the hands of the people, and is not  greater in extent than that. The number of surahs as generally  accepted is one hundred and fourteen …And he who asserts that we say   that it is greater in extent than that, is a liar.”
Shi’i reference: Shi’ite Creed (al-I’tiqadat al-Imamiyyah), by Shaykh  Saduq, English version, p77.
Our belief is that the Quran which Allah revealed to His Prophet  Muhammad is (the same as) the one between the two covers (daffatayn) ;neigther it was more than what it is at present nor short of what the Prophet of Islam left behind. The numbers of its chapeter according to others are 114 , but we hold that “Wal duha” and alam Nashrah” ie chapter 93 and 94 are one chapetr , similarily ‘Alam tara Kaifa’ and ; Lilaf-i-Quraishin” is also one chapter ie Total number is 112 . Those who charge us to believe that the Quran was more than what it is now, are liers”..Ref: Shaykh  Saduq Risalatu Itiqadat bup: from iran pg 28
In tafseer Ala;ur Rahmain by Allama al jawad al balighi of al najaf said: The shia sects believes that Nothing is missing from Quran…
Ayatullah Khui Also Rejected the theory of Naksh” (ie Deletion abrogation of verses from the Quran). according to him each and every verse of the Quran whether it belongs to the category of ” Nasikh” (abrogative)  of to that of Mansukh(abrogated) is still preserved  and extant in the Quran, currently in the circulation. In Favour of His words Ayataullah Khui mentioned the following Quranic verses: “Ot is surely amighty book., falsehood shall not come to it from before or behind it; revelation of from the wise, the praised one. Ref: Holy quran Ha mim Ch 41:42 
Imam Muhammad Baqir (a.s), The fifth Imam of shietes as reported by ali bin ibrahim al Qummi said: The falsehood would neither enter from before on the Quran as happened is the case of torah and gospel,nor any other scripture will be sent down in future to invalidate the Quran.  
Professor Shaikh Mohammad Al madani who was dean of the faculty of theology is Al Azhar University of cairo –An outstanding elite of the sunniets has judicially remarked in this context : so far as the shiets are concerned God forbid us to hold that because of certain weak reports exisiting in their books, they hold the belief that the Quran suffers from deficiencies in its text. The reports as such exist in the books of Ahl e sunnat also and both these sects flately rejects their authenticity and they set forth strong arguements  to prove such repoprts false and weak. From among the shiah and zaidiah none holds that there is any shortage in the Quran has gone under vehement changes but it was confiscated by egyption government. so whether on the basis of those weak reports one should conclude that that the sunnites have disowned the purity of Quran.? or, because of the weak reports of suggesting addition and deletion of verses from Quran , transmitted, recorded or given place in books ,by such and such figures of the sunniets, they have adopted the belief that the quran is mutilated?
NO NEVER—The Reports of the same nature though exist in the books of the shias in the same as in our own books, but on behalf of the shia we must recognise the fact that they also do not believe in Tahrif.(of Quran) Ref: Risalatul Islam Vol 11 no.4 pag 282-283 pub from cairo egypt.
This we also expect from other sunni scholarly figures of the sunni as this will be a great service to the Quran and to the cause of Islam and Muslim unity.
Note: tahrif Means to replace a word with another one. Ref: Tafsir al wahidi of wahiduzanman of 112,

Chehlum of Amina Marhuma, the sister of Mahdi Azmi

On sunday 31st August 2008 before Zohrayn prayers a Majlis was arranged on the Chehlum of Amina Khatoon Marhuma D/o Mohammad Qasim, the sister of syed ghulam Mahdi Azmi at Kurla Jame; Masjid.  My friend Syed Suhail mahdi informed me but unfortunately because of my illeness, i was not able to attend on the Chehlum majalis.

Janab Syed ghulam Mahdi Azmi is  one of the senior most urdu poet and sincere momin. I have never seen any showoff in his personality.

Majalis was recited by Hujjatul islam maulana Husain mehdi husaini who emphasized on getting halal rizq in his Majalis.

i thank My sincere brother in faith Razi rizvi for briefing me the event.


The 16-minute film titled “FITNA”

The hot topic for the last few months in Islamic world, is the release of 16-minute film — titled “Fitna” by Dutch politician Geert Wilders.

I just watched the controversial film Fitna on net ,which is a shocking film as it cited Qoran verses (misinterpreted) and displayed terror attacks such as the Sept. 11, 2001 and London bombing committed by those who claimed to represent Islam.

This is an anti-Koran film, which matches graphic images of terrorist attacks and death threats against Jews by Muslim extremists with misinterpreted verses of the Muslim holy book.

Mr. Wilders, a member of the Dutch Parliament and the leader of an anti-Islam political party, said his intention with the film was to warn the West about a religion he viewed as dangerous and intolerant and to stop what he called the Islamization of the Netherlands and other Western societies.

I do not know How long will the Muslims keep on nagging to the world about their sufferings? Our problem is that we , protest just to show the world what is wrong going on with us but rarely think ,how to stop all such things.

It is clear that Mr. Wilders, the leader of an anti-Islam political party fear about Islamization of the Netherlands and other Western societies. That is why he made a film to spoil image of Islam , holy Quran and Messenger of islam Muhammad (s.a.w) by misusing verses of Holy Quran and some anti humanity activities of few organizations and political leaders.

The question also comes in or mind Why do the Jews have so much influence over world’s opinion? Have they bought every western politician, Film makers, newspapers and TV channels?

The fact is The Jews don’t have a crowd of 140 billion across the globe like muslims.

In one of the interview Wilders said ‘I believe that our culture is far better than the Islamic culture,” When pressed on what he meant by “better,” Wilders replied, “Well, we have a separation of church and state, we treat women equally.”

They speak open lies and world believe otherwise we all know how the western world treat women?

Why we sit silent and our ulema also do not answer them and expose their lies?

This also reflects that our religion still has a lot of homeworks to do to convey the message that Islam is peace.

Do you not think!

It is time for the Muslims should become a united powerful political force through their economic power. It is time for the Muslims to learn from the Jews, how to fight for their cause and emerge a winner.

Let the Muslims too come out with their own films promoting peace. Let a writer pen down a story of an American soldier in Gulf interacting with Islamic values and returning US as a Muslim. Why not a story about an alcoholic westerner whose family is shattered into pieces and Islam brings them back together? A good emotional story revolving around a madarasa can also be a good way of showing the world the peaceful Islamic culture.

