Chronology of Imam Husayn’s Shrine at Karbala


Chronology of Imam Husayn’s Shrine at Karbala

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AH

CE

Events

65

18th August, 684

Mukhtar ibn Abu Obaidah Thaqafi built an enclosure around the grave, in the form of a mosque and erected a dome over the grave. There were two entrances to this building.

132

12th August, 749

A roof was built over a part of this mosque and two entrances were added during the reign of as-Saffah.

140

31st March, 763

The roof was demolished during the reign of al-Mansur.

158

11th November, 774

During the reign of Mahdi the roof was reconstructed.

171

22nd June, 787

During the reign of Al-Rashid the dome and the roof were demolished and the plum tree which stood near the grave was cut down.

193

25th October, 808

During the reign of Amin the building was reconstructed.

236

15th July, 850

Mutawakkil demolished the buildings and ordered that the land should be ploughed.

247

17th March, 861

Muntasir built a roof over the grave and set up an iron pillar near it, to serve as a landmark for the pilgrims.

273

8th June, 886

The roof was demolished again.

280

23rd March, 893

The Alid representative built a dome in the centre, with two roofs, on either side and an enclosure with two entrances.

307

19th August, 977

Adzd ibn Boweih rebuilt the dome, the surrounding galleries and constructed a screen of teak wood around the sepulchre. He also constructed houses all round the shrine and erected the boundary wall of the city. At the same time Imran ibn Shahin built a mosque adjacent to the tomb.

407

10th June, 1016

The buildings were damaged by fire and the Vizier, Al-Hasan ibn al Fadi rebuilt them.

620

4th February, 1223

Nasir le-din-Illah reconstructed the screens of the sepulchre.

757

18th Sept. 1365

Sultan Owais ibn Hasan Jalairi remodelled the dome and raised the walls of the enclosure.

780

24th Feb. 1384

Ahmad ibn Owais erected two minarets covered with gold and extended the courtyard.

920

26th Feb. 1514

When Shah Ismail Safawi visited the holy shrine he built a sacrophagus of the inlaid work over the grave.

1032

5th Nov. 1622

Shah Abbas Safavi constructed the screens (darih) of brass and bronze and decorated the dome with Kashi tiles.

1048

15th May 1638

Sultan Murad IV, when he visited the holy shrine, whitewashed the dome.

1155

8th March 1742

Nadir Shah visited the holy shrine and decorated the building and offered valuable presents to the treasury of the shrine.

1211

7th July 1796

Shah Muhammad Qachar covered the dome of the shrine with gold.

1216

14th May, 1801

Wahhabis attacked Kerbala, spoiled the screens and portico and looted the shrine.

1232

21st Nov., 1817

Fateh Ali Shah Qachar repaired the screens and plated them with silver. He also plated the centre of the main portico with gold and repaired the damage done by the Wahhabi robbers.

1283

16th May, 1866

Nasiruddin Shah Qachar extended the courtyard of the shrine.

1358

21st February, 1939

Dr. Syedna Taher Saifud-din, 51st Dai-el-Mutlaq of the Dawoodi Bohra community offered a set of screens of solid silver which are fixed in the shrine.

1360

29th January, 1941

Dr. Syedna Taher Saifud-din, 5lst Dai-el-Mutlaq of the Dawoodi Bohra community rebuilt the western minaret.

1367

20th Dec., 1948

Syed Abdul Rasul Khalsi, Administrator of Karbala acquired the houses in the neighbourhood of the courtyard according to the price fixed by the government, to build a road around the holy mausoleum and to extend the courtyard.



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Syed Mohamad Masoom Abidi

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