So brothers and sisters sink deeper into media and grab careers out of it presenting Islam in media is the best thing one can do today in the age of publicity. If you cant then sponsor some one who is willing to. Conduct writing workshops or sponsor them in your Tablighi organisations. Hire a professional journalist to train your participants. Boycott all Dutch Products 1.6 Billion Muslims could Slap Dutch Economy. Look what the Qur’aan has to say about it

” Help each other in Birr and taqwa but not in sins and transgressions ”

Now its time to join our hands together as Muslims and
Remember ,Allah Might Ask you on the Day of Judgment

What did you do ?

The Movie maker had misinterpreted vers 60 in Sura 8 and also ignored the
next vers number 61 which contains very important exception to the meaning.

See This Image Of Fitna film

And see what message the original vers is giving.

in the same way they misinterpreted other verses of holy Quran.

Those verses are :-

8 Al-Anfal (De Buit) 60
4 An-Nisa (De Vrouwen) 56
47 Muhammad (Mohammed) 4
4 An-Nisa (De Vrouwen) 89
8 Al-Anfal (De Buit) 39

The fact is in Holy Quran :THE DISBELIEVERS :(109) (al-kafirun)

Very clearly explained how to treat disbelievrs

In the Name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful

(Muhammad), tell the disbelievers, (109:1)

“I do not worship what you worship, (2)

nor do you worship what I worship (3)

I have not been worshipping what you worshipped, (4)

nor will you worship what I shall worship (5).

You follow your religion and I follow mine (6).

Islam is uncompromisingly a law of peace and a religion of mercy. Only he who is ignorant of its teachings, hostile to its system, or is arrogant enough not to accept clear evidence, will dispute this fact.
The word Islam is itself derived from the word peace (i.e. salaam). And Muslim is the best description of those who believe in this religion:

‘It is the religion of your father Abraham. It is He (Allah) Who has named you Muslims both before and in this (the Qur’an), that the Messenger be a witness over you and you be a witness over mankind!’

No religious law or social system has encouraged the establishment of peace in the same way that Islam has done, for Islam has ordered the practise of this great virtue through respect and self-restraint even at the most testing of times such as Hajj (pilgrimage). During this sacred time, a pilgrim is strictly prohibited from cutting his nails, shortening his hair, destroying a tree, killing an animal or harming anyone in any way, even if he shall find the killer of his father he is not permitted to hurt him at all:

WI request all those who are reading my this post , to see messages of Holy Quran and THINK, Why FILMA MAKER OF FITNA NEGLECTED THESE VERSES?

There is no compulsion in religion. Verily, the Right Path has become distinct from the wrong path.’(Surat-al-Baqarah (2), ayah 256)
But if they incline to peace, you also incline to it, and (put your) trust in Allah. Verily, He is the All-Hearer, the All-Knower.’

(Surat-al-Anfal (8), ayah 61)

If they (the unbelievers) propose peace, accept it and trust in God. God is All-hearing and All-knowing (8:61)

I would also like to add Beyond Fitna Movie here which is also an eye opener and expose lies of Fitna film.

The Iranian NGO named NGO of Islam and Christianity has made a Movie replying Fitna. You can download Beyond Fitna in these links:

The low quality version: fitna.wmv (8.5 MB)

The medium quality version: (28 MB)

The 3GP version: (10 MB)

And you can watch them in the NGO website:


BY admin


zeeshan.jpgBy Maulana Zeeshan Abidi
(Panel Ulema of  AQYouth)

With regards to Mahdi’s fear and occultation and in the light of what we have mentioned before, there remain a few questions which is worth mentioning:

First Question: Why Allah, the Powerful doesn’t hinder Hazrat’s enemies from killing him!?
answer: God has commanded the Creation of hindrance which is not incompatible with duty and responsibility i.e. the commandment for obedience, assistance and submissiveness and forbiddance from disobedience and enmity of Hazrat Mahdi. However not forming any hindrance between Mahdi and his enemies is because it is incompatible with duty and renders the reward and punishment as null and void. Rather, such a hindrance will give rise to mischief and this cannot be the consequence of God.

 Question: Why is Mahdi (A.S.) absent amongst the people and why has he isolated himself from them considering that his great fathers were present amongst the people!?
Reply: Mahdi’s very foundation is based on emerging with the sword and revolting for God’s sake but such was not so in the case of his great fathers. Presence of Mahdi would expose him to danger especially when it is well-known and famous that Hazrat is waiting for an opportunity. Also it is a well-known fact that whenever Mahdi passed away there was another to succeed him as against Mahdi who if killed there would be no one to succeed him.

 Question: I f Mahdi’s occultation is due to fear of his enemies, then why has he concealed himself from his friends!?
Answer: If there existed for Hazrat’s friends and companions a channel to meet and visit him then, as a rule it was certain for his whereabouts to be discovered.

 Question: Reply to the third question is true only if the entire Shias are successful in meeting Hazrat. However if such a meeting is possible for only a particular group amongst Imam’s friends, then his whereabout will not be discovered.
Answer: Any secret which becomes known to more than two will no longer remain a secret.

Question: Why didn’t Hazrat’s minor occultation continue in the very manner in which the special deputies used to serve him!?
Answer: The non-continuation of Hazrat’s minor occultation may have been for two reasons:
Firstly that deputyship from Imam’s side is especially the post of special deputyship is a very high and lofty position. Since a group amongst the power-seekers falsely claimed the position of deputyship during the last days of Hazrat’s occultation, the door of special deputyship was hence closed.
Secondly the special deputyship too at that time was kept secret and hidden and except for some specific people, none were aware of it. If the minor occultation had continued and the position of special deputyship would become known, Hazrat’s deputies too would have been exposed to danger.


For our Master, Mahdi – the Expected one, there has been two occultations: The minor occultation and the major occultation.
The minor occultation started from the time of Hazrat’s birth and continued till the end of the special deputyship which lasted for seventy-four years.

The major occultation commenced after the minor occultation and will continue as long as God Wills Hazrat to emerge and revolt with his might.

In the book of «Esbath-ul-Wasiyah», Ali-ibn-Hussein-ibn-Ali Masoudi says:
‘It is narrated that Imam Ali an-Naqi (A.S.) disappeared from the Shias’ views but for a small group of his special Shias. When the affairs of Imamate were entrusted to Imam Hassan Askari, he used to converse with his special circle of Shias and others from behind the curtain except when he was mounted and would travel towards the Kings house.
Imam Askari (A.S.) and his father were acting in this manner so as to prepare the ground for Hazrat Mahdi’s concealment. This was so that the Shias would become familiar with the matter of occultation and would not deny it and would become habituated with Imam’s absence and concealment.

Verily, right from the time of Amir-ul-Mumineen Ali (A.S.) till the period of Imam Ali an-Naqi (A.S.) and Imam Hassan Askari (A.S.) it was customary for the Shias to meet their Imam whenever they wished. If they were deprived of this bounty all at once then doubt and hesitation would have overtaken them. Rather the faith of some of them would have become shaky. Thus Imam Ali an-Naqi (A.S.) and Imam Askari (A.S.) adopted this path as mentioned by Masoudi so that the Shias would gradually and gradually become

 acquainted with Imam’s concealment.

Imam Ali an-Naqi (A.S.) and Imam Hassan Askari (A.S.) took up this excellent path for this very reason. Strict alertness of the rulers who were contemporary to the afore-mentioned two Imams confirm this matter. This resulted in fewer meetings and contacts with them especially so in the case of well-known Shii’tes.

The apparent glory and magnificience of the afore-said two Imams (A.S.) and the great number of servants and slaves and their greatness and eminence (which would naturally become the cause of fewer meetings of the common Shias and rather their special Shias except at fixed and special times) too confirms the matter of occultation.

Later on, the policy of Bani-Abbass changed with regards to the twelve Imams and their policy demanded respect and honour of the Imams and this path was first put into practice by Ma’mun Abbassid.

Those who cast a glance over history of Hazrat Ali-ibn-Musa ar-Ridha Imam Muhammad Taqi, Imam Ali an-Naqi and Imam Hassan Askari will realize the way of association of the Caliphs with Imams. This is because they believed in the greatness and magnificience of Imams (A.S.) and had kept at their disposal house, goods, feather, dress, servants, slaves and wealth for such motives which they had in mind. The main motive of the Caliphs, as per their own imagination was to receive more ease and attention when in the company of the the Imam especially so in the case of the afore-said two Imams.

The reason why Imam Ali an-Naqi concealed himself from the views of the Shias on much lesser occasions than Imam Hassan Askari (A.S.) was that there was to be two occultation for our master Mahdi – One was the minor occultation during which period the deputies and special representatives of Mahdi (A.S.) were having access to Hazrat until the time when the Shias became familiar with the absence and concealment of Imam (A.S.) and the period of major occultation started wherein the special deputyship was cut off and unlike the Shias who had the privilege of meeting Hazrat’s great fathers, none have the opportunity of meeting the Imam officially.

Ghaibat (occultation) of the last Imam (AS)

Ghaibat (occultation) of the last Imam (AS)

zeeshan.jpg By Maulana Zeeshan abidi

(Panel ulema AQYouth)






Mohammad Yaqub Al-Kulayni has said that ghaibat is a test from Allah to test the
steadfastness of belief in Imam.
If he is to remain in Ghaibat, what is the use of his existence?
Belief creates hope giving strength to the oppressed.
It is a deterrent for the committing of injustice as one is always aware of the
constant presence of the Imam.

Why Ghaibat al-Sughra?

To make the Shias used to approaching scholars instead of Imam himself. It started
during the time of the 10th Imam who was under almost constant house arrest in
Samarra and continuing through.

GHAIBAT AL-SUGHRA (160 A.H. to 329 A.H.)
During Ghaibut-us-Sughra, the Imam (AS) appointed four deputies/representatives to
represent him among the people. After the death of the fourth deputy, the Imam (AS)
went into Ghaibut al-Kubra (major occultation). This was on the 10th Shawal 329 A.H.

The 4 representatives were :

1. Uthman bin Saeed Umravi (AR)

It is said that at the age of 11 years he was a servant in the house of the 9th Imam
later to enjoy the confidence of Imam. He occupied the same position of trust with
the 10th and 11th Imam who told their Shias that after him they would not see the
12th Imam and would have to obey Uthman. After the 11th Imam’s martyrdom Uthman
moved to Baghdad and disguised as a butter seller he set up the collection of khums
for Imam. He served the 12th Imam for 5 years and received a letter near his death
from Imam (AS) telling him to appoint his son Mohammed as the next representative.

2. Mohammad bin Uthman bin Saeed Umravi (AR)

He continued in his fathers footsteps also acting as a butter seller. He managed to
keep Imam’s existence a secret from the Abbasids until the early years of the reign
of Al-Mutadid. The rulers then started searching hard for Imam and killed countless
mu’mineen with even the slightest resemblance to Imam. Spies were set up to probe
the khums network. Imam issued an order for Shias not to take his name nor show
mas’ala of khums to anyone until absolutely sure of them. As instructed by Imam he
appointed Husayn bin Rawh as the next representative after his death in 305 A.H. He
served the Imam (AS) for 40 years.
3. Husayn bin Rawh (AR)
His kuniyya was Abul Qasim. His sociable nature won him respect even from the
Ahlul-Sunnah. He managed to keep his activities a secret from the rulers whilst
maintaining good relations with them. It is to him that we address the ‘Arizah’ to be
delivered to Imam. He served faithfully until he died in Sha’ban 326 a.h. revealing
the appointment of Ali bin Mohammad Samry after him. He served for 21 years.
4. Ali bin Mohammad Samry (AR)
He served for only three years. A week before his death he received a

letter from the Imam (AS) telling him of his forthcoming death and that there would
be no representative after him and that Imam (AS) was now going into
Ghaibat al-Kubra (major occultation). Imam (AS) would then appear when Allah(swt)
wills it. Ali bin Mohammad Samry (AR) died on 15th Shabaan 329 A.H. after serving
for 3 years.

GHAIBAT AL-KUBRA (329 A.H. to present)

Imam’s ghaibat is described by the Aimma like that of Prophet Yusuf (AS) who was
amongst his brothers yet they did not recognise him.

Imam is known to meet a believer on 3 occasions:
1. At the time of trouble.
2. He is present at every Hajj.
3. He attends the funeral of every believer who has no religious
obligations pending on him/her e.g. Khums.
During this time he continues to guide. Numerous letters have been
received from him by (to quote a few) Ishaq bin Yaqub, Sheikh Mufeed…
It is reported that 30 people all over the world meet with him

Responsibilities During Ghaibat al-Kubra

1. Pray for the safety of Imam (AS) at all time.
2. Be in waiting for Imam (AS) at all times.
3. Give Sadaqa for Imam (AS).
4. Pray for his re-appearance.
5. Whenever faced with difficulty (whether small or big) ask for assistance from
Imam (AS).
6. Whenever his name is heard or recited, one should stand if possible, send salaams
on him, put hand on head and bow.
7. If possible perform Hajj/Umra for Imam (AS). (Hajj-After own Wajibat)
It is customary among the Muhibban al-Ahle-Bait (AS) to write a letter of
Imam al-Zaman (AS) in the early morning of 15th Shaban. This letter is known as
Arizah and is written with a lot of love and care using safron as ink and wrapping
the letter in pure clay or flour. In the letter, momineen and mominaat present their
salutations and praises to the Imam (AS) and also write their problems and worries.
This wrapped letter is then thrown usually in lakes or river or ocean in the name of
one of his representatives (one of the 4 described above – usually Hussain
ibn al-Roh) recalling the methodology which was in place during the Ghaibat al-Sughra.

It is a strong Shiite belief that the letter reaches the Imam (AS) and he addresses
the worries and problems of his shiites becausse they are resolved in many many
cases. That is the reason why this practice has continued for long period and is
still very emotionally and religiously in practice





Sunni Documantation on Imam Mahdi (AS)

For our respected Sunni brothers, there are six authentic collections of traditions based on the Sunni standards for verifying the authenticity of a tradition. These six books are: Sahih al-Bukhari, Sahih Muslim, Sahih al-Tirmidhi, Sunan Ibn Majah, Sunan Abu Dawud, and Sahih al-Nisa’i. I just quote few traditions from these six books to prove that a knowledgeable Sunni brother/sister can NOT deny that:

1. Mahdi is going to come in the last days to make a universal Government,
2. Mahdi is from the Ahlul-Bayt of Prophet,
3. Mahdi is from the children of Fatimah (AS), the daughter of Prophet,
4. Mahdi is different than Jesus (the messiah),
5. Jesus will be one of the followers of Imam Mahdi and prays behind him.

The following are only some of the traditions out of many, about Imam Mahdi, and are ALL traditions that the Sunnis admit to their authenticity and existence:

The Prophet (PBUH) said: "Even if the entire duration of the world's
existence has already been exhausted and only one day is left before
Doomsday (Day of judgment), Allah will expand that day to such a
length of time, as to accommodate the kingdom of a person out of my
Ahlul-Bayt who will be called by my name. He will then fill out the
earth with peace and justice as it will have been full of injustice
and tyranny before then."

Sunni References:

1. Sahih Tirmidhi, V2, P86, V9, PP 74-75
2. Sanan Abi Dawud, V2, P7
3. Musnad Ahmad Ibn Hanbal, V1, P376 & V3, P63
4. Mustadrak al-Sahihain, by al-Hakim, V4, P557
5. Al-Majma', by Tabarani, P217
6. Tahdhib al-Thabit, by Ibn Hajar al-Asqalani, V9, P144
7. Sawaiq al-Muhraqa, Ibn Hajar al-Haythami, P167
8. Fathul Bari, by Ibn Hajar al-Asqalani, V7, P305
9. al-Tathkirah, by al-Qurtubi, P617
10. al-Hawi, by al-Suyuti, V2, pp165-166
11. Sharh al-Mawahib al-Ladunniyyah, by al-Zurqani, V5, P348
12. Fathul Mughith, by al-Sakhawi, V3, P41
13. al-Hafidh Abul-Hasan Muhammad Ibn al-Husayn al-Sijistani al-Aburi
14. al-Shafi'i (d. 363/974). (who said the above hadith is related by
numerous authorities and were spread far and wide by many narrators).
and also in the works of Ibn Habban, Abu Nua'ym, Ibn Asakir, etc.


The Prophet (PBUH) said: "Al-Mahdi is one of us, the members of the
household (Ahlul-Bayt)."

Sunni reference: Sunan Ibn Majah, V2, Tradition #4085

As we see Imam Mahdi is from the Ahlul Bayt of Prophet Muhammad, so he can not be Jesus (the Messiah; al-Maseeh). Mahdi and Messiah are two different personalities but they come at the same time, Mahdi as Imam and Jesus as his follower. The following tradition clearly mentions that Imam Mahdi is one of the children of the daughter of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH&HF):

The Messenger of Allah said: "Al-Mahdi is one of the children of
Fatimah (the Prophet's daughter)."

Sunni reference: Sunan Ibn Majah, V2, Tradition #4086

Special specifications of Imam Mahdi (AS)

Shia believe that Imam Mahdi is the only son of Imam Hasan al-Askari (the 11th Imam) who was born on 15th of Sha’ban 255/869 in Samarra, Iraq. He became the God-appointed Imam when his father was martyred in 260/874. Imam Mahdi went into occultation (disappearance; leaving among people while they can’t recognize him) at the same time. He will re-appear when Allah wills. More specifically:

His title is “al-Mahdi” which means “The Guided One.”

His name is Muhammad Ibn al-Hasan (AS).

On the other hand, the majority of Sunnis are not so sure that he has been born yet. They believe he will be born some time before his mission. The name of Imam Mahdi is Muhammad (which is the same as what Shia believe). There is however one single Sunni report which adds that the name of the father of Imam Mahdi is Abdullah.Now let us see what is the argument of each side:

Question 1:Some Sunnis question Shia that how a five year old boy can become an Imam for the people? And why attribute all this importance to him?

Answer 1:First, we must question whether or not in the history of religion, the phenomenon of young leaders has a parallel. Undoubtedly, there is. The Quran strikes two examples which are worthy of mentioning:We have the example of Jesus (AS) who became Prophet and spoke people when he was a baby in the cradle:”But she pointed to the baby.  They said: `How can we talk to one who is a CHILD in the cradle?’ He said: `I am indeed a servant of Allah. He HAS GIVEN me Scripture and ASSIGNED me a Prophet, and He has made

me blessed wherever I be, and has enjoined on me Prayer and zakat
as long as I live.'" (Quran 19:29-31)

Thus Jesus (AS) became Prophet and received revelation and book while he was less than two years old!

Furthermore, in few verses before, Quran mentions the case of Prophet Yahya (John), to whom Allah (SWT) said:

"`O Yahya! Take hold of the Book with might:' And We gave him the
appointment (of prophethood) in his CHILDHOOD." (Quran 19:12)

So if a two-year old boy can become a prophet and receives revelation, then why can not a five-year old boy become Imam?

Have you ever heard of prodigies? They are kids between the ages of four to 18 that exhibit signs of exceptional skills that are usually found in highly qualified adults only. Here are some examples from history:

“John Stuart Mill (1806-73), a 19th-century English philosopher and economist, advocated utilitarian reforms in his many writings and as member of Parliament. A child prodigy, Mill had mastered Greek by the age of 7 and studied economics at the age of 13. His works express his social thought with great clarity and thoroughness. (The Bettmann Archive)”

“The French thinker, mathematician, and scientist Blaise Pascal, b. June 19, 1623, d. Aug. 19, 1662, has been credited not only with imaginative and subtle work in geometry and other branches of mathematics, but with profoundly influencing later generations of theologians and philosophers. A prodigy in mathematics, Pascal had mastered Euclid’s Elements by the age of 12. Pascal invented and sold the first calculating machine (1645).”

“Wolfgang was the greatest musical child prodigy who ever lived. He began composing minuets at the age of 5 and symphonies at 9.”

“Beethoven’s own talent was such that at the age of 12 he was already an assistant to the organist Christian Gottlob Neefe, with whom he studied.”

“Sarah Caldwell, born Maryville, Mo., Mar. 6, 1924, is a conductor and producer. A child prodigy in both mathematics and music, before reaching the age of ten.”

While not exhaustive, the list serves the purpose of demonstrating that this phenomenon occurs naturally among normal human beings from all walks of life. So scientifically speaking, it is quite possible that a child demonstrates abilities that adults can not. Also religiously speaking anything Allah desires will happen no matter how strange. Indeed Allah (SWT) asserts unequivocally in Quran that if He wanted something, all He has to do is to say to it: “Be! and it will be!”.

Question 2:Every body is mortal. How can he live so long?

Answer 2:Yes, in fact Imam Mahdi will die too. But the difference is the length of life in this world. In fact Quran and the prophetic traditions tell us that some people have had/are having long life in this world. So it is possible to see this phenomena again.Are you aware that according to the Quran (see 29:14), Prophet Noah has just been prophet for 950 years? In fact, he was alive even more than that because we should add his age before prophethood to the above number. Who knows how much it was.

Do you agree that Prophet Jesus (AS) is still alive? He is in fact 1,994 years old now. Of course, he is not living on Earth right now; he is living in the Heavens. But according to Muslim’s belief, he will come back to Earth, and will pray behind Imam al-Mahdi (AS).

Do you agree that al-Khidr (AS) is still alive? Quran mentions his story with Moses (AS). He existed before the birth of the Prophet Moses (AS), so al-Khidr (AS) is now more than 3000 years old. He lives right here on this Earth, but we can not recognize him (fairly similar to the case of Imam Mahdi). He serves Allah (SWT) as one of His agents.

No doubt Allah has the ability to give a very long life, but He also has assigned a death time for every body (including the above mentioned individuals) which can be so soon or so late.

Moreover, scientifically speaking, there are NO objections whatsoever to the extended life span assertion. A group of scientists conducted a series of experiments at the Rockefeller Institute in New York in 1912 on certain “parts” of plants, animals, and humans. These scientists included Dr. Alex Carl, Dr. Jack Lope, and Dr. Warren Lewis and his wife, among others. Among the experiments conducted was one that directly treated the nerves, muscles, hearts, skin, and kidneys of human beings. These organs were not in a human body, they were independent organs that were perhaps donated for the experiment. It was concluded by the scientists that these “parts or organs” CAN continue to live almost indefinitely as long as they are nourished properly, and as long as they are shielded from external negative interactions like microbes and other obstacles that might inhibit the growth of these organs; furthermore, the assertion was made that the cells would continue to grow normally under the above conditions, and that the growth is directly related to the nourishment provided. Again, aging had no effect on these organs, and they grew every year without any signs of deterioration or aging. The scientists concluded that these organs will continue to grow as long as the patience of the scientists themselves is not exhausted, causing them to abandon the nourishment process.

Question 3:Where is Mahdi (AS) right now? Is he in cave?

Answer 3:Imam Mahdi disappeared in 260/874 when he became Imam. The last time that he was seen, was in the cellar of his father’s house in Samarra, Iraq. That is what is rumored regarding Shia that they believe Mahdi is in the cave!!!

Shia do NOT believe that Imam Mahdi is in the Cave or Cellar! He was just seen there for the last time. He can be anywhere Allah wishes. However one thing is clear is that he lives on the earth among people while people around him do not perceive.

Second, with regards to the occultation of al-Mahdi (AS), the Quran does NOT rule out such an occurrence at all. Again, the examples of Jesus (AS) and al-Khidr (AS), who are both in occultation, are worthy of mentioning.

Question 4:What about his mother? Provided that Shia is right in their assertion that al-Mahdi’s (AS) mother was a slave or bondwoman, isn’t it shameful that he (AS) should be born to a slave-girl?

Answer 4:The answer would be in the form of the following questions: Wasn’t Hagar (AS), the Prophet Abraham’s wife, a bondwoman? Did she not bear Isma’il (Ishmael) (AS), whom the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH&HF) is a direct descendant of? If it is acceptable for the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH&HF), the Seal of Prophethood, to be a descendant of Isma’il (AS) who was born to a bondwoman, then why not al-Mahdi (AS)?

I need to mention that the birth of al-Mahdi (AS) was an event surrounded with secrecy, because the authorities (The Abbasids) knew that the Mahdi who is to bring about a revolution is going to be the son of Imam Askari, and were awaiting his coming, to capture him for execution. Owing to that, Imam Hasan Askari (AS), the Mahdi’s father, could not behave conspicuously by revealing who the mother of the Mahdi (AS) was. The Imam Mahdi’s mother was Narjis and was a roman slave who married to Imam al-Askari (AS). Notwithstanding, what has created the confusion among the critics of Shia is the fact that Imam al-Askari (AS) did not refer to her (AS) with one name. A variety of names were used in an effort to fool the authorities, and to prevent them from recognizing who she was. That was part and parcel of the plan to protect the Mahdi (AS). Had the father (AS) been slightly negligent in protecting his son, it is clear that al-Mahdi (AS) would not have survived. The story of birth of Imam Mahdi is like that of the Moses. All the women were being regularly inspected by female specialists of Abbasids to find out if anybody is pregnant. The Imam Mahdi’s mother did not have any sign of pregnancy to the last hours, similar to Moses’s mother. But no doubt that what Allah wishes will certainly take place.

Given these adverse conditions and hardships, the birth of the Imam (AS) was kept in utmost secrecy, that even the closest people to Imam al- Askari (AS), the father of the Mahdi (AS), did not know of the time of his (AS) birth. Only VERY FEW close associates were notified. The obvious contention is that the birth of al-Imam al-Mahdi (AS) constitutes a direct threat to the continuance of the corrupt government to rule. This situation is best understood when we refer back to the first few days of Islam when the Prophet (PBUH&HF) preached the religion in utmost secrecy among a few loyal followers. The Prophet (PBUH&HF) feared for the lives of these believers, and, as such, forbade them from revealing any information that might jeopardize the entire mission.

Islamic Complicated Question and Answers

zeeshan.jpgJustice of Allah

By Maulana Zeeshan abidi

(Panel ulema AQYouth)









Hazrat Ali (a.s.) says:
“Adl is that you don’t accuse Him (Allah, of things which you don’t like for yourself).”
(Behaarul Anwaar, vol. 5, p. 52, H.86)
Question: Why do some people have defects from birth? If Allah is Just, then why has He created these people defective and imperfect by which they have to undergo problems and difficulties throughout their lives and are made targets of taunts, degradation and disgrace?Answer: Firstly, it is possible that these defects and tribulations are means of examination by Allah for those defective people or their parents, relatives and friends.

Secondly, Allah warns and cautions the people through these difficulties so that He awakens the people from the sleep of negligence and makes them attentive towards Himself. In this way, a link is formed between the Creator and His servants which is a great bounty.

Thirdly, defects from birth are sometimes the result of our own deeds, because many a times we ourselves are the cause of such difficulties and problems. The people who are defective from birth are the result of human negligence. It is the duty of the parents to care and protect their health and spirituality. But due to carelessness, defective children are born. For example, having intercourse in a state of intoxication has a very dangerous effect on the foetus in the mother’s womb. Over here one question arises that what is the child’s fault in this? Dear readers, over here the child is faultless and Allah is also Pure, it is the parent’s fault who violated the law as a result of which difficulties and problems have afflicted the child. This is not the case only with children. Throughout the world, it is always the oppressed ones who have to suffer untold miseries due to the crimes of the oppressors.

Another example is that of a person who hurls a stone at you and injures your forehead. Then in this condition, it is neither your fault nor Allah’s. But it is that person’s fault who has thrown the stone at you. But it is you who are made to undergo the pain and suffering.

Another objection, that arises is – the parent’s fault was for a limited period only and temporary in nature, however the defective child has to suffer disgrace throughout his life. Regarding this, we state that within a second if you make yourself blind with a knife, then you will become blind permanently, for life. However, this mistake was the result of action that was done in a second, the effect of which lasts a lifetime. Similarly if you throw a stone on a mirror, the mirror will be shattered into pieces permanently. Even other things are affected likewise. For instance, a friendship based on years of love and affection may breakup due to some unpleasant words or some silly misunderstanding. Similarly, enmity based on years of hostility and malice maybe resolved by a mere apology.

Another question that arises is – what if the parents are not aware of this action which has a serious effect on the foetus? The reply to this is – the effect is not due to the awareness or unawareness of the parents. For instance, if we are unaware of electricity running through a particular wire and we touch it in our state of ignorance, can we expect the laws of electricity to be suspended out of sympathy for us? If we are unaware and consume liquor thinking it to be water, we will definitely get intoxicated because intoxication is the most obvious effect of liquor, regardless of whether one consumes it wittingly or otherwise. Hence, parents’ unawareness or lack of knowledge will never avert the adverse effects of any action.

Secondly, the degradation and disgrace suffered by a defective child from birth is due to faulty training and flawed upbringing of the people, and has nothing to do with Allah. Never should we look down upon a defective or deformed child. This is what Islam teaches us.

It is necessary to remind here that Allah tests man with hardships and difficulties according to the strength, power, ability and capacity of the person. For instance, He does not threaten a blind man with punishment for not seeing. Similarly, the Almighty Allah will deal with the defective child in another way, distinct from the way He deals with other normal people. Certainly, those children who are born defective due to their parents’ faults are those who have been rendered weak, and Allah, the Almighty, will reward the oppressed ones in the Hereafter. Therefore, it is the duty of the defective people to thank Allah, when they are afflicted with hardships, and should face their afflictions with patience. They must realise that in Islam having a perfect body with good looks is not the standard of greatness, rather it is knowledge and piety.
“Allah has raised in degrees those among you who believe and who have been granted knowledge.”
(Mujaadelah: 11)

For those people who make fun of defective and deformed people, we can only say, ‘O men of understanding! Has the defective man created his own self in that form, which makes you ridicule him? And if you are devoid of defects, is it because you have created your own self and made yourself defect-free? Ask yourself honestly whether you would have liked people to mock at you because of some defect in you for no fault of your own?

Keeping in view the high ethics and standards of Islam, let us behave in a manner worthy of Shias of Ameerul Momineen (a.s.) and lead a prosperous and happy life in this world and be redeemed from disgrace in the hereafter.

We have already mentioned earlier that whatever hardships and difficulties afflict us in our lives is due to our own doing and we are the ones responsible for it. For instance, if we do not follow the laws regarding the protection of our health, then we are bound to fall sick.

Another point highlighted earlier was that difficulties are bounties from Allah’s side to the extent that they make us aware, and wake us from the sleep of negligence. It is a type of remembrance, which makes us attentive towards Allah. It also serves as a test and examination for the people. Let us browse through the replies to some of the important questions posed by the skeptics.

Question: Is Allah not aware of an individual’s capacity? Then why does He need to take an examination?

Answer: It is apparent that Allah does not test us to gauge our capabilities and capacity because He is aware of it and even knows what we think and how we will react. The aim of examination is to make us understand our selves. Depending on our actions we are rewarded for our good deeds and punished for our evil actions. This is because Allah does not reward or punish on the basis of His Knowledge (while the person has performed that action). It is a fact that that the difficulties and hardships are a way of examination for the people. Holy Quran states in
“And We will examine you with evil and good, an examination.”
(Anbiya: 35)

A person behaves differently in times of difficulties and in comfort. Over here it is possible to divide people in four categories.

The first category include those people who at times of difficulties and hardships start wailing and lamenting and question the justice, wisdom, grace and laws of Allah’s creation. Quran introduces such people in the following words.
“And when affliction touches him, he is terrified.”
(Maarij: 20)

The second group consists of those people who when afflicted with calamities, act with patience and steadfastness. They declare with their heart and tongue – if we have lost something that was given by Allah, then He certainly possesses the power to bestow it once again. Inshallah, He will provide for us and anyhow we also will soon die one day.
“Surely we are from Allah and unto Him shall we return.”
(Baqarah: 156)

Members of the third group are more righteous than those of the second group, since these people not only act patiently at times of difficulties (in performance of wajibaat) but they also offer thanks. (Refer the invocation of Prostration in Ziyarat-e-Aashoora)

The fourth group includes those people who are more righteous and steadfast than the third group. These are those people, who at the times of difficulties never question the justice and grace of Allah and act with patience and fortitude. At times of ease and comfort, they search for hardships and calamities like Imam Husain (a.s.) who traveled towards Karbala.

Indeed, different types of people react differently at times of hardship and difficulties. When a child is given an onion, he takes a bite, but then immediately starts crying and wailing and throws the onion. Tears start flowing from his eyes. But in search of that same onion the child’s father goes to the market and brings home by paying a price.

The difficulties and bitterness of life are also the same. Some people run far away from tribulations while others rush towards it.

It is necessary to ponder over the following: calamities that are a result of obeying Allah’s commands (like prohibition from unlawful wealth, refraining from liquor, keeping aloof from adultery etc.) elevate our status near Allah. We should live only for Allah and should appoint only Him as the One who takes accounts of our deeds because it is necessary to give Him our account on the Day of Judgement. If we want to become such that we are able to face difficulties and hardships, then we have to counter the whisperings of Shaitaan and our base desires. If we are victorious in this battle, then the taste of hardship will be sweeter than that of honey, otherwise it will be bitter and harsh. Let us see what should be our approach in times of difficulties and hardships. What path must one embrace to overcome difficulties and hardships? In such times, we must seek the path shown by the Holy Quran.

At times of afflictions we should say that we are the slaves of Allah, our existence is not permanent, we don’t have the right to demand a thing from Him. Our existence in this world and the bounties which we enjoy are bestowed by Him. Our position is no more than that of a trustee (of these bounties). This is our position and this world is transitory. We don’t have the right to ask why we have to die because this world is not our eternal abode. The hereafter is our eternal abode.

We exist today and we will be existing even after death. The only difference will be our condition. This line of reasoning provides courage and patience to confront the difficulties and calamities. This is expressed in these words: “Surely we are from Allah and unto Him shall we return.”

The Holy Quran warns that people have not been created so that they may attain Paradise without troubles and affliction.
“Or do you think that you would enter the garden while yet the state of those who have passed away before you has not come upon you; distress and affliction befell them and they were shaken violently.”
(Baqarah: 214)

This verse shows that throughout the history of mankind, the righteous have had to face difficulties and hardships. Now it is our turn. Neither are these difficulties new nor are those who are facing it.

The Holy Quran time and again tells the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.s.) to browse through the history of nations so that we may not consider calamity as a new thing. Although the addressee in the above verses is the Holy Prophet (s.a.) but it is meant for his nation. Just as a glad tiding grants contentment to a person, the history of the previous nations is very effective in instilling a sense of patience and forbearance to the one who derives lessons from them. Of course, there is yet another thing which helps man to be patient is to know the lives of those who bore patience and to be aware of their methods of forbearance. Steadfastness was one of the important reasons for the success of the people of yore.

One should be inclined towards Allah with such faith and certainty that He hears us, sees our actions and solves our problems. If man believes with total certitude in the above things then he will never lend his ears to the absurd talks of the people. He will move towards Allah, disregarding all other things. As in the story of Hazrat Nuh (a.s.), Allah orders him,
“And make the ark before Our eyes and (according to) Our revelation and do not speak to Me in respect of those who are unjust; surely they shall be drowned.”
(Hud: 37)

When Hazrat Nuh (a.s.) started constructing the ark, the unbelievers passing by him began mocking him and would taunt him by saying – your prophethood was not successful so now you have taken up carpentry. The courage with which Hazrat Nuh (a.s.) faced the taunts was due to the words of Allah that – He is watching, everything you do. The consequence of the unbelievers will be that they will be drowned.

The fourth thing that reinforces the spirit of steadfastness is by focusing on the reward and punishment of all our deeds, no matter how insignificant.
“Then whoever does an atom weight of a good deed shall see it and whoever does an atom weight of evil, shall see it.”
(Zilzal: 7 – 8)

Performing the obligatory acts and commands of Allah involves difficulties and hardships. Patience on hardships becomes the cause of success in this world, and reaps excellent rewards in the hereafter. For instance, if a student understands that even by studying little he gains a lot, then he will work harder and will gain more.

Then we must be careful in our deeds and should realise that even the most insignificant of good deeds attracts rewards and the most insignificant of evil deeds will lead to chastisement. Then we must realise that Allah always watches and will account for all our deeds one day.

The fifth factor, which inspires man for steadfastness is seeking help through one’s prayers (salaat), excessive fasting and supplications. Hence, Allah says
“And seek help through patience and prayers.”
(Baqarah: 45)

Our daily prayers serve to strengthen our relationship with the Creator, our Sustainer, our Master, Allah. In traditions it is said that Hazrat Ali (a.s.) used to be engaged in prayers at times of difficulties and hardships. Prayers would deliver him from his worries as it is namaaz, which makes the worshipper nearer to his Master and gives him satisfaction and tranquility.

Question: Then why has Allah created Shaitan, whose creation goes against this aim? Is the existence of Shaitan in accordance with the justice, wisdom and will of Allah?

Answer: Whatever Allah had bestowed upon Shaitan – existence, capability, ability etc., had initially benefited him. For according to the narration of the Ahle Bait (a.s.) he worshipped Allah for thousands of years before disobeying His command for Adam’s (a.s.) prostration. But a far greater sin than the disobedience was his refusal and stubbornness in seeking Allah’s forgiveness. He was very proud and haughty, and belittled the commands of Allah. He declared to Allah – I am created from fire, while Adam is created from earth. Fire is superior to earth, so how can I prostrate in front of him? Therefore, it would not be wrong to state that Shaitan’s revolt and disobedience was due to his own pride, and not due to Allah, the Exalted.

The whisperings of Shaitan do not compel anyone to sin. Also, these whisperings are only an encouragement and do not nullify the function of our desires and intention, which play the most important role in Allah’s disobedience.

In other words, Shaitan’s whispering is but a catalyst in Allah’s disobedience while the most crucial role in this disobedience is still played by our intention and desire.

Secondly, this question would have been valid if there was only Shaitan’s whispering, with nothing to counter his invitation towards Allah’s disobedience. But how can we ignore the fact that Allah has sent 1,24,000 Prophets (a.s.) who invite man towards Allah’s obedience, and help man counter Shaitan’s whisperings. Indeed, it is not that Shaitan is pulling us towards himself, rather it is we who pull Shaitan towards ourselves. Rest assured that till the time we are not inclined towards Shaitan, he cannot misguide us as the Holy Quran states:
“Surely he (Shaitan) has no authority over those who believe and rely on their Lord. His authority is only over those who befriend him and those who associate others with Him.”
(Nahl: 99, 100)

Although Shaitan cannot force us to sin, it does not mean that he can not even incite man to sin. It only means that that those who are steadfast in their faith can ward off Shaitan’s whisperings, and do not fall prey to his deceit, as they are under Allah’s protection, who safeguards them from his evil.

Shaitan is the one who could have exploited his capabilities and proximity near Allah, to achieve the loftiest of positions among worshippers. But his conceit and pride proved to be his undoing. Thereafter he swore to deviate the children of Adam (a.s.). However, Allah did not give him the power of coercion to sin. Moreover, we must always remember that, Allah forbid, even if we do sin, the door of repentance is open for those who are deceived by Shaitan. Keeping all these points in view, it would not be appropriate to say that it is against Allah’s justice that He created Shaitan.

Question: Thousands of people are affected in this world due to misfortunes, calamities, death, destruction, earthquakes, storm, battles, wars and oppression, many of who die, leaving behind aggrieved families, widows and orphans without any support and succour. What is the cause for such calamities and disasters? If Allah is responsible for such problems, then how can we call Him Just and if it is Shaitan, then how has Allah permitted Him to wreak havoc on His creatures?

Moreover, it also means that Allah does not enjoy total control over the universe and God forbid, Shaitan is a partner in His affairs.

Answer: (1) Social calamities (wars, oppressions, poverty and hunger that are the direct result of man’s deeds) should be distinguished from natural calamities (earthquakes, storm, etc.). As far as social calamities are concerned, man himself is responsible for them, and Allah cannot be held liable for such misfortunes. Allah says: “Mischief became manifest in the earth and the seas for what the hands of man has earned.” (Rum: 41)

On the basis of Quranic verses and traditions of Imams (a.s.), it is only man’s deeds that are the causes of calamities and misfortunes from the world of creation that descend down upon him. Allah says: “And whatever calamities befall you, then it is what your hands have earned although He (Allah) forgives most of them.” (Shura: 30)

(2) These misfortunes and calamities on one hand are warnings from Allah’s side, and on the other hand have many benefits, viz.

(a) Misfortunes and calamities are tests for a believer and become the cause of forgiveness for his sins. They act as warnings and punishment for unbelievers. They are the cause for elevation in the Prophets’ (a.s.) status.

(b) Misfortunes and calamities take a person nearer to Allah. They are a means to remember Allah and unveil the curtain of his innate nature (fitrat).

(c) Adversities are a cause of building one’s character. Had the human society been free of calamities and disasters, man would never have discovered so many branches of knowledge and science to prevent these misfortunes. The reason of man’s amazing progress and successes are these very calamities and disasters. Allah, the Almighty says:
“And certainly We will test them with fear and hunger and scarcity of wealth and lives and fruits. And give good news to the patient ones.”
(Baqarah: 155)

Ameerul Momineen (a.s.) declares,
“Misfortunes are warnings for the unjust, test for the believers and the cause of elevation for the Prophets.”
(Behaarul Anwaar, vol. 76, p. 135)

Allah states the reason of numerous calamities, which descended on Bani Israel in the following words:
“And We seized them with chastisement so that they may return.”
(Zukhruf: 48)

(d) When calamities and disasters descend in general, they engulf innocent children and even virtuous and pious individuals. Then these people are involved in difficulties through no fault of their own. However, we must bear in mind that in Qiyamat the virtuous and pious will get recompensed for their difficulties and hardships, while the unbelievers and infidels will be subjected to chastisement in lieu of the comforts that they enjoyed in this world. In short, the religion of Islam does not consider calamities to be the exclusive work of either Shaitan or Allah.

Question: If reward and punishment are the demands of justice and everybody will be rewarded/punished according to their deeds, then under such circumstances intercession is against justice as the sinful person deserves to be thrown in hell because of his deeds.

Answer: According to the principles of justice, it is necessary to reward the good doers but to punish the evil doer is not obligatory. If Allah punishes the evil doer than it will be in line with His justice, but if He forgives him, then it will be on account of His grace and mercy. Grace is superior to justice and not the other way round. This is exactly why we find the following sentence in the supplication of Imam Sajjad (a.s.): “O Allah! Account us with Your grace and not with Your justice!”

Question: It is expected from a just person that he behaves with equity and justice with each and every one. And in Allah’s case, this expectation increases infinitely. But we see that humans are not treated justly, there are wide disparities and differences in capability, capacity, commonsense, memory, height, features, wealth, family, fame and reputation, etc. Justice demands that all men should get everything in equal measure.

Answer: The creatures do not have any right upon Allah because these creatures have not come into existence on their own, but Allah has brought them into existence, while it was not necessary for Him to do so. For instance, take a rich man who passes by a queue of beggars and gives the first beggar one rupee, one hundred rupees to the second one and gives one thousand rupees to the third one, but does not give anything to the fourth beggar. Then as per the principles of justice the wealthy man has not done injustice with anyone. He has given to some beggars on account of his grace and he has deprived the rest because he was under no obligation to grant them anything in the first place.

Besides, it is found in traditions that Allah will recompense the people for the shortfall of this world in the hereafter.

Allah has planned the system of this world based on disparities in faculties. Disparities are essential in every system. If there are no disparities and everyone has the same faculties, then the system will become predictable and will never highlight the exceptional talents of the individuals living in the system. For instance, if all the parts of a watch are the same then it will never function. Similarly if all the people were the same in capability, capacity, appearance i.e. they were perfectly equal from all aspects, then how would this world function